Municipalfoodwastecollection amydonovanfinal

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A look at 3 Municipal Organics Recycling (Commercial Composting) programs at municipal transfer stations in Franklin County Solid Waste Management District.

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Municipalfoodwastecollection amydonovanfinal

  1. 1. Municipal Food Waste Collections at Transfer Stations in Franklin County, MA: 3 Different Models Amy Donovan Program Director Franklin County Solid Waste Management District Greenfield, MA
  2. 2. Franklin County Solid Waste Management District <ul><li>Bernardston </li></ul><ul><li>Buckland </li></ul><ul><li>Charlemont </li></ul><ul><li>Colrain </li></ul><ul><li>Conway </li></ul><ul><li>Deerfield </li></ul><ul><li>Erving </li></ul><ul><li>Gill </li></ul><ul><li>Hawley </li></ul><ul><li>Heath </li></ul><ul><li>Leverett </li></ul><ul><li>Leyden </li></ul><ul><li>Montague </li></ul><ul><li>New Salem (since 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Northfield (since 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Orange?? (considering…) </li></ul><ul><li>Rowe </li></ul><ul><li>Shelburne </li></ul><ul><li>Sunderland </li></ul><ul><li>Warwick (starts in May!) </li></ul><ul><li>Wendell </li></ul><ul><li>Whately (since 2003) </li></ul>22 member towns : 17 transfer stations, 4 curbside, 3 municipal organics programs (TS)
  3. 4. Organics composting accepts materials previously destined for trash = less MSW <ul><li>(“Organics”=“Commercial”=“On-Farm”=“Food Waste”) </li></ul><ul><li>Generally accepts: </li></ul><ul><li>All food including items not composted at home: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Meat, chicken, fish, bones, dairy, fats, oils </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(bread, veggies, fruits) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>All paper including non recyclable : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paper cups, paper plates, napkins, paper towels, waxed cardboard, waxed paper, soiled pizza boxes, soiled paper, soiled paper bags, flour/ sugar bags, egg cartons, paper packaging </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wood: skewers, chopsticks, coffee stirrers, sporks </li></ul><ul><li>“ Compostable plastic:” PLA cups, certain bags </li></ul><ul><li>NO plastic, metal, glass! </li></ul>
  4. 5. Benefits to municipality/ community <ul><li>Save money on tipping fees: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MSW: $73/ ton </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compostables: $45/ ton </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Save on hauling costs: less MSW trips to landfill or incinerator. </li></ul><ul><li>Town events, schools, sometimes businesses/ restaurants can participate. </li></ul><ul><li>Supports local commercial composting facilities = local business. </li></ul><ul><li>Finished compost available for residents to purchase. </li></ul><ul><li>Mitigate climate change! </li></ul>
  5. 6. Tons MSW/ Household/ Year <ul><li>State average (per Carolyn Dann’s study): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 ton/ household/ year </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Comparison of some Franklin County towns: </li></ul><ul><li>No PAYT: Heath 0.88 tons/ household </li></ul><ul><li>PAYT w/ yard waste: Deerfield 0.74 t./hh </li></ul><ul><li>PAYT & food waste but not yard waste: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New Salem 0.47 tons/ household/ year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Northfield 0.44 tons/ household/ year </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Pioneer Valley: Location, Location, Location!
  7. 8. Municipal Food Waste Collection: Whately Transfer Station <ul><li>2003: pilot program funded through a DEP technical assistance grant. First organics program in state!? </li></ul><ul><li>Six 68-gallon wheeled carts w/ bungee cords </li></ul><ul><li>Trash can filled w/ sawdust; cover food waste w/ sawdust </li></ul><ul><li>Town employee delivers weekly to farm (4.2 miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Destination: Bear Path Farm (Bill Obear), Whately, MA </li></ul><ul><li>Farm also accepts food waste from Whately Elementary </li></ul><ul><li>Organics collection = free to res; PAYT trash = $2/bag </li></ul><ul><li>Whately’s 2010 recycling rate: 45% </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated 10 tons collected in 2010 </li></ul>
  8. 9. Whately Transfer Station
  9. 10. Windrows Bear Path Farm, Whately, MA
  10. 11. Bear Path Farm, Whately, MA Winter windrows - active Bear Path Farm, Whately, MA Winter windrows - older Turning the windrows
  11. 12. School food waste being mixed in.  The mix is: bedding +  manure + bedding + manure / food waste + bedding + manure + bedding +  manure + bedding. Total of nine 2+ cubic yard buckets.  These items are then mixed in place and then transported to a windrow.
  12. 13. Whately Financials/ Tonnages/ Results <ul><li>Organics disp. = free to res; PAYT trash = $2/bag </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated 10 tons collected in 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>No tipping fees: farm owner on Whately Solid Waste Comm., wants nitrogen = food waste </li></ul><ul><li>Town pays hourly employee to deliver. </li></ul><ul><li>Total cost: about $335/ year </li></ul><ul><li>Avoided disposal costs: $860 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tip fees: 10 t. x $73 = $730 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hauling fees: about $130 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Total $ saved: about $525 </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>District initiated program (w/ DEP permission) </li></ul><ul><li>Started May of 2008: Town/ District funded </li></ul><ul><li>Triple T Trucking: 2 yd dumpster </li></ul><ul><li>Picked up weekly: flat rate $75/ mo. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Upgrade to 3 yd. container soon: $105/mo.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tipped at Martin’s Farm, Greenfield MA </li></ul><ul><li>Organics collection = free to res; PAYT trash = $1.50/bag </li></ul><ul><li>Northfield 0.44 tons MSW/ household/ year (MA avg. 1 t.) </li></ul><ul><li>Northfield 2010 recycling rate: 39% </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated 24 tons/ year </li></ul>Municipal Food Waste Collection: Northfield Transfer Station
  14. 15. Northfield Transfer Station: 2 yd dumpster
  15. 16. Martin’s Farm in Greenfield accepts compost from schools: Pioneer HS, Northfield, Bernardston, Deerfield, Erving, Sunderland, Granby, Amherst, more.. and markets: Big Y stores, Greenfield Stop & Shop, McCusker’s, Greenfields Market plus Shelburne Falls Compost Collaborative, more… Windrow turner at Martin’s Farm
  16. 17. PR: front page article the week program started
  17. 18. Collection Bucket, Metal Sign
  18. 19. Northfield Financials/ Tonnages/ Results <ul><li>Organics disp. = free to res; PAYT trash =$1.50/bag </li></ul><ul><li>2 yd. dumpster p/u weekly: flat rate $75/ mo. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Upgrade to 3 yd. container soon : $105/mo.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Estimated 24 tons/ year </li></ul><ul><li>Total cost: $900/ year </li></ul><ul><li>Avoided disposal costs: $2284.00 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tip fees: 24 t. x $75 = $1,800 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hauling fees: about $242/ haul (10-14 t/ haul)= $484 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Total $ saved: $1,384 </li></ul>
  19. 20. Municipal Food Waste Collection: New Salem Transfer Station <ul><li>Started July 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Hauler/ compost facility provides 20 gallon Brute trash cans </li></ul><ul><li>Destination: Clear View Composting (Rick Innes), Orange, MA </li></ul><ul><li>Facility also accepts food and paper waste from Swift River Elementary, other schools/ events/ camps/ centers </li></ul><ul><li>Organics collection = free to res; PAYT trash = $1.50 /bag </li></ul><ul><li>New Salem’s 2010 recycling rate: 38% </li></ul><ul><li>New Salem: 0.47 tons MSW/ household/ year (MA avg. 1 t.) </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated 3.10 tons organics </li></ul><ul><li>collected in FY 2010 (pop. 1,000) </li></ul>
  20. 21. New Salem Transfer Station: 20 gal barrels
  21. 22. Clear View Composting Orange, MA Rick Innes
  22. 23. New Salem Financials/ Tonnages/ Results <ul><li>Organics disp. = free to res; PAYT trash = $1.50 /bag </li></ul><ul><li>Hauler/ compost facility provides 20 gallon Brute trash cans, p/u weekly </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated 3.10 tons collected in FY 2010 (pop. 1,000) </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of program: $392 </li></ul><ul><li>Avoided disposal costs: $310.00 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tip fees: 3.1 t. x $73 = $226 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hauling fees: about $270/ haul (10 t/ haul)= $84 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Total $ saved: -$82.00 </li></ul>
  23. 24. Future Programs <ul><li>Warwick, MA will begin organics collection May 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Orange, MA is seriously considering: could start in May 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Both would be serviced by Clear View Composting, Orange, MA </li></ul>
  24. 25. <ul><li>Questions? </li></ul><ul><li>Amy Donovan Program Director Franklin County Solid Waste Management District 50 Miles Street Greenfield, MA 01301 Tel: (413) 772-2438 [email_address] www.franklincountywastedistrict.org/   </li></ul>
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