Municipalfoodwastecollection amydonovanfinal

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A look at 3 Municipal Organics Recycling (Commercial Composting) programs at municipal transfer stations in Franklin County Solid Waste Management District.

A look at 3 Municipal Organics Recycling (Commercial Composting) programs at municipal transfer stations in Franklin County Solid Waste Management District.

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  • 1. Municipal Food Waste Collections at Transfer Stations in Franklin County, MA: 3 Different Models Amy Donovan Program Director Franklin County Solid Waste Management District Greenfield, MA
  • 2. Franklin County Solid Waste Management District
    • Bernardston
    • Buckland
    • Charlemont
    • Colrain
    • Conway
    • Deerfield
    • Erving
    • Gill
    • Hawley
    • Heath
    • Leverett
    • Leyden
    • Montague
    • New Salem (since 2009)
    • Northfield (since 2008)
    • Orange?? (considering…)
    • Rowe
    • Shelburne
    • Sunderland
    • Warwick (starts in May!)
    • Wendell
    • Whately (since 2003)
    22 member towns : 17 transfer stations, 4 curbside, 3 municipal organics programs (TS)
  • 3.  
  • 4. Organics composting accepts materials previously destined for trash = less MSW
    • (“Organics”=“Commercial”=“On-Farm”=“Food Waste”)
    • Generally accepts:
    • All food including items not composted at home:
      • Meat, chicken, fish, bones, dairy, fats, oils
        • (bread, veggies, fruits)
    • All paper including non recyclable :
      • Paper cups, paper plates, napkins, paper towels, waxed cardboard, waxed paper, soiled pizza boxes, soiled paper, soiled paper bags, flour/ sugar bags, egg cartons, paper packaging
    • Wood: skewers, chopsticks, coffee stirrers, sporks
    • “ Compostable plastic:” PLA cups, certain bags
    • NO plastic, metal, glass!
  • 5. Benefits to municipality/ community
    • Save money on tipping fees:
      • MSW: $73/ ton
      • Compostables: $45/ ton
    • Save on hauling costs: less MSW trips to landfill or incinerator.
    • Town events, schools, sometimes businesses/ restaurants can participate.
    • Supports local commercial composting facilities = local business.
    • Finished compost available for residents to purchase.
    • Mitigate climate change!
  • 6. Tons MSW/ Household/ Year
    • State average (per Carolyn Dann’s study):
      • 1 ton/ household/ year
    • Comparison of some Franklin County towns:
    • No PAYT: Heath 0.88 tons/ household
    • PAYT w/ yard waste: Deerfield 0.74 t./hh
    • PAYT & food waste but not yard waste:
      • New Salem 0.47 tons/ household/ year
      • Northfield 0.44 tons/ household/ year
  • 7. Pioneer Valley: Location, Location, Location!
  • 8. Municipal Food Waste Collection: Whately Transfer Station
    • 2003: pilot program funded through a DEP technical assistance grant. First organics program in state!?
    • Six 68-gallon wheeled carts w/ bungee cords
    • Trash can filled w/ sawdust; cover food waste w/ sawdust
    • Town employee delivers weekly to farm (4.2 miles)
    • Destination: Bear Path Farm (Bill Obear), Whately, MA
    • Farm also accepts food waste from Whately Elementary
    • Organics collection = free to res; PAYT trash = $2/bag
    • Whately’s 2010 recycling rate: 45%
    • Estimated 10 tons collected in 2010
  • 9. Whately Transfer Station
  • 10. Windrows Bear Path Farm, Whately, MA
  • 11. Bear Path Farm, Whately, MA Winter windrows - active Bear Path Farm, Whately, MA Winter windrows - older Turning the windrows
  • 12. School food waste being mixed in.  The mix is: bedding +  manure + bedding + manure / food waste + bedding + manure + bedding +  manure + bedding. Total of nine 2+ cubic yard buckets.  These items are then mixed in place and then transported to a windrow.
  • 13. Whately Financials/ Tonnages/ Results
    • Organics disp. = free to res; PAYT trash = $2/bag
    • Estimated 10 tons collected in 2010
    • No tipping fees: farm owner on Whately Solid Waste Comm., wants nitrogen = food waste
    • Town pays hourly employee to deliver.
    • Total cost: about $335/ year
    • Avoided disposal costs: $860
      • Tip fees: 10 t. x $73 = $730
      • Hauling fees: about $130
    • Total $ saved: about $525
  • 14.
    • District initiated program (w/ DEP permission)
    • Started May of 2008: Town/ District funded
    • Triple T Trucking: 2 yd dumpster
    • Picked up weekly: flat rate $75/ mo.
      • (Upgrade to 3 yd. container soon: $105/mo.)
    • Tipped at Martin’s Farm, Greenfield MA
    • Organics collection = free to res; PAYT trash = $1.50/bag
    • Northfield 0.44 tons MSW/ household/ year (MA avg. 1 t.)
    • Northfield 2010 recycling rate: 39%
    • Estimated 24 tons/ year
    Municipal Food Waste Collection: Northfield Transfer Station
  • 15. Northfield Transfer Station: 2 yd dumpster
  • 16. Martin’s Farm in Greenfield accepts compost from schools: Pioneer HS, Northfield, Bernardston, Deerfield, Erving, Sunderland, Granby, Amherst, more.. and markets: Big Y stores, Greenfield Stop & Shop, McCusker’s, Greenfields Market plus Shelburne Falls Compost Collaborative, more… Windrow turner at Martin’s Farm
  • 17. PR: front page article the week program started
  • 18. Collection Bucket, Metal Sign
  • 19. Northfield Financials/ Tonnages/ Results
    • Organics disp. = free to res; PAYT trash =$1.50/bag
    • 2 yd. dumpster p/u weekly: flat rate $75/ mo.
      • (Upgrade to 3 yd. container soon : $105/mo.)
    • Estimated 24 tons/ year
    • Total cost: $900/ year
    • Avoided disposal costs: $2284.00
      • Tip fees: 24 t. x $75 = $1,800
      • Hauling fees: about $242/ haul (10-14 t/ haul)= $484
    • Total $ saved: $1,384
  • 20. Municipal Food Waste Collection: New Salem Transfer Station
    • Started July 2009
    • Hauler/ compost facility provides 20 gallon Brute trash cans
    • Destination: Clear View Composting (Rick Innes), Orange, MA
    • Facility also accepts food and paper waste from Swift River Elementary, other schools/ events/ camps/ centers
    • Organics collection = free to res; PAYT trash = $1.50 /bag
    • New Salem’s 2010 recycling rate: 38%
    • New Salem: 0.47 tons MSW/ household/ year (MA avg. 1 t.)
    • Estimated 3.10 tons organics
    • collected in FY 2010 (pop. 1,000)
  • 21. New Salem Transfer Station: 20 gal barrels
  • 22. Clear View Composting Orange, MA Rick Innes
  • 23. New Salem Financials/ Tonnages/ Results
    • Organics disp. = free to res; PAYT trash = $1.50 /bag
    • Hauler/ compost facility provides 20 gallon Brute trash cans, p/u weekly
    • Estimated 3.10 tons collected in FY 2010 (pop. 1,000)
    • Cost of program: $392
    • Avoided disposal costs: $310.00
      • Tip fees: 3.1 t. x $73 = $226
      • Hauling fees: about $270/ haul (10 t/ haul)= $84
    • Total $ saved: -$82.00
  • 24. Future Programs
    • Warwick, MA will begin organics collection May 2011
    • Orange, MA is seriously considering: could start in May 2011
    • Both would be serviced by Clear View Composting, Orange, MA
  • 25.
    • Questions?
    • Amy Donovan Program Director Franklin County Solid Waste Management District 50 Miles Street Greenfield, MA 01301 Tel: (413) 772-2438 [email_address] www.franklincountywastedistrict.org/