3 h mandate economy


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3 h mandate economy

  1. 1. Palestine under British mandate rule<br />economy<br />
  2. 2. Argument:<br />British administration in Palestine, favored Jews in the economic as well as in the other domains<br />
  3. 3. Britain mandate administration was responsible for creating the necessary economic conditions that would facilitate the establishment of the Jewish national home.<br />exlain bring proof<br />for the sake of securing a more profitable environment for the Jewish economy<br />rights of the majority of the Arabs were sacrificed<br />Explain bring proof<br />
  4. 4. examples<br />special tariffs for local product, soaps, sugar for bee farming etc hit mainly Arab peasants<br />exemption from taxes : necessary machinery and raw materials benefitted Jewish new business<br />multiple concessions were granted to Jews in the fields of energy supply and mineral extraction project<br />
  5. 5. land<br />Palestinian community was 70 percent rural, <br />75 to 80 percent illiterate, and<br /> divided internally between town and countryside and between elite families and villagers<br />bulk of the Arabs were engaged in agriculture. land was the only means of income most as<br />landless tenants working under of landowners who were members of no more than a dozen privileged Palestinian families <br />
  6. 6. Land purchase importance<br />Purchase of land was crucial<br />To prepare the Palestinian territories for an independent Jewish state<br />
  7. 7. Land issue<br />While Jews in 1922 owned 3 percent of the land of Palestine, <br />the additional land purchased by 1947 raised the total owned by the immigrant Jews to 7 percent of the whole area of the country.<br />Land purchased by Jews became inalienable<br />
  8. 8. Jewish land acquisition<br />Had negative impact on majority of landless peasants<br />Forced them off the land /no compensation/ deprived them of future income<br />Palestinian peasants became urban proletariat (fellaheen displacement)<br />While Elite landlords made money from sale of land<br />large part of the Arab lands that were sold were owned by elites( Ayan incl in Arab executive )Kazim al Husseini <br />
  9. 9. Jewish economy<br />The British mandate rule encouraged the expansion of the Jewish-centered capitalist sector and favored it against the non-capitalist Palestinian Arab economy<br />
  10. 10. Economic growth<br />British policy of economic development in Palestine, and specifically, of granting Jewish settlers monopolistic concessions and industrial protectionism facilitated the building of an exclusive Jewish economy, little connected to the overall Palestinian economy. <br />
  11. 11. high average rates of economic growth for Arab Palestine during the Mandate period<br />But favorable to Jewish immigrants<br /> why<br />The Jewish labor only policy was accompanied by the ‘Jewish product only policy’ (tazoretivrit)<br />Organization of labour through General Federation of Jewish Labor(Histadrut) <br /> creating employment for the Jews flowing into Palestine was binding, <br />Arab laborers could not be given any opportunities of employment in the Jewish enterprises even for a short span of time. <br />
  12. 12. 1932 Literacy rates<br />
  13. 13. conclusion<br />The fundamental reason for the political and geographical partition of Palestine was the economic disintegration preceding it.<br /> Yet, it is not inaccurate to say that Jews’ improved systems, served as a role model for Arabs, thus enabled their improvement through imitation.<br /> Nevertheless, the blend of pro-Zionist British policies and the exclusive stance of the Jewish community hindered the robust and steady development of the Arab economy.<br />