British Mandate Rule in Palestine<br />P E S<br />
Political<br />Argument:<br /> The goals of the British mandate of Palestine were conflicting<br />San Remo document:<br />The qualification that: nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of the existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine seemed a relatively insignificant obstacle to the Zionists, especially since it referred only to those communities': civil and religious rights, not to political or national rights.<br />
However:<br />Britain and LON believed goals were not incompatible <br />as Arabs would benefit from material economic prosperity brought by Jewish immigration and investment <br />but underestimated the determination of Zionist to built their homeland<br /> and underestimated Arab/ Palestinian nationalism with was more important than economic gains.<br />
P: Argument:<br /> British mandate rule favored the Zionists;<br />Why<br />Better organization of Zionist<br /> inside and outside of Palestine<br />Unified<br />Example: Zionist community called yishuv<br />established<br />
P: Argument:<br />Example: Zionist community called yishuv<br />Established<br />Jewish Agency JA <br /> to represent, lead, and negotiate on behalf of the Jewish settler community in Palestine on all aspects of British policy <br />JA established various social, economic and political agencies, institutions, and organizations ”including military and intelligence. Haganah 1920, a Jewish paramilitary organization became a state within a state <br />These organizations were the nucleus of an emerging autonomous Jewish political authority within the Palestine Mandate government. <br />
Political Arabs were at a disadvantage<br /> more divided than under Ottoman empire<br /> between mandates. Independent or protectorates<br /> had no unity<br />Failed to establish a parallel organization to JA<br />
Arab leadership split<br /> Arab leadership mainly elite leadership ( Ayan) not really representative of rural population<br />Rivalry between two major families;<br /> issue cooperate or oppose British mandate rule”:<br />If cooperation than recognition of Balfour<br />If non cooperation than no Arab voice in decisions<br />
Argument:<br />failure of the Husseinis and Nashashibis in creating a united Arab position for the sake of the success of the Arab nationalist movement against the Zionist encroachment.<br />Argument:<br />No real representative Palestine party emerged<br />
P: Argument:<br />the Britain’s mandate rule in Palestine failed in reaching a compromise with both<br /> ,Arabs and Jews<br /> in laying the foundation of self- government in Palestine.<br />Example: failed Legislative Council<br />
why<br />real intentions of the British authoritieswould be a very great obstruction to the development of Jewish immigration...and to the development of the national home of the Jews...”<br />orientalism<br />British politicians, apart from a few exceptions, were of the opinion that bulk of the Arabs was not adequately civilized, were in need of protection against the oppression of their Arab rulers and lagged behind in many ways from the Westernized Jews.<br /> Arabs’ objections and intransigence<br />Goals consistent that Palestine remain an Arab country, with the same right of self-determination and independence as Egypt, Transjordan, and Iraq.<br />They failed to unite or establish effective leadership<br />
conclusion<br />The legal underpinnings for the autonomous Jewish community were provided by the British Mandate <br />The land and people of Palestine were transformed during the thirty years of British rule. The systematic colonization undertaken by the Zionist movement enabled the Jewish community to establish separate and virtually autonomous political, economic, social, cultural, and military institutions.<br /> A state within a state was in place by the time the movement launched its drive for independence. <br />
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