The National Security Need forAdvanced Biofuels Why the U.S. Military is Embracing Biofuels – and What is the Market? Andrew Holland, Senior Fellow, American Security Project Wednesday, November 28, 2012
Three Numbers• Usage: 117 million barrels of oil• Cost: $17.3 billion• 80% of the Federal Government’s Energy Use
Why are Alternatives to Petroleum Needed?Budgetary Threats Defense Logics Agency - Fuel Price Per Barrel• Rising Costs• Volatility• Unbudgeted offsets
Why are Alternatives to Petroleum Needed? Strategic Threats • Oil Dependence Creates Military Missions • Oil Dependence Undermines American Foreign Policy
Mission Requirements• Drop‐in capability• Feedstock supply and diversity• Scalability• Distribution system compatibility• Cost‐competiveness
The Services’ Alternative Fuel GoalsNavy Air Force• By 2020, the Department of • By 2016, the Department of Navy will obtain 50% of the the Air Force will be able to Fleet’s liquid fuel from acquire 50% of its domestic alternative sources. aviation fuel requirement• Will deploy a “Great Green from alternative fuels. Fleet” for global operations by • Must be sourced “Cost 2016. Competitively”• Will partner with industry and government agencies to encourage a cost competitive advanced biofuel industry.
The Potential Market• Air Force • Navy – 387 million gallons per – 300 million gallons per year (MGY) by 2016 year by 2020 (only if cost-competitive)
The Military Can Catalyze a New Industry• US Steel Industry• Nuclear Power• Global Positioning System• The Internet• Semiconductor and Microelectronics