Reservation Presentation


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Reservation Presentation

  3. 3. I. INTRODUCTION Reservation introduced for the equal progress of all the sections of the society. General category people have started to feel that they are being subjugated. The candidate who is the most worthy based on the merit should get the opportunity irrespective of his caste, creed and religion. S.E. CMPN-1 (2010-2011) PCT PRESENTATION 3
  4. 4. II. BACKGROUND STs(Scheduled Tribe) are the tribes that are not confirmed to Hinduism. SCs(Scheduled Caste) are the lower castes in the caste- hierarchy of the Hindu culture.  Article 46 of the Indian Constitution :- Educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people(SCs and STs) should be preserved and shall protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation. S.E. CMPN-1 (2010-2011) PCT PRESENTATION 4
  5. 5. II. BACKGROUND Reservations were introduced in the last decades of 19th century when the subcontinent was divided into British India and 600 princely states. The princely states were determined in the advancement of the minorities and deprived section of the society and hence reservation policies came into existence. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar made certain arrangements for the backward classes to allow them to enjoy a humane lifestyle and bring their upliftment in the political field. S.E. CMPN-1 (2010-2011) PCT PRESENTATION 4
  6. 6. II. BACKGROUND What do you think about reservations in the Indian education system? a)I am ok with it. What do you think about reservations in the Indian education system? b)It needs to go. What do you think about reservations in the Indian education system? c)It is ok but needs changes. 6% 28% 66% S.E. CMPN-1 (2010-2011) PCT PRESENTATION 6
  7. 7. II. BACKGROUND Our interviewee Prof. Rugved V. Deolekar has said, “Reservation was introduced to bring about the development of every section of the society, but know after 50-60 years no section of the society is lacking behind.” S.E. CMPN-1 (2010-2011) PCT PRESENTATION 7
  8. 8. III. CURRENT SITUATION Total reservation quota stands at 45% in many states of India and this includes the SCs, STs, and the OBCs. Since economic status is not a test used, undeserving people gain the advantages and the deserving ones are still without a significant change in their situations. S.E. CMPN-1 (2010-2011) PCT PRESENTATION 8
  9. 9. III. CURRENT SITUATION Mandal Commission Report of 1991 was in favour of reservations in higher education and government services for the other backward classes of India.  The current slogan in India seems to be “abolish reservation because merit and efficiency are in danger.” S.E. CMPN-1 (2010-2011) PCT PRESENTATION 9
  10. 10. IV. TYPES OF RESERVATION a) Caste Based: Caste is decided based on birth, and can never be changed. A person can change his religion, and his economic status can fluctuate, the caste is permanent. b) Management Quota: It is a quota based on economic status irrespective of caste, race and religion; anybody who has money can buy his/her seat. c) Gender Based: The Womens reservation Bill was passed by the Rajya Sabha on 9 March 2010 by a majority vote of 186 members in favor and 1 against. S.E. CMPN-1 (2010-2011) PCT PRESENTATION 10
  11. 11. IV. TYPES OF RESERVATION d) Religion Based: Government says that this sub-quota is based on the backwardness of the religious communities and not on the religions themselves. e) State of Domicile: Most of jobs under state government are reserved to those who are domiciles under that government. f) Undergraduate Colleges: Institutes like JIPMER (Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research) have a policy of reserving postgraduate seats for those who completed their MBBS in JIPMER. S.E. CMPN-1 (2010-2011) PCT PRESENTATION 11
  12. 12. IV. TYPES OF RESERVATION g) Other Criteria: 1) Sons / Daughters / Grandsons / Granddaughters of Freedom Fighters. 2) Physically handicapped. 3) Sports personalities. 4) Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) have a small fraction of reserved seats in educational institutions. They have to pay more fees and pay in foreign currency. 5) Seat reservation for Senior citizens/ PH in Public Bus transport. S.E. CMPN-1 (2010-2011) PCT PRESENTATION 12
  13. 13. V. RESERVATION VS NO-RESERVATION  “Do we need talent or reservations to build our country?”  Reservation is diluting the quality of education.  Many capable candidates are today denied opportunity simply because of shortage of seats.  India does not have the money or resources to increase the number of seats in our professional colleges. S.E. CMPN-1 (2010-2011) PCT PRESENTATION 13
  14. 14. V. RESERVATION VS NO-RESERVATION  Some sections of the opponents feel reservations to be acceptable on economic criteria rather than caste.  Reservations were part of the constitution when it was released in 1950. It was introduced as a temporary measure to promote equality among all the sections of the society. S.E. CMPN-1 (2010-2011) PCT PRESENTATION 14
  15. 15. A. SUPPORTERS OF RESERVATION  Reservation is a political necessity, required for peace keeping in India.  Reservations are a means to increase representation of the present under-represented caste groups and thereby improve diversity on campus. General category people have never known to go backward due to reservation. S.E. CMPN-1 (2010-2011) PCT PRESENTATION 15
  16. 16. B. NON-SUPPORTERS OF RESERVATION  Allocating quotas is a form of discrimination which is contrary to the right to equality.  60% of India that is rural needs schools, health care and infrastructure in rural areas, not reservation in urban institutions.  Under graduates and graduates will start moving to foreign universities for higher education. S.E. CMPN-1 (2010-2011) PCT PRESENTATION 16
  17. 17. VI. CONSEQUENCES  Most students from backward castes do not reveal the truth about their parents income and get the scholarships for education that they wouldn’t get normally.  The government wants to give opportunities to the backward castes to earn salaries like IIT & IIM graduates but this should not happen at the cost of the quality of education.  Our interviewee Prof. Rugved V. Deolekar has said, “I, myself, am from reserved category but took admission at the post graduation level based on merit.” S.E. CMPN-1 (2010-2011) PCT PRESENTATION 17
  18. 18. VI. CONSEQUENCES Do you feel the current reservation system is hampering the countrys progress? a)Yes Do you feel the current reservation system is hampering the countrys progress? b)No 24% 76% S.E. CMPN-1 (2010-2011) PCT PRESENTATION 18
  19. 19. VI. CONSEQUENCES Have you ever suffered any loss due to the reservation system? a)Yes Have you ever suffered any loss due to the reservation system? b)No 44% 56% S.E. CMPN-1 (2010-2011) PCT PRESENTATION 19
  20. 20. VII. SOLUTIONS  Just three clauses will change the reservation attitude in India: 1. Reservation on the collective salary of family, that is salary of husband and wife, and incomes derived from all other sources like gifts or income from joint family property. 2. The benefit of the reservation for only first 2 children of the family. 3. Creation of online database so every Indian will know which family is enjoying the benefits of reservation in education or job or women reservation. S.E. CMPN-1 (2010-2011) PCT PRESENTATION 20
  21. 21. VII. SOLUTIONS  Our interviewee Prof. Rugved V. Deolekar has said, “Many people belonging to the reserved category are taking undue advantage of the reservation. But from another point of view those who are worthy based on merit are losing their value due to reservations.” S.E. CMPN-1 (2010-2011) PCT PRESENTATION 21
  22. 22. VII. SOLUTIONS Do you feel India will ever let go of the reservation system? a)Yes Do you feel India will ever let go of the reservation system? b) No 0% 100% S.E. CMPN-1 (2010-2011) PCT PRESENTATION 22
  23. 23. VIII. CONCLUSION  Taking into considerations all the points we can conclude that reservations were introduced in the Indian Education system as a means for the overall development of the society. However, today all sections of the society have been developed economically, culturally and socially. Hence, the need for reservations is limited. Complete elimination of reservations is not possible considering the current political scenario. Hence, reservation should be provided to the people who really need it and those people should be tracked regularly. S.E. CMPN-1 (2010-2011) PCT PRESENTATION 23
  24. 24. THANK YOU We would like to give special thanks to our intervieweeProf. Rugved V. Deolekar for his time.We would also like to thank Prof. Kavita Fondekar forhelping us in various aspects of this project.Last but not the least, to all the people who took the surveyand gave sincere answers. S.E. CMPN-1 (2010-2011) PCT PRESENTATION 24