Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Light Properties
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.


Introducing the official SlideShare app

Stunning, full-screen experience for iPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Light Properties


Published on

Contains most properties of light

Contains most properties of light

Published in: Education

1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. Light
    • Properties of light
    • Reflection
    • Colours
  • 2. Part 1 – Properties of Light
    • Light travels in straight lines:
  • 3.
    • Light travels VERY FAST – around 300,000 kilometres per second.
    At this speed it can go around the world 8 times in one second.
  • 4.
    • Light travels much faster than sound. For example:
    • Thunder and lightning start at the same time, but we will see the lightning first.
    2) When a starting pistol is fired we see the smoke first and then hear the bang.
  • 5.
    • We see things because they reflect light into our eyes:
  • 6.
    • Luminous and non-luminous objects
    A luminous object is one that produces light. A non-luminous object is one that reflects light. Luminous objects Reflectors -The Sun - Lamps - Lights - Lasers - Campfires
    • The Moon
    • Mirrors
    • People
    • Objects
  • 7.
    • Shadows
    Shadows are places where light is “blocked”: Rays of light
  • 8. Out of the Darkness
    • If the light source is small compared to the size of the object, then the shadow will be SHARP
    • If the light source is of comparable size to the object, then the shadow will be “fuzzy”. The dark inner region is called the UMBRA; the grey region is called the PENUMBRA.
  • 9. Properties of Light summary
    • Light travels in straight lines
    • Light travels much faster than sound
    • We see things because they reflect light into our eyes
    • Shadows are formed when light is blocked by an object
  • 10. Part 2 - Reflection
    • Reflection from a mirror:
    Incident ray Normal Reflected ray Angle of incidence Angle of reflection Mirror
  • 11.
    • The Law of Reflection
    Angle of incidence = Angle of reflection In other words, light gets reflected from a surface at THE SAME ANGLE it hits it. The same !!!
  • 12. Clear vs. Diffuse Reflection
    • Smooth, shiny surfaces have a clear reflection:
    Rough, dull surfaces have a diffuse reflection. Diffuse reflection is when light is scattered in different directions
  • 13. Using mirrors
    • Two examples:
    1) A periscope 2) A car headlight
  • 14. Flat Mirrors
  • 15. Spherical Mirrors - Concave
    • Image is REAL, INVERTED, and DEMAGNIFIED !!!
    C F
  • 16. Spherical Mirrors – Concave Object Inside the Focal Point
    C F
  • 17. Spherical Mirrors - Convex
    C F
  • 18. Colour
    • White light is not a single colour; it is made up of a mixture of the seven colours of the r a i n b o w .
    We can demonstrate this by splitting white light with a prism: This is how rainbows are formed: sunlight is “split up” by raindrops.
  • 19. The colours of the rainbow:
    • Red
    • Orange
    • Yellow
    • Green
    • Blue
    • Indigo
    • Violet
    Remember: Roy G. Biv !!!
  • 20. Light from the Sun
    • The light from the sun contains a grand mixture of electromagnetic waves of varying frequency (i.e. wavelength)
    • The spectrum of light is characteristic of the TEMPERATURE of the sun!
  • 21. Wavelengths of Light
    • Red Light –  nm
    • Green Light -  nm
    • Blue Light -  nm
  • 22. Adding colours
    • White light can be split up to make separate colours. These colours can be added together again.
    • The primary colours of light are red, blue and green:
    Adding blue and red makes magenta (purple) Adding blue and green makes cyan (light blue) Adding all three makes white again Adding red and green makes yellow
  • 23. Seeing colour
    • The colour an object appears depends on the colours of light it reflects.
    For example, a red book only reflects red light: White light Only red light is reflected Homework
  • 24. A white hat would reflect all seven colours: A pair of purple pants, in addition to being ugly, would reflect purple light (or red and blue, as purple is made up of red and blue): Purple light White light
  • 25. Using coloured light
    • If we look at a coloured object in coloured light we see something different. For example, consider the outfit below – I mean, from a physics standpoint, not as a fashion choice:
    White light Shorts look blue Shirt looks red
  • 26.
    • In different colours of light this kit would look different:
    Red light Shirt looks red Shorts look black Blue light Shirt looks black Shorts look blue
  • 27. Using filters
    • Filters can be used to “block” out different colours of light:
    Red Filter Magenta Filter