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Participation & Inclusion - Raluca Diroescu's presentation from Urban Solutions 2
Participation & Inclusion - Raluca Diroescu's presentation from Urban Solutions 2
Participation & Inclusion - Raluca Diroescu's presentation from Urban Solutions 2
Participation & Inclusion - Raluca Diroescu's presentation from Urban Solutions 2
Participation & Inclusion - Raluca Diroescu's presentation from Urban Solutions 2
Participation & Inclusion - Raluca Diroescu's presentation from Urban Solutions 2
Participation & Inclusion - Raluca Diroescu's presentation from Urban Solutions 2
Participation & Inclusion - Raluca Diroescu's presentation from Urban Solutions 2
Participation & Inclusion - Raluca Diroescu's presentation from Urban Solutions 2
Participation & Inclusion - Raluca Diroescu's presentation from Urban Solutions 2
Participation & Inclusion - Raluca Diroescu's presentation from Urban Solutions 2
Participation & Inclusion - Raluca Diroescu's presentation from Urban Solutions 2
Participation & Inclusion - Raluca Diroescu's presentation from Urban Solutions 2
Participation & Inclusion - Raluca Diroescu's presentation from Urban Solutions 2
Participation & Inclusion - Raluca Diroescu's presentation from Urban Solutions 2
Participation & Inclusion - Raluca Diroescu's presentation from Urban Solutions 2
Participation & Inclusion - Raluca Diroescu's presentation from Urban Solutions 2
Participation & Inclusion - Raluca Diroescu's presentation from Urban Solutions 2
Participation & Inclusion - Raluca Diroescu's presentation from Urban Solutions 2
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Participation & Inclusion - Raluca Diroescu's presentation from Urban Solutions 2

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  • 1. Participation... Active citizenship... European citizenship... Youth empowerment... Inclusion... Young people with fewer opportunities... - in a nutshell Urban Solutions 2 Seminar Athens, Greece 15-19 October 2013
  • 2. 1) Participation and active citizenship of young people Participation is not an end in itself, but a means of itself achieving positive changes in young people’s lives and of building a better society. society Youth participation – a variety of practices, approaches and theories. There is no definition or approach agreed on by everyone.
  • 3. “Participation in the democratic life of any community is about more than voting or standing for election, although these are important elements. Participation and active citizenship are about having the right, the means, the space and the opportunity and where necessary the support to participate in and influence decisions and engaging in actions and activities so as to contribute to building a better society.” (the Revised Charter on the participation of young people in local and regional life)
  • 4. Participation as a right Article 10(3) of the Treaty on European Union recognizes every citizen’s right to participate in the democratic life of the European Union. Article 165 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union stipulates that “Union action shall be aimed at encouraging the development of youth exchanges and of exchanges of socio-educational instructors, and encouraging the participation of young people in democratic life in Europe”. UNICEF sees participation as a human right and therefore the UN Convention of the Rights of the Child underlines children’s right to participate. Roger Hart says that participation is a fundamental right of citizenship because it is a way of learning what it means to be a citizen.
  • 5. Participation - in the European Youth Policy and “Youth in action” One of the eight fields of action of the EU Youth Strategy “Investing and empowering” - ensuring the full participation of young people in education, employment and society; One of the permanent priorities of the “Youth in action “programme; One of the objectives of the “Erasmus+ “ programme.
  • 6. Areas of participation The United Nations General Assembly distinguishes the following areas of youth participation: • economic participation – relates to employment and work in general, to economic development, building a stable economic situation in a society, a region or for young people as a group; • political participation – relates to authorities and governments, public policies, exercising power; • social participation – relates to involvement in the life of a local community, addressing local problems and challenges; • cultural participation – relates to different forms of art and expression (visual arts, music, film, dance, etc.).
  • 7. Forms of participation • voluntary work; • participating in different forms of non-formal education; • peer education (for example, health promotion programmes, awarenessraising campaigns, etc.); • being active in an organisation/club and taking responsibility for some areas of its work; • youth councils, parliaments, fora, boards and other structures; • schools, clubs, NGOs, etc.;
  • 8. Forms of participation • consultations – used in decision-making processes to voice needs and concerns and to make proposals; • campaigning activities; • membership of political parties, unions, interest groups; • taking part in elections (both to vote and to be elected).
  • 9. New forms of participation • • • • • • • • • peer-to-peer networks; discussion fora; signing petitions; participation in so-called “new social movements” (Occupy, women’s movement, gay rights’ movement, ecology movement etc.); support groups; boycotting of products; demonstrations; international meetings; using the Internet to gather information, express views or influence decision-making processes.
  • 10. Obstacles to participation • different values and habits of young people and adults; • different levels and types of experience; • lack of skills; • lack of expertise on how to involve young people in a meaningful way; • place of youth in the social hierarchy (in some cultures young people traditionally have a very low position and little influence); • patronising of youth by adults;
  • 11. Obstacles to participation • mistrust between adults and young people; • lack of youth-friendly procedures and policies within organisations (for example, large amounts of formal documents to read, analyse and react to); • costs related to youth participation; • location; • lack of other necessary resources (extra time, for example); • accessibility for disabled people; • school commitments.
  • 12. European citizenship The concept of “European citizenship” was launched by the Maastricht Treaty in 1993; 2013 – 20th birthday of EU citizenship - “European Year of Citizens “– focusing on the rights of every EU citizen; The rights of a EU citizen are, inter alia,: • move and reside freely within the EU; • vote for and stand as a candidate in EP and municipal elections; • be protected by the diplomatic and consular authorities of any other EU country; • petition the European Parliament and complain to the European Ombudsman.
  • 13. European citizenship Making young people aware that they are European citizens permanent priority of the “Youth in Action”Programme. The objective is to encourage young people to reflect on European topics and to involve them in the discussion on the construction and the future of the European Union.
  • 14. Youth empowerment Definition: Youth empowerment is an attitudinal, structural, and cultural process whereby young people gain the ability and authority to make decisions and implement change in their own lives and the lives of other people, including young people and adults.
  • 15. Youth empowerment The EU Youth Strategy “Investing and empowering” is based on a dual approach: approach • Investing in Youth: putting in place resources to develop policy areas Youth that affect young people in their daily life and improve their well being. • Empowering Youth: promoting the potential of young people for the Youth renewal of society and to contribute to EU values and goals. “Youth in action” – directly contributing to youth empowerment.
  • 16. Which words to use… • Disadvantaged young people • Young people from disadvantaged backgrounds • Young people with fewer opportunities (underprivileged)
  • 17. Which words to use… • Socially excluded / young people at the margins of society • Social exclusion – > Inclusion • Anti-racism – > Cultural diversity
  • 18. Definition Youth in Action "Young people with fewer opportunities" are young people who are at a disadvantage compared to their peers because they face one or more situations or obstacles listed below: •Social obstacles •Economic obstacles •Geographical obstacles •Educational difficulties •Cultural differences •Disability •Health problems
  • 19. Thank you for your attention.  Raluca Diroescu SALTO-YOUTH Participation - raluca@salto-youth.net & Tony Geudens SALTO-YOUTH Inclusion – tony@salto-youth.net

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