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Green Economy Amman | Amman Institute
 

Green Economy Amman | Amman Institute

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    Green Economy Amman | Amman Institute Green Economy Amman | Amman Institute Presentation Transcript

    • Towards a “Green Economy in Amman”UN HABITAT SUSTAINABLE URBAN DEVELOPMENT & THE GREEN ECONOMYEXPERT MEETINGAMAL DABABSEHFebruary 2011
    • Presentation Outline  Background  Sustainability Approach  Challenges  Opportunities  The way forward “Green Economy” in Amman
    • Background
    • Amman, Jordan...lives in a tough neighbourhood!PopulationJordan: 6.1MAmman: 2.31M World Refugee Capital Over 60% of refugee origin 1st Generation Refugees: Amman: 501,098 Baku, Azerbaijan: 186,909 Cairo, 112,605 Kuala Lampur, 45,998 Source: UNHabitat 2010 “Green Economy” in Amman
    • From a village AMMAN IN THE 1940s “Green Economy” in Amman
    • To a major metropolitan area... “Green Economy” in Amman
    • Amman: a Young City London Canada “Green Economy” in Amman
    • A Multi-Cultural City “Green Economy” in Amman
    • …a unique cityscape – Our 7 Hills “Green Economy” in Amman
    • Our Approach toSustainability
    • Sustainability Approach MAIN PRINCIPLES OF THE SUSTAINABLE CITIES ACTION Sustainability : a multidimensional system “Green Economy” in Amman
    • Establishing a Vision & Aspirations Vision A livable city is an organized city…. with a soul “Green Economy” in Amman
    • Amman Plan:Metropolitan Growth “Green Economy” in Amman
    • The Amman Plan: Planning Scales Metropolitan: Entire 1,662-square-kilometre GAM Planning Area Metropolitan Growth Plan - Highest Level Plan Planning Area 8 Planning Areas - 5 Urban / 3Peri-Urban or Rural Area Plans: as defined by MGP Community 228 Existing Neighborhoods Community Plans– DetailPlans + Zoning “Green Economy” in Amman
    • Challenges
    • Challenges… Jordan is experiencing increased pressure on natural resources. Income disparities and growing poverty mainly due to a continually increasing population. Countrywide, freshwater scarcity is the most serious crisis - both quantity and quality. This is followed by desertification, soil degradation and deforestation. With about 10% of total land under cultivation, but only 6% of GDP generated from agricultural 1 production “Green Economy” in Amman
    • Challenges… Jordan has 90% of its population living on only 10% of the country’s surface area and has an urban population of around 78%, growing rapidly, and exposed to a range of challenges connected with rapid urbanization. Economic dependency on fossil fuel imports could be addressed through the deployment of large and small scale renewable energy technologies and improved energy efficiency in buildings and industrial processes. Political Instability in the region “Green Economy” in Amman
    • Challenges… 2.3 million people live in the Greater Amman Municipality, 45 % of the population live in Amman 85% live in cities, Jordan is listed among the 4 poorest countries in water availability, Approximately 128 million m3 /Y of potable water is used in Amman  Co2 Equivalent Emissions are estimated to be about 20million metric tones (in 2000). Amman municipal solid waste generates 7.9 metric tones of Co2 equivalent, 600,000 cars on the streets of The Greater Amman Municipality. Jordan has Less than 1% forests “Green Economy” in Amman
    • Challenges…Government  Green economy is not legally bound by law; there is a lack of law enforcement and incentives.  Implementing green practices could have a negative impact on some businesses, or completely eliminate certain industries which do not conform to green standards.  Limited assigned government budgets for sustainable development, SD is not prioritized on Government Agendas.  Green Technology is not subsidized by Government, which makes it unaffordable to citizens.  Limited financial and natural resources. Economy” in Amman “Green
    • Challenges…Citizens  Implemented policies could affect daily lives of citizens in a way that they are unwilling to adapt.  Learning and awareness opportunities are confined, and there is a disparity in environmental awareness among the population.  Training will be required to teach certain skills and gain buy-in.  The relatively low and undervalued levels of environmental awareness among the public make it difficult to bring about change.  Lack of environmentally-friendly alternatives that could be adapted to, e.g. lack of efficient public transport urges citizens to use private vehicles. “Green Economy” in Amman
    • Challenges…Private  Lack of current expertise in green businessesEntities  Local funding is minimal and entry barriers can be high  Little current demand on green investment would require additional focused marketing  Job creation would require major training, and influx of those with experience abroad.  Investors interest in “fast” money rather than sustainable long-term investment in people, the environment and the local economy.  If green investments occur they are usually exclusive and cater to a confined community, which limits the benefits reaped, as these kind of practices must be adopted collectively for significantly measurable results. “Green Economy” in Amman
    • Opportunities
    • “Green Economy” in Amman
    • “Green Economy” in Amman
    • We’ve done lots ofimplementation
    • How Green Policy manifests itself in differentcontexts in Amman? The endorsement of a Sustainable transportation system, that eliminates sole reliance on private cars for mobility. Mobilizing Renewable sources of energy, thus making use of naturally abundant resources in local contexts e.g. solar energy in Jordan. Waste management in areas that lack proper treatment of solid and water waste. Initiating City-wide CDM Programme. “Green Economy” in Amman
    • Amman Transport & Mobility Master Plan BRT, LRT Neighborhood Center Car Personal Transport Bus Rapid Transport Playground Public Green AreaWork Places Cycling Shops Schools Public Parks “Green Economy” in Amman Walking
    • Amman TMMP… “Green Economy” in Amman
    • Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Phase 1  Three routes (32km)  Engineering design and Service Plan completed First construction package awarded Second and third to be awarded in a few weeks  1rst Quarter 2011 Tender for operations Tender for ticketing system (Smartcards) “Green Economy” in Amman
    • Solid Waste ManagementObjective: Dispose  Minimize Production of waste. Create Energy Recycle & Compost  Waste to energy - Biogas Re-use  Social / Behavioral Change Reduce “Green Economy” in Amman
    • Solid Waste Management “Green Economy” in Amman 31
    • A Green CityUse of gray water “Green Economy” in Amman Planting the City
    • Sustainable Urban Mobility PlanningAdapted to Mediterranean “Green Economy” in Amman
    • Pipeline. . . . An environmentally Urban Action PlanFor Amman City Water Protection Air Pollution Noise Pollution Biodiversity Protection Solid Waste Climate Change “Green Economy” in Amman
    • Assessing the Climate Change RelatedDisasters in Amman “Green Economy” in Amman
    • Climate Change Adaptation onWater Sector “Green Economy” in Amman
    • Carbon Neutral Initiative “Green Economy” in Amman
    • Amman Green Growth Program – City WideInnovation •  AGGP is the first of its kind in the world,and scaling aggregating GHG across 5 key urban serviceup potential sectors, namely water, waste, public utilities, transport and forestry •  Significantly lowering transaction costs even further compared to developing independent POAs per sector. •  There are 600 cities globally, with a population of more than half-million and another 2000 cities/towns/urban areas globally, with a population of more than 100,000 •  A carbon finance program could also provide the much needed incentive to improve urban services in those sectors, and engage private sector entities. “Green Economy” in Amman
    • Objective Promote low carbon investments that will sustain economic growth in the city of Amman, more specifically the program will: (i) improve the urban environment while contributing to the climate agenda; (ii) improve the cost efficiency of municipal services; (iii) mobilize additional sources of revenues through carbon markets. The Program will reduce GHG emissions at the city level, aggregating carbon emissions from waste, water, energy, transport and forestry sectors, using an under – development city wide approach that combines approved methodologies. “Green Economy” in Amman
    • Scope With a total investment of USD 2.825 billion over 28 years the program will cover four sectors:   Municipal Waste   Transport   Energy   Urban forestry It is estimated that Emission Reductions will exceed 0.56 million CO2 e per year. “Green Economy” in Amman
    • Components “Green Economy” in Amman
    • Program ComponentsMunicipal Waste Sustainable Energy Urban Transport Urban Forestry Land filling with Plantation in urban Bus Rapid Transit recovery of landfill Wind Farm and peri-urban System gas areas Solar water heating Light Rail Transit Recycling of plastics systems for Urban Agriculture system households Fuel switch for Slaughterhouse Building energy buses and other waste – to- energy efficiency public vehicles Promotion of residential CFL usage Energy- efficiency street lighting “Green Economy” in Amman
    • THANK YOU “Green Economy” in Amman