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Metalanguage
 

Metalanguage

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Metalanguage Metalanguage Presentation Transcript

  • A cognate is a word that looks and/or sounds the same in English and in Spanish.
  • Ex: religion adjetivos verbo teléfono
  • Word order in Spanish typically puts the adjective after the noun.
  • ex: la casa blanca NO la blanca casa
  • Gender in Spanish means that nouns and adjectives are classified as either masculine or feminine.
  • ex: el libro=the book (m.) la mesa=the table(f.)
  • In Spanish, number shows that nouns, adjectives and person are either singular or plural.
  • ex: el libro=book (m.s.) los libros=books (m. pl.) la mesa=table (f.s.) las mesas=tables(f.pl.)
  • In Spanish, nouns and adjectives must show agreement in gender and in number.
  • ex: el libro rojo= the red book los libros rojos=the red books la mesa roja=the red table las mesas rojas=the red tables
  • Indefinite articles accompany nouns and tell gender and number. They are vague and mean a, an or some.
  • ex: un libro=a book unos libros=some books una mesa=a table unas mesas=some tables
  • Definite articles accompany nouns and tell gender and number. They are specific and mean the.
  • ex: el libro=the book los libros=the books la mesa=the table las mesas=the tables
  • A noun in Spanish is called either a nombre or a sustantivo. They have gender and number. They are accompanied by an article. They can be replaced by pronouns (pronombres).
  • ex: nombre: Josue pronombre: él la vaca=cow (f.s.)
  • An adjetivo is a word that modifies (goes with) a noun. It must agree with the noun in gender and in number.
  • EX: NO: Mi actividades favorito SÍ: Mis actividades favoritas
  • An adverbio modifies a verb, and usually (but not always) ends in -mente. (-ly). It describes how the action is being done.
  • EX: quickly=rápidamente slowly=lentamente
  • A verbo is a word that shows action. In Spanish the infinitives end in -ar, -er, -ir. In Spanish they can be conjugated in many tenses. They can be irregular, regular, or stem-changing.
  • EX: to swim=nadar to run=correr to live=vivir
  • Tense in Spanish is when an action occurs.
  • Ex: nadar=to swim preterito: nadé I swam imperfecto: nadaba I swam presente: nado I swim futuro: nadaré progresivo: nadando swimming
  • An infinitive is a verb in its unchanged or pure state. In English it starts with “to” and in Spanish it ends in -ar, -ir, or -er.
  • EX: to swim=nadar to eat=comer to sleep=dormir
  • To conjugate is to change the verb to reflect the speaker, or who or what is doing the action.
  • EX: vivir=to live vivo vivimos vives vivís vive viven
  • In Spanish 1st, 2nd, 3rd person refers to who is doing the action.
  • EX: vivir=to live SINGULAR PLURAL 1st vivo (I) vivimos (we) 2nd vives (you) vivís (you all) 3rd vive (he, she, you formal) viven (they, you all)
  • Peer editing is when another student checks your work for mistakes and gives you feedback.
  • EX: blanco casa ¡NO! la casa blanca ¡SÍ!
  • Los interogativos are the words we use to ask questions in Spanish.
  • EX: ¿dónde? WHERE ¿cómo? HOW ¿por qué? WHY ¿qué? WHAT ¿cúal? WHICH ¿cúantos/as? HOW MANY ¿quién? WHO ¿cúanto/a? HOW MUCH ¿cúando? WHEN
  • In Spanish, the gerund is th -ing form of the verb.
  • ex: nadando estudiando visitando