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  • Metalanguage

    1. 1. A cognate is a word that looks and/or sounds the same in English and in Spanish.
    2. 2. Ex: religion adjetivos verbo teléfono
    3. 3. Word order in Spanish typically puts the adjective after the noun.
    4. 4. ex: la casa blanca NO la blanca casa
    5. 5. Gender in Spanish means that nouns and adjectives are classified as either masculine or feminine.
    6. 6. ex: el libro=the book (m.) la mesa=the table(f.)
    7. 7. In Spanish, number shows that nouns, adjectives and person are either singular or plural.
    8. 8. ex: el libro=book (m.s.) los libros=books (m. pl.) la mesa=table (f.s.) las mesas=tables(
    9. 9. In Spanish, nouns and adjectives must show agreement in gender and in number.
    10. 10. ex: el libro rojo= the red book los libros rojos=the red books la mesa roja=the red table las mesas rojas=the red tables
    11. 11. Indefinite articles accompany nouns and tell gender and number. They are vague and mean a, an or some.
    12. 12. ex: un libro=a book unos libros=some books una mesa=a table unas mesas=some tables
    13. 13. Definite articles accompany nouns and tell gender and number. They are specific and mean the.
    14. 14. ex: el libro=the book los libros=the books la mesa=the table las mesas=the tables
    15. 15. A noun in Spanish is called either a nombre or a sustantivo. They have gender and number. They are accompanied by an article. They can be replaced by pronouns (pronombres).
    16. 16. ex: nombre: Josue pronombre: él la vaca=cow (f.s.)
    17. 17. An adjetivo is a word that modifies (goes with) a noun. It must agree with the noun in gender and in number.
    18. 18. EX: NO: Mi actividades favorito SÍ: Mis actividades favoritas
    19. 19. An adverbio modifies a verb, and usually (but not always) ends in -mente. (-ly). It describes how the action is being done.
    20. 20. EX: quickly=rápidamente slowly=lentamente
    21. 21. A verbo is a word that shows action. In Spanish the infinitives end in -ar, -er, -ir. In Spanish they can be conjugated in many tenses. They can be irregular, regular, or stem-changing.
    22. 22. EX: to swim=nadar to run=correr to live=vivir
    23. 23. Tense in Spanish is when an action occurs.
    24. 24. Ex: nadar=to swim preterito: nadé I swam imperfecto: nadaba I swam presente: nado I swim futuro: nadaré progresivo: nadando swimming
    25. 25. An infinitive is a verb in its unchanged or pure state. In English it starts with “to” and in Spanish it ends in -ar, -ir, or -er.
    26. 26. EX: to swim=nadar to eat=comer to sleep=dormir
    27. 27. To conjugate is to change the verb to reflect the speaker, or who or what is doing the action.
    28. 28. EX: vivir=to live vivo vivimos vives vivís vive viven
    29. 29. In Spanish 1st, 2nd, 3rd person refers to who is doing the action.
    30. 30. EX: vivir=to live SINGULAR PLURAL 1st vivo (I) vivimos (we) 2nd vives (you) vivís (you all) 3rd vive (he, she, you formal) viven (they, you all)
    31. 31. Peer editing is when another student checks your work for mistakes and gives you feedback.
    32. 32. EX: blanco casa ¡NO! la casa blanca ¡SÍ!
    33. 33. Los interogativos are the words we use to ask questions in Spanish.
    34. 34. EX: ¿dónde? WHERE ¿cómo? HOW ¿por qué? WHY ¿qué? WHAT ¿cúal? WHICH ¿cúantos/as? HOW MANY ¿quién? WHO ¿cúanto/a? HOW MUCH ¿cúando? WHEN
    35. 35. In Spanish, the gerund is th -ing form of the verb.
    36. 36. ex: nadando estudiando visitando