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Metalanguage

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for Spanish

for Spanish

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  • Transcript

    • 1. A cognate is a word that looks and/or sounds the same in English and in Spanish.
    • 2. Ex: religion adjetivos verbo teléfono
    • 3. Word order in Spanish typically puts the adjective after the noun.
    • 4. ex: la casa blanca NO la blanca casa
    • 5. Gender in Spanish means that nouns and adjectives are classified as either masculine or feminine.
    • 6. ex: el libro=the book (m.) la mesa=the table(f.)
    • 7. In Spanish, number shows that nouns, adjectives and person are either singular or plural.
    • 8. ex: el libro=book (m.s.) los libros=books (m. pl.) la mesa=table (f.s.) las mesas=tables(f.pl.)
    • 9. In Spanish, nouns and adjectives must show agreement in gender and in number.
    • 10. ex: el libro rojo= the red book los libros rojos=the red books la mesa roja=the red table las mesas rojas=the red tables
    • 11. Indefinite articles accompany nouns and tell gender and number. They are vague and mean a, an or some.
    • 12. ex: un libro=a book unos libros=some books una mesa=a table unas mesas=some tables
    • 13. Definite articles accompany nouns and tell gender and number. They are specific and mean the.
    • 14. ex: el libro=the book los libros=the books la mesa=the table las mesas=the tables
    • 15. A noun in Spanish is called either a nombre or a sustantivo. They have gender and number. They are accompanied by an article. They can be replaced by pronouns (pronombres).
    • 16. ex: nombre: Josue pronombre: él la vaca=cow (f.s.)
    • 17. An adjetivo is a word that modifies (goes with) a noun. It must agree with the noun in gender and in number.
    • 18. EX: NO: Mi actividades favorito SÍ: Mis actividades favoritas
    • 19. An adverbio modifies a verb, and usually (but not always) ends in -mente. (-ly). It describes how the action is being done.
    • 20. EX: quickly=rápidamente slowly=lentamente
    • 21. A verbo is a word that shows action. In Spanish the infinitives end in -ar, -er, -ir. In Spanish they can be conjugated in many tenses. They can be irregular, regular, or stem-changing.
    • 22. EX: to swim=nadar to run=correr to live=vivir
    • 23. Tense in Spanish is when an action occurs.
    • 24. Ex: nadar=to swim preterito: nadé I swam imperfecto: nadaba I swam presente: nado I swim futuro: nadaré progresivo: nadando swimming
    • 25. An infinitive is a verb in its unchanged or pure state. In English it starts with “to” and in Spanish it ends in -ar, -ir, or -er.
    • 26. EX: to swim=nadar to eat=comer to sleep=dormir
    • 27. To conjugate is to change the verb to reflect the speaker, or who or what is doing the action.
    • 28. EX: vivir=to live vivo vivimos vives vivís vive viven
    • 29. In Spanish 1st, 2nd, 3rd person refers to who is doing the action.
    • 30. EX: vivir=to live SINGULAR PLURAL 1st vivo (I) vivimos (we) 2nd vives (you) vivís (you all) 3rd vive (he, she, you formal) viven (they, you all)
    • 31. Peer editing is when another student checks your work for mistakes and gives you feedback.
    • 32. EX: blanco casa ¡NO! la casa blanca ¡SÍ!
    • 33. Los interogativos are the words we use to ask questions in Spanish.
    • 34. EX: ¿dónde? WHERE ¿cómo? HOW ¿por qué? WHY ¿qué? WHAT ¿cúal? WHICH ¿cúantos/as? HOW MANY ¿quién? WHO ¿cúanto/a? HOW MUCH ¿cúando? WHEN
    • 35. In Spanish, the gerund is th -ing form of the verb.
    • 36. ex: nadando estudiando visitando

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