Albert einstein


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Albert einstein

  1. 1. Albert Einstein "Any intelligent fool can make things bigger, more complex, and more violent. It takes a touch of genius -- and a lot of courage -- to move in the opposite direction."
  2. 2. Oldest Picture Of Him EARLY AGE Albert was born on March 14, 1879 in Ulm, in the Germans Empire. Albert was a typical boy in elementary school with difficulties in his speech, yet he was the top student. His curiosity began when his father showed him a pocket compass and thought “There must be something in there that causes the needle to spin besides the “empty space”.” Einstein built models and mechanical devices just for fun which showed his mathematical skills.
  3. 3. When his fathers company failed in 1894, his family moved to different places. He then decided to stay in Munich to finish his studies. His father intended for him to pursue in electrical engineering. When Einstein joined his family in Pavia, he wrote his first scientific work “The Investigation of the State of Aether in Magnetic fields.” Einstein finished secondary school at age 17.
  4. 4. Academic Career  In 1896 he entered the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich to be trained as a teacher in physics and mathematics.  In 1901, the year he gained his diploma.  In 1905 he obtained his doctor's degree. Three years later, he was recognized as a leading scientist and became a professor.
  5. 5. The Miracle Year 1905  Wrote 4 papers in 1905, and all them are regarded as major achievements. – The Photoelectric Effect – The Brownian Motion – The Theory of Relativity – E=MC2
  6. 6. Niels Bohr  Einstein motivated many Scientists including Niels Bohr.  Bohr was motivated by Einstein to study atoms and radiation.  1920: Discovered that the movement of electrons was completely random.  Made people disbelieve in god because certain things in life were by chance.
  7. 7. The Manhattan Project  Einstein wrote a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt informing him of a possible atomic bomb being built in Germany.  Einstein’s formula, E=MC2, was key in the United States developing the atomic bomb.
  8. 8. Nobel Prize Einstein received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics quantum theory of light, "Generation and Conversion of Light with Regard to a Heuristic Point of View," for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921 was published. The paper dealt with the photoelectric effect and postulated that light sometimes acts like a stream of particles with discrete energies, or quanta.
  9. 9. Einstein Was Offered the Presidency of Israel After the death of the first president of Israel in 1952, the Israeli government decided to offer the post of second president to Einstein. He refused but found the offer an embarrassment since it was hard for him to refuse without causing offence. Albert Einstein, 5 Lirot,1968, Israel The letter offering Einstein the presidency.
  10. 10. Time In 1999, Albert Einstein was named "Person of the Century" by Time magazine, a Gallup poll recorded him as the fourth most admired person of the 20th century and according to The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History, Einstein is "the greatest scientist of the twentieth century and one of the supreme intellects of all time."
  11. 11. Honour's and Awards A partial list of his memorials: • • • • • • • • • • • • • The International Union of Pure and Applied Physics named 2005 the "World Year of Physics" in commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the publication of the Annus Mirabilis Papers. The Albert Einstein Institute The Albert Einstein Memorial by Robert Berks A unit used in photochemistry, the Einstein The chemical element 99, einsteinium The asteroid 2001 Einstein The Albert Einstein Award The Albert Einstein Peace Prize In 1990, his name was added to the Walhalla temple. Barnard Medal of Columbia University in 1920 Copley Medal of Royal Society in 1925 Max Planck Medal of German Physical Society in 1929 Gold Medal of Royal Astronomical in 1926
  12. 12. Death On April 17, 1955 Albert suffered from internal bleeding caused by the rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Albert did not want surgery and said “I want to go when I want. It is tasteless to prolong life artificially. I have done my share, it is time to go. I will do it elegantly.” Einstein died at the age of 76. He was having to work until the last day of his life.
  13. 13. Before the cremation, his brain was taken out by pathologist Thomas Stoltz Harvey without the permission of his family in hope that neuroscience of the future will be able to figure out why Albert Einstein was so intelligent.
  14. 14. “Quotes”  “All that is valuable in human society depends upon the opportunity for development accorded the individual.”  “Any man who reads too much and uses his own brain too little falls into lazy habits of thinking.”  Things should be made as simple as possible, but not any simpler.  The truth of a theory is in your mind, not in your eyes. All quotes
  15. 15. Summary  Einstein was the most influential scientist of modern time and possibly ever  Although his theories are difficult for the common person to understand the concepts and results of his theories changed the course of world history
  16. 16. That's It Thank You BY: Amit Singh(leader)