"Any intelligent fool can make things bigger, more complex,
and more violent. It takes a touch of genius -- and a lot of
courage -- to move in the opposite direction."
Oldest Picture Of Him
Albert was born on March 14, 1879 in Ulm, in the Germans
Albert was a typical boy in elementary school with difficulties in
his speech, yet he was the top student.
His curiosity began when his father showed him a pocket compass
and thought “There must be something in there that causes
the needle to spin besides the “empty space”.”
Einstein built models and mechanical devices just for fun which
showed his mathematical skills.
When his fathers company failed in 1894, his family moved
to different places.
He then decided to stay in Munich to finish his studies.
His father intended for him to pursue in electrical
When Einstein joined his family in Pavia, he wrote his first
scientific work “The Investigation of the State of Aether
in Magnetic fields.”
Einstein finished secondary school at age 17.
In 1896 he entered the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School
in Zurich to be trained as a teacher in physics and
In 1901, the year he gained his diploma.
In 1905 he obtained his doctor's degree.
Three years later, he was recognized as a leading scientist
and became a professor.
The Miracle Year 1905
Wrote 4 papers in 1905, and all them are
regarded as major achievements.
The Photoelectric Effect
The Brownian Motion
The Theory of Relativity
Einstein motivated many Scientists including Niels
Bohr was motivated by Einstein to study atoms and
1920: Discovered that the movement of electrons was
Made people disbelieve in god because certain things
in life were by chance.
The Manhattan Project
Einstein wrote a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt
informing him of a possible atomic bomb being built in
Einstein’s formula, E=MC2, was key in the United States
developing the atomic bomb.
Einstein received the 1921 Nobel Prize in
Physics quantum theory of light,
"Generation and Conversion of Light
with Regard to a Heuristic Point of View,"
for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize
for Physics in 1921 was published. The
paper dealt with the photoelectric effect
and postulated that light sometimes acts
like a stream of particles with discrete
energies, or quanta.
Einstein Was Offered the
Presidency of Israel
After the death of the first president of Israel in 1952, the
Israeli government decided to offer the post of second president to
Einstein. He refused but found the offer an embarrassment since it
was hard for him to refuse without causing offence.
Albert Einstein, 5 Lirot,1968, Israel
The letter offering Einstein the
In 1999, Albert Einstein was named
"Person of the Century" by Time
magazine, a Gallup poll recorded him as
the fourth most admired person of the
20th century and according to The 100:
A Ranking of the Most Influential
Persons in History, Einstein is "the
greatest scientist of the twentieth century
and one of the supreme intellects of all
Honour's and Awards
A partial list of his memorials:
The International Union of Pure and Applied Physics
named 2005 the "World Year of Physics" in
commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the
publication of the Annus Mirabilis Papers.
The Albert Einstein Institute
The Albert Einstein Memorial by Robert Berks
A unit used in photochemistry, the Einstein
The chemical element 99, einsteinium
The asteroid 2001 Einstein
The Albert Einstein Award
The Albert Einstein Peace Prize
In 1990, his name was added to the Walhalla temple.
Barnard Medal of Columbia University in 1920
Copley Medal of Royal Society in 1925
Max Planck Medal of German Physical Society in
Gold Medal of Royal Astronomical in 1926
On April 17, 1955 Albert suffered from internal bleeding
caused by the rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm.
Albert did not want surgery and said “I want to go when I
want. It is tasteless to prolong life artificially. I have done
my share, it is time to go. I will do it elegantly.”
Einstein died at the age of 76. He was having to work until
the last day of his life.
Before the cremation, his brain was taken out by pathologist
Thomas Stoltz Harvey without the permission of his
family in hope that neuroscience of the future will be
able to figure out why Albert Einstein was so intelligent.
“All that is valuable in human society depends upon the
opportunity for development accorded the individual.”
“Any man who reads too much and uses his own brain
too little falls into lazy habits of thinking.”
Things should be made as simple as possible, but not any
The truth of a theory is in your mind, not in your eyes.
Einstein was the most influential scientist of modern
time and possibly ever
Although his theories are difficult for the common
person to understand the concepts and results of his
theories changed the course of world history