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# MindSpark'12 Torquest! Elims

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• 1. TorQuest! 2012The Science & Technology Quiz Proudly sponsored by: TorQuest - Mind Spark 2012
• 2. 1.X: The biggest thing to happen to Y since Y Ad campaign for Y. Identify X and Y. Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 3. X: iPhone 5 Y: iPhone Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 4. 2. The _______________ is named after the Germanmathematician August Ferdinand________, who was apioneer in topology in the 1800s. The _______________ is a two-dimensional surfacethat can be formed by taking a long, rectangular strip ofpaper, rotating the ends 180° with respect to oneanother, and joining the ends together to form a loop,has only one side. This one-sidedness can bedemonstrated by drawing a line down the middle of theloop; the line will eventually end up where it began. FITB! Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 5. Möbius Strip Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 6. *3. It is interesting that X first announced his law of elasticity as ananagram. This was a method sometimes used by scientists, such asHuygens, Galileo, and others, to establish priority for a discoverywithout revealing details. He first described this discovery in the anagram "ceiiinosssttuv",whose solution he published in 1678 as "Ut tensio, sic vis" meaning"As the extension, so the force." (Extensively used in for manufacturingof Springs) He came near to deducing that gravity follows an inverse squarelaw, and that such a relation governs the motions of the planets, anidea which was subsequently developed by Newton. Gimme X! Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 7. Robert Hooke Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 8. 4. X is a contagious respiratory illness that cancause a fatal form of pneumonia. The illness first appeared in November 2002 in peopleliving in Guangdong province in southern China. Its causewas unknown and available treatments were ineffective.The fast spread of the disease, its deadly nature, and itsunknown cause prompted the World Health Organization(WHO), an agency of the United Nations, to issue a globalalert in March 2003 designating X as a worldwide healththreat. What illness is X? Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 9. SARS/ Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 10. 5. To name his predictions, he used the Sanskritterms. By giving Sanskrit names to his findings, heshowed his appreciation and debt to the Sanskritgrammarians, who had created sophisticatedtheories of language based on their discovery of thetwo-dimensional patterns in basic sounds. He wished to honor Pāṇini, the Sanskritgrammarian with his nomenclature, noting that thereare striking similarities between his work and theintroductory Śiva Sūtras in Pāṇinis grammar. Who and what work? Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 11. Mendeleev and the Periodic Table Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 12. 6. Nowadays, Geneticists or the scientists who studythe genetic structure of plants and animals, employ__________to keep track of genes and pieces ofdeoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) in database collections andgene banks. Introduced in the 1970s, the __________ that generallyspecify the manufacturer and the type or make ofproduct, has become a part of most businesses that needautomated tracking inventories. What technology is being elaborated above? FITB Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 13. BarcodeTorquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 14. 7. The _________ is economically important as a sourceof potash, bromine, gypsum, salt and other chemicalproducts, which are extracted inexpensively.The_________ contains no life of any sort except for afew kinds of microbes; sea fish put into its waters soondie. It is likely that the _________might disappearaltogether by 2050 due to high rate of evaporation, soneighbouring countries agreed to construct a 320-kmpipeline that would link the _________with the Gulf toslow down the process of evaporation. FITB! Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 15. Dead SeaTorquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 16. 8. For many, ___________________, was distributedstarting in the 90s via CD-ROM and recently on theWeb via MSN. In March 2009, Microsoft announced it wasdiscontinuing the ___________disc and onlineversions, offering symbolic confirmation thatWikipedia is the world’s definitive reference guide. What is blanked out? Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 17. Microsoft Encarta Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 18. *9. This is a magnificent historical reconstruction ofthe tragic end of the dodos. This occurred becauseDutch sailors brought pigs to the island of Mauritius,which plundered the dodos nests and ate their eggsand ultimately drove the birds to extinction. The dodos are determined because they are a lockedinto an existential struggle for the future of theirspecies. Sadly, this will ultimately prove futile. Asdodos were flightless birds, so of course they wouldhave needed to use catapults. What am I talking about? Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 19. The plot of Angry Birds. The birds are in fact dodos, trying to kill the pigs and retrieve their eggs. Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 20. 10. X is a free source e-learning software platform,originally developed by Martin Dougiamas to helpeducators create online courses with a focus oninteraction and collaborative construction of content,and is in continual evolution. The first version of Xwas released on 20 August 2002. What’s X? Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 21. MoodleTorquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 22. 11. X is a semi-solid mixture of hydrocarbons,originally promoted as an ointment for its healingproperties. X’s folkloric medicinal value as a "cure-all" has since been limited by better scientificunderstanding of it’s uses. The raw material wasdiscovered in 1859 in Titusville, Pennsylvania whereit was stuck to some of the first oil rigs in the U.S.The workers disliked it, still it became much popular. X Please! Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 23. Vaseline/Petroleum jelly Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 24. 12. The end of the bullwhip is known as the "cracker" and the bullwhip tapers down from the handle section to the cracker. The cracker has much less mass than the handle section. When the whip is sharply swung, the energy is transferred down the length of the tapering whip. In accordance with the formula (if the work for whipping remains constant) for kinetic energy, the velocity of the whip increases with the decrease in mass. Some paleobiologists report that, based on computer models of their biomechanical capabilities, certain long-tailed dinosaurs such as Apatosaurus and Diplodocus may have possessed the ability to flick their tails thus generating an intimidating booming sound. This finding is theoretical and disputed by others in the field.These are 2 instances of which certain scientific phenomenon, now common to aerodynamics? Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 25. Breaking the sound barrier Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 26. 13. __________ is ‘another’ hypothetical particle & has noserious argument to support its existence. It has been named the __________ and is distinguished bythe fact that it is supposed to travel faster than light. Alsoknown as ghost particles produced with negative probability. In the early days of relativity it was thought that suchparticles could be excluded on physical grounds because aninfinite force would be required to accelerate them to such aspeed, but now that we know that particles can be createdand destroyed, there seems no reason why __________should not come into existence already moving faster thanlight. However, it appears that they do not. FITB! Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 27. TachyonTorquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 28. 14.__________in mathematics is a number of great importance, comparable only to p in the wide variety of its applications.Unlike p, __________ has no simple geometric interpretation. Like p, it is a transcendental number; that is, it is not the rootof any polynomial equation a0x^n + a1x^n-1 + ... + an = 0 with integral coefficients.In geometry, __________is a necessary component of the formulas for many curves, such as the catenary, the shape assumed by a cord suspended from itsextremities.Whose importance is talked about or FITB! Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 29. e, Natural Logarithmic base Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 30. 15.Where do you find the following? 1. Talc 2. Gypsum 3. Calcite 4. Fluorite 5. Apatite 6. Feldspar 7. Quartz 8. Topaz 9. Corundum 10. Diamond Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 31. Mohs Hardness scale Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 32. 16. NeXTSTEP was an object-oriented, multitasking operating system developed by NeXT Computer to run on its range of proprietary workstation computers, such as the NeXTcube. It was later ported to several other computer architectures. The first web browser for the WWW was developed on NeXTSTEP. Even games like DOOM and QUAKE were developed on this O.S .Which desktop OS and mobile OS currently still in use are direct descendants of this Operating System? Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 33. The iOS and the OS X Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 34. 17. On May 21, 2010, the 30th anniversary of__________the "Im Feeling Lucky" button wasreplaced with a button reading the words "InsertCoin". After pressing the button, the user wouldbegin a Google-themed game of __________in thearea where the Google logo would normally be.Pressing the button a second time would begin atwo-player version of the same game that includesMs. __________ for player 2. FITB! Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 35. Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 36. *18. The world’s thinnest material, X has inspiredscientists to focus their researches on touch-screens,ultrafast transistors and photo-detectors that mayrevolutionise the world of electronics. X has the potential to replace silicon in high-speed computer processors and other devices. Thisstrong and thin carbon material seems indeed toperfectly combine mechanical, electrical and thermalconductivity. Which material/What’s X? Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 37. GrapheneTorquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 38. 19 In 1881, X went to Budapest as an engineer for a telephonecompany and a year later took up a similar position in Paris. Hewent to the United States in 1884 and worked for Americaninventor Y for a year, before setting up his own workshop. For much of his time in the United States, X worked withAmerican industrialist George Westinghouse, who bought andsuccessfully developed Xs patents, leading to the introductionof ________________ for power transmission. In 1912 both Xand Y were proposed for the Nobel Prize in Physics, but Xrefused to be associated with Y, who he believed hadconducted an unscrupulous campaign for the adoption of __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _. Neither inventor received the prize.Also, X neglected to patent many of his discoveries and madelittle profit from them. Gimme X & Y! Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 39. Nicolas Tesla & Thomas Edison Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 40. 20. It is the lowest atomic number element without anystable isotopes; every form of it is radioactive. Nearlyall _____________is produced synthetically and onlyminute amounts are found in nature. Naturally occurring _____________ occurs as aspontaneous fission product in uranium ore or byneutron capture in molybdenum ores. FITB! Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 41. Technetium/Tc Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 42. 21. They began by producing Suzuki motorcycles.They were the official motorcycle suppliers for theSummer Olympics at Seoul in 1988. They recentlyentered the Indian market. Whats unique aboutthem is that - unlike most other companies - theyentered in the 1000cc sector directly. Name the company Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 43. Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 44. *22. ________ is composed of three arrows forming a mobius strip. The mobius strip is indicative of the “unending-ness” of the thing represented by the symbol, and the colour is representative of its nature. Which symbol? Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 45. Recycle Logo Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 46. 23. In 1919, British physicist Ernest Rutherfordconducted an important experiment when hebombarded nitrogen gas with alpha particles andobtained atoms of an oxygen isotope and protons. This transmutation of nitrogen into oxygen was the__________________________________.It inspired the intensive research of later scientists onother ____________ transformations and on thenature and properties of radiation. What is so special about this reaction? Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 47. First Artificial Nuclear Reaction Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 48. 24. Specific secular beliefs about catastrophe wereassociated with what became known as the X. Some people believed that many computer systemsworldwide would crash when the date changed from1999 to 2000, sparking economic, political, and socialcatastrophes. However, few computers generatederror messages or shut down, and the imagined Xwas relatively uneventful. What problem? Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 49. Y2K bug/2000 computer problem/the Y2K problem/the millennium bug Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 50. 25. Actually a Professor of Physics and Astronomy at theUCLA, David Saltzberg is also known for his work astechnical director of ___________________________ By checking scripts and meeting with the producers,writers, actors, set decorators, prop masters, costumedesigners etc. to help ensure scientific accuracy. Also he writes a blog resembling to blank. FITB! Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 51. The Big Bang Theory; David Saltzberg, is the science consultant for TBBT Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 52. 26.Who & Where? Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 53. Neil Armstrong Hall of Engineering at Purdue Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 54. *27. Which company,recently acquired byFacebook for \$1 billionwas started by these 2men? Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 55. InstagramTorquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 56. 28.Whats so special? Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 57. A Rubiks Cube for the Blind Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 58. 29.What is blanked out in given pic? Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 59. Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 60. 30.Identify the physicist. Torquest - Mind Spark 2012
• 61. Peter Higgs, who first predicted the existence of the Higgs-Boson particle and hence was named after him. Torquest - Mind Spark 2012