A presentation by theA presentation by theADMINISTRATIVE REFORMSADMINISTRATIVE REFORMSCOMMISSIONCOMMISSIONGOVERNMENT OF IN...
The presentationThe presentation Evolution of the Indian administrative systemEvolution of the Indian administrative syst...
Evolution of the Indian administrativeEvolution of the Indian administrativesystemsystem The public administrative system...
The existing administrativeThe existing administrativesystem in Indiasystem in India The civil service system is the back...
The Constitutional ProvisionsThe Constitutional Provisions
The hallmarks of civil servicesThe hallmarks of civil servicesin Indiain India Constitutional protection.Constitutional p...
The administrative structure of the Government of IndiaThe administrative structure of the Government of India(The roles o...
The administrative structure of theThe administrative structure of theState Governments.State Governments.GovernorChief Mi...
District AdministrationDistrict Administration(District is a unit of administration, on an average a district has a popula...
Local self governments (Urban)Local self governments (Urban) Big cities have –City Corporations.Big cities have –City Cor...
Local self governments (Rural)Local self governments (Rural)The PanchayatsThe PanchayatsZila ParishadsBlock PanchayatsVill...
Major developments impactingMajor developments impactingadministrationadministration Globalisation.Globalisation. Increa...
Administrative Reforms in IndiaAdministrative Reforms in India Administrative reforms have been necessitatedAdministrativ...
Administrative Reforms in India afterAdministrative Reforms in India afterindependenceindependence Several Commissions an...
Administrative Reforms in India afterAdministrative Reforms in India afterindependence ……(contd)independence ……(contd) Th...
Administrative Reforms in India afterAdministrative Reforms in India afterindependence ……(contd)independence ……(contd)The...
The First Administrative ReformsThe First Administrative ReformsCommissionCommission It gave Reports on the following sub...
Studies/Reports after the FirstStudies/Reports after the FirstAdministrative Reforms CommissionAdministrative Reforms Comm...
The Second Administrative ReformsThe Second Administrative ReformsCommissionCommission Constituted on 31Constituted on 31...
The approach of the SecondThe approach of the SecondAdministrative Reforms CommissionAdministrative Reforms Commission A ...
The first phaseThe first phase Four areas have been taken up for study in theFour areas have been taken up for study in t...
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  1. 1. A presentation by theA presentation by theADMINISTRATIVE REFORMSADMINISTRATIVE REFORMSCOMMISSIONCOMMISSIONGOVERNMENT OF INDIAGOVERNMENT OF INDIA
  2. 2. The presentationThe presentation Evolution of the Indian administrative systemEvolution of the Indian administrative system Constitutional framework.Constitutional framework. Union Government administrationUnion Government administration State Government administration.State Government administration. District administrationDistrict administration Local administrationLocal administration Urban bodiesUrban bodies Rural bodies-Panchayat rajRural bodies-Panchayat raj Five decades of administrative reforms in IndiaFive decades of administrative reforms in India The second administrative reforms commmission.The second administrative reforms commmission.
  3. 3. Evolution of the Indian administrativeEvolution of the Indian administrativesystemsystem The public administrative system in India has a long history. KingdomsThe public administrative system in India has a long history. Kingdomsexisted in India several hundred years B.C.existed in India several hundred years B.C. In the earlier era the civil servants performed the role of servants of theIn the earlier era the civil servants performed the role of servants of theking. (Kautilya’s Arthshastra describes the civil service of those days andking. (Kautilya’s Arthshastra describes the civil service of those days andlays down various norms 300 B.C. to 1000 A.D)lays down various norms 300 B.C. to 1000 A.D) During the medieval period they became State servants. The landDuring the medieval period they became State servants. The landrevenue system was established during the Moghul period.revenue system was established during the Moghul period. The East Indian Company has a civil service to carry out their commercialThe East Indian Company has a civil service to carry out their commercialfunctions.functions. During the British rule they started as servants to the Crown, but graduallyDuring the British rule they started as servants to the Crown, but graduallythey started becoming ‘Public Servants’. The British government set upthey started becoming ‘Public Servants’. The British government set upthe Indian civil service, primarily with the objective of strengthening thethe Indian civil service, primarily with the objective of strengthening theBritish administration in the UK.British administration in the UK. In this period the role of the civil services was to further the BritishIn this period the role of the civil services was to further the Britishinterest, and the role was totally regulatory. Later on they assumedinterest, and the role was totally regulatory. Later on they assumeddevelopment roles also.development roles also. After the coming into force of the Constitution, the public services as weAfter the coming into force of the Constitution, the public services as wesee today came into being.see today came into being.
  4. 4. The existing administrativeThe existing administrativesystem in Indiasystem in India The civil service system is the backbone of the administrativeThe civil service system is the backbone of the administrativemachinery of the country.machinery of the country. The civil service system in post-independent India wasThe civil service system in post-independent India wasreorganised.reorganised. At the central level, the civil services include the All-IndiaAt the central level, the civil services include the All-Indiaservices, namely the Indian Administrative Service, the Indianservices, namely the Indian Administrative Service, the IndianForest Service, and the Indian Police Service.Forest Service, and the Indian Police Service. There are various central services like the Indian Income TaxThere are various central services like the Indian Income TaxService, Indian Railway Services etc.Service, Indian Railway Services etc. There are three tiers of administration-Union Government,There are three tiers of administration-Union Government,State Governments and the Local governments.State Governments and the Local governments. The State Governments have their own set of services.The State Governments have their own set of services.
  5. 5. The Constitutional ProvisionsThe Constitutional Provisions
  6. 6. The hallmarks of civil servicesThe hallmarks of civil servicesin Indiain India Constitutional protection.Constitutional protection. Political neutrality.Political neutrality. Permanency.Permanency. AnnonymityAnnonymity Recruitment based on merit. Done by aRecruitment based on merit. Done by aConstitutional Authorities-the Public ServiceConstitutional Authorities-the Public ServiceCommissions.Commissions.
  7. 7. The administrative structure of the Government of IndiaThe administrative structure of the Government of India(The roles of the various Ministries are defined as per the Rules of Business)(The roles of the various Ministries are defined as per the Rules of Business)PresidentVice PresidentPrime MinisterCouncil of MinistersMinister Minister MinisterSecretaryAdditional SecretaryJoint Secretary
  8. 8. The administrative structure of theThe administrative structure of theState Governments.State Governments.GovernorChief MinisterCouncil of MinistersMinister Minister MinisterSecretaryAdditional SecretaryJoint Secretary
  9. 9. District AdministrationDistrict Administration(District is a unit of administration, on an average a district has a population of(District is a unit of administration, on an average a district has a population ofabout 2 million)about 2 million)District CollectorRegulatory Administration Development administrationLaw and orderLand administrationTax collectionCoordination
  10. 10. Local self governments (Urban)Local self governments (Urban) Big cities have –City Corporations.Big cities have –City Corporations. Cities have –City Municipal Committees.Cities have –City Municipal Committees. Towns have- Town Municipal Committees.Towns have- Town Municipal Committees. All these are elected bodies. Administration isAll these are elected bodies. Administration iscarried out by an appointed Chief Executive whocarried out by an appointed Chief Executive whois answerable to the elected bodies.is answerable to the elected bodies. Their main role is to provide civic amenities toTheir main role is to provide civic amenities tothe citizens.the citizens.Their main source of revenue is local tax, andTheir main source of revenue is local tax, andfunds received from the State Government.funds received from the State Government.
  11. 11. Local self governments (Rural)Local self governments (Rural)The PanchayatsThe PanchayatsZila ParishadsBlock PanchayatsVillage PanchayatsGram SabhasAt District levelAt Block LevelFor a group ofvillagesAll adult members ofa villageTheir main role is to function as a local self governmentThey provide civic amenitiesThey carry out Developmental works.
  12. 12. Major developments impactingMajor developments impactingadministrationadministration Globalisation.Globalisation. Increasing disparities.Increasing disparities. Transformation of the world into a global village.Transformation of the world into a global village. Deregulation and privatization trends.Deregulation and privatization trends. Increasing awareness about human rights.Increasing awareness about human rights. State formerly interventionist, producer, regulator andState formerly interventionist, producer, regulator andseller now called upon to be a facilitator, promoter,seller now called upon to be a facilitator, promoter,and partner.and partner. Emergence of powerful technological solutions-Emergence of powerful technological solutions-computers and IT.computers and IT. Increasing expectations from the Governments toIncreasing expectations from the Governments to‘perform’.‘perform’.
  13. 13. Administrative Reforms in IndiaAdministrative Reforms in India Administrative reforms have been necessitatedAdministrative reforms have been necessitatedbecause of:because of: Change in the role of the Government.Change in the role of the Government. Changing environment.Changing environment. Rising aspirations of the people.Rising aspirations of the people. Improving efficiency and effectiveness.Improving efficiency and effectiveness.The administrative machinery of any country cannot be bereft of its social,cultural, political and economic conditions. Since independence, India haswitnessed major developments in the social and the economic fields. TheGovernment today is no longer playing the traditional role of a regulator. Itsrole evolved to that of a promoter and then to that of a facilitator and serviceprovider.
  14. 14. Administrative Reforms in India afterAdministrative Reforms in India afterindependenceindependence Several Commissions and Committees haveSeveral Commissions and Committees havegone into the subject, and suggested variousgone into the subject, and suggested variousmeasures. Major reforms have been broughtmeasures. Major reforms have been broughtabout based on the recommendations of these.about based on the recommendations of these.Some of the important studies/reports are asSome of the important studies/reports are asfollows:follows: Report on Reorganisation of the Machinery ofReport on Reorganisation of the Machinery ofGovernment (1949) by Mr. GoplaswamiGovernment (1949) by Mr. GoplaswamiAyyangar.Ayyangar. It recommended that the Central Ministries be bunched intoIt recommended that the Central Ministries be bunched intoBureaus.Bureaus.
  15. 15. Administrative Reforms in India afterAdministrative Reforms in India afterindependence ……(contd)independence ……(contd) The Gorwala Committee appointed by theThe Gorwala Committee appointed by thePlanning Commission.Planning Commission. It gave a general report on Public AdministartionIt gave a general report on Public Administartion Paul H. Appleby submitted two reports onPaul H. Appleby submitted two reports onIndian AdministrationIndian Administration The O & M organisation and the Indian Institute of PublicThe O & M organisation and the Indian Institute of PublicAdministration were set up as a result of theAdministration were set up as a result of therecdommendations.recdommendations. The The Committee on Prevention ofThe The Committee on Prevention ofCorruption was ser up under chairmanship ofCorruption was ser up under chairmanship ofMr. K .Santhanam (MP).Mr. K .Santhanam (MP). The Central Vigilance Commission was set up.The Central Vigilance Commission was set up.
  16. 16. Administrative Reforms in India afterAdministrative Reforms in India afterindependence ……(contd)independence ……(contd)The First Administrative ReformsThe First Administrative ReformsCommission (ARC) was set up in 1966.Commission (ARC) was set up in 1966.The ARC set up 20 study teams, 13The ARC set up 20 study teams, 13working groups and 1 Task Force.working groups and 1 Task Force.It gave 20 Reports making a total of 581It gave 20 Reports making a total of 581recommendations in a period spread overrecommendations in a period spread over1966-701966-70
  17. 17. The First Administrative ReformsThe First Administrative ReformsCommissionCommission It gave Reports on the following subjects:It gave Reports on the following subjects: Machinery of Government of India and its procedures.Machinery of Government of India and its procedures. Personnel Administration.Personnel Administration. Redress of Citizen’s Grievances.Redress of Citizen’s Grievances. Centre-State Relations.Centre-State Relations. State Administration.State Administration. Administration of Union Territories.Administration of Union Territories. Machinery for Planning.Machinery for Planning. Economic Administration.Economic Administration. Finance, Accounts and Audit.Finance, Accounts and Audit. Delegation of Financial and Administrative Powers.Delegation of Financial and Administrative Powers. Railways.Railways. Post and Telegraph.Post and Telegraph. Etc.Etc.
  18. 18. Studies/Reports after the FirstStudies/Reports after the FirstAdministrative Reforms CommissionAdministrative Reforms Commission Committee on Rcruitment Policy and Selection MethodsCommittee on Rcruitment Policy and Selection Methods(D.S.Kothari)-1976(D.S.Kothari)-1976 The Commission on Centre-State Relations (Sarkaria)-The Commission on Centre-State Relations (Sarkaria)-1983.1983. The Fourth Central Pay Commission Report-1986The Fourth Central Pay Commission Report-1986 The Committee to Review the Scheme of the CivilThe Committee to Review the Scheme of the CivilServices Examination (Satish Chandra, 1989)Services Examination (Satish Chandra, 1989) The Economic Administration Reforms Commission.The Economic Administration Reforms Commission. The Fifth Pay Commission (1993)The Fifth Pay Commission (1993) Surendra Nath’s Committee Report (2003)Surendra Nath’s Committee Report (2003) Committee on Civil Services Reforms.Committee on Civil Services Reforms.
  19. 19. The Second Administrative ReformsThe Second Administrative ReformsCommissionCommission Constituted on 31Constituted on 31ststAugust 2005August 2005 Objective: To prepare a detailed blueprint for revamping the public administrationObjective: To prepare a detailed blueprint for revamping the public administrationsystemsystem Terms of Reference: The Commission will inter-alia consider the followingTerms of Reference: The Commission will inter-alia consider the following 1. Organisational structure of the Govt. of India.1. Organisational structure of the Govt. of India. 2. Ethics in Governance.2. Ethics in Governance. 3. Refurbishing of Personnel Administration.3. Refurbishing of Personnel Administration. 4. Strengthening of Financial Management Systems.4. Strengthening of Financial Management Systems. 5. Steps to ensure effective administration at the State level.5. Steps to ensure effective administration at the State level. 6. Steps to ensure effective District Administration.6. Steps to ensure effective District Administration. 7. Local Self-Government/Panchayati Raj Institutions.7. Local Self-Government/Panchayati Raj Institutions. 8. Social Capital, Trust and participative service delivery.8. Social Capital, Trust and participative service delivery. 9. Citizen Centric Administration.9. Citizen Centric Administration. 10. Promoting e-governance.10. Promoting e-governance. 11. Issues of Federal Polity.11. Issues of Federal Polity. 12. Crisis Management.12. Crisis Management. 13. Public Order.13. Public Order.
  20. 20. The approach of the SecondThe approach of the SecondAdministrative Reforms CommissionAdministrative Reforms Commission A set of subjects is selected by the Commission forA set of subjects is selected by the Commission forstudy.study. Eminent National Institutions are requested to carry outEminent National Institutions are requested to carry outstudies of the subject and help the Commission.studies of the subject and help the Commission. The Commission carries out Public Hearings.The Commission carries out Public Hearings. The Commission carries out deliberations with allThe Commission carries out deliberations with allstakeholders.stakeholders. Detailed consultations with the State Government.Detailed consultations with the State Government. He Commission carries out field visits in order to assessHe Commission carries out field visits in order to assessthe ground realities.the ground realities.
  21. 21. The first phaseThe first phase Four areas have been taken up for study in theFour areas have been taken up for study in thefirst phase.first phase. The final recommendations in all these fourThe final recommendations in all these fourareas would be submitted by March 06.areas would be submitted by March 06. The four areas areThe four areas are1.1. Effective implementation of Right to Information Act.Effective implementation of Right to Information Act.2.2. Crisis managementCrisis management3.3. Public Order.Public Order.4.4. Implementation of the National Rural EmploymentImplementation of the National Rural EmploymentGuarantee Scheme.Guarantee Scheme.
  22. 22. THANK YOUTHANK YOU
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