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Indian river system and flood

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ABOUT INDIAN RIVER AND FLOOD IN INDIA

ABOUT INDIAN RIVER AND FLOOD IN INDIA

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  • 1. RIVER SYSTEM AND FLOOD IN INDIA MADE BY: AMIT JAIN IX-C
  • 2. NORTHERN INDIAN RIVER SYSTEM
  • 3. NAMES OF FIVE RIVER FLOWING FROM NORTH
  • 4. 1) GANGA 2)YAMUNA 3)SATLUJ 4)GANDAK 5)KOSI
  • 5. LOCATIO- N OF 5 RIVER IN NORTH A river is a natural watercourse, usually of fresh water, flowing towards an ocean, a lake, a sea, or another river. Rivers form part of the hydrological cycle
  • 6. LOCATION OF RIVER
  • 7. GANGA LOCATION THE GANGA is a trans-boundary river of Asia which flows through India and Bangladesh. The 2,525 km (1,569 mi) river rises in the western Himalayas in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of North Indiainto Bangladesh, where it empties into the Bay of Bengal. It is the third largest river by discharge TRIBUTRIES LEFT:Ramganga, Gomti, Ghaghara,Gandaki, Burhi Gandak, Koshi,Mahananda RIGHT:Yamuna, Tamsa, Son, Punpun,Betwa, Chambal, Tons, Ken, Si ndh,Hindon, Sharda
  • 8. YAMUNA Location The yamunaTHE YAMUNA, is the largest tributary river of theGanges (Ganga) in northern India. Originating from the Yamunotri Glacier at a height of 6,387 metres on the south western slopes of Banderpooch peaks in the uppermost region of the Lower Himalayas in Uttarakhand, it travels a total length of 1,376 kilometers TRIBUTRIES LEFT: Hindon, Sharda, Kunta RIGHT: Tons, Chambal, Betwa, Ken,Sindh
  • 9. YAMUNA AND GANGA
  • 10. SATLUJ LOCATION THE SATLUJ that flow through the historic crossroads region of Punjab in northern India and Pakistan. It is located north of the Vindhya Range, south of the Hindu Kush segment of the Himalayas, and east of the Central Sulaiman Range in Pakistan
  • 11. GANDAK THE GANDAK is one of the major rivers of Nepal and a left bank tributary of the Ganges in India. It is also called Krishna Gandaki in Nepal.[1] In Nepal the river is notable for its deep gorge through the Himalayas and its enormous hydroelectric potential. TRIBUTRIES LEFT:Trishuli, Budigandaki,Marshyandi, Madi,Seti Gandaki River RIGHT: Kaligandaki, Badigad
  • 12. SATLUJ AND GANDAK
  • 13. KOSI LOCATION THE KOSI Mt. Kanchenjunga in the east, Arun Koshi from Mt. Everest in Tibet, andSun Koshi from Mt. Gosainthan farther west. The Sun Kosi and Arun originate in the T.A.R. and cross into Nepal; then from Nepal the main stem crosses into northern Bihar, branching into distributaries before joining the Ganges near Kursela inKatihar district.
  • 14. KOSI
  • 15. DELTA GANGA YAMUNA
  • 16. DELTA GANDAK SATLUJ
  • 17. DELTA KOSI
  • 18. SOUTHERN INDIAN RIVER SYSTEM
  • 19. NAMES OF FIVE RIVER FLOWING FROM SOUTH
  • 20. TUGABHANDRA KRISHNA INDUS KAVERI GODAVRI
  • 21. LOCATIO N OF RIVER IN SOUTH SOUTHERN RIVER play an important role in the lives of the Indian people. The river systems provide irrigation, potable water, cheaptransportation, electricity, and the livelihoods for a large number of people all over the country and to rural areas. This easily explains why nearly all the major cities of India are located by the banks of rivers.
  • 22. KRISHNA The Krishna River is one of the most important peninsular Rivers in central-southern India. The Krishna River is the third longest river in India after the Ganges and the Godavari. The river is almost 1,300 km (810 miles) long.i TRIBUTRIES LEFT:BHIMA ,DINDI,MUSI,HALIA RIGHT;VEENA,KOYNA,PANCHGANGA
  • 23. The Indus River is a major river in Asia which flows through Pakistan. It also has courses through western Tibet and Northern India. Originating in the Tibetan Plateau in the vicinity of Lake Mansarovar, the river runs a course through the Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir TRIBUTRIES LEFT:CHENAB,SOAN,BEAS RIGHT:KABUL,GOMAL,JHELUM
  • 24. RIVER KRISHNA SATLUJ
  • 25. KAVERI The Kaveri, also spelled Cauvery in English, is a large Indian river. The origin of the river is traditionally placed at Talakaveri,Kodagu in the Western Ghats in Karnataka, flows generally south and east through Karnataka and Tamil Nadu and across the southern Deccan plateau TRIBUTRIES LEFT:HEMAVATI,SHIMSHA RIGHT:KABINI,BHAVNI
  • 26. GODAVAERI Tributries Left:purna sabari Right:pravara,manair The Godavari is a river in south-central India. It starts in the western state of Maharashtra and flows through the southern states of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh before reaching the Bay of Bengal
  • 27. RIVER GODAVRI KAVERI
  • 28. TUGABANDRA The Tungabhadra River is a river in southern India that starts and flows through the state of Karnataka and joins the Krishna Riveras it enters Andhra Pradesh. In the epic Ramayana, the Tungabhadra river was known by the name of Pampa Tributries LEFT:TUNGA,VARDA RIGHT: BHADRA,HANDRA
  • 29. TUGABANDRA
  • 30. DELTA KRISHNA INDUS
  • 31. DELTA GODAVERI KAVERI
  • 32. TUGABANDRA DELTA
  • 33. FLOOD A flood is an overflow of water that submerges land which is usually dry.[1] The European Union (EU) Floods Directive defines a flood as a covering by water of land not normally covered by water.[2] In the sense of "flowing water", the word may also be applied to the inflow of thetide. Flooding may occur as an overflow of water from water bodies, such as a river or lake, in which the water overtops or breaks levees, resulting in some of that water escaping its usual boundarieS
  • 34. IMAGES OF FLOOD IN INDIA
  • 35. IMAGES OF FLOOD IN INDIA
  • 36. WHAT IS RIVER ACTION PLAN? The water quality data generated through National Water Monitoring Programme and River Basin Studies carried out since, 1980 indicated deterioration of water quality in riverine segments and other water bodies. The water bodies not meeting the desired water quality criteria are identified as polluted river stretches/water bodies. The deviation of water quality from the desired water quality criteria in the data generated for the river Ganga formed the basis for launching Ganga Action Plan (GAP). Subsequently, the river stretches not meeting the desired criteria are identified in all the major river basins. The identified polluted river stretches were intensively surveyed by State Pollution Control Boards (SPCBs) and Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) to identify the sources of pollution such as Urban Centres and Industrial Units
  • 37. ENDTHANKYOU MAM MADE BY AMIT JAIN IX-C 6