Motivation

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Motivation

  1. 1. content LOGO  INTRODUCTION  MOTIVATION TYPES  MOTIVATION THEORIES YOUR SITE HERE
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION• Motivation is what causes us to act, whether it is getting a glass of water to reduce thirst or reading a book to gain knowledge.• Motivation is literally the desire to do things• An inferred process within an animal or an individual that causes that organism to move towards a goal
  3. 3. Motivation types
  4. 4. INTRINSIC EXTRINSIC• Driven by an interest or • It refers to the enjoyment in the task performance of an activity itself in order to attain an outcome • Extrinsic motivation• Don’t rely on any comes from outside of the external pressure individual
  5. 5. MOTIVATION THEORIES These theories helps us to prepare a foundation for learning how to motivate self and others. WHAT IS IT THAT’S STOPING US TO DO, WHAT IS TO BE DONE?
  6. 6. MOTIVATION THEORIES1. Cognitive Dissonance Theory2. Maslows Hierarchy of Needs3. Alderfers ERG Theory4. Goal Theory5. Self-Determination Theory6. Achievement Motivation Theory
  7. 7. 1. Cognitive Dissonance Theory A cognition is any element of knowledge - an attitude, emotion, belief, value, behaviour, etc. When two cognitions are in direct conflict with one another a state of anxiety is produced - dissonance is the term for the anxiety.
  8. 8. Example For example "smoking is bad for you" while continuing the behaviour of smoking. These two cognitions are in direct conflict with each other The belief that smoking is bad is part of one neural network - perhaps associated with health and fitness is another conflict
  9. 9. 2. Maslows Hierarchy of Needs Self - Actualization Esteem needs Belongingness & love needs (social needs) Safety needs Physiological needs:
  10. 10. If we fulfill our needs at onelevel, then we can focus onsatisfying the need on thenext higher level
  11. 11.  Physiological needs Hunger, thirst etc., Safety needs To feel secure & safe, out of danger Belongingness & love needs Affiliate with others, be accepted & belong Esteem needs To achieve, be component, gain approval and belong Self-actualization needs Self fulfillment & realize one’s potential
  12. 12. 3. Alderfers ERG Theory Alderfer took Maslows theory a little furtherExistence - Survival Needs(first two)Relatedness - Separateness and connectedness(second two)Growth - Learning Something New(other’s)
  13. 13. 4. Goal Theory It means ”people have drives to meet certain end states”. They are motivated to do certain things as a means to achieve that end.
  14. 14. Main Elements1. Proximity 2. Degree of 3. Specificity (time limit) difficulty
  15. 15. Types of goalShort-term A goal that can be achieved in a relative short period of time Ex: To complete the courseLong-term A goal that takes a long period of time to achieve Ex: Great success in career
  16. 16. 5. Self-Determination Theory(SDT) It is closely related to Maslows Theory with the exception SDT suggests that people do not operate on auto-pilot It presupposes that we all have a built-in tendency toward growth and development …just need an IGNITION to start
  17. 17. Three Concepts That Affect Motivation: Autonomy - Separateness... "I can do it myself" Competence Feedback - Approval and Acknowledgment from significant others Relatedness - Connectedness... "Im not alone" 
  18. 18. 6. Achievement Motivation Theory David McClellands Achievement Motivation Theory proposes that the three factors influencing motivation Need to Achieve Need for Power Need for Affiliation
  19. 19. FACTORS Need to Achieve: Varies on a continuum from low to high. This need is related to the degree of difficulty of tasks that a person chooses.
  20. 20.  Need for Power - Those person who derive a sense of satisfaction from having an impact on their environment in a way that moves it in the direction that person would like to see it move.
  21. 21.  Need for Affiliation - This need describes those who are motivated primarily by connecting and interacting with others are happiest when they feel a sense of belonging and involvement with a social group.
  22. 22. THANK YOU By AMIT THAKU

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