PBL 2012


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  • Inquiry/Problem Based Learning Lesson Design
  • Inquiry/Problem Based Learning Lesson Design
  • Inquiry/Problem Based Learning Lesson Design
  • Inquiry/Problem Based Learning Lesson Design
  • PBL 2012

    1. 1. NASA Ames Research Center Pre-Service Teacher Institute June 10 - 23, 2012 (Monday, June 11, 2012) Problem Based Learning(PBL) - Session 1 (90 mins.) presented by Felicia A. Bessent, Principal Edward Harris, Jr. Middle School NASA Explorer School Elk Grove, California fbessent@egusd.net (916) 764-6421 - cell 1
    2. 2. Lesson Agenda• Lesson Design Syllabus• Class Expectations• Team Members’ Role• Problem Based Learning (PBL)• Elements of PBL Lesson Plans• Elements of PBL Unit Plan (Alumni) Members’ Role• Extended Learning Assignment• Questions & Answers 2
    3. 3. Lesson ObjectivesBy the end of the lesson, students will• Explain elements of problem based learning lesson designs – Lesson plan – Unit plan• Identify STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) skills and standards within the Problem and Challenge Scenario• Create vocabulary list from Problem and Challenge Scenario 3
    4. 4. Class Expectations • Contribute and Stay Engaged in Sessions • Work as a Team • Silence Cell Phones • During Direct Instruction Avoid Sidebar Conversations • Be an Active Listener • Make use of break times for personal communication • Stay flexible • Adapt and be a change agent 4
    5. 5. Team Members’ RoleLead Officer: Leader of the group.Provisions/Supply Officer: Distribution/collection of any suppliesCommunications Officer: Spokesperson for the groupDocumentation Officer: Documenting the progress of the group via a blog and/or journalCommunity Relations Officer: Works closely with the other groups to arrange activities and meetingsQuality Control Officer: This person is responsible for ensuring a healthy environment. 5
    6. 6. Getting AcquaintedState your nameUniversityTeaching Career GoalState your Team Member Role – Team Lead, Provisions Officer, Communications Officer, Documentation Officer, Community Relations Officer, Quality Control Officer,One word to describe a fifth or sixth grade student 6
    7. 7. Nameplate Tent1.Hold paper profile style.2.Fold paper evenly in half.3.Open paper and fold both sides to the middle of the paper.4.Write your name on fold.5.Create a prism or triangular tent. 7
    8. 8. Problem Based Learning (PBL)History• Began in the education of medical students who experienced difficulty applying basic science knowledge in order to diagnose based upon patient symptoms by Dr. Howard S. Barrows, physician and neurophysiologist• Some students have difficulty connecting theoretical data vs. empirical data. • Theoretical Data – data gained by predictions or speculations that have not been adequately tested. • Empirical Data – data gained by observation, experience, or experiment. 8
    9. 9. Problem Based Learning (PBL)Overview2. A student-centered instructional process/strategy closely aligned to the scientific inquiry.3. Students are actively engaged in the learning process and work in collaborative groups to a complex problem that is ill- structured.4. The teacher is a facilitator. 9
    10. 10. Problem Based Learning (PBL)Students develop skills in: • Problem solving • Critical thinking • Higher reasoning • Decision-making • Creative insight • Conflict resolution • Writing • Communication • Inquiry 10
    11. 11. Problem Based Learning (PBL)Elements • Problem Scenario and Challenge • Problem Analysis – Organize Knowledge • Generate Possible Solutions • Develop and Test Viable Solutions • Public Presentation of Solution • Evaluation of Solution 11
    12. 12. Problem Based Learning (PBL)Advantages • Students have autonomy on learning • Teacher role is a facilitator • Active student engagement • Relevant to real world application • Interdisciplinary knowledge • Requires students to THINK 12
    13. 13. 13
    14. 14. Problem Based Learning (PBL) ProcessRead Problem ScenarioIdentify Vocabulary• In your group, select a student to read the problem scenario orally. While listening to the problem scenario, underline unknown words. Create a vocabulary list and write the definition of each word. If appropriate, write definition in student friendly language. 14
    15. 15. Problem Scenario: Fuel Curiosity NASA PROBLEMOverview: Opportunity is the name of the Mars Exploration Rover– B (MER-B).This NASA mission was to land a table sized solar powered roboticrover on the planet Mars. It is the remaining rover in NASAs ongoingMars Exploration Rover Mission. Launched from Earth on July 7,2003, it landed on the Martian Meridiani Planum on January 25, 2004,three weeks after its twin Spirit (MER-A) touched down on the otherside of the planet. Its twin, the Spirit rover, became immobile in2009 and in 2010 ceased communications, but MER-B is still active asof 2012. 15
    16. 16. Problem Scenario: Fuel CuriosityCuriosity is the name of the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) roverThis NASA mission is to land and operate a car sized nuclear poweredrover on the surface of Mars. When Curiosity arrives at Mars, it willattempt a more precise landing than attempted previously and thenhelp assess Mars habitability. Curiosity’s mission is to chemicallyanalyze samples in various ways, including scooping up soil, drillingrocks, and using a laser and sensor system. Four major goals are tostudy Martian geology, study Martian climate, collect data for a humanmission, and determine whether Mars is or has ever been able tosupport life (food, oxygen, shelter, water). Currently in transit toMars, it was launched November 26, 2011 and is scheduled to land on Mars at Gale Crater,near Mount Sharp, on August 6, 2012. 16
    17. 17. Problem Scenario: Fuel Curiosity NASA PROBLEMEssential Question:What evidence will you need to collect todetermine that Mars has ever offeredenvironmental conditions favorable to supportlife? 17
    18. 18. Problem Scenario: Fuel Curiosity The ChallengeYou are one of NASA chemists and geologists working on a team. Your job is to design a rover mission. Once it lands, your team will need to determine the order of tests and surface navigation. Your team has the first 48 hours of the rover’s time on the planet Mars. Your team needs to determine how to use this time efficiently. Based on the priorities of the various researchers that you’re working with, how are you going to plan the rover’s daily duties during the 48 hours. It is critical to obtain soil samples within the first 2 hours. 18
    19. 19. Problem Scenario: Fuel Curiosity The Parameters• You have 48 hours the first week• You want to use the least amount of energy to explore the largest area possible• Develop a plan & prioritize task• Determine what’s humanly possible (sleep, eat)• Determine what equipment and resources the rover contains 19
    20. 20. Problem Scenario – Fuel Curiosity Vocabulary Words 1. vocabulary 1. vocabulary 2. vocabulary 2. vocabulary 3. vocabulary 3. vocabulary 4. vocabulary 4. vocabulary 5. vocabulary 5. vocabulary 6. vocabulary 6. vocabulary 7. vocabulary 7. vocabulary 8. vocabulary 8. vocabulary 9. vocabulary 9. vocabulary 10. vocabulary 10. vocabulary 20
    21. 21. Problem Based Learning (PBL) ProcessStep 1 – Problem Scenario Phase • Read the ill structured real world problem • Obtain clarification about the problem and the task. • Gather background information on the inquiry topic. • Identify vocabulary words in problem • Identify STEM skillsStep 2 – Problem Analysis Phase – Organize Knowledge • Facts List - known facts • Need to Know - unknown facts • Learning Issues - research unknown facts in order to solve the problem 21
    22. 22. Problem Based Learning (PBL) ProcessStep 3 – Conduct the Mission Phase – Test the Hypotheses Possible Solutions – Generate Solutions • Brainstorm ideas on how to solve the problem New Learning Issues to Solve Problem • Additional resources and information are needed to solve the problem • Determine hands-on activities to collect and analyze data • Explore by collecting and analyzing actual data; Model the situation to test the hypotheses 22
    23. 23. Problem Based Learning (PBL) Process Step 4 – Presentation Phase • Report findings and write results of the investigation • Present best solution and share it with the other students • Defend solution/hypotheses • Presentation to an audience • Revise solution based on feedback Step 5 – Evaluation Phase • Evaluate plan • Revise solution based on feedback 23
    24. 24. Problem Based Learning (PBL) Extended Learning AssignmentComplete assigned vocabulary words for worksheetWork on Mission Patch – due Wednesday, June 13, 2012 24
    25. 25. Problem Based Learning (PBL) Questions and Answers 25
    26. 26. Teamwork …• gives you the opportunity to work together,• you learn from each other,• support one another, and• accomplish more.Together Everyone Achieves More 26