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Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina
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Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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  • 1. Bosnia and Herzegovina welcomes Chinese investments波斯尼亚和黑塞哥维纳(波黑)欢迎中国的 投资 Specially prepared for Shenzhen Energy 特为深圳能源 Amel Kovačević, Ambassador 阿梅尔 · 科瓦切维奇 波黑驻华大使
  • 2. Europe 欧洲 •面积 : 51,197 平方千 米 •首都 : 萨拉热窝 •人口: 460 万 •联合国安理会成员 •欧洲理事会成员 •正在申请加入欧盟 •人均 GDP (2011) : 3426 欧元 •过去 6 年内, GDP 平 均年增长率为 3.31%Bosnia and Herzegovina波黑在欧洲的地理位置
  • 3. 2011- The year of recovery for BH economy 2011 年,波黑经济复苏年 Bosnia and Herzegovina General Economic Indicators* in million of Euros 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011**Nominal GDP 8200 8800 9900 11100 12600 12300 12650 13200GDP per Capita in Euros 2122 2283 2564 2898 3289 3194 3293 3426Real Growth Rate 6.30% 3.90% 6% 6.20% 5.70% -0.29% 0.70% 1.80%Industrial Production Growth Rate 9% 10% 11% 10% 9.20% -3.30% 1.60% 6.10%Average Inflation on Annual Level 0.40% 3.80% 6.10% 1.50% 7.40% -0.40% 3.10% 3.80%BH Unemployment Rate 43.20% 43% 31% 29% 23.40% 24.10% 27.10% 27.60%Average Net Wages in Euros 258 275 300 322 385 404 408 416Foreign Debt 2.061 2.218 2.081 2.025 2.168 2.658 3.195 3.323Foreign Debt / GDP 25.1% 25.2% 21.0% 18.2% 17.2% 21.6% 25.3% 25.2%Current Account Deficit -1443.17 -1499.67 -769.65 -1156.18 -1797.7 -761.57 -761.82 -1073.71CAD/GDP 17.60% 17.04% 7.77% 10.41% 14.27% 6.19% 6.02% 8.13%Exports 1676.94 2087.25 2687.24 3091.54 3522 2920.25 3761.93 4333.81Export Growth 28.70% 24.10% 28.70% 15.04% 13.92% -17.08% 28.82% 15.20%Imports 5354.50 6092.92 6093.07 7233.58 8344.63 6330.11 7020.81 8006.46Imports Coverage 30.29% 32.15% 45.34% 42.72% 42.21% 44.80% 52,1% 54.12%FDI 412 282 442 1329 684 180 174 240***Foreign Reserves 1779 2160 2787 3425 3219 3176 3301 3118.9* Source: Centra l Ba nk of Bos nia a nd Herzegovi na** Prel imina ry figures*** Prel imina ry figure for firs t three qua rters of 2011
  • 4. 2011- The year of recovery for BH economy 2011 年,波黑经济复苏年Signs of recovery 复苏迹象:•The industrial output in 2011 increased by 6% on annual basis. 2011 年工业产值同比增长 6%• Exports in 2011 increased by 15.2 % on annual basis. 2011 年出口同比增长 15.2%•Growth of GDP by 1.8% on annual basis. GDP 年增长率为 1.8%•Total foreign currency reserves reached EUR 3.118 billion at the end of2011. 2011 年底,外汇储备高达 31.18 亿元•External debt of BH is equivalent to EUR 3.323 billion account for 25.2% ofGDP 波黑外债约为 33.23 亿元,约占 GDP 总量的 25.2%•Average annual inflation in BH in 2011 is 3.8%. 2011 年平均年通胀率约为 3.8%•The average net wage in BH in December 2011 was CNY 4000. 2011 年12 月,波黑平均净工资为 4000 元
  • 5. Low level of sovereign debt Bosnia and Herzegovinain million of Euros 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011**Foreign Debt 2.061 2.218 2.081 2.025 2.168 2.658 3.195 3.323Foreign Debt / GDP 25.1% 25.2% 21.0% 18.2% 17.2% 21.6% 25.3% 25.2%Current Account Deficit -1443.17 -1499.67 -769.65 -1156.18 -1797.7 -761.57 -761.82 -1073.71CAD/GDP 17.60% 17.04% 7.77% 10.41% 14.27% 6.19% 6.02% 8.13% Conservative policy pays off 稳健的政策取得了成功
  • 6. BH economy – Open economy Bosnia and Herzegovina in million of Euros 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011**Exports 1676.94 2087.25 2687.24 3091.54 3522 2920.25 3761.93 4333.81Export Growth 28.70% 24.10% 28.70% 15.04% 13.92% -17.08% 28.82% 15.20%Imports 5354.50 6092.92 6093.07 7233.58 8344.63 6330.11 7020.81 8006.46Imports Coverage 30.29% 32.15% 45.34% 42.72% 42.21% 44.80% 52,1% 54.12% Major trading partners are EU and neighboring countries 欧盟和周边国家是其主要的贸易伙伴
  • 7. Why invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina?为什么在波黑投资? Geostrategic position 重要的地理位置 Business friendly environment 友好的商业环境 Competitive industries 具有竞争力的产业• Quality of Life
  • 8. Geostrategic position 重要的地理位置 Bosnia and Herzegovina is the heart shaped land that lies in the heart of southeast Europe. 波黑的地图是心型,位于欧洲东 南部的中心。• Regional transport and energy corridors 地区的交通及能源枢纽• Vicinity of and access to lucrative markets 靠近前景广阔的市场
  • 9. South East Europe 欧洲东南部Bosnia and Herzegovina波黑在欧洲东南部的位置
  • 10. Business friendly environment 友好的商业环境 Favorable trade and other agreements 有利的贸易及其他协定• Favorable legislation 健全的法律体系• Favorable tax and customs system 健全的关税系统• Competitively priced labor force 相对廉价的劳动力• Foreign Investors Support Fund 外商扶持基金
  • 11. Preferential Trade and Other Agreements 优惠的贸易协定Central European Free TradeAgreement (CEFTA) - 30 mill《中欧自由优惠贸易协定》——三千万消费者市场Free Trade Agreement with Turkey- 70 mill波黑和土耳其的自由贸易协定——七千万消费者市场Preferential TradeAgreement with EU, 27countries - 500 mill 波黑和欧洲联盟优惠贸易协定,包括欧盟的 27 个国家——五亿消费者市场Preferential export regimeswith USA, Australia, NewZealand, Switzerland, Norway,Russia, Japan, Canada 波黑和美国、澳大利亚、新西兰、瑞士、挪威、俄罗斯、日本、加拿大的优惠出口协定 Free Trade Agreements 自由贸易协定
  • 12. Favorable trade and other agreements AGREEMENTS ON PROMOTION AND PROTECTION AGREEMENTS ON AVOIDANCE OF DOUBLE OF INVESTMENTS TAXATION AUSTRIA BELGIUM AND BELGIUM CROATIA LUXEMBOURG BELARUS CROATIA CZECH REPUBLIC CHINA CZECH REPUBLIC CHINA CYPRUS DENMARK DENMARK EGYPT EGYPT FINLAND FRANCE FINLAND FRANCE GERMANY GREECE GERMANY HUNGARY ITALY HUNGARY ITALY IRAN MALAYSIA IRAN INDIA JORDAN KUWAIT MOLDOVA NORWAY MACEDONIA MALAYSIA PAKISTAN PHILIPPINES MOLDOVA NETHERLANDS POLAND ROMANIA OPEC FUND PAKISTAN SERBIA SLOVAKIA PORTUGAL QATAR SLOVENIA SWEDEN ROMANIA SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO TURKEY UNITED KINGDOM SLOVENIA SWITZERLAND UNITED ARAB EMIRATES MONTENEGRO SPAIN SWEDEN TURKEY USA (OPIC) UKRAINE UNITED KINGDOM
  • 13. 波黑和其它国家的优惠贸易协定及免双重征税协定 促进和保护投资的优惠协定 免双重征税协议奥地利 比利时和胡森堡 比利时 克罗地亚白俄罗斯 克罗地亚 切克 中国切克 中国 塞浦路斯 丹麦丹麦 埃及 埃及 芬兰法国 芬兰 法国 德国希腊 德国 匈牙利 意大利匈牙利 意大利 伊朗 马来西亚伊朗 印度 摩尔多瓦 挪威约旦 科威特 巴基斯坦 菲律宾马其顿 马来西亚 波兰 罗马尼亚摩尔多瓦 荷兰 塞尔维亚 斯洛伐克石油输出国组织国际开发基金 巴基斯坦 斯洛文尼亚 瑞典组织 土耳其 英国葡萄牙 卡塔尔罗马尼亚 塞尔维亚和黑山 阿拉伯联合酋长国 黑山斯洛文尼亚 瑞士西班牙 瑞典土耳其 美国(海外私人投资)乌克兰 英国
  • 14. Favourable Legislation 良好的法制环境FDI Law 外国直接投资法• National treatment of foreign investors 外商享受和国民同等的待遇• Repatriation of profits 利润汇回本国• Protection against nationalization, expropriation or similar measures 防止国有化、征用及类似的情况• Right to freely employ foreign nationals, subject to the labour and immigration laws in B&H 根据波黑的《劳动法和移民法》,可以自由 雇佣外国劳动力。• Rights and benefits for foreign investors may not be abolished or denied by passing subsequent laws or regulations 外国投资者获取的权利与利益不会因为随后的法律和规 定而被废除或否认
  • 15. Favourable Legislation 良好的法制环境FDI Law 外国直接投资法• Foreign investors may own real and enjoy the same property rights in regards with real estate as locals 外国投资者和国内投资者一样,对不动产享 有同样的财产权• Foreign capital in equipment is exempt from paying import fees and customs duties (with the exception of passenger cars, slot machines and gambling machines). 外国投资者进口的设备免收关税(轿车,老 虎机和赌博机除外)• Foreign investors may open accounts in any commercial bank in domestic and/or in convertible currency 外国投资者可以以本国货币或可兑换货币在 任何商业银行开户
  • 16. Favourable Legislation 良好的法制环境FDI Law 外国直接投资法• Foreign investors who are worried about the risks involving restrictions of transfer, expropriation, war, civil unrest and denial of justice, may be insured against such risks with the European Union Investment Guarantee Trust Fund for BiH, run by MIGA agency (member of the World Bank Group – Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency). 波黑的联合国投资担保信托基金可以打消外国投资者的 一些顾虑,比如利润转移的限制、征用、战争、民众骚乱 和拒绝司法等,这一基金由世界银行下属成员多边投资担 保机构管理。 Corporative organization 公司架构• There are no citizenship/nationality limitations for partners or the members of the management and board of directors
  • 17. Favorable Tax and Customs System 良好的关税系统Tax system 税收系统: Bosnia and Herzegovina 17 Serbia 18 Czech Republic 19 Slovakia 19 Romania 19 Poland 20 Croatia 22• Unique VAT rate of 17% 增值税率是 17%• Profit tax is 10% 利润税是 10%• Favorable incentives and tax exemptions 良好的激励和免税政策Customs system 关税系统• Exemption from payment of customs duties for foreign investors for the first five years 外商在头 5 年无需缴纳关税• Customs rates 0-15% 海关税率是 0 到 15%
  • 18. Competitively Priced Labour Force 相对廉价的劳动力• Technologically-minded (long industrial tradition), innovative spirit 拥有众多具有创新精神的技术型人才• Excellent IT & foreign language skills (English, German, South Slavic languages …) 精通 IT 知识,掌 握多门外语,如英语、德语、南斯拉夫语(包括很多种语 言)等等• Cost-effective and regionally competitive labour force with estimated monthly gross salaries as follows: 劳动力成本效益高,区域竞争力强,预计月毛工资如下: • low skilled CNY 4,000 低技能人员 4000 元 • skilled CNY 6,500 高技能人员 6500 元 • engineer CNY 11,000 工程师 11000 元 • computer engineer CNY 16,000 计算机工程师 16000 元
  • 19. Quality of life
  • 20. Areas of economic cooperation thatshould be explored by Chinese corporatesector中国公司可以开拓的经济合作领域•There is immediate opportunity for Chinese corporatesector to take participation in development of our transportinfrastructure including construction of backbone highwaynetwork.中国公司可以直接参与交通基础设施的发展,包括建设骨干公路网。•Chinese corporations should be able to use leverage ofits technological superiority as well as domestic source ofsoft funds competing for the projects. 中国公司可以利用自己先进的技术及本国的资金来竞标。
  • 21. 中国公司可以开拓的经济合作领域 Power production is one of the most significant exportoriented sector of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with longtradition and huge potentials and opportunities forfurther development and investment.发电是波黑最重要的以出口为导向的工业部门之一,它的历史很长,潜力巨大,投资和发展的机会很多。•There are concrete projects prepared by relevantgovernmental bodies to build numerous hydro andthermo power plants as well as wind farms.波黑政府部门已经有具体的投资项目,如水力发电厂,热力发电厂和风力发电厂等。
  • 22. 中国公司可以开拓的经济合作领域•Chinese reputation in this field is unequivocal and weare very keen to see Chinese corporate playersinterested to participate.中国在这个领域有很好的口碑,我们非常欢迎中国对此感兴趣的公司加入我们。•Furthermore, there is great potential development ofmini hydro power plants with private sector as well.此外,还有具有很大发展潜力的民营小型水力发电厂项目。
  • 23. Sectors to Consider Investing in BH可以考虑的波黑投资领域 Other economic sectors with comparative advantages in BH opened for Chinese investments are: 波黑对中国投资开放的具有相对优势的经济领域还有 : •Wood processing industries 木材加工工业 •Texile & leather industries 纺织和皮革工业 •Agriculture & food processing 农业和食品加工业 •Machinery & automobile industries 机械和汽车工业 •Pharmaceutical industry 医药工业 •Tourism 旅游业 •Education 教育
  • 24. Bosnian Chinese Friendship free industrial Zone波黑与中国的友好自由贸易区 A free zone is part of the customs territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina under special conditions in accordance with the Law on Customs Policy of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Law on Free Zones of B&H. 依据波黑关税法规和波黑自由贸易区法规下的特殊条款, 自由贸易区是波黑关税区的一部分。 •A founder of free zone can be one or more national or foreign legal and natural persons and a user of free zone can be the founder of free zone or any other legal and natural persons. 自由贸易区的创始人可以是一个或多个国内或外国的法人 和自然人。自由贸易区的使用者可以是自由贸易区的创始 人或任何法人和自然人。
  • 25. Bosnian Chinese Friendship free industrial Zone波黑与中国的友好自由贸易区 Free zone shall be export oriented 自由贸易区是出口导向型的。 The users of free zone do not pay VAT and importcustoms. Investment in the free zone, transfer of profit andtransfer of investment are free of charge.自由贸易区使用者不需要缴纳增值税和进口关税。投资者在自由区的投资,利润汇出及资金再转移都是免交关税的。 Customs and tariffs are not paid on imports into the freezone. The imports of equipment that will be used formanufacturing within the free zone are exempt from payingcustoms duties and fees.除上述之外,自由区进口(包括自由区内的制造设备进口)免关税。
  • 26. 中国公司可以开拓的经济合作领域 Bosnia is offering itself as a one of the strategicgateways for Chinese firms into the lucrativeEuropean Union as well as the Central Europeanmarkets, both of which have a consumer base ofup to 600 million and strong purchasing power.波黑正成为中国公司进入欧盟及中欧市场的战略途径,这两个市场利润丰厚,有着 6 亿的消费者群体和很强的购买力。
  • 27. 中国公司可以开拓的经济合作领域•That means, in principle, that anything producedin Bosnia by Chinese corporations can be sold inEU,CEFTA, Turkey without being subjected toquotas, tariffs or customs duties.根据《中欧自由贸易协定》,原则上所有在波黑生产的产品可以卖到欧盟国家,且不受配额和关税的限制。
  • 28. Bosnia and Herzegovina welcomes Chinese investments 波黑欢迎中国的朋友前来投资
  • 29. Amel Kovačević, ambassador e-mail: amel.kovacevic@mfa.gov.ba想要了解更多信息,请和我们联系!

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