Asia fixed telecommunications infrastructure


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The governments of Asian nations have long recognised – some earlier than others – that there needed to be some encouragement of private sector investment to meet the demand for the all-important capital needed in the telecom sector. At the same time, it was also generally well recognised that this strategy could not rely on local investment alone, and would inevitably mean a substantial level of foreign investment. Of course, despite this recognition, there has inevitably been some resistance within some administrations to opening up the telecom sector to foreign investors and as a consequence the level of ‘encouragement’ across the region has been variable.

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Asia fixed telecommunications infrastructure

  1. 1. Asia - Fixed Telecommunications Infrastructure Asia’s booming mobile and broadband sectors are quietly underpinned by the region’s all-important fixed infrastructure The changing nature of the telecom market has had a major impact on the approach to investment in infrastructure. With shifting revenue patterns across the market segments and falling ARPUs on many services, operators became considerably more selective about what they actually invest in. Telecom operators throughout Asia have been adjusting investment levels on the back of carefully considered investment strategies. This has seen companies shifting business focus, looking for new ways to add value to existing revenue streams; it has also seen a strong desire to leverage new value from infrastructure that is already in place. This has especially been the case with mobile network moving increasingly to support mobile broadband services and newer generations of mobile technologies. The governments of Asian nations have long recognised – some earlier than others – that there needed to be some encouragement of private sector investment to meet the demand for the all-important capital needed in the telecom sector. At the same time, it was also generally well recognised that this strategy could not rely on local investment alone, and would inevitably mean a substantial level of foreign investment. Of course, despite this recognition, there has inevitably been some resistance within some administrations to opening up the telecom sector to foreign investors and as a consequence the level of ‘encouragement’ across the region has been variable. The initial round of substantial investment in telecom infrastructure in Asia was in fixed telephone networks. Over a number of decades the regional economies were progressively building their often quite substantial fixed-line national networks. These fixed networks were in time followed by the building of mobile networks. In many of the developing nations of the region, the building of fixed-line infrastructure was not far advanced before it was overwhelmed by the introduction of mobile infrastructure. This created the phenomenon of ‘substitution’ in many of the markets of Asia (where mobile services perform the function of the limited, or even non-existent, fixed telephone services.) Nevertheless, despite the unevenness in disposition, fixed infrastructure has been and continues to be an important component in the overall development of the region’s telecom sector. Coming into 2014 there were an estimated 500 million fixed-line subscribers in Asia; this was down from a peak of around 570 million in 2009; of course, fixed-line numbers are considerably less than the more than 3 billion mobile subscribers to be found in the region. Whilst the fixed line numbers have gone into an overall decline, in some markets the numbers have continued to increase. Overall, it is anticipated that the decline will continue for a few more years before the market ‘levels off.’ As already suggested, the focus of infrastructure building has been shifting. There has been a major push to upgrade domestic telecoms networks to Next Generation Networks (NGNs). This process has seen large scale investment by Asia’s leading telecoms markets in new-generation IP-based telecommunications networks. At the same time there has been a major surge in infrastructure building as mostly developed economies roll out National Broadband Networks (NBNs). These networks come in various ‘shapes and sizes’ as governments work with operators to tackle the strategic challenge of delivering high speed to the nation. Not surprisingly the NBNs rely heavily upon fibre; in some cases it is Fibre to the Premises (FttP), while in others it might be Fibre to the Node (FttN). And the cost varies accordingly. Those countries that have government backing for NBN roll-out are generally the ones that have been setting the pace. In addition to the national networks, international connectivity remains central to the overall effectiveness of the region’s telecommunications services. Submarine cable routes criss-cross the Asia Pacific area, providing both intra-regional and inter-regional networks. This sector of the market has been characterised by widely fluctuating supply and demand, which in turn has seen somewhat erratic investment strategies. Submarine projects are subject to this boom and bust market phenomena, with planned projects commonly being delayed or abandoned, consortia being reshaped, etc. In fact, over-supply of capacity has been common in the Asian market. More recently investments have been less speculative and more focused on predicted growth. In the meantime, new submarine cable projects continue being proposed and the cables installed throughout the region. As Asia’s broadband usage surged, a major effort went into managing the shortfall in capacity between Asia and the US. At the same time there has been a shift away from the heavy reliance on the US as a hub for data traffic and this has inevitably resulted in a further change in focus. As the demand for wholesale services continues to rise in Asia, still driven in the short term by voice, but rapidly being overtaken by data, there has been a boom in IP-based services, with the volume of international Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) traffic into and out of Asia having increased at a rapid rate at the expense of the traditional International Direct Dial (IDD) traffic. table Of Contents 1. Statistical Overview 2. Afghanistan 2.1 Overview 2.1.1 Background 2.1.2 Post-2001 2.1.3 Fixed-line Statistics 2.1.4 National Network - Background 2.1.5 Local Fixed Services Plan (lfsp) 2.1.6 Optical Fibre Backbone 2.1.7 Telecommunication Development Fund (tdf) 2.1.8 Satellite Services 2.1.9 Satellite Project 2.2 Infrastructure Projects 2.2.1 Globecomm Contracts 2.2.2 Noori Fiber Tech Project 2.2.3 Awcc’s Microwave Ring 3. Armenia Asia - Fixed Telecommunications Infrastructure
  2. 2. 3.1 National 3.2 International 4. Azerbaijan 4.1 National Telecom Network 4.1.1 Next Generation Network (ngn) 4.2 International Infrastructure 4.2.1 Azerbaijan’s Satellites 4.2.2 Trans-asia-europe (tae) Cable Network 4.2.3 Europe Persia Express Gateway (epeg) 5. Bangladesh 5.1 National Telecom Network 5.1.1 Fibre Optic Networks 5.1.2 Grameen Telecom’s Village Project 5.2 International Infrastructure 5.2.1 International Gateways 5.2.2 Satellite Networks 5.2.3 Submarine Cable Connectivity 6. Bhutan 6.1 National Telecom Network 6.1.1 Overview 6.1.2 Fixed-line Statistics 6.1.3 Universal Service Fund (usf) 6.1.4 Rural Communications Programs 6.1.5 Very Small Aperture Terminals (vsats) 6.1.6 E-shabtog 6.1.7 National Optical Fibre Network 6.1.8 Remote Communities 6.2 International Infrastructure 7. Brunei Darussalam 7.1 National Telecom Network 7.1.1 Public Payphones 7.1.2 Gsm Payphones 7.1.3 Fibre-to-the-home (ftth) 7.2 International Infrastructure 7.2.1 Trans-borneo Optical Cable Network 7.2.2 Submarine Cable Networks 7.2.3 Satellite Networks 7.3 Infrastructure Developments 7.3.1 Voice Over Internet Protocol (voip) 7.3.2 Next Generation Networks (ngn) 8. Cambodia 8.1 National Telecom Network 8.2 Optical Fibre Networks 8.3 Mobile Towers 8.4 Fixed-line Operators 8.4.1 Telecom Cambodia 8.4.2 Viettel 8.4.3 Digi 8.5 International Infrastructure 8.5.1 Greater Mekong Subregion Information Superhighway (gms-is) 8.5.2 Cambodian-vietnamese Super Highway Telecoms Network 8.5.3 Proposed Submarine Cable 9. China 9.1 Infrastructure Developments In China 9.2 International Infrastructure 9.2.1 Terrestrial And Submarine Cable Infrastructure Asia - Fixed Telecommunications Infrastructure
  3. 3. 9.2.2 Satellite Infrastructure 9.3 Smart Grids 9.3.1 Electricity Growth Projections For China 9.3.2 Smart Grids – China Investments 9.3.3 State Grid Corporation 10. Georgia 10.1 National Telecom Network 10.1.1 Wireless Local Loop (wll) 10.2 International Infrastructure 11. Hong Kong 11.1 National Infrastructure 11.1.1 Fixed-line And Mobile Phones 11.1.2 Fixed Telecommunications Services – Background 11.1.3 Digital 21 It Strategy 11.2 Fttb/ftth Building Registration Scheme 11.3 International Infrastructure 11.3.1 Submarine Cable Networks 12. India 12.1 National Infrastructure 12.1.1 Overview 12.1.2 Statistics 12.1.3 Background To Network Development 12.1.4 Infrastructure Sharing 12.1.5 Rural And Regional Networks 12.1.6 Fibre Optic Cable Projects 12.1.7 National Optical Fibre Network 12.1.8 Wireless Local Loop (wll) - Background 12.2 Infrastructure Developments 12.2.1 Ip Networks 12.2.2 Next Generation Networks (ngn) 12.3 International Infrastructure 12.3.1 Background 12.3.2 Interconnect Agreements 12.3.3 India-pakistan 12.3.4 International Service Disruption 12.3.5 Submarine Cable Networks 12.3.6 Satellite Communications 13. Indonesia 13.1 National Infrastructure 13.1.1 Overview 13.1.2 Background To Development 13.1.3 Fixed-line Statistics 13.1.4 Infrastructure Development 13.1.5 Joint Operating Service (kso) Ventures – Five-zone Plan 13.1.6 Rural Telephony 13.1.7 Wireless Local Loop (wll) 13.1.8 Telecom Towers 13.2 International Infrastructure 13.2.1 International Gateway Exchanges 13.2.2 Submarine Cable Networks 13.2.3 Satellite Networks 14. Japan 14.1 Infrastructure Developments In Japan 14.1.1 Overview 14.1.2 Stimulus Package For Ict Infrastructure 14.2 Fixed-network Market 14.2.1 Market Background 14.2.2 Myline Carrier Selection Service (css) Asia - Fixed Telecommunications Infrastructure
  4. 4. 14.3 International Infrastructure 14.3.1 Submarine Cables 14.3.2 Satellite 14.4 Other Infrastructure Development 14.4.1 Data Centres 14.4.2 Cloud Computing 14.4.3 High-speed Fibre 14.4.4 Smart Grid 14.4.5 Earthquake Damage: March 2011 14.4.6 Smart City Project For Tsunami-effected Cities In Japan 14.4.7 Solar Power Projects 14.4.8 Internet Exchange Points 15. Kazakhstan 15.1 National 15.1.1 Overview 15.1.2 Ip-based Services 15.1.3 Next Generation Network (ngn) Development 15.1.4 Wireless Local Loop (wll) 15.2 International Infrastructure 15.2.1 Trans Asia-europe (tae) 15.2.2 Satellite Networks 15.2.3 Kazsat Satellite Series 16. Kyrgyzstan 16.1 National Telecom Network 16.1.1 Overview 16.1.2 Fixed-line Statistics 16.2 International Infrastructure 16.2.1 Satellites 16.2.2 Optical Fibre Cable Systems 17. Laos 17.1 National Telecom Network 17.1.1 Overview 17.1.2 Fixed-line Statistics 17.1.3 Optical Fibre Network 17.2 International Infrastructure 17.2.1 Terrestrial Cable Links 17.2.2 Asian Development Bank Backbone Telecommunications Network 17.2.3 Proposed Satellite System 18. Macau 18.1 National Infrastructure 18.2 International Infrastructure 19. Malaysia 19.1 Overview 19.2 National Telecom Network Development 19.2.1 Fixed-line Networks 19.2.2 Sharing / Leasing Of Infrastructure 19.2.3 Fibre Optic Backbones 19.2.4 Next Generation Networks (ngns) 19.3 High-speed Broadband (hsbb) Network 19.3.1 Telekom Malaysia’s Hsbb Project 19.3.2 Other Hsbb Proposals 19.4 International Infrastructure 19.4.1 International Gateways 19.4.2 Malaysia-thailand 19.4.3 Submarine Cable Networks 19.4.4 Submarine System Developments 19.4.5 Proposed Submarine Cable Networks 19.4.6 Asia-pacific Gateway (apg) Cable Asia - Fixed Telecommunications Infrastructure
  5. 5. 19.4.7 Satellite Networks 19.5 Voice Over Internet Protocol (voip) 20. Maldives 20.1 National Telecom Network 20.1.1 Domestic Satellite Service 20.2 International Infrastructure 20.2.1 Satellite Networks 20.2.2 Submarine Cable Networks 21. Mongolia 21.1 National Telecom Network 21.1.1 Rural Services 21.2 Fixed-line Statistics 21.3 Wireless Local Loop Statistics 21.4 International Infrastructure 21.5 Satellite Program 21.6 Satellite Band Usage In Mongolia 21.7 Chronological Data Of Ict Developments In Mongolia 22. Myanmar 22.1 National Infrastructure 22.1.1 Background 22.1.2 Fixed-line Statistics 22.1.3 Wireless Local Loop (wll) 22.1.4 National Backbone Network 22.2 International Infrastructure 22.2.1 Overview 22.2.2 Satellite Networks 23. Nepal 23.1 National Telecom Network 23.1.1 Overview 23.1.2 Nepal East West Sdh Project 23.2 International Infrastructure 23.2.1 Overview 23.2.2 Proposed Satellite 23.3 Voice Over Internet Protocol (voip) 24. North Korea 24.1 National Telecom Network 24.1.1 North-south Connections 24.2 International Infrastructure 24.2.1 Satellite Networks 24.3 Kwangmyongsong 3-2 Satellite 25. Pakistan 25.1 National Telecom Network 25.1.1 Overview 25.1.2 Fixed Line Statistics 25.1.3 Opening Up Of Market 25.1.4 Rural Services 25.1.5 Universal Service Fund (usf) 25.1.6 Mobile Services 25.1.7 Fibre Optic Networks 25.1.8 Broadband Networks 25.1.9 Payphones And Public Call Offices (pcos) 25.1.10 Wireless Local Loop (wll) 25.1.11 Next Generation Networks (ngns) 25.1.12 Backhaul 25.2 International Infrastructure 25.2.1 International Gateways Asia - Fixed Telecommunications Infrastructure
  6. 6. 25.2.2 Pakistan-india Link 25.2.3 Submarine Cable Networks 25.2.4 Satellite Networks And Systems 25.3 Infrastructure Developments 25.3.1 Voice Over Internet Protocol (voip) 26. Philippines 26.1 Philippines And Typhoon Haiyan (known Locally As Typhoon Yolanda) 26.1.1 The Typhoon 26.1.2 Aftermath 26.2 Infrastructure Overview 26.3 National Infrastructure 26.3.1 Overview 26.3.2 Fixed-line Statistics 26.3.3 Globe Telecom’s National Fixed-line Licence 26.4 Background: Service Area Scheme (sas) 26.5 National Fibre Optic Networks 26.5.1 Background 26.5.2 Developments – 2012 / 2013 26.6 Next Generation Networks (ngns) 26.6.1 Pldt 26.6.2 Etpi 26.7 International Infrastructure 26.7.1 International Gateways 26.7.2 Submarine Cable Networks 26.7.3 Satellite Systems 26.8 Infrastructure Developments 26.8.1 Wireless Local Loop (wll) 26.8.2 Voice Over Internet Protocol (voip) 26.8.3 Very Small Aperture Terminal (vsat) Services 27. Singapore 27.1 National Telecom Network 27.1.1 Overview 27.1.2 Fixed-mobile Convergence (fmc) 27.2 Next Generation National Infocomm Infrastructure (next Gen Nii) 27.3 International Infrastructure 27.3.1 Submarine Cable Networks 27.3.2 Submarine Cable Systems Under Construction 27.3.3 Flag Telecom 27.3.4 Satellite Networks 27.4 Infrastructure Developments 27.4.1 International Services 27.4.2 Ip Networks 28. South Korea 28.1 National Submarine Cable Infrastructure 28.2 International Submarine Cable Infrastructure 28.3 Satellite Infrastructure 28.4 Internet Infrastructure 28.4.1 Internet Exchange (ix) 28.4.2 South Korea Registered Domains 28.4.3 Ipv6 28.4.4 South Korea International Internet Bandwidth 28.5 Smart Grids 28.5.1 Smart Grid: New Laws 28.5.2 Smart Grid Stages: 2010 - 2030 28.5.3 Five Smart Grid Implementation Areas 28.5.4 Jeju Island 28.6 Smart Cities 28.6.1 New Songdo City 28.6.2 Busan 29. Sri Lanka Asia - Fixed Telecommunications Infrastructure
  7. 7. 29.1 Overview 29.2 National Telecom Network 29.3 Fixed-line Statistics 29.4 Infrastructure Development 29.4.1 Stl’s Role 29.4.2 Wireless Local Loop (wll) 29.4.3 Fibre Optic Networks 29.4.4 National Backbone Network (nbn) 29.4.5 Payphones 29.4.6 Numbering Plan 29.4.7 Internet Protocol (ip) Networks 29.5 International Infrastructure 30. Taiwan 30.1 Market Overview 30.2 Fixed Network Operators’ Market Share 30.3 Submarine Cable Networks 30.4 Satellite Networks 31. Tajikistan 31.1 National And International 31.2 Infrastructure Developments 31.2.1 Next Generation Networks (ngns) 32. Thailand 32.1 National Telecom Network 32.1.1 Overview 32.2 Fixed-line Network 32.2.1 Background 32.2.2 Statistics 32.2.3 Public Payphones 32.3 Next Generation Network (ngn) 32.4 International Infrastructure 32.4.1 Overview 32.4.2 Submarine Cable Networks 32.4.3 Submarine Cable Systems Under Construction Or Proposed 32.4.4 Satellite Networks 33. Timor Leste 33.1 National Infrastructure 33.2 International Infrastructure 33.2.1 Satellite Networks 33.2.2 Submarine Cable 34. Turkmenistan 34.1 National And International 34.1.1 Fibre Optic Networks 35. Uzbekistan 35.1 National Telecom Network 35.1.1 Fibre Optic Cables 35.2 Satellite Communications 36. Vietnam 36.1 National Telecom Network 36.1.1 Overview 36.1.2 Background To Development 36.1.3 Payphones 36.1.4 Next Generation Networks (ngns) 36.1.5 Wireless Local Loop (wll) 36.2 National Infrastructure Projects And Equitisation 36.2.1 Sk Telecom 36.3 International Infrastructure Asia - Fixed Telecommunications Infrastructure
  8. 8. 36.3.1 Background To Development 36.3.2 Submarine Cable Networks 36.3.3 Satellite Networks ResearchMoz( is the one stop online destination to find and buy market research reports & Industry Analysis. We fulfill all your research needs spanning across industry verticals with our huge collection of market research reports. We provide our services to all sizes of organizations and across all industry verticals and markets. Our Research Coordinators have in-depth knowledge of reports as well as publishers and will assist you in making an informed decision by giving you unbiased and deep insights on which reports will satisfy your needs at the best price. Contact: M/s Sheela, 90 State Street, Suite 700, Albany NY - 12207 United States Tel: +1-518-618-1030 USA - Canada Toll Free 866-997-4948 Email: Website: Asia - Fixed Telecommunications Infrastructure