Using GIS Technology to Improve Emergency Management


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Using GIS Technology to Improve Emergency Management

  1. 1. Using GIS Technology to Improve Emergency Management & Disaster Response for People w/ Disabilities<br />Amber Stacy<br />
  2. 2. Study<br />Study was conducted in 2007<br />Conducted by Alexandra Enders & Zachary Brandt at the Research & Training Center on Disabilities at the University of Montana.<br />Federal Transit Administration requested this study.<br />
  3. 3. Background<br />Individuals with disabilities are especially sensitive to catastrophic events, i.e. natural disasters.<br />State disability policy advocates needed a way to get disability-relevant, geospatial data integrated in such a way as to enhance emergency planning, disaster response, recovery & record management.<br />
  4. 4. Disability-Relevant Data<br />Overall community resources<br />Population density<br />Physical characteristics of the local environment<br />Transportation capacity, availability, & options<br />
  5. 5. Objectives<br />Natural disasters do not respect city, county, or state boundaries or governmental jurisdictions.<br />Therefore, when disasters cross these boundaries, it often reveals variations in administrative responses to the same event.<br />GIS technology provides a way to identify these differences, which can lead to <br />policy changes<br />Better understanding & cooperation between various agencies<br />overall improvement in the emergency planning & response systems<br />
  6. 6. Why GIS?<br />GIS provides various tools to represent & better understand person to environment interactions.<br />GIS enhances the usefulness of data for decision making; for example during some kind of crisis, effective response & recovery includes:<br />Incident mapping<br />Establishing priorities<br />Developing action plans<br />Implementing plans<br />
  7. 7. Why GIS?<br />GIS allows disaster relief managers to access & visually display critical information by location.<br />Information can be shared with disaster response personnel to coordinate & implement efforts quickly.<br />Mobile GIS allows command centers to stay in touch with personnel at the location of the incident to gather data critical for real-time decision making.<br />
  8. 8. Methods<br />ArcGIS 9.1 was used to create maps, which included:<br />Census TIGER shapefiles for state & county boundaries.<br />Zip code shape files from the ESRI data disk.<br />Data from RTC (Research & Training Center on Disabilities)<br />2004 survey of all U.S. CIL (Center for Independent Living) offices, transportation assistance agencies & organizations, & emergency shelters.<br />Data from the CDC’s (Centers for Disease Control) Emergency Operations Center. <br />A lot of this data was gathered post Hurricane Katrina<br />Other shapefiles were used that were previously & internally created for other projects.<br />
  9. 9. Results<br />Catastrophic events, like Hurricane Katrina, prove that there are significant gaps in emergency planning.<br />This has led to increased accessibility of transportation, housing, & emergency shelters before, during, & after disasters.<br />Also shows the necessity of having current data collected, organized, & available which is invaluable in emergency planning & immediate response.<br />“It’s too late to collect data when the Earth shakes & the water rises”<br />
  10. 10. Results<br />This study has also shown us that even though certain resources were in close proximity to a particular disaster affected area, the information & data were not tied together & only available in separate nonintegrated database systems.<br />Therefore planning could not be done to effectively utilize those resources.<br />Unfortunately, causing unnecessary suffering & death.<br />
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
  13. 13. This map combines the locations of 390 CIL main offices and the distribution of people with disabilities by county.<br />
  14. 14.
  15. 15.
  16. 16.
  17. 17.
  18. 18. References<br />Enders, A., & Brandt, Z. (2007). Using Geographic Information System Technology to Improve Emergency Management and Disaster Response for People with Disabilities. Journal of Disability Policy Studies , Vol. 17. (No. 4). pp. 223-229.<br />U.S. Department of Health & Human Services and Homeland Security. (2006). Working Conference on Emergency Management and individuals with Disabilities and the Elderly. Data Resources for Emergency Planners and Responders. pp. 1-66. Washington, D.C.<br />