Beginnings of wine & it’s labels Earliest wine production - sites in Georgia and Iran, dating from 6000 to 5000 BC. Pottery was an important part of being identified through labelling. Ancient Egyptians = labelled vintages, vineyard & winemakers. Wine jars etched with wine details found in King Tut’s tomb. = 1352 BC.
Civilised wine drinking. . . . . . . . Often wine was for religious purpose , royalty and the elite Egyptians labelled wine by parchment by a piece of string or inscribed onto the clay pot itself. Jars have been found in garbage dumps used by the masses of ‘commoners’. Soldiers and workers rewards or payment perhaps?
Better storage & modes of transport meant wine went further and increased the importance of labelling to identify it. The basic requirement of vintage, vineyard and winemaker on a label was sufficient for hundreds of centuries or not at all. The 18th Century and the increased use of bottles and arrival of French monk Dom Pierre Perignon.
1800’s, glass bottles were more popular 1796 = Lithography was invented, allowing printing in mass quantity. 1900’s Paper labels were made and able to stick to the bottle (after they found the right glue of course) For Arts Sake Wineries started using their own unique features (coat of arms or landscape art) Labels expressing much more =1920’s Phillipe Rothschild commissioned famous artists to create original designs for the labels of the Chateau Mouton de Rothschild.
Controversial Labels 1993 French painter BelthusKlossowski – US rejected the wine for the art on the bottle, a blank label went out as a snub to the US and created a collectors item. Cycles Gladiator wines had this wine banned in 2009 in US, Alabama for the controversial label Is this artistic expression or offensive material?
Labels today & the regulations . . . . . . NZ & Oz major label requirements: Name/variety Net content/amount Alcohol percentage Producer /importer details Brand name Sulphites Allergens Standard drinks Geographical location Different Countries label laws can make labelling export wine difficult Often front main labels are kept consistent and back labels are changed for different export markets. NZ wine industry has an advantage to create the “New Zealand wine” brand. Rule of 85% - if it states it on the label it must contain at least 85%.
Do you judge a wine by it’s cover? Oggau Winery designed labels with faces that carry similarities of the characters/personality their wine displays. Can you figure out and imagine what to expect from some of these wines? Perhaps a young sophisticated red or a developed red with lots of character? Oggau Estate
Labels & Wine Fraud Wine fraud and labels = Duplication of a well known labels of wine. It’s no different to fake Gucci handbags, fake Rolex watches & counterfeiters can make thousands in percent in returns. It’s something the wine industry avoids at all costs in both the trade itself but also admitting it happens more than we realise. With printing resources available today, almost anyone can copy a label and slap it on some bottles. In 2000 Italian police confiscated 16,000 bottles of fake Sassicaia wine worth NZ$200-250 each.
Message on a bottle….... Left: This bottle has been made for the consumer to personalise the message on the bottle Right: This wine by Lazarus WInes has come from a vineyard grown, cultivated and produced by blind employees – it only makes sense to have the label in braille. There is a n English description at the bottom.
These wines have been marketed in a specific way due to the wine being produced in a former tractor shop. It could be a plus or a minus depending on the consumers opinion. Would you like to drink from a turpentine tin or do you think it’s inventive ?
The future of labelling Current world affairs and changing times are excellent indicators of where wine labelling is heading Environmental issues Sustainable winegrowing Organic winegrowing More advance labelling with UV inks, holograms, embossed labels & microscopic markers that discourages fraud Wineries need to keep up & convey the message the consumer responds to best to survive in todays wine market.
Branding, packaging of the future. . . . . . . . New designs & uses for packaging & labelling are being sought to set businesses and their wines apart from each other and catch the consumers interest. This lamp is a prime example of sellers identifying the consumers growing concerns for consumption meeting environmental needs and style.
Bibliography Creative and unique wine label designs. (2010, August 06). Retrieved August 06, 2010, from www.thecoolist.com: http://www.thecoolist.com/amazing-wine-labels-30-creative-and-unique-wine-label-designs/ Egyptomania/wine.htm. (2010, August 10). Retrieved August 10, 2010, from www.arabworldbooks.com: http://www.arabworldbooks.com/egyptomania/wine.htm en.wikipedia.org. (2010, August 10). Retrieved August 07, 2010, from Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_wine History Wine Labels. (2010, August 12). Retrieved August 12, 2010, from www.ehow.com: http://www.ehow.com/about_5124816_history-wine-labels.html http://ewineplanet.com/menu.asp?id=1. (2010, August 10). Retrieved August 10, 2010, from ewineplanet.com: http://ewineplanet.com/menu.asp?id=1 Lavista Church of Christ. (2010, August 10/08/2010). Retrieved August 10, 2010, from http://lavistachurchofchrist.org/LVarticles/images/EgyptianVineyards.jpg. Wine Label Art. (2010, August 13). Retrieved August 2010, 2010, from www.oenologist.com: http://www.oenologist.com/wine-label-art.htm Winebottlelabels. (2010, August 10). Retrieved August 10, 2010, from www.winebottlelabels.org: http://winebottlelabels.org/ www.andrewjefford.com. (2010, August 18). Retrieved August 18, 2010, from www.andrewjefford.com: http://www.andrewjefford.com/node/717 www.decanter.com. (2000, July 08). Retrieved August 17, 2010, from www.decanter.com: http://www.decanter.com/news/news.php?id=47072 www.winebusiness.com. (2010, August 18). Retrieved August 18, 2010, from www.winebusiness.com: http://www.winebusiness.com/wbm/?go=getArticle&dataId=17438