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This presentation is done by Cellester Kaye B. Bartolome as one of her projects on ITALIAN REGIONS in her Italian 11 class (AY 2013-2014) at the University of the Philippines under Prof. Emanuela Adesini.

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  1. 1. SARDINIA Prepared By: Cellester Kaye B. Bartolome January ,2013 Italian 11
  2. 2. FAST FACTS• The Italian name for Sardinia is Sardegna, pronounced sar|DEHN|ya.• Sardinia’s capital city is Cagliari, pronounced KAHL|yah|ree.• Sardinia is one of Italy’s five autonomous regions.• There’s one UNESCO World Heritage Site listing on Sardinia – the ruins of 2nd century B.C.E. structures called “nuraghi.”• People from Sardinia are called sardi (masc. pl.). Other variations are: sardo (masc. sing.), sarda (fem. sing.), and sarde (fem. pl.). 2
  3. 3. GEOGRAPHY• Sardinia - second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea• The nearest land masses are (clockwise from north) the island of Corsica, the Italian Peninsula, Sicily, Tunisia and the Balearic Islands.• To the west of Sardinia is the Sea of Sardinia, a unit of the Mediterranean Sea; to Sardinias east is the Tyrrhenian Sea, which is also an element of the Mediterranean Sea.• The coasts of Sardinia (1,849 km long) are generally high and rocky, with long, relatively straight stretches of coastline, many outstanding headlands, a few wide, deep bays, rias, many inlets and with various smaller islands off the coast. 3
  4. 4. WEATHER AND CLIMATE• has an ancient geoformation and, unlike Sicily and the mainland of Italy, is not earthquake-prone.• The island has a typical Mediterranean climate. Average temperature is between (52 to 63 F).• During the year there are approximately 135 days of sunshine, with a major concentration of rainfall in the winter and autumn, some heavy showers in the spring and snowfalls in the highlands 4
  5. 5. NURAGIC CIVILIZATION• From about 1500 BC onwards, villages were built around the round tower-fortresses called “nuraghi”, which were often reinforced and enlarged with battlements. The boundaries of tribal territories were guarded by smaller lookout nuraghi erected on strategic hills commanding a view of other territories.• The Nuragic civilization was linked with other contemporaneous megalithic civilization of the western Mediterranean such as the Talaiotic culture of the Balearic islands and the Torrean civilization of southern Corsica. 5
  6. 6. MEANS OF LIVELIHOOD• The primary sector is focused on goat and sheep rearing, based mainly on production of milk and cheeses, protected by designation of origin, like the Pecorino Sardo and the Pecorino Romano.• Agriculture was modernized under fascism and immediately after the Second World War, mainly in the Campidano and Nurra plain, where were realised important works of land reclamation. There is little fishing (and no real maritime tradition), but the once prosperous mining industry is still active though restricted to coal (Carbonia, Bacu Abis), antimony (Villasalto), gold (Furtei), bauxite (Olmedo) and lead and zinc (Iglesiente, Nurra). 6
  7. 7. MEANS OF LIVELIHOOD• The granite extraction represents one of the most flourishing industries in the northern part of the island. The Gallura granite district is composed of 260 companies that work in 60 quarries, where 75% of the Italian granite is extracted.• The cork district, in the northern part of the Gallura region, around Calangianus and Tempio Pausania, is composed of 130 companies and has become the driver of Sardinian economic development. Every year in Sardinia 200,000 quintals of cork are carved, and 40% of the end products are exported. Fishing along the coasts is also an important activity on the island. Portoscuso tunas are exported worldwide, but primarily to Japan. 7
  8. 8. CUISINE• Rock lobster, scampi, bottarga, squid, tuna, sardines and other seafood figure in Sardinian cuisine, though meat, dairy products, grains and vegetables constitute the most basic elements of the traditional diet.• Suckling pig and wild boar are roasted on the spit or boiled in stews of beans and vegetables, thickened with bread. Herbs such as mint and myrtle are used. Much Sardinian bread is made dry, which keeps longer than high-moisture breads. Those are baked as well, including civraxiu, coccoi pinatus, a highly decorative bread and pistoccu made with flour and water only, originally meant for herders, but often served at home with tomatoes, basil, oregano, garlic and a strong cheese. 8
  9. 9. HIGHEST CONSUMPTION OF BEER• Sardinia boasts the highest consumption of beer per capita in Italy, 60 liters per person, that is double if compared with the national average.• The discovery of jars containing hops, in some archeological archaeological sites, evidence that beer was produced since the copper age. 9
  10. 10. LANGUAGE• Alongside Italian (Italiano), the official language throughout Italy, Sardinian (Sardu) is the most widely spoken language on the island. Sardinian is a distinct branch of the Romance language family, and not an Italian dialect.• Influenced by Catalan, Spanish and indigenous Nuragic elements with some roots from Phoenician. While it has been significantly supplanted by Italian for official purposes, in 2006 the regional administration has approved the use of Limba Sarda Comuna in official documents. 10
  11. 11. MUSIC• Sardinia is home to one of the oldest forms of vocal polyphony, generally known as cantu a tenore. In 2005, Unesco classed the canto a tenore among intangible world heritage.• Several famous musicians have found it irresistible, including Frank Zappa, Ornette Coleman, and Peter Gabriel. The latter travelled to the town of Bitti in the central mountainous region and recorded the now world-famous Tenores di Bitti CD on his Real World label. The guttural sounds produced in this form make a remarkable sound, similar to Tuvan throat singing. Another polyphonic style of singing, more like the Corsican paghjella and liturgic in nature, is found in Sardinia and is known as cantu a cuncordu. 11
  12. 12. THEATER• Sardinian culture is alive and well, and young people are actively involved in their own music and dancing. In 2004, BBC presenter Andy Kershaw travelled to the island with Sardinian music specialist Pablo Farba and interviewed many artists. His programme can be heard on BBC Radio 3. Sardinia has produced a number of notable jazz musicians such as Antonello Salis, Marcello Melis, and Paolo Fresu.• The main opera houses of the island are the Teatro Lirico in Cagliari and the Teatro Verdi in Sassari (soon to be replaced by the new Teatro Auditorium Comunale). 12
  13. 13. Goffredo Mameli - an Italian patriot, poet, andwriter was a notable figure in the ItalianRisorgimento. He is also the author of thelyrics of the current Italian national anthem .Antonio Segni - was an Italian politician who wasthe 35th Prime Minister of Italy (1955–1957,1959–1960), and the 4th President of the ItalianRepublic from 1962 to 1964. Adhering to thecentrist Democrazia Cristiana – DC party, he wasthe first Sardinian ever to become Prime Ministerof Italy. 13
  14. 14. Francesco Cossiga - was an Italian politician,the 43rd Prime Minister and the 8th President of theItalian Republic. He was also a professorof constitutional law at the University of Sassari.Cossiga was born in Sassari in the northof Sardinia. He started his political career duringWorld War II.Antonio Gramsci - was an Italianwriter, politician, political theorist, sociologist, andlinguist. He was a founding member and onetimeleader of the Communist Party of Italy and wasimprisoned by Benito Mussolini’s Fascist regime.Gramsci was one of the most important Marxistthinkers in the 20th century. 14
  15. 15. Paola Antonelli - born in Sassari is asenior curator in the Department ofArchitecture and Design at the Museum ofModern Art, New York City. She wasrecently rated as one of the top onehundred most powerful people in the worldof art by Art Review.Elisabetta Canalis is an Italian actress.appeared on the 13th season of Dancingwith the Stars. In 2011, she is, for VanityFair, the 4th woman most beautiful in theworld. She has been also on 2010 the 7thmost beautiful woman for Maxim and intop 50 for DT Spain magazine.
  16. 16. ATTRACTION SITESCagliariSardinia’s capital and largest city, city’s Sardinian name means “castle,”entire historic area known as “Castello” district, 13km of beachalong the sea, home to several beautiful gardens/city parks,cathedrals, and palacesCagliari is a tourist city, and especially in summer a lot of clubsand pubs are goals for youth and tourists, pubs and night-clubsare concentrated in the Corso Vittorio Emanuele II,narrow street in Stampace district, Marina district,near to the port and Castello district, as for clubs they are mostlyon the Poetto beach (in summer), or in Viale Marconi (in winter). 16
  17. 17. Sassari –• Second-largest city in Sardinia,• has a rich art history,• home to oldest university in Sardinia 23
  18. 18. • Alghero• Small city on northwest coast,• near many “nuraghi” ruins,• home to many churches and Neptune’s Grotto (stalactite cave) 25
  19. 19. Maddalena Archipelago• Small group of islands off the northeast coast of Sardinia, between Sardinia and Corsica.• It consists of seven main islands and numerous other small islets.• largest island is Isola Maddalena, includes a national park that was short-listed for a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2006 29
  20. 20. -End-