Understanding AWS Security

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AWS Summit 2014 Melbourne - Breakout 3 …

AWS Summit 2014 Melbourne - Breakout 3

The AWS Cloud infrastructure has been architected to be one of the most flexible and secure cloud computing environments available today. In this session, we’ll provide a practical understanding of the assurance programs that AWS provides; such as HIPAA, FedRAMP(SM), PCI DSS Level 1, MPAA, and many others. We’ll also address the types of business solutions that these certifications enable you to deploy on the AWS Cloud, as well as the tools and services AWS makes available to customers to secure and manage their resources.

Presenter: Stephen Quigg, Solutions Architect, APAC, Amazon Web Services

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  • 1. © 2014 Amazon.com, Inc. and its affiliates. All rights reserved. May not be copied, modified, or distributed in whole or in part without the express consent of Amazon.com, Inc. Understanding AWS security Stephen Quigg, Solutions Architect, Amazon Web Services, APAC
  • 2. Our customers have different viewpoints on security PR Keep out of the news! CEO Protect shareholder value CI(S)O Preserve the confidentiality, integrity and availability of data
  • 3. Security is always our number one priority at AWS PEOPLE & PROCEDURES NETWORK SECURITY PHYSICAL SECURITY PLATFORM SECURITY Comprehensive Security Capabilities to Support Virtually Any Workload
  • 4. SECURITY IS SHARED
  • 5. WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE TO KEEP THE SYSTEM SAFE
  • 6. WHAT WE DO WHAT YOU HAVE TO DO
  • 7. EVERY CUSTOMER HAS ACCESS TO THE SAME SECURITY CAPABILITIES CHOOSE WHAT’S RIGHT FOR YOUR BUSINESS
  • 8. AWS SECURITY OFFERS MORE VISIBILITY AUDITABILITY CONTROL
  • 9. MORE VISIBILITY
  • 10. CAN YOU MAP YOUR NETWORK? WHAT IS IN YOUR ENVIRONMENT RIGHT NOW?
  • 11. TRUSTED ADVISOR
  • 12. MORE AUDITABILITY
  • 13. SECURITY CONTROL OBJECTIVES 1. SECURITY ORGANIZATION 2. AMAZON USER ACCESS 3. LOGICAL SECURITY 4. SECURE DATA HANDLING 5. PHYSICAL SECURITY AND ENV. SAFEGUARDS 6. CHANGE MANAGEMENT 7. DATA INTEGRITY, AVAILABILITY AND REDUNDANCY 8. INCIDENT HANDLING
  • 14. AWS CLOUDTRAIL
  • 15. You are making API calls... On a growing set of services … CloudTrail is continuously recording API calls… And delivering log files to you
  • 16. Security analysis Use log files as an input into log management and analysis solutions to perform security analysis and to detect user behavior patterns. Track changes to AWS resources Track creation, modification, and deletion of AWS resources such as Amazon EC2 instances, Amazon VPC security groups and Amazon EBS volumes. Troubleshoot operational issues Quickly identify the most recent changes made to resources in your environment. Compliance and audit aid Easier to demonstrate compliance with internal policies and regulatory standards.
  • 17. ‣  CloudTrail records API calls and delivers a log file to your S3 bucket. ‣  Typically, delivers an event within 15 minutes of the API call. ‣  Log files are delivered approximately every 5 minutes. ‣  Multiple partners offer integrated solutions to analyze log files, including Splunk, SumoLogic and Loggly
  • 18. Amazon CloudWatch Logs can monitor your system, application and custom log files from Amazon EC2 instances and other sources, for example: Monitor your web server http log files and use CloudWatch Metrics filters to identify 404 errors and count the number of occurrences within a specified time period CloudWatch Alarms can then notify you when the number of 404 errors breaches whatever threshold you decide to set – you could use this to automatically generate a ticket for investigation Now monitor everything with CloudWatch logs
  • 19. MORE CONTROL
  • 20. Defense in Depth Multi level security •  Physical security of the data centers •  Network security •  System security •  Data security DATA
  • 21. AWS Security Delivers More Control & Granularity Choose what’s right for your business needs AWS CloudHSM Defense in depth Rapid scale for security Automated checks with AWS Trusted Advisor Fine grained access controls Server side encryption Multi-factor authentication Dedicated instances Direct connection, Storage Gateway HSM-based key storage AWS IAM Amazon VPC AWS Direct Connect AWS Storage Gateway
  • 22. AWS EMPLOYEE ACCESS ‣  Staff vetting ‣  No logical access to customer instances ‣  Control-plane access limited and monitored Bastion hosts, Least privileged model, Zoned data center access ‣  Access based on strict business needs ‣  Separate PAMS
  • 23. MORE CONTROL OF YOUR NETWORK
  • 24. Create your own private, isolated section of the AWS cloud AvailabilityZoneA AvailabilityZoneB AWS Virtual Private Cloud •  Provision a logically isolated section of the AWS cloud •  You choose a private IP range for your VPC •  Segment this into subnets to deploy your compute instances AWS network security •  AWS network will prevent spoofing and other common layer 2 attacks •  You cannot sniff anything but your own EC2 host network interface •  Control all external routing and connectivity
  • 25. Segregate your VPC into subnets to create your architecture Web App DBWeb
  • 26. Each subnet has directional network access control lists App DBWeb Web Deny all traffic Allow
  • 27. Each EC2 instance has five stateful security group firewalls App DBWeb Web Port 443 Port 443
  • 28. Control which subnets can route to the Internet or on-premise App DBWeb Web PUBLIC PRIVATE PRIVATE REPLICATE ON-PREM
  • 29. You can securely share resources between VPCs Digital WebsitesBig Data Analytics Enterprise Apps Route traffic between VPCs in private and peer specific subnets between each VPC Even between AWS accounts Common Services AWS VPC Peering
  • 30. You can connect in private to your existing datacentres YOUR AWS ENVIRONMENT AWS Direct Connect YOUR PREMISES Digital Websites Big Data Analytics Dev and Test Enterprise Apps AWS Internet VPN
  • 31. Build solutions that can absorb attacks and scale out Amazon S3 Distributed attackers Customers Customers Route53 Sydney region CloudFront Your VPC WAFWAF WAFWAF ELB ELB ELB ELB App App App App Auto Scaling Auto Scaling Auto Scaling Auto Scaling
  • 32. MORE CONTROL OF YOUR DATA
  • 33. YOUR DATA STAYS WHERE YOU PUT IT
  • 34. AWS  Region   US-WEST (N. California) EU-WEST (Ireland) ASIA PAC (Tokyo) ASIA PAC (Singapore) US-WEST (Oregon) SOUTH AMERICA (Sao Paulo) US-EAST (Virginia) GOV CLOUD ASIA PAC (Sydney) It’s not just having services in a couple of regions
  • 35. You can stay onshore in Australia if you need to AWS Sydney Region Multiple availability zones
  • 36. MFA DELETE PROTECTION
  • 37. YOU CAN ENCRYPT ALL OF YOUR DATA CHOOSE WHAT’S RIGHT FOR YOU Automated – AWS manages encryption Enabled – user manages encryption using AWS Client-side – user manages encryption their own way
  • 38. ENCRYPT YOUR SENSITIVE DATA AWS CLOUDHSM AMAZON S3 SSE AMAZON GLACIER AMAZON REDSHIFT AMAZON RDS
  • 39. Managed and monitored by AWS, but you control the keys Increase performance for applications that use HSMs for key storage or encryption Comply with stringent regulatory and contractual requirements for key protection EC2 Instance AWS CloudHSM AWS CloudHSM You can store your encryption keys in AWS CloudHSM
  • 40. CONTROL WHO CAN DO WHAT WITH YOUR AWS ACCOUNT
  • 41. Control access and segregate duties everywhere With  AWS  IAM  you  get  to  control  who  can  do   what  in  your  AWS  environment  and  from  where     Fine-­‐grained  control  of  your  AWS  cloud  with  two-­‐ factor  authen<ca<on     Integrated  with  your  exis<ng  corporate  directory   using  SAML  2.0  and  single  sign-­‐on   AWS account owner Network management Security management Server management Storage management
  • 42. AWS IAM: Recent innovations Securely control access to AWS services and resources •  Delegation –  Roles for Amazon EC2 –  Cross-account access •  Powerful integrated permissions –  Resource level permissions: Amazon EC2, Amazon RDS, Amazon DynamoDB, AWS CloudFormation –  Access control policy variables –  Policy Simulator –  Enhanced IAM support: Amazon SWF, Amazon EMR, AWS Storage Gateway, AWS CloudFormation, Amazon Redshift, Elastic Beanstalk •  Federation –  Web Identity Federation –  AD and Shibboleth examples –  Partner integrations •  Strong authentication –  MFA-protected API access –  Password policies •  Enhanced documentation and videos
  • 43. PROTECT YOUR LOGS WITH IAM ARCHIVE YOUR LOGS TO S3 AND GLACIER
  • 44. You get to do all of this in DEVELOPMENT TESTING PRODUCTION
  • 45. Expand your skills with AWS Certification aws.amazon.com/certification Exams Validate your proven technical expertise with the AWS platform On-Demand Resources aws.amazon.com/training/ self-paced-labs Videos & Labs Get hands-on practice working with AWS technologies in a live environment aws.amazon.com/training Instructor-Led Courses Training Classes Expand your technical expertise to design, deploy, and operate scalable, efficient applications on AWS
  • 46. Thank you Stephen Quigg Principal Security Solutions Architect – Asia Pacific Amazon Web Services
  • 47. © 2014 Amazon.com, Inc. and its affiliates. All rights reserved. May not be copied, modified, or distributed in whole or in part without the express consent of Amazon.com, Inc.