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Running your First Application on AWS


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AWS Summit 2014 Melbourne - Breakout 6 …

AWS Summit 2014 Melbourne - Breakout 6

AWS provides a platform that is ideally suited for deploying highly available and reliable systems that can scale with a minimal amount of human interaction. This talk describes a set of architectural patterns that support highly available services that are also scalable, low cost, low latency and allow for agile development practices. We walk through the various architectural decisions taken for each tier and explain our choices for appropriate AWS services and building blocks to ensure the security, scale, availability and reliability of the application.

Presenter: Clayton Brown, Solutions Architect, Amazon Web Services

Published in: Technology

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  • 1. Running your First Application on AWS Clayton Brown, Solutions Architect, Amazon Web Services © 2014, Inc. and its affiliates. All rights reserved. May not be copied, modified, or distributed in whole or in part without the express consent of, Inc.
  • 2. The Vision…. Build an AWS based, Scalable Mobile application that is location centric and connects with the user’s mobile device personally, Which can be ubiquitously accessed via the cloud
  • 3. The Reality…. Minimum Viable Product (MVP) = Fixed amount of time* to build it and to demonstrate key AWS concepts… services … and squeeze into a 45 minute presentation *Approx: 2.5 <interrupted> days of coding effort, YMMV
  • 4. Your Application Amazon Global Physical Infrastructure (10 Geographic Regions, Multiple Availability Zones, 51 Edge Locations) Parallel Processing Amazon Elastic MapReduce Content Delivery Amazon Cloud Front Messaging Amazon SNS Amazon SQS Email Amazon Simple Email Service (SES) Payments Amazon DevPay Amazon Flexible Payment System (FPS) Workforce Amazon Mechanical Turk High Level Building Blocks Compute Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling VM Import/Export Storage Amazon S3 EBS, Glacier, Import/Export Network Amazon VPC Elastic Load Balancer Route 53 Database Amazon RDS Simple DB, Dynamo DB, ElastiCache Low Level Building Blocks Authentication & Authorization Amazon IAM (inc MFA) Monitoring Amazon CloudWatch Deployment & Automation Amazon Elastic Beanstalk Amazon CloudFormation Cross Service Features Libraries and SDKs .Net / Java etc Web Interface Management Console Tools Visual Studio .Net / Eclipse Plugin Command Line Interface Tools to Access Services We’ll Use these Services Today
  • 5. Reasoning Behind Service Usage Solution Requirement AWS Service(s) DNS Resolution Route 53 Networking Virtual Private Cloud (VPC by default) Load Balancing to Meet Demand Elastic Load Balancer (ELB) Auto Scaling Groups (ASG) CloudWatch Metrics Windows Servers for ASP.Net Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) Instances Application Deployment Directly from Dev Tools Elastic Beanstalk (also helps with auto-scaling) Content Delivery Network CloudFront Reliable Storage Elastic Block Store (EBS) for Instances & Simple Storage Service (S3) Database (for Session Store) DynamoDB (No SQL) Security Identity and Access Management (IAM) Push Uploaded Content into a future backend system yet to be specified Simple Queue Service (SQS)
  • 6. The Core Architecture
  • 7. The Overall Solution Architecture on AWS API Mobile Web Site
  • 8. Now how to build this….
  • 9. AWS Elastic Beanstalk • AWS Elastic Beanstalk allows for automated deployment of applications by configuring its run-time environment (inside the AMI) – Upload your application package – Beanstalk handles the deployment details of capacity provisioning, load balancing, auto-scaling, application health monitoring, and DNS CNAME • Environment is available in minutes at a customized URL (e.g. • Elastic Beanstalk supports ASP.Net, Java, Node.Js, PHP, Python & Ruby • Think about it as a “Managed Runtime Container as a Service”
  • 10. AWS SDKs & Toolkits Java .NET nodeJS Node JS Ruby Python Ruby PHP iOS IOS Android AWS CLI Visual Studio Eclipse Powershell
  • 11. AWS SDKs & Toolkits .NET Visual Studio
  • 12. AWS SDKs & Toolkits .NET Visual Studio
  • 13. AWS SDKs & Toolkits .NET Visual Studio
  • 14. Visual Studio .Net Add-In from AWS Custom AWS Projects AWS Explorer Pane Available from
  • 15. Publish Directly To AWS
  • 16. …. And you get something like this! Visual Studio
  • 17. DNS Setup For Application Production Development Route 53 Route 53 (A Record to IP) Development Server on AWS (CNAME to) lunchandlearn. (CNAME to) PublicELB-143817XX.ap-southeast- m
  • 18. Web Application Session State
  • 19. ASP.Net Session State Management Considerations for Scaling Out • ASP.Net uses a provider model to enable pluggable providers (DLLs) and settings in the Web.Config file • In-Proc : in memory on the web server (default OOBE) • Out-of-Proc : on another server ß Need this for “Scale Out” – Usually Microsoft SQL Server on a dedicated server • AWS provides additional Session State Options: 1. MySQL data provider via RDS (3rd party on Codeplex) 2. MemcacheD (aka ElastiCache) 3. AWS DynamoDB html
  • 20. Dynamo DB • DynamoDB is a very fast, managed NoSQL database as a service • Designed to store and retrieve any amount of data, and serve virtually any level of request traffic – Dial in the number of read and writes per second as needed by application • All data items are stored on Solid State Drives (SSDs), replicated across 3 Availability Zones for high availability and high durability • DynamoDB offloads the administrative burden of operating and scaling a highly available distributed database cluster
  • 21. NuGet integration in Visual Studio .Net " Pre-packaged NuGet AWS tools can be installed to provide DynamoDB Session State Support
  • 22. Changes to Web.Config file to enable AWS DynamoDB Session State " Security Tip: Create a custom IAM user to only allow access to DynamoDB
  • 23. Static Content
  • 24. Static Web Content Management Strategy • Static Content usually resides on the same web server as dynamic web content – E.g.. Jpegs, CSS, JS, GIFs etc • Moving static content to dedicated “static content servers” can reduce server loads • On AWS this means smaller instances for EC2 and lower hourly cost and using Simple Storage Service (S3) • By using Route 53 DNS this can be changed without web application disruption
  • 25. Application HTML References to Static Assets • Edit HTML content directly to reference fully qualified domain name to let DNS resolve origin servers; OR • Use Content Rewrites in the web server – E.g. ASP.Net Content/HTTP Handlers
  • 26. Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) • Amazon S3 provides a simple web services interface that can be used to store and retrieve any amount of data, at any time, from anywhere on the web • It is designed to make web-scale computing easier for developers by allowing storage of Web accessible static content " Allows for easy static website hosting (No EC2 Servers required) " Designed for 99.999999999% durability and 99.99% availability of objects over a given year • Gives developers access to the same highly scalable, reliable, secure, fast, inexpensive infrastructure that Amazon uses to run its own global network of web sites
  • 27. S3 Bucket Setup – Web Hosting Enabled • DNS abstracts the actual storage location from web browser
  • 28. DNS Setup for S3 Production Development Route 53 Route 53 (A Record to IP) Development Server on AWS (CNAME to) Static Content Copy to S3 " DNS changes the underlying content origin systems
  • 29. Content Delivery Acceleration
  • 30. CloudFront : Content Delivery Network (CDN) • CloudFront can be used to deliver your entire website, including dynamic, static as well as streaming content using a global network of edge locations • Requests for your content are automatically routed to the nearest edge location, so content is delivered with the best possible performance • It integrates with Amazon Web Services like EC2 & S3 to give developers an easy way to distribute content to end users with low latency, high data transfer speeds, and no commitments
  • 31. CloudFront Distribution " CF responds on its Domain Name and Alternative CNAMES
  • 32. CloudFront Origin " CF Origin points to the S3 Bucket containing static content
  • 33. DNS Setup for CloudFront Development Route 53 (A Record to IP) Development Server on AWS Production Route 53 (CNAME to) CloudFront Name: S3 Origin: website-ap-southeast- Static Content Copy to S3 " DNS abstracts the actual storage location from the web browser
  • 34. API Integration Twilio Google Maps Amazon SQS
  • 35. Google API C# Snippet " Using the Google API to convert GPS to Street information
  • 36. Twilio API C# Snippet • Using the Twilio .Net SDK to send a Text Message and make a Phone Call
  • 37. Amazon Simple Queue Service • Amazon Simple Queue Service (SQS) is a fast, reliable, scalable, fully managed queue service – think MSMQ, RabbitMQ, JMS etc • SQS makes it simple to decouple the components of a cloud application • You can use SQS to transmit any volume of data, at any level of throughput, without losing messages or requiring other services to be always available • With SQS you can offload the administrative burden of operating and scaling a highly available messaging cluster • Used here to future proof your application: thumbnail images are pushed in the LunchAndLearnQ – This is to address the requirement of a “future application back-end-system”
  • 38. SQS C# AWS SDK Snippet • Create an SQS queue and Sending a Message into it…
  • 39. AWS Web Console • Queues can be managed from the web console
  • 40. Now lets see the app…
  • 41.
  • 42. Twilio SMS….
  • 43. Expand your skills with AWS Certification Exams Validate your proven technical expertise with the AWS platform On-Demand Resources Videos & Labs Get hands-on practice working with AWS technologies in a live environment self-paced-labs Instructor-Led Courses Training Classes Expand your technical expertise to design, deploy, and operate scalable, efficient applications on AWS
  • 44. © 2014, Inc. and its affiliates. All rights reserved. May not be copied, modified, or distributed in whole or in part without the express consent of, Inc.