AWS Webcast - Introduction to Amazon RDS: Low Admin, High Performance Databases in the Cloud

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Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) makes it easy to set up, operate, and scale a relational database in the cloud. It provides cost-efficient and resizable capacity while managing time-consuming database administration tasks, freeing you up to focus on your applications and business.

In this webinar we review how to move your existing databases to RDS with minimum disruption. We will also cover how to deploy very high performance databases on the cloud. And finally, we will provide examples of how customers have successfully deployed high performance databases using RDS.

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AWS Webcast - Introduction to Amazon RDS: Low Admin, High Performance Databases in the Cloud

  1. 1. Introduction to Amazon RDS: Low Admin, High Performance Databases in the Cloud Brian Rice Product Marketing Manager Amazon Relational Database Service
  2. 2. • Come to an AWS Summit near you – A free, one-day event – Breakout sessions for all interests – San Francisco: March 26, 2014 – New York City: July 10, 2014 – And around the world • Learn more and register at http://aws.amazon.com/aws-summit-2014/ Beyond this webinar
  3. 3. If you host your databases on-premises Power, HVAC, net Rack & stack Server maintenance OS patches DB s/w patches Database backups Scaling High availability DB s/w installs OS installation you App optimization
  4. 4. If you host your databases on-premises Power, HVAC, net Rack & stack Server maintenance OS patches DB s/w patches Database backups Scaling High availability DB s/w installs OS installation you App optimization
  5. 5. If you host your databases in EC2 Power, HVAC, net Rack & stack Server maintenance OS patches DB s/w patches Database backups Scaling High availability DB s/w installs OS installation you App optimization
  6. 6. If you host your databases in EC2 OS patches DB s/w patches Database backups Scaling High availability DB s/w installs you App optimization Power, HVAC, net Rack & stack Server maintenance OS installation
  7. 7. If you choose a managed DB service like RDS Power, HVAC, net Rack & stack Server maintenance OS patches DB s/w patches Database backups App optimization High availability DB s/w installs OS installation you Scaling
  8. 8. The self-managed vs. AWS-managed decision Self-managed database AWS-managed database You have full responsibility for upgrades and backup Upgrades, backup, and failover are provided as a service You have full responsibility for security AWS provides high infrastructure security, certifications; gives you tools to ensure DB security Full control over parameters of server, OS, and database Database is a managed appliance, so you can easily automate Replication is expensive, complex and requires a lot of engineering Failover is a packaged service
  9. 9. Amazon RDS: a managed SQL service • Simple and fast to deploy • Simple and fast to scale • AWS handles patching, backups, replication • Compatible with your applications – Choose among MySQL, PostgreSQL, Oracle, SQL Server • Fast, predictable performance • No cost to get started; pay only for what you consume
  10. 10. Flipboard relies on Amazon RDS • Flipboard is an online magazine with millions of users and billions of “flips” per month • Uses Amazon RDS and its Multi-AZ capabilities to store mission critical user data "We were able to go from concept to delivered product in about six months with just a handful of engineers." - Greg Scallan, Chief Architect, Flipboard
  11. 11. Samsung relies on Amazon RDS • Samsung uses the AWS platform to build its Smart Hub applicationm which lets users of Samsung Smart TV and Blu-ray players access content of 3rd party providers • With every user’s request, Smart Hub application authenticates devices, delivers apps and content, and pushes notifications across multiple devices “If we were to use the traditional on- premise datacenter, we would have spent $34 million in hardware and maintenance expenses during the first two years. With AWS cloud, we met our reliability and performance objectives at a fraction of the cost.” - Mr. Chun Kang, Principal Engineer, Visual Display Division
  12. 12. RDS Database instances: scalable CPU, memory, storage • Database instance types offer a range of CPU and memory selections – Scale up or down among instance types on demand • Database storage is scalable on demand – Choose standard storage for lower cost at low IOPS – Choose Provisioned IOPS for high, predictable performance and online scaling
  13. 13. A simple application architecture RDS database instance Application, in an Amazon EC2 instance Elastic Load Balancer instance
  14. 14. How RDS backups work • Automated backups – Restore your database to a point in time – Enabled by default – Choose a retention period, up to 35 days • Manual snapshots – Initiated by you – Persist until you delete them – Stored in Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) – Build a new database instance from a snapshot when needed
  15. 15. Choose Multi-AZ for greater availability, durability • An availability zone is a physically distinct, independent infrastructure • With Multi-AZ operation, your database is synchronously replicated to another AZ in the same AWS Region • Failover occurs automatically in response to the most important failure scenarios • Planned maintenance is applied first to backup
  16. 16. A resilient, durable, still simple application architecture RDS database instances: Master and Multi-AZ standby Application, in Amazon EC2 instances Elastic Load Balancer instance DB snapshots in Amazon S3
  17. 17. Choose Read Replicas for greater scalability • Help your app scale by offloading read traffic to an automatically maintained read replica • Create multiple read replicas, load-share traffic • Easy to set up Native MySQL RDS
  18. 18. Choose cross-region snapshot copy for even greater durability, ease of migration • Copy a database snapshot to a different AWS Region • Warm standby for disaster recovery • Or use it as a base for migration to a different region
  19. 19. Choose cross-region read replicas for enhanced data locality, even more ease of migration • Even faster recovery in the event of disaster • Bring data close to your customers • Promote to a master for easy migration
  20. 20. How RDS billing works Monthly bill = GB+ + Assumes DB instance accessed only from EC2 Further details at http://aws.amazon.com/rds/pricing/ = 720 hrs * $0.60 + 100 GB * $0.125 + 1,000 IOPS * $0.10 = $544.50 db.m3.xlarge; MySQL; Oregon; Single-AZ; On-Demand 100 GB Provisioned IOPS Provisioned 1,000 IOPS
  21. 21. Save money with RDS Reserved Instances • Pay a low up-front fee to get a lower hourly price on database instances for a 1- or 3-year term • The lower-price entitlement applies to any running instance matching its description • Choose among Heavy, Medium, Light RIs Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12 On-demand 544.50 1,089.00 1,633.50 2,178.00 2,722.50 3,267.00 3,811.50 4,356.00 4,900.50 5,445.00 5,989.50 6,534.00 Heavy RI 1-yr 1,508.10 1,750.20 1,992.30 2,234.40 2,476.50 2,718.60 2,960.70 3,202.80 3,444.90 3,687.00 3,929.10 4,171.20 Start saving here
  22. 22. How to scale with Amazon RDS • Scale up or down with resizable instance types – CPU to 32 vCPUs, RAM to 244 GiB • Scale your storage up with a few clicks – Scale while online – Easy conversion from standard to Provisioned IOPS storage • Offload read traffic to Read Replicas • Put a cache in front of Amazon RDS – Amazon ElastiCache for Memcached or Redis – Or your favorite cache, self-managed in Amazon EC2 • Amazon RDS takes some of the pain out of sharding
  23. 23. Best practices for Amazon RDS • Strongly consider Provisioned IOPS storage • Strongly consider Multi-AZ deployments • Make maximum use of ability to rapidly provision test environments • Create regular DB Snapshots • Test recovery from them • Configure CloudWatch alerts and DB Event notifications
  24. 24. Security in Amazon RDS • Security is a shared responsibility – AWS is responsible for physical security of cloud infrastructure – You are responsible for configuring your instances securely • Use DB security groups to govern network access to database instances • Use Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC) to run DB instances in a distinct subset of the AWS cloud – Private IP address ranges, subnets, routing tables and network gateways • Use AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) for fine-grained control of users and rights • Use DB master users to govern in-DB access to data
  25. 25. How to migrate data into RDS • Basic technique: dump and restore – Simple, but requires downtime RDS for MySQL RDS for Oracle RDS for SQL Server RDS for PostgreSQL mysqldump Data Pump Generate/ Publish scripts pgdump mysqlimport SQL Loader Bulk Copy (bcp) copy
  26. 26. How to migrate data into RDS, continued • Advanced technique: apply the deltas – Replay transactions against the migration target RDS for MySQL RDS for Oracle RDS for SQL Server RDS for PostgreSQL mysqlbinlog Mview replication Linked servers Use row metadata to capture modified rows Tungsten Replicator Golden Gate, Dbvisit, Attunity, Dell SharePlex SSIS
  27. 27. Schema design Query construction Query optimization Migration Backup and recovery Patching Configuration Software upgrades Storage upgrades Server upgrades Hardware issues Why choose Amazon RDS? Focus your team here Let AWS focus here
  28. 28. Try Amazon RDS for free • For your first year, at no charge… – Enough free instance-hours to run a “micro” instance continuously – 20 GB of database instance storage – 20 GB for automated backups – 10 million I/O operations per month • Learn more about the AWS free tier: http://aws.amazon.com/free/
  29. 29. Learn more about Amazon RDS • Amazon RDS home page: http://aws.amazon.com/rds/ • Amazon RDS Frequently Asked Questions: http://aws.amazon.com/rds/faqs/ • Links to Import Guides for each engine: http://aws.amazon.com/rds/faqs/#9
  30. 30. Thank you

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