Amazon EC2 “State of the Union"
Peter DeSantis, VP, AWS Compute Services
November 14, 2013

© 2013 Amazon.com, Inc. and it...
Seven years ago …
http://aws.typepad.com/aws/2006/08/amazon_ec2_beta.html
Amazon EC2 – Seven years ago
•

Single instance family and size
–

•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

m1.small (1 vCPU, 1.7 GiB RAM, 160 GB ...
Since then
•

Many new families and sizes
–

•
•
•
•
•
•

M1, M2, C1, M3, CC1, CC2, CG1, G2, CR1, HS1, HI1, T1

Reserved I...
Amazon EC2 is designed to help you …
Simplify and automate dev, test
and production operations
Scale as required
Improve r...
How do we achieve these goals?

Simplify with Automation
APIs for everything

Scale
Spin up and down as needed
Save costs ...
How do we achieve these goals?

Run securely
VPC
Resource-based permissions

Run Any Application
Multiple instance types/s...
Collects operational and
performance metrics for 15
AWS services.

Amazon
CloudWatch

Get stats, graphs, email
alerts, and...
Amazon CloudWatch – Improved Metrics Browsing

Search through all of your CloudWatch
metrics in seconds
Elastic Load Balancing
Automatically distributes incoming
traffic across EC2 instances
(within one AZ or multiple AZs)

De...
Amazon Route 53 health checks
Use Route 53’s health checking and DNS failover
features for applications running behind a l...
Egress filtering on security groups
Changing SG membership on the fly
on running instances
Multiple IPs per instance

Mult...
Virtual Private Clouds for Everyone
•
•
•

The power of Amazon VPC and
the simplicity of Amazon EC2
New customers in most ...
Resource-level Permissions
• Control which users are allowed to take specific actions,
e.g., run, stop, reboot, on which s...
New Instances and Instance Features
• New instances give you access to the latest
technologies, e.g. Intel Xeon E5 (Ivy Br...
In the past 18 months
• HI1 instances – 120,000 random read IOPS on SSDs
• M3 instances – Next generation general purpose
...
Just announced: G2 instances
• First Amazon EC2 instance that supports graphics
• Targeted towards remote graphics, applic...
Customer Demo
• Medical Imaging product from Calgary Scientific
- Resolution MD
Just announced: C3 instances
• Next generation compute-optimized instances
• Deliver fast compute power - 2.8 GHz Intel Xe...
C3 Instance Specifications
Top 500 Result
•
•
•
•
•

Cores: 26,496 (1656 instances)
484.18 tflops
~81% efficiency
#56 in June Top500
Cost: $3,974.40 ...
Not just for huge clusters
• Cores: 8192 (512 instances)
• 163.9 tflops
• Cost: $1228.8 per hour
This cluster would have b...
Coming soon: I2 instances
• Next generation High I/O instances
• More instance sizes
• More IOPS
– 350,000+ random read IO...
I2 Instance Specifications
Enhanced networking
• Currently supported on C3 and I2 instances
• Requires HVM and VPC
• Enables very high PPS performanc...
Improved PPS performance

cc2.8xlarge

c3.8xlarge

c3.8xlarge (enhanced)
Low jitter network performance
280
260
240
220

Latency (microseconds)

200
180
160

P50
P90

140
P99.9
120
100
80
60
40
2...
Reserved Instance Fundamentals
Save up to 65% off on-demand prices

Pay upfront to secure discounts over the term of the
R...
Improving Reserved Instance Flexibility
Amazon EC2 Usage Reports (Coming Soon)
• Two new interactive reports which provide visibility
into historical EC2 instance...
Instance Usage Report
Updated AWS Management Console
• Focus on improved usability and discoverability
• New look and feel
AWS Marketplace Integration
Browse, search, discover
and launch thousand of AWS
Marketplace AMIs directly
from within the ...
Other Amazon EC2 Console Improvements

Choose the instance
type most suitable for
your use case using the
new grouping and...
Q&Antil
2:30PMp.m.
Until 2:30PM
Please give us your feedback on this
presentation

CPN202
As a thank you, we will select prize
winners daily for completed...
AWS Compute Services State of the Union (CPN202) | AWS re:Invent 2013
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AWS Compute Services State of the Union (CPN202) | AWS re:Invent 2013

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In this session, Peter De Santis, VP of Compute Services will provide an overview of the key priorities for Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2). In this session, you will hear about some of the most innovative ways in which customers are using Amazon EC2, learn more about key capabilities launched over the past year, and gain insights into the near term roadmap and priorities.

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AWS Compute Services State of the Union (CPN202) | AWS re:Invent 2013

  1. 1. Amazon EC2 “State of the Union" Peter DeSantis, VP, AWS Compute Services November 14, 2013 © 2013 Amazon.com, Inc. and its affiliates. All rights reserved. May not be copied, modified, or distributed in whole or in part without the express consent of Amazon.com, Inc.
  2. 2. Seven years ago …
  3. 3. http://aws.typepad.com/aws/2006/08/amazon_ec2_beta.html
  4. 4. Amazon EC2 – Seven years ago • Single instance family and size – • • • • • • • • m1.small (1 vCPU, 1.7 GiB RAM, 160 GB storage) Linux only On Demand pricing only No AWS Management Console No EBS No Elastic IPs No VPC No Auto Scaling No load balancing Amazon EC2
  5. 5. Since then • Many new families and sizes – • • • • • • M1, M2, C1, M3, CC1, CC2, CG1, G2, CR1, HS1, HI1, T1 Reserved Instances and Spot Instances Windows (and Enterprise Linux) Auto Scaling VPC Elastic IPs Performance, security, manageability, and scalability improvements Elastic Load Balancing Management Console
  6. 6. Amazon EC2 is designed to help you … Simplify and automate dev, test and production operations Scale as required Improve resiliency Run applications securely Run any application Reduce your costs
  7. 7. How do we achieve these goals? Simplify with Automation APIs for everything Scale Spin up and down as needed Save costs with Spot pricing Automatically respond to demand Improve Resilience Multiple regions & Availability Zones Auto Scaling, Elastic Load Balancing, etc. automat AMI copy runs across regions
  8. 8. How do we achieve these goals? Run securely VPC Resource-based permissions Run Any Application Multiple instance types/sizes Many AMIs and operating systems Lower Costs Pay for what you use Turn CapEx into Opex Reserved Instances Spot Instances
  9. 9. Collects operational and performance metrics for 15 AWS services. Amazon CloudWatch Get stats, graphs, email alerts, and Amazon SQS or http notifications.
  10. 10. Amazon CloudWatch – Improved Metrics Browsing Search through all of your CloudWatch metrics in seconds
  11. 11. Elastic Load Balancing Automatically distributes incoming traffic across EC2 instances (within one AZ or multiple AZs) Detects EC2 health, and routes traffic appropriately Elastic Load Balancing Manages availability and scalability as a service
  12. 12. Amazon Route 53 health checks Use Route 53’s health checking and DNS failover features for applications running behind a load balancer Increased redundancy and availability Cross-zone load balancing Improved application availability across AZs Elastic Load Balancing
  13. 13. Egress filtering on security groups Changing SG membership on the fly on running instances Multiple IPs per instance Multiple network interfaces per instances Private IPs only Amazon VPC Many other new features are VPC only
  14. 14. Virtual Private Clouds for Everyone • • • The power of Amazon VPC and the simplicity of Amazon EC2 New customers in most regions launch instances into a default VPC Default VPC – One default subnet per Availability Zone – A default route table, preconfigured to send traffic from the default subnets to the Internet – An Internet gateway to allow traffic to flow to and from the Internet
  15. 15. Resource-level Permissions • Control which users are allowed to take specific actions, e.g., run, stop, reboot, on which specific resources • Can use specific resource IDs or use tags to control access • Coming soon: ability to tag on run • Enforced at the API level • Work with any IAM principal type – Use these permissions in combination with identity federation tokens, MFAprotected access, and all of the other tools that IAM provides.
  16. 16. New Instances and Instance Features • New instances give you access to the latest technologies, e.g. Intel Xeon E5 (Ivy Bridge) and the latest graphics capabilities • Continue to drive up performance, improving price-performance, and enabling new use cases
  17. 17. In the past 18 months • HI1 instances – 120,000 random read IOPS on SSDs • M3 instances – Next generation general purpose instances • HS1 instances – 48 TB of storage per instance for petabyte scale data warehouses and Hadoop clusters • CR1 instances – 244 GiB of memory and Intel Xeon E5 2670 (Sandy Bridge) CPUs for memory-intensive computing • EBS-optimized instances – Dedicated network throughput to Amazon EBS for high storage performance
  18. 18. Just announced: G2 instances • First Amazon EC2 instance that supports graphics • Targeted towards remote graphics, application streaming, and scientific computing • Specifications (g2.2xlarge instances) – – – – – – 1 NVIDIA GK104 GPU (Kepler) 2.6 GHz Intel Xeon E5-2670 (Sandy Bridge) CPU 8 vCPUs, 15 GiB of RAM 60GB SSD storage EBS-Optimized up to 1Gbps 64-bit, HVM Only
  19. 19. Customer Demo • Medical Imaging product from Calgary Scientific - Resolution MD
  20. 20. Just announced: C3 instances • Next generation compute-optimized instances • Deliver fast compute power - 2.8 GHz Intel Xeon E5-2680v2 (Ivy Bridge) processors • SSD-based instance storage • Enhanced Networking – More on this later
  21. 21. C3 Instance Specifications
  22. 22. Top 500 Result • • • • • Cores: 26,496 (1656 instances) 484.18 tflops ~81% efficiency #56 in June Top500 Cost: $3,974.40 per hour • • • • • June Top500 fastest Ethernet based x86 cluster #49 in June Top500 42,848 cores (60% more cores) 545.5 tflops (13% more performance) ~51% efficiency
  23. 23. Not just for huge clusters • Cores: 8192 (512 instances) • 163.9 tflops • Cost: $1228.8 per hour This cluster would have been in the top 250 clusters in the June Top500.
  24. 24. Coming soon: I2 instances • Next generation High I/O instances • More instance sizes • More IOPS – 350,000+ random read IOPS (4k) – 320,000+ random write IOPS (4k) • More memory • Enhanced networking
  25. 25. I2 Instance Specifications
  26. 26. Enhanced networking • Currently supported on C3 and I2 instances • Requires HVM and VPC • Enables very high PPS performance, lower latency, and low jitter networking
  27. 27. Improved PPS performance cc2.8xlarge c3.8xlarge c3.8xlarge (enhanced)
  28. 28. Low jitter network performance 280 260 240 220 Latency (microseconds) 200 180 160 P50 P90 140 P99.9 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 P100
  29. 29. Reserved Instance Fundamentals Save up to 65% off on-demand prices Pay upfront to secure discounts over the term of the Reserved Instance Reserved Instance Purchase Parameters 1 or 3 year terms Light, medium or heavy utilization Ideal for Securing savings for predictable workloads Capacity reservations to assure capacity is available for you when you need it
  30. 30. Improving Reserved Instance Flexibility
  31. 31. Amazon EC2 Usage Reports (Coming Soon) • Two new interactive reports which provide visibility into historical EC2 instance usage and spending. Filter, group and scope data as needed. – Instance Usage Report – hourly, daily or monthly grain usage and cost data for EC2 instances which can be easily filtered and grouped on availability zone, instance type, consolidated billing account, purchase option and others. – Reserved Instance Utilization Report – Contains the calculation of hourly and total cost, savings vs. on demand, and average utilization for already purchased Reserved Instances.
  32. 32. Instance Usage Report
  33. 33. Updated AWS Management Console • Focus on improved usability and discoverability • New look and feel
  34. 34. AWS Marketplace Integration Browse, search, discover and launch thousand of AWS Marketplace AMIs directly from within the Amazon EC2 console.
  35. 35. Other Amazon EC2 Console Improvements Choose the instance type most suitable for your use case using the new grouping and instance specifications. Easily tag your resources with autocomplete as you type into the field. Use existing security group rules to create a new one without starting from scratch. You can now search for EBS volume when you add storage as part of an instance launch.
  36. 36. Q&Antil 2:30PMp.m. Until 2:30PM
  37. 37. Please give us your feedback on this presentation CPN202 As a thank you, we will select prize winners daily for completed surveys!
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