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Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01
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Unit6likesanddislikes 110924052817-phpapp01

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preference verbs

preference verbs

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  • 1. Likes and dislikesLikeVerb + -ing or infinitive?Signs and soundbites
  • 2. Aims• Help the students know and use Like as a verb, a preposition and some grammar spots of the lesson.• Help the students know a number of basic verb patterns in English.• Help the students understand relative pronouns and participles in a description Objectives• Students are able to understand and distinguish between the different uses of Like• Students are able to practice verb patterns, relative pronouns and participles in a description• Through the reading, listening, speaking. Students are able to translate the texts into Vietnamese and practise the sentence patterns. 2
  • 3. Introduction to likeLike can be a verb or a preposition.Like as a verb can be followed by - ing or to, sometimes with a change in meaning.I like going out at the weekend. (general enjoyment)I like to sit in a hot bath and read. (habits and preferences)Like as a verb has a person as the subject:I like modern art.I dont like the way he looks at me.Do you like fish?Would you like a drink?Like as a preposition has an object after it:Shes wearing a hat like mine.Hes nothing like his father.That sounds like the postman.Youre behaving like children.This is new girlfriend of his - whats she like?
  • 4. • TEST YOUR GRAMMAR1.In the following sentences, is like used as a verb or a preposition? a. How do you like your coffee, black or white? b. I’m just like my father. We’re both tall and thin with black hair and brown eyes. c. Don’t you think that Pedro looks like Tom Cruise? d. What would you like to do tonight? e. ‘We went to that new restaurant last night’. ‘Really? What was it like?’ f. ‘How do you tie a tie?’ ‘Let me show you. Like this’. g. ‘Shall we go home now?’ ‘If you like’. 4
  • 5. what... like?What is/are/was/were ... like? is used to ask about the permanentnature of people and things. It asks for a description or an impressionor a comparison. Whats the health service like in your country? What are the new students like?(!) Be careful!1 With a description or an impression, we do not use like in theanswer.Whats London like? Its quite big, and its very interesting. NOT Its like quiteWhat is Amanda like? Shes tall, attractive, and very funny. NOT Shes like tall ...2 With a comparison, we can use like in the answer. Here, like meanssimilar to / the same as. What’s London like? Its like New York, but without the tall buildings. (= Its similar to ...)What’s Amandas daughter like? Shes just like Amanda. (= Shes the same as ...) 5
  • 6. How ... ?1. How ... ? is used to ask about the present condition of somethingthat can change. Hows work these days? Its better than last year. How was the traffic this It was worse than usual. morning?2. To ask about the weather, we can use both questions. Hows the weather? Whats the weather like?3. How... ? is also used to ask about peoples health and happiness.Compare: Hows Peter? Hes fine. Whats Peter like? Hes a nice guy. Hes quite tall, has dark hair ...4.How ... ? is also used to ask about peoples reactions and feelings. Hows your meal? Hows your new job?
  • 7. How ... ? or What ... like?Sometimes we can use What ... like? or How ... ? , but they arent the same. What ... like? asks for an objective description. How ... ? asks for personal feelings.Compare: Its great !Hows the party? Its very noisy, but theres lots to eat and drink.Whats the party like?
  • 8. 2. Match a sentence with a picture1. They stopped to talk to each other2. They stopped talking to each other What’s the difference in meaning between sentences 1 and 2? 8
  • 9. Questions with like1 In Britain, some school children go on exchanges to another country. They stay with a family for two weeks, and then the boy or girl of the family comes back to Britain for two weeks. Does this happen in your country?2 Read the conversation between Anna and Nina, two schoolgirls. Put one of the questions from the box into each gap. 9
  • 10. 2 Read the conversation between Anna and Nina, two schoolgirls. Put one of the questions from the box into each gap.What does she like doing? How is she? What does she lookWhat’s she like? like? What would she like to do?Anna: My French exchange visitor came yesterday. Anna: She’s quite tall, and she’s gotNina: What’s her name? long, dark hair.Anna: Marie-Ange. Nina: No, it wasn’t her, then. Now,Nina: What a pretty name!(1) we’re all going out tomorrow, …………….. aren’t we? Shall we go for a pizza,Anna: She’s really nice. I’m sure we’ll or shall we go to the cinema? get on really well. We seem to have a lot in common. (4)………………Nina: Why do you say that?(2) Anna: I’ll ask her tonight and tell you …………… tomorrow. By the way, someoneAnna: Well, she likes dancing, and so told me your mum’s not very well. do I. And we both like tennis and listening to music. What’s the matter?(5)……………..Nina: That sounds great. I saw you Nina: Oh, she’s OK. She’s had a bad with someone this morning. Was sore throat, that’s all, but it’s is Marie-Ange? getting better now. (3)……………… Anna:Oh, it’s not too bad, then.
  • 11. Grammar question What does she like doing? How is she? Whats she like? What does she look like? What would she like to do?1 Match the questions from the box in Exercise 2 with the definitions below. Question Definitiona.________________ = Tell me about her physical appearance.b.__________________ = Tell me about her interests and hobbies.c.__________________ = Tell me about her because I don’t know anything about her.d.__________________ = Tell me about her health.e.__________________ = Tell me about her preference for tomorrow evening.2 In which questions it like used as a verb, and in which is it a preposition? 11
  • 12. Question and answersMatch a question in A with an answer in B.A B He isn’t very well, actually.a. What does he like? He’s got the flu. He’s really nice. Very friendly and open, andb. What’s he like? good fun to be with. He likes swimming andc. What does she look skiing, and he’s a keen like? football fan. He’s quite tall, averaged. How is he? build, with straight brown hair. 12
  • 13. LISTENINGListen to nine short descriptions of people or things.Write an appropriate question for each. 13
  • 14. ListeningDescripsion Gosh! Haven’t you ever tried Indian food? It’s absolutely delicious. Really rich! It can be hot, but it doesn’t have to be.Question What’s Indian food like? 14
  • 15. DescriptionsIn pairs, ask and answer the following questions.b. What sort of things do you like doing?c. How are your parents?d. Who do you look like in your family?e. Who are you like in terms of character?f. What are you like as a person?g. What’s your school like?h. What does your teacher look like? 15
  • 16. DescriptionsIn pairs, ask and answer the following questions.a. What sort of things do you like doing?b. How are your parents?c. Who do you look like in your family?d. Who are you like in terms of character?f. What are you like as a person?g. What’s your school like?h. What does your teacher look like? √ √ 16 √ √
  • 17. Verbs+ preposition+ -ing Verbs + - ing or to + infinitive (with a Verb + - ing change of meaning) Verb patterns Verbs+ -ing or to +Verbs+ to + infinitive (with noinfinitive change in meaning) Verbs+ sb+ to+ Verbs+ sb+ infinitive infinitive (no to) 17
  • 18. Verbs + to + infinitive Verbs + - ing Agree Forget To do help hope To comeadore doing Learn To cook Managecant stand Swimming Choose Daredon t mind decide expectEnjoy cooking Need Offer Promise refusefinish Seem wantlook forward to would hate would like would love would preferNote Notes 1 Help and dare can beWe often use used without to.the verb go + - We helped clean up theing for sports kitchen. They didnt dare disagreeand activities. with him.I go swimming 2 Have to for obligation.every day. I have to wear a uniformI go shopping on 3 Used to for past habits.weekends. I used to smoke,but I 18
  • 19. Verbs + sb + to + infinitive Verbs + sb + infinitive (noadvise to)Allow me to doask help Her doBeg let us himEncourage makeExpect Notes Let cannot beHelp to go To is used with used in theInvite make in the passive. passive.Need the Allowedorder m We were made to isremind to work hard. usedtell instead.Want som to She was allowedWarn eone come to leave.Would likeNOTEHelp can be usedwithout to.I helped him dothe dishes. 19
  • 20. Verbs + - ing or to + infinitive Verbs + - ing or to + infinitive (with a change in meaning) remember (with little or no change in Doing remember meaning) stop To dobegin Doing trycontinue to do Notes 4. I stopped to drinkHate a coffee. 1. I rememberlike posting the (= I stopped doingLove letter. something else inPrefer (= I have a memory order to have a cupstart now of a past of coffee.) action: 5. tried to sleep. posting the (= I wanted to sleep, letter.) but it was Verbs+ pre+ - ing 2. I remembered to difficult.) post the letter. Be bored with Doing 6. I tried counting (= I reminded sheep and drinking Be interested in Learning myself to post a glass of warns Be fed up with the letter.I milk. didnt forget.) We’re thinking of (= These were 3. stopped drinkingmorning the house possible ways of coffee. getting to sleep.) I’m looking (= I gave up theforward to having habit.) 20more free time
  • 21. putting t hank you for ly to say /saying ek. It was a lone ennisD ear D ant ed ( a) say/ e plane last we o meet/meet e just w aught t h ting/tW ef o re w e c yed (b ) meee ged (c) us up b we enjo e mara f time t o ev en ing, an d S ar ah. W plenty o t e and ort with earlier e nds , P e ge t t o the airp get/ ge t an your fri ting/to tt ing/to et get/ge even tried (d) g . Spain. We jus t We ssibl e ay in side, s par e. sn’t po ul holid country ut it wa ad a wonderf ugh t he flight, b We h ve/dr ive thro o walk round a g /to dri lk/walking/t Sue, and they v ed ( e ) drivin ed (f) wa l l an d lo pp nds, Bi them. f te n s t o t our fri e eal with stay o and we village. We m e ve a m in g/to h ave/ha o stay/we to hotel. mounta ) havin we stay/us t lready booked p (i) a s (g invited u d (h) t hat ad a ’t sto an t e n’ t , as w e h s un didn They w , but we could ic. The eaving f ant as t e t her e. L with the m er w as w e w er e w eat h e time g/to Th e all th want/ wantin e/shin / to shin It made me (j) shining very sad. ing from as ard t o hear s (l) Spain w ing forw n. Let u c ry . re look you soo want to Anyway, we’ seeing o see/ evfe in the area . Y ou ope (k ) see/t f you’re dh know i y ou, an /kn owing/ to know in. ll 21 must ca s,
  • 22. PRACTICE Grammar and listeningWhen one verb is followed by another, different patterns are possible.Put the verbs from the Presentation text in the correct box. Verb + -ing Verb + infinitive (with to) Verb + person + Verb + person + Infinitive without to infinitive with to 22
  • 23. Discussing grammarWork in pair and discuss your answer.In the following sentences, two verbs are possible and one is not. Underline theverb that is not possible.a. My father to mend my bike. 1 promised 2 didn’t mind 3 triedb. She her son to turn down his music. 1 asked 2 wanted 3 madem. I going on long walks. 1 refuse 2 can’t stand 3 adored. We to go shopping. 1 need 2 love 3 enjoye. She me do the cooking. 1 wanted 2 made 3 helpedf. I working for the bank twenty years ago. 1 started 2 stopped 3 decided 23
  • 24. Change the sentences in Exercise 1 using the verb you underlined.a. My father……………to mend my bike. 1 promised 2 didn’t mind 3 triedb. She……her son to turn down his music. 1 asked 2 wanted 3 madec. I……………………...going on long walks. 1 refuse 2 can’t stand 3 adored. We……………….to go shopping. 1 need 2 love 3 enjoye. She……….me do the cooking. 1 wanted 2 made 3 helpedy. I……….. working for the bank twenty years ago. 1 started 2 stopped 3 decided 24
  • 25. LANGUAGE REVIEW Asking for descriptions1.What’s London like? means ‘Tell me about London because I don’t knowanything about it’. It is a very general question.When it is asked about a person, the answer can refer to character orappearance or both. What’s Peter like? He’s quite tall, with short blond hair. He’s really nice. You’d like him.2. What does she look like? asks for a physical descriptions. What does she look like? She’s very pretty. She’s got long black hair, and dark, mysterious eyes.3. How are your parents? asks about their health and general happiness. It does notask for a description. How are your parents? They’re fine, thanks. My mother had a cold, but she’s better now. 25
  • 26. 1 Look at the following groups of words. Which four ofthe surrounding words in each group cannot go withthe noun in the centre? expensive reserved sociable bored elderly boring young tall PEOPLE rich rude high antique starving wealthy crowded sophisticated 26
  • 27. 1 Look at the following groups of words. Which four ofthe surrounding words in each group cannot go withthe noun in the centre? expensive reserved sociable bored elderly boring young tall PEOPLE rich rude high antique starving wealthy crowded sophisticated 27
  • 28. 1 Look at the following groups of words. Which four of thesurrounding words in each group cannot go with the nounin the centre? cosmopolitan polluted modern historic exciting capital excited old TOWN busy rural young seaside antique agricultural industrial overcrowded 28
  • 29. 1 Look at the following groups of words. Which four of thesurrounding words in each group cannot go with the nounin the centre? cosmopolitan polluted modern historic exciting capital excited old TOWN busy rural young seaside antique agricultural industrial overcrowded 29
  • 30. 1 Look at the following groups of words. Which four of thesurrounding words in each group cannot go with the nounin the centre? disgusting delicious tasteless boiled tasteful fresh plain rich FOOD tasty fast frozen wealthy starving vegetarian disgusted home-grown 30
  • 31. 31
  • 32. 1 Look at the following groups of words. Which four of thesurrounding words in each group cannot go with the nounin the centre? disgusting delicious tasteless boiled tasteful fresh plain rich FOOD tasty fast frozen wealthy starving vegetarian disgusted home-grown 32
  • 33. Put a suitable adjective from Exercise 1 into the gaps in the followingConversations. If necessary, use their comparative or superlative froms.ExampleBilly’s only two so he’s the youngest in the family.g. ‘What is Anna’s brother like?’ ‘Well, he is certainly ………………., dark and handsome, but I didn’t enjoy meeting him at all. He is even ………………than she is!’j. ‘What was your meal like?’ ‘Ugh! It was awful. The pizza was………………. We were absolutely ……………, but we still couldn’t eat it!’m. ‘Did you have a good time in Amsterdam?’ ‘Excellent, thank you. There’s so much to do. It’s a really……………. city. And there are so many people from all over yhe world, it’s even …………………….. than London.’q. ‘Mmm! These courgettes are………………. Did you grow them yourselves?’ ‘Yes, we did. All our vegetables are……………….’3. T.45 Listen and check your answers. Work with a partner and practisesaying some of the dialogues, paying particular attention to the intonation. 33
  • 34. READING AND SPEAKING good In search of English food 1.How come it is so difficult to find English food in England? The Ministry of Food published cheap,boring recipes.The joke of the In Greece you eat Greek food, in France food, in Italy Italian food, war was a dish called Woolton Pie(named after the Minister for But in England, in any High Street in the land,it is easier to find Indian food!).This consistedof a mixture of boiled vegetables covered in and Chinese restaurants than English ones.In London you can eat white sauce with mashed potato on the top.Britain never managed to Thai,Protuguese,Turkish,Lebanese,Japanese,Russian,Polish,Swiss,S recover from the wartime attitude to food.We were left with a loss of wedish,Spanish<and Italian-but where are the English restaurants? confidence in our cooking skills and after years of Ministry recipes we began to believe that British food was boring,and we searched 2.It is not only restaurants that foreign dishes are replacing traditional the world for sophisticated,new dishes which gave hope of a better British food.In every supermarker,sales of pasta,pizaa and future.The British people became tourists at their own dining tables poppadoms are booming.Why has this happened?What is wrong with and in the restaurants of their land!This is a tragedy!Surely food is as the cooks of Britain that thay prefer cooking pasta to potatoes?Why do much a part of our culture as our landscape,our language,and our the British choose to eat lasagna instead of shepherd’s pie?Why do literature.Nowaday,cooking British food is like speaking a dead they now like cooking in wine and olive oil?But perhaps it is a good language.It is almost as bizarre as having a conversation in Anglo- thing.After all,this is the end of the 20th century and we can get Saxon English! ingredients from all over the world in just a few hours.Anyway,wasn’t 5.However,there is still one small ray of hope.British pubs are often English food always disgusting and tasteless?Wasn’t it always boiled the best places to eat well and cheaply in Britain,and they also to death and swimming in fat?The answer to these questions is a increasingly try to serve tasty British food.Cam we recommend to resounding ‘No’,but to understand this,we have to go back to you our two favourite places to eat in Britain?The shepherd’s Inn in beforeWorld War II. Melmerby,Cumbria,and the Dolphin Inn in Kingston,Devon.Their steak and mushroom pie,Lancashire hotpot,and bread and butter 3.The British have in fact always imported food from abroad.From the pudding are three of the gastronomic wonders of the world! time of the Roman invasion foreign trade was a major influence on British cooking.English kiychens,like the English language,absorbed ingredients from all over the word-chickens,rabbits,apples,and tea.All of these and more were successfully in corporated into British dishes.Another important influence on British cooking was of course the weather.The good old British rain gives us rich soil and green grass,and means that we are able to produce some of the finest varieties of meat,fruit and vegetables,which don’t need fancy sauces or complicated recipes to disguise their taste. 4.However,World War II changed everything.Wartime women had to forget 600 years of British cooking,learn to do without foreign imports,and retion their use of home-grown food 34
  • 35. Pre-reading taskWork in pairs.1. Do you know any typical meals from the following countries? France Turkey Italy England India Spain Mexico Switzerland America GreeceFrance : Boeuf bourgignon, coq au vin, bouillabaisse, onion soup, cheese, salads.India : Curry, riceSwitzerland : fondue, chocolate, rosti.Turkey : kebabs, figs.Spain : omelette, paella, tapas. turkeyAmerica : burgers and French fties, steak,Italy : pasta, osso bucco, spaghetti bologneseMexico : taco shells, chilli con carne, peppersGreece : lamb, salad, yoghurt, calamare.England : roast beef and Yorkshire pudding, roast lamb, sausages, fish and chips, custard.What do you think influences a country’s food? What 35Influences the food in your country?
  • 36. 2. Read these quotations about English food. Do all the people have the same opinion about English food?  ‘It takes some skill to spoil a breakfast-even the English can’t do it!’ J K Galbraith, economist ‘On the Continent people have good food; in England people have good table manners.’ George Mikes, writer and humorist ‘If the Eglish can survive their food, they can survive anything!’ George Bernard Shaw, writer ‘Even today, well-brought up English girls are taught to boil all vegetables for at least a month and a half, just in case one of the dinner guests comes without his teeth!’ Calvin Trillin, American writer ‘English cooking? You just put things into boiling water and then take them out again after a long while!’ An anonymous French chef 36
  • 37. While-reading good In search of English food 1.How come it is difficult to find English food in England? The Ministry of Food published cheap,boring recipes.The joke of the In Greece you eat Greek food,in France food,in Italy Italian food, war was a dish called Woolton Pie(named after the Minister for But in England,in any High Street in the land,it is easier to find Indian food!).This consistedof a mixture of boiled vegetables covered in and Chinese restaurants than English ones.In London you can eat white sauce with mashed potato on the top.Britain never managed to Thai,Protuguese,Turkish,Lebanese,Japanese,Russian,Polish,Swiss,S recover from the wartime attitude to food.We were left with a loss of wedish,Spanish<and Italian-but where are the English restaurants? confidence in our cooking skills and after years of Ministry recipes we began to believe that British food was boring,and we searched 2.It is not only restaurants that foreign dishes are replacing traditional the world for sophisticated,new dishes which gave hope of a better British food.In every supermarker,sales of pasta,pizaa and future.The British people became tourists at their own dining tables poppadoms are booming.Why has this happened?What is wrong with and in the restaurants of their land!This is a tragedy!Surely food is as the cooks of Britain that thay prefer cooking pasta to potatoes?Why do much a part of our culture as our landscape,our language,and our the British choose to eat lasagna instead of shepherd’s pie?Why do literature.Nowaday,cooking British food is like speaking a dead they now like cooking in wine and olive oil?But perhaps it is a good language.It is almost as bizarre as having a conversation in Anglo- thing.After all,this is the end of the 20th century and we can get Saxon English! ingredients from all over the world in just a few hours.Anyway,wasn’t 5.However,there is still one small ray of hope.British pubs are often English food always disgusting and tasteless?Wasn’t it always boiled the best places to eat well and cheaply in Britain,and they also to death and swimming in fat?The answer to these questions is a increasingly try to serve tasty British food.Cam we recommend to resounding ‘No’,but to understand this,we have to go back to you our two favourite places to eat in Britain?The shepherd’s Inn in beforeWorld War II. Melmerby,Cumbria,and the Dolphin Inn in Kingston,Devon.Their steak and mushroom pie,Lancashire hotpot,and bread and butter 3.The British have in fact always imported food from abroad.From the pudding are three of the gastronomic wonders of the world! time of the Roman invasion foreign trade was a major influence on British cooking.English kiychens,like the English language,absorbed ingredients from all over the word-chickens,rabbits,apples,and tea.All of these and more were successfully in corporated into British dishes.Another important influence on British cooking was of course the weather.The good old British rain gives us rich soil and green grass,and means that we are able to produce some of the finest varieties of meat,fruit and vegetables,which don’t need fancy sauces or complicated recipes to disguise their taste. 4.However,World War II changed everything.Wartime women had to forget 600 years of British cooking,learn to do without foreign imports,and retion their use of home-grown food 37
  • 38. good In search of English foodReading 2.It is not only restaurants that foreign dishes areRead the text quickly. replacing traditional British food.In everyMatch a paragraph 1-5 with a summary below. supermarker,sales of pasta,pizaa and poppadoms are booming.Why has this happened?What is wrong with the cooks of Britain that thay prefer cooking pasta to -Historical and climatic influences on potatoes?Why do the British choose to eat lasagna British cooking. instead of shepherd’s pie?Why do they now like cooking in wine and olive oil?But perhaps it is a good thing.After -There’s everything except an English all,this is the end of the 20th century and we can get ingredients from all over the world in just a few restaurant. hours.Anyway,wasn’t English food always disgusting and -The legacy of World War II tasteless?Wasn’t it always boiled to death and swimming in fat?The answer to these questions is a resounding -Where there is hope for the future ‘No’,but to understand this,we have to go back to beforeWorld War II. -The British love affair with international cooking. 3.The British have in fact always imported food from abroad.From the time of the Roman invasion foreign trade 1.How come it is difficult to find English food in England? was a major influence on British cooking.English In Greece you eat Greek food,in France food,in Italy kiychens,like the English language,absorbed ingredients Italian food, from all over the word-chickens,rabbits,apples,and tea.All But in England,in any High Street in the land,it is easier to of these and more were successfully in corporated into find Indian and Chinese restaurants than English ones.In British dishes.Another important influence on British London you can eat cooking was of course the weather.The good old British Thai,Protuguese,Turkish,Lebanese,Japanese,Russian,Po rain gives us rich soil and green grass,and means that we lish,Swiss,Swedish,Spanish<and Italian-but where are the are able to produce some of the finest varieties of English restaurants? meat,fruit and vegetables,which don’t need fancy sauces or complicated recipes to disguise their taste. 38
  • 39. good In search of English foodReadingRead the text quickly.Match a paragraph 1-5 with a summary below.4.However,World yearsIIof British cooking,learn to do without had to forget 600 War changed everything.Wartime women foreign imports,and retion their use of home-grown food -Historical and climatic influences on The Ministry of Food published cheap,boring recipes.The joke of the war was a dish called Woolton Pie(named after the British cooking. Minister for food!).This consistedof a mixture of boiled vegetables covered in white sauce with mashed potato on the -There’s everything except an English top.Britain never managed to recover from the wartime attitude to food.We were left with a loss of confidence in our cooking restaurant. skills and after years of Ministry recipes we began to believe that British food was boring,and we searched the world for -The legacy of World War II sophisticated,new dishes which gave hope of a better -Where there is hope for the future future.The British people became tourists at their own dining tables and in the restaurants of their land!This is a tragedy! -The British love affair with international Surely food is as much a part of our culture as our landscape,our language,and our literature.Nowaday,cooking cooking. British food is like speaking a dead language.It is almost as bizarre as having a conversation in Anglo-Saxon English! 5.However,there is still one small ray of hope.British pubs are often the best places to eat well and cheaply in Britain,and they also increasingly try to serve tasty British food.Cam we recommend to you our two favourite places to eat in Britain? The shepherd’s Inn in Melmerby,Cumbria,and the Dolphin Inn in Kingston,Devon.Their steak and mushroom pie,Lancashire hotpot,and bread and butter pudding are three of the gastronomic wonders of the world! 39
  • 40. Post-reading Comprehension check Read the article more carefully. 4. They say that World War II had a great Choose the best answer,a,b or c. influence on British cooking because… a. traditional British cooking was rediscovered1. The writers believe that British and some good cheap recipes were produced.cooking… e. people had limitless supplies of home-grown a. has always been very bad. food. b. was good until World War II. g. people stanrted to believe that British food was boring,so after the war they wanted to cook more c. is good because it is so interesting and international dishes.international. 5.They say that…2.They say that the British… a. British tourists try lots of new dishes when a. eat only traditional British food in they are abroadtheir homes. m. nowadays it is very unusual for British people to cook British food b. don’t like cooking with foreign c. literature and language are more culturallyingredients. important c. buy lots of foreign ingredients. than food3. They say that the British weather… 6.the writers’ final conclusion about British cooking is that… a. enbles the British to produce a. there is no hope.good quality food. t. you will only be able to get British food in b. often ruins ftuit and vegetables. expensive restaurants. c. is not such an important v. you wil be able to get more goodinfluence on British food as foreign traditional British dishes,especially in pubs. 40trade.
  • 41. Language workWork in pairs. Study the text and find the following.• One example of like used 1. Like as a verb :- Why do they now like Cooking in wine and olive oil?(para.2)as a verb and two examples of Like as a prepossition:like use as a preposition. - Engllish kitchens, like the English Language (para.3)2. Two examples of the pattern, - cooking British food is like speaking a adjective + infinitive. Dead language (para.4)It’s impossible to learn English. 2. – difficult to find(para.1)3. Examples of verbs that are - Easier to find (para.1) followed by an –ing form. - Able to produce (para.3)I love learning English. 3. Prefer cooking (para.2) Like cooking (para.2)4. Examples of verbs that are followed by an infinitive with to. 4. Choose to eat (para.2)I want to learn Italian. Had to forget (para.4) Learn to do (para.4) Managed to recover (para.4) Began to believe (para.4) Try to serve (para.5) 41
  • 42. LISTENING AND SPEAKING New York and LondonPre-listening taskLook at the pictures of New York and London.What do you know about the cities?Have you been there? What did you do?What did you think of these cities? 42
  • 43. ListeningWork in two groupsGroup A Group B T.46a Listen to Sheila and Bob talking T.46b Listen to Terry.About when they lived in New York. American who lives in London.Bob and Sheila spent two years living in New Terry Tomscha talks about herYork because of Bob’s work as a banker. experience of living and working inNeither of them had lived in a big city before. England, where she has been for theThey now live back in England, in a small Past eleven years.Village outside London. What do they/ does she say about the following things? 2. People 3. Shops 4. Work and holidays 5. Transport 6. General opinions 43
  • 44. Post-listening Comprehension check Bob and Sheila Terry1.People New York is cosmopolitan, The average Englishman is cold and but not as mixed as London. not very open. In-What are they like? Nationalities stay in their own the States people start conversations areas. in the street.-What is important to them? People are ruder, fights Americans are more pontaneous and-What do they like doing? getting on a bus. The taxi enthusiastic.-Where do they live? drivers are the rudest in the But the English improve as you get to world. know them. Once you’ve made a Bob also says that Americans friend, it’s a friend for life. are friendly. English people think Americans are They made a lot of friends. inferior because they get excited by They says that Americans are everything. more open. American people stand closer when they’re talking. Open till 10.00 at night, so Bob2.Shops could work and lead a normal It’s easier to spend money in the life. States. Shops are open all the time.-What are they like? Gimbles department store open The shops are open later now than-Do they like them? till 9.00. Some super-markets when she frist arrived.-What time do they open? open 24 hours a day. Most shops don’t open till 10.00 or 11.00 in the morning. 44 Everything is open on Sunday.
  • 45. 3.Work and holidays Bob and Sheila Terry People work later. The public Americans work a lot harder. For holidays are shorter, only the Americans their work is the most banks are shut. important thing in their lives. Bob worked on the sixty-third Holidays are longer in England. The floor. whole country closes down for two weeks at Christmas and New Year. Americans live to work, like the4.Transport Japanese.-What do they mention? The taxi drivers are the rudest in the world. The subways are unusable. They are dirty and The taxi drivers are wonderful. uncomfortable. Life is easier in the States. It’s easier5.General opinions to make money and it’s easier to-Is it a good place to live? They liked it a lot. They had a spend it. Why? wonderful time. Life is easier. You But she loves living in England. It’s could do what you liked when you safer, more relaxed, more enjoyable. liked. England doesn’t have the drametic New York is a dangerous place, beauty of the States, but it’s very but they never had any problems. prettty and charming in a way she They made a lot of friends. finds comforting. 45
  • 46. Writing and speaking1 Relative clauses are used to tell us which person or thing we are talking about. They make it possible to give more information about the person or thing being spoken about. The boy has gone to the beach. (Which boy?) The boy who lives next door has gone to the beach. The book is very good. (Which book?) The book that I bought yesterday is very good. This is a photo of the hotel. (Which hotel?) This is a photo of the hotel where we stayed.2 We use who to refer to people (and we can also use that). The book is about a girl who marries a millionaire. We use that to refer to things (and we can also use which). What was the name of the horse that won the race?3. When who or that is the object of a relative clause, it can be left out. The person you need to talk to is on holiday. The book I bought yesterday is very good. But when who or that is the subject of a relative clause, it must be included. I like people who are kind and considerate. I want a computer that is easy to use. 46
  • 47. 4. Which can be used to refer to the whole previous sentence or idea. I passed my driving test on my first attempt, which surprised everyone. Jane cant come to the party, which is a shame.5 We use whose to refer to someones possessions. Thats the woman whose dog ran away. Thats the man whose wife won the lottery.6. We can use where to refer to places. The hotel where we stayed was right on the beach. We went back to the place where we first met. 47
  • 48. Participles * Participles after a noun define and identify in the same way as relative clauses.That woman driving the red Porsche is my aunt.The men seen outside were probably the thieves. 48
  • 49. Describing a room2. Think of your favourite room. Draw a plan of it on a piece of paper. Write down why you like it and some adjectives to describe it.My favourite room is… I like it because it is…Show partner your plan and talk about why you like the room. 49
  • 50. T.47 Read and listen to the description of a favourite room.Use your dictionary to look up any new words. My favourite room trees in the garden. The cooker isMY FAVOURITE room is our kitchen. at one end, and above it is aPerhaps the kitchen is the most important wooden pulley, which is old-room in many houses, but it is particularly fashioned but very useful forso in our house because it’s not only where drying clothers in wet weather.we cook and eat but it’s also the main At the other end is a wall with ameeting place for family and friends. I have large notice-board, which tellsso many happy memories of times spent the story of our lives, past,there: special occasions such as present, and future, in wors andhomecomings or cooking Christmas dinner; pictures: a school photo oftroubled times, which lead to comforting Megan and Kate, a postcardcups of tea in the middle of the night; from Auntie Nancy in Australia,ordinary daily events such as making the menu from a take-awaybreakfast on dark, cold winter mornings for Chinese restaurant, a weddingcross, sleepy children before sending them invitation for next Saturday. Alloff to school, then sitting down to read the our world is there for everyonenewspaper with a steaming hot mug of to read! THE FRONT door iscoffee. seldom used in our house, onlyWhenever we have a party, people gravitate by strangers. All our friends usewith their drinks to the kitchen. It always the back door, which means theyends up the fullest and noisiest room in the come straight into the kitchenhouse. and join in whatever isSO WHAT does this special room look happening there. The kettle goeslike? It’s quite big, but not huge. It’s big on immediately and then we allenough to have a good-sized rectangular sit round the table, drinking teatable in the centre, which is the focal point and putting the world to rights!of the room. There is a large window above Without doubt some of thethe sink, which looks out onto two apple our 50 happiest times of my life havekitchen. been spent in our kitchen.
  • 51. There are four mistakes in the picture. What are they? 1. The table is rectangular, not round. 2. The trees are apple trees, not pear trees. 3. You can see two of them through the Window. 4. The menu on the notice-board is for a Chinese restaurant, not an Indian restaurant. 51
  • 52. The relative pronouns which and where are used in the text.Find them and underline them. What does each one refer to? Where we cook refers to the kitchen Which lead to refers to troubled times Which is the focal point of the room refers to the table. Which looks out refers to the window Which is old-fashioned refers to the pulley Which tells refers to the notice-board Which means they come refers to the fact that all our friends use the back door 52
  • 53. Link the following sentences with the correct relativepronoun: who, which, that, where, whose. a. The blonde lady is my wife. She’s wearing a black dress. The blonde lady who’s wearing a black dress is my wife. b. There’s the hospital. My sister works there. There’s the hospital where my sister works. c. The postcard arrived this morning. It’s from Auntie Nancy. The postcard that arrived this morning is from Auntie Nancy. d. I passed all my exams. This made my father very proud. I passed all my exams, which made my farther very proud. e. Did you meet the girl? Her mother teaches French. Did you meet the girl whose mother teaches French? 53
  • 54. 54
  • 55. Link the following sentences with the correct relativepronoun: who, which, that, where, whose. a. The blonde lady is my wife. She’s wearing a black dress. The blonde lady who’s wearing a black dress is my wife. b. There’s the hospital. My sister works there. There’s the hospital where my sister works. c. The postcard arrived this morning. It’s from Auntie Nancy. The postcard that arrived this morning is from Auntie Nancy. d. I passed all my exams. This made my father very proud. I passed all my exams, which made my farther very proud. e. Did you meet the girl? Her mother teaches French. Did you meet the girl whose mother teaches French? 55
  • 56. Link the following sentences with the correct relativepronoun: who, which, that, where, whose. a. The blonde lady is my wife. She’s wearing a black dress. The blonde lady who’s wearing a black dress is my wife. b. There’s the hospital. My sister works there. There’s the hospital where my sister works. c. The postcard arrived this morning. It’s from Auntie Nancy. The postcard that arrived this morning is from Auntie Nancy. d. I passed all my exams. This made my father very proud. I passed all my exams, which made my farther very proud. e. Did you meet the girl? Her mother teaches French. Did you meet the girl whose mother teaches French? 56
  • 57. Write a similar description of your favourite room in about 250 words.Describe it and give reasons why you like it. 57
  • 58. Post Script Signs and soundbites Where would you see or hear the following?D RY C L EAN O N L Y O n an item of clothing Government health warning On a cigarette packetTobacco seriously damages your health On a toilet VACANT door Coming next on Capital-traffic A radio station news and the weather 58
  • 59. Post Script Signs and soundbites Where would you see or hear the following?D RY C L EAN O N L Y O n an item of clothing Government health warning On a cigarette packetTobacco seriously damages your health On a toilet VACANT door Coming next on Capital-traffic A radio station news and the weather 59
  • 60. Post ScriptSigns and soundbitesWhere would you see or hear the following? In a restaurant. A table for four, please. PAY AND DISPLAY In a public car parkThe management accepts no responsibility Coat and other articles left at owner’s risk. In a public place such as a pub or restaurant VISITORS ARE REQUESTED TO KEEP TO THE PATHS In a park 60
  • 61. Post ScriptSigns and soundbitesWhere would you see or hear the following? On a SERVICES motorway 20 MILES a packet EACH On a bottle or KE EP OUT OF R of medicine N OF CHILDRE In a restaurant Is service included? At the bottom of a Your faithfully, formal letter Veronica Vazey 61
  • 62. Post ScriptSigns and soundbitesWhere would you see or hear the following? No, I’m just looking said in reply to a shop thank you. assistant asking ‘Can I help you?’ FOR EXTERNAL on a medicine bottle USE ONLY or a pot of skin cream Don’t forget to give my love at the botton of an informal to everyone at home. letter or postcard 62
  • 63. Thank you for your listening
  • 64. • if I had gone to class yesterday, I wouldn’t have missed the test• …not to leave the house until she got back• If hew knew… he’d tell• If he didn’t smoke a lot, he’d feel better• I am not impressed by…..• That course has been taught by… since 1985• Many residents in the city are being affected by…• A new hospital is going to be builtoutside of town 64
  • 65. • Who was the play written by?• She prefers studying to watching films• When I was a pupil, I used to go to school by bus• When my mother came home, I had done all the exercises• Many accidents have been happened bacause of careless driving• My father didn’t use to smoke• If she comes, I’ll give her this book 65

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