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Sensors

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Transcript

  • 1.
  • 2.
    • Introduction to Landmines
    • Landmines in Egypt
    • Traditional Sensation and demining solutions
      • Metal Detectors
      • Dogs
      • Vehicles
      • Natural
    • Call for further research
    • Advanced sensors
      • EMI Sensors
      • GPR Sensors
      • Seismic Sensors
    • Conclusion
  • 3.
    • Landmines are considered one of the most horrifying, unethical tactics used in modern wars.
      • Large minefields is planted with anti-personnel explosives, usually to give a temporary strategic advantage, and get left after wars, ending thousands of innocent civilian lives, and preventing the social and economical development to reach the affected zones.
  • 4.
    • Egypt considered one of the most affected countries with landmines, with nearly 20% of the total landmines in the world.
      • "The northwest coast has great development potential; the area is one of the greatest promises for Egypt. But the mines deny access to a landmass of approximately 22 percent of the national territory," El-Shazly* said.
      • * National project director for mine clearance and development at the Ministry of International Cooperation
  • 5.
    • Aerial photography
    • Metal detectors
    • Mine-detection Dogs
    • Mechanical Clearance
    • Natural detectors
  • 6.
    • Used in the initial detection phase
    • Either sharply accurate or precise
  • 7.
    • Advantages
      • Simplest
      • Cheapest
      • Widely used
    • Disadvantages
      • Dangerous
      • Another significant issue concerns the safety of the deminer. For every 5000 mines removed, one deminer is killed.
  • 8.
  • 9.
    • Had been mainly used in Afghanistan
    • Less risk on the deminer himself
    • Generally, the most efficient solution
  • 10.
  • 11.
    • Special vehicles, that can withstand the explosions
    • Combine detection & removal in one operation
    • Sometimes, used as an extra layer of security after another method
  • 12.
    • Research had been made to make use of the following, for landmine detection as well:
      • Honey bees
      • Mammals
      • Plants
      • bacteria
  • 13.
    • Therefore, the Egyptian Government and agencies providing assistance must allow for substantial resources to be devoted to finding better solutions to the mine and UXO clearance problem.
        • Professors in the university of western Australia meets with demining army executives
  • 14.
    • EMI Sensors
    • GPR Sensors
    • Seismic Sensors
  • 15.
    • EMI Stands for Electromagnetic Induction
    • Time-varying magnetic field
    • Detect most metals
    • Unacceptable false alarm rate
  • 16.
    • GPR stands for Ground Penetration Radar
    • Uses electromagnetic waves
    • Waves reflected from buried objects
    • Antennas transmit and receive the waves
    • Very clean response
  • 17.
    • Probes the surface with seismic waves
    • Excite mechanical response of buried objects
    • Distinction between landmines and other objects is clear from formed images
    • Very resistant to most types of clutter
  • 18.
    • Introduction to Landmines
    • Landmines in Egypt
    • Traditional Sensation and demining solutions
      • Metal Detectors
      • Dogs
      • Vehicles
      • Natural
    • Call for further research
    • Advanced sensors
      • EMI Sensors
      • GPR Sensors
      • Seismic Sensors
  • 19.
    • Ahmed Said Ahmed
    • Mahmoud Mohamed Abdelhamid
    • Mina Malak Lamie
    • Mohamed Ahmed Qandeel
    • Abdelrahman Magdy Medhat