434219 learning new words


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434219 learning new words

  1. 1. ,nf - 21<) J:llglisil lor 1:COI101111;lst.carnint] New W()n/,Chapter 1: The Basic of Reading SkillsLearning New WordsPRINT CLUES - Punctuation an d picturesPunctuation marks - dashes ( - ), commas ( , ), parentheses ( ), and quotation(" ") - can help you learn new words.We are consumers - we pay money for the goods and services we use.Some writers believe we are moving toward an amoral world - one in popular inAmerica.Ravioli, dough filled with meat or cheese, is as popular as spaghetti in manyItalian restaurants.Many of the big companies are increasing their fringe ~enefit~thosepyou receive in~ition to salary. J~-Most English teachers try to get students to avoid using clichesI /expressionsl ~ =----­ ~The movie was especially good because it had Dolby stereo tan electronic noiseIr;l~~tystemjf .v.The ~~man pulled the "gold" glasses out of his pocket. He was surehe coulc(find a sucker to auy hese f~kes for a lot of money.-==- :::===­Night is the time when many animal fora-~-e-,-o-r-s2ch, f~d)~ ~Picture sometimes helps you to learn what something means.. . . - - -----.......,jf-;;r;;;.··--~-~ --== =c=S Af~~ ""f...,:.http;//commOlls.wlk;media.org/wikl /Filc.Econom rcscrrcular]low_cartoon.jpg http;//blog.flickr.net/en/2009/10/29/the-cornmons­welco mes- the-l0 nd0 n-sch00 I~O f-economics-and-polttical­soencc/Joffe, Irwin L. (1994). Opportunity for skillful reading.(ihed.) California: WadworthVogel, Lee. (1993). Fundamentals of college reading: strategies for success. (2nd ed.) New Jersey: Prentice-Hall
  2. 2. !n il .. L 1) 1:l1g l i~h 1(1 1-:<( Jl1O Jl) 1"1,,t.ea rnnu, New WordsCONTEXT CLU ESW he n yo u arc rea ding and enco unte r a n unfamil ia r word, ask yo urself", "Whatwould this word have to mean in order for it to make sense in this sentence?" Youcan figure o ut th e meaning by using CONTEXT CLUES.CONTEXT CLUES co ns ist of words in a sen te nce or paragraph that enableread ers to reason out the meaning of unfam ilia r wo rds. Con tex t is w ha tever surro undssomething e lse. In th is case, the co ntext of an unfa m ilia r w ord is the rest of th e se ntenceand the rest of the pa ragraph in which it appears. Aut hors bu ild in these clues to hel pyou und erstand the material you a re reading. Con tex t clues are not a lwa ys pe rfect clues,of co urse, but t hey often ena ble reade rs to ma ke a co rrect, ed ucated guess about awords m eaning.Direct Definition: A direct definition is a clue that defines the meaning byrestating or expl aining another word. Signal clues a re: be, m ean, be defined, be called,refer to, or, ill other words, or that is.Some accounts leav e the interest earned in the account. The depositor will thenea rn interest on th e interest, which is called co m po unding. The interest earned~@ co m po und interest. (",.) =­A tal i? money-that people and bus inesses pay to the government.~~ d~ . - . - :A reces§-Lon( otGo ntractio n~is a ownturn In ec on omic actrvrtv. (- - ~ ~ ~ ~ ~C~LlceMany older people develop chronic disease;-di seas:fiih at last a long time andare difficult to treat. ] ~~-- -h r;:- ­The weathe r seem-,s to -be-cycIlea,I w ICII means.....,t hat we can expect the samepatterns to occur ellery season.A co ntrast cl u e consists of a word or phrase that means th e opposite of theword you are trying to figure out. Recognizing that certain words often signal anantonym or contrast clue ca n help you to und erstand new words. Authors often usewords and phrases, s uch as, while, whereas, but, y et, however, altho ugh, even though,nevertheless, yet, on the other hand, on the contrary, rath er than, as opposed to, unlike ,except, in contr: me ,.. others, not .", e tc. to signal a change in the direction of--thought.Joffe, Irwin L. (1994). Opportu nity for skillful reoding.(ihed.) California: WadworthVogel, Lee. (19 93). Fundamentals ofcollege reading: strategies fo r success. (2nd ed.) New Jersey: Prentice-Hall
  3. 3. .~~ the1 3 ~ L I () I-: Il gl lsli to r L C ()ll o l11 i~,[,>l.euru uu] N eIV 11!ou l.His w ife s clandest ine behavlo~time) ­t• . Doctors believe that smokin cigarettes is pern iciou.=./o your health . They~ ::qne{Of19nq think drin king j am u . .:;:-d C-n roUS ..;ddO~6rang~digenOUS to Southern Ca lifo rni but oreign to lJew York farms.S(OW(~I.H:.--r--.She usually is a laggar . howe er, oday she was energetic and worked hard.They are several ways to win an argume nt. so~m a~others are truthful, fair , and honest.~ -~-=Example: Example clues consi st of one or mo re exam ples that authors include toillustrate the m eaning of th e unfamiliar word. Examples aloe typically in troduced by forexample, to illustrate, for instance, such as, included are and like. Remember, thoug h, thatan example is not th e same as the definition or synonym. Rather, the exampl e is sim ply aclue that can help you r eason out the meaning of an unknown word. If th ere is morethan one example, try to determine what the examples have in common.In Japan, people use landmlf.:: their direction. ~ they talk abouthotels, markets, and bus stops.lB~m3nyms, uch as ~ho"y and oly are difficult to spell correct ly unless youknow which me ni g is being used. "810((Ji.Job satisfaction in the workplace may depend upon manY~~SUCh as ay,Rromotion, prestige, and peers.The hou se was immaculate. There was no dust, the floors shone, and thewindows sparkled.Clues from the Logic of the Sentence or the Passage: One of th e most commonways in whi ch context provides clues about the m eaning of an unknown wo rd isthrough lo gi c or general r easoning about the content of a sente nce or about therelationship of id eas w ithin a sentence or th e wh ol e passag e.They had arrived in the city with great hop e for their futur . But othing hadgon e right. He couldnLflad work aiiaSne could only ind part-n -ark at night.The children had rouble n their new SChool. ~, they dejectedly returned ~"d.lyhome em d.is<ifpoI Att>d17")lAtlhqpPlyThe sky darkened and large drops of rain hit th e wi~. The wind started toblow and":Jhe .trlees emp""ti:-e"d--:th-e":"ir branches of th e ew- leaves that remained.. 1"-. r n t7l. , --===­With such menacmg weather, we knew we had to change plans. L-.- t: Imos, ("out W nI(~~ft~ ~~ -The peopl e at th e funeral began to hum Ui~ It was theever heard. -__====~Joffe, Irwin L (1994). Opportunity for skillf ul reading.(ihed.) California : WadworthVogel, Lee. (1993). Fundamen tals of college reading: strategies for success. (2nd ed.) New Jersey: Prentice-Hall