The%20 Dangers%20of Plastic%20 Bags


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The%20 Dangers%20of Plastic%20 Bags

  1. 1. Data released by the United States Environmental Protection Agency shows that somewhere between 500 o a o b billion and a trillion plastic bags are consumed worldwide each year. year National Geographic News September 2 2003 2,
  2. 2. Less than 1% of bags are recycled. It cost more to recycle a bag than to produce a new one. - Christian Science Monitor News Paper
  3. 3. “There's harsh economics behind There s bag recycling: It costs $4,000 to process and recycle 1 ton of plastic bags, bags which can then be sold on the commodities market for $32” - Jared Blumenfeld Ja ed u e e d (Director of San Francisco's Department of the Environment)
  4. 4. Then… Where Do They Go?
  5. 5. A study in 1975, showed oceangoing vessels together dumped 8 million pounds of plastic g p p p annually. The real reason that the world's landfills weren't overflowing with plastic was because most of it ended up in an ocean-fill ocean- - U.S. National Academy of Sciences
  6. 6. Bags get bl blown around… d
  7. 7. …to different parts of our lands
  8. 8. …and to our seas, lakes and rivers.
  9. 9. Bags find their way into the sea via d drains and sewage pipes d - November 16, 2007
  10. 10. Plastic bags have been found floating fl ti north of the Arctic Circle th f th A ti Ci l near Spitzbergen, and as far south p g , as the Falkland Islands - British Antarctic Survey
  11. 11. Plastic bags account for over 10 percent of the debris washed up on f h d bi h d t e U.S. coastline the U S coast e - National Marine Debris Monitoring Program
  12. 12. Plastic bags photodegrade: Over time they break down into O i h b kd i smaller, o e toxic petro po y e s s a e , more to c pet o-polymers petro- - November 16, 2007
  13. 13. which eventually contaminate soils and waterways - November 16, 2007
  14. 14. As a consequence microscopic particles can enter the food chain - November 16, 2007
  15. 15. The effect on wildlife can be catastrophic - World Wildlife Fund Report 2005
  16. 16. Birds become terminally entangled - World Wildlife Fund Report 2005
  17. 17. Nearly 200 different species of sea life including whales, dolphins, seals whales dolphins and turtles die due to plastic bags - World Wildlife Fund Report 2005
  18. 18. They die after ingesting plastic bags which they mistake for food - World Wildlife Fund Report 2005
  19. 19. So… So What do we do?
  20. 20. If we use a cloth bag, we can save 6 bags a week b k
  21. 21. That s 24 bags a month That's
  22. 22. That s 288 bags a year That's
  23. 23. That's 22,176 bags in i an average life time lif i
  24. 24. If just 1 out of 5 people in our country did this we would save 1,330,560,000,000 bags over our life time
  25. 25. Bangladesh has banned plastic bags b d l i b - March 8, 2007
  26. 26. China has banned free plastic bags - January 9, 2008
  27. 27. Ireland took the lead in Europe, p , taxing plastic bags in 2002 and have now reduced plastic bag h d d l ti b consumption by 90% - BBC News August 20, 2002
  28. 28. In 2005 Rwanda banned plastic bags b d l i b - Associated Press
  29. 29. Israel, Ca ada, western India, Botswana, s ae , Canada, este d a, ots a a, Kenya, Tanzania, South Africa, Taiwan, and Singapore have also banned or are moving g p g toward banning the plastic bag - February 16, 2008
  30. 30. On March 27th 2007, San 2007 Francisco becomes first U.S. city to ban plastic bags - (National Public Radio)
  31. 31. Oakland and Boston are considering a ban id i b - The Boston Globe May 20, 2007
  32. 32. Plastic shopping bags are made from polyethylene: a thermoplastic made from oil - November 16, 2007
  33. 33. Reducing plastic bags will decrease foreign il d f i oil dependency d
  34. 34. China will save 37 million barrels of oil each year d t th i b of il h due to their ban f free plastic bags p g - January 9, 2008
  35. 35. It is possible... possible...