VB
FUN FACTS
 Australia has a very dramatic
landscape. Australia is famous
for its "outback," the remote
lands of the interi...
 Eastern Australia has large
areas of grasslands, used
primarily for sheep and cattle
ranches.
 Australia also has some
...
 Australia is
home to many
animals not
found anywhere
else in the world.
Off the northeast coast
of Australia is the Great
Barrier Reef. The Great
Barrier Reef is over 1,200
miles of coral. It h...
The Union Jack
The Southern
Cross
The
Commonwealth
Star
Elements of Flag
GEOGRAPHY
Formal Name: Commonwealth of Australia (long name)
People: Australian Citizen
Capital: Canberra
Land Area: 7, 68...
Location: Oceania, continent
between the Indian Ocean
and South Pacific Ocean.
- 4,000 km from East-West
-3,200 km from No...
MONETARY UNIT
 Australian dollar or Aussie
dollar, written as AUD, A$,
AU$.
 The Australian currency
was the first in th...
AUSTRALIAN COIN VALUES
 Their coin values are 5,
10, 20, and 50 cents and 1
and 2 dollars. You will not
find any 1 or 2 c...
MONETARY EXCHANGE RATE
1 Australian Dollar = 43.49046
Philippine Peso
1 Australian dollar = 1.0373 US
dollars
HISTORY
 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders
 Asian and Oceanic mariners and traders
 March 1606, Dutch explorer Wil...
 In 1770, Captain James Cook an Englishman, extended a
scientific voyage to the Pacific in order to further chart East
co...
GOVERNMENT
 Federal parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm.
 Bicameral Federal Parliament
a. Senate
b. House o...
3 ARMS OF AUSTRALIAN
GOVERNMENT
1) Legislature (or parliament) is responsible for debating and
voting on new laws to be in...
2) Executive is responsible for enacting and upholding the laws
established by the legislature. Certain members of the
leg...
3) Judiciary is the legal arm of the Australian Government. It is
independent of the other two arms, and is responsible fo...
WHO RULE IN AUSTRALIA?
 Chief of State – Queen of Australia is Queen Elizabeth II of
Great Britain.
 Prime Minister-
Head of the
government.
 Governor
general –
Appointed by the
monarch to
oversee the
colony.
Julia Eilee...
ECONOMY
 Major Industries:
1. Agriculture and horticulture – farming
2. Fisheries
3. Forestry
4. Minerals (Mining)
 Australia grows lots of
potatoes; in fact potatoes are
Australia’s largest vegetable
crop.
 Australian products are
sou...
 In Australia there are over 20
large fisheries.
 largest fishing zones in the
world, covering 14 million
square kilomet...
 In Australia, both plantation
forests and native forests are
harvested.
 Australia has 9.4 million
hectares of harvesta...
 Australia has often been
called resource-rich
because of its huge natural
deposits of many very
useful and valuable foss...
 Bauxite: used to make aluminium.
 Coal: used to generate power and used in steel production.
 Copper: used for electri...
CURRENT ISSUES
1. Population
2. International Disputes
3. Illicit Drugs
SOURCES
www.cia.gov
http://www.about-australia.com/facts/australia-flags-emblems/
http://www.about-australia.com/facts/aus...
Australia ppp
Australia ppp
Australia ppp
Australia ppp
Australia ppp
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Australia ppp

  1. 1. VB
  2. 2. FUN FACTS  Australia has a very dramatic landscape. Australia is famous for its "outback," the remote lands of the interior. The desert outback covers most of the interior. It is too hot, dry and barren to support many people
  3. 3.  Eastern Australia has large areas of grasslands, used primarily for sheep and cattle ranches.  Australia also has some mountainous areas and plateaus scattered throughout the country. The Blue Mountains, on the south- eastern end of Australia, get their name from the blue haze caused by oil droplets given off from the eucalyptus trees. As an island, Australia also has many beautiful coastal beaches.
  4. 4.  Australia is home to many animals not found anywhere else in the world.
  5. 5. Off the northeast coast of Australia is the Great Barrier Reef. The Great Barrier Reef is over 1,200 miles of coral. It has developed over the last million years, and is now the largest living structure in the world. It is home to many sharks and thousands of different types of tropical fish.
  6. 6. The Union Jack The Southern Cross The Commonwealth Star Elements of Flag
  7. 7. GEOGRAPHY Formal Name: Commonwealth of Australia (long name) People: Australian Citizen Capital: Canberra Land Area: 7, 682, 300 sq. km Population: 22,620,600 (2011) Resources: Bauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, gold, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, mineral sands, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, petroleum. Arable land: 6.15% (2005) .
  8. 8. Location: Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and South Pacific Ocean. - 4,000 km from East-West -3,200 km from North- South Climate: Generally arid to semiarid, temperate in South and East, tropical in North Coastline: 36, 735km long Terrain: Mostly low plateau with deserts, fertile plain in Southeast.
  9. 9. MONETARY UNIT  Australian dollar or Aussie dollar, written as AUD, A$, AU$.  The Australian currency was the first in the world to feature a complete series of plastic (polymer) notes. They are recyclable and much cleaner than paper money.  It has 5 different colours.  5 - purple, 10 - blue, 20 - red, 50 - yellow and 100 - green
  10. 10. AUSTRALIAN COIN VALUES  Their coin values are 5, 10, 20, and 50 cents and 1 and 2 dollars. You will not find any 1 or 2 cents coins.  Most prices do not end in multiples of 5 cents.  The monetary system of Australia is decimal based.  It is made of aluminium bronze and are gold in colour.
  11. 11. MONETARY EXCHANGE RATE 1 Australian Dollar = 43.49046 Philippine Peso 1 Australian dollar = 1.0373 US dollars
  12. 12. HISTORY  Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders  Asian and Oceanic mariners and traders  March 1606, Dutch explorer William Janszon chartered the west coast of Cape York Peninsula, Queensland.  Spanish explorer Luis Vaez de Torres sailed through the strait separating Australia and Papua New Guinea.  Two centuries passed European explorers and traders continued to chart coastline of Australia, then known as New Holland.  In 1688, William Dampier became the 1st British explorer to land on the Australian coast.
  13. 13.  In 1770, Captain James Cook an Englishman, extended a scientific voyage to the Pacific in order to further chart East coast of Australia and claim it for British crown.  British use it as a Penal Colony.  January 26, 1788 1st arrival of 11 fleet ships in Sydney Harbour with 1500 people – half of them were convicts, a total of 160,000 men & women were brought to the country as convicts.  1852, Eastern colonies transportation was abolished while in Western colonies it ended on 1868.  January 1, 1901 Commonwealth of Australia was formed through the federation of six states under a single constitution.
  14. 14. GOVERNMENT  Federal parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm.  Bicameral Federal Parliament a. Senate b. House of representative
  15. 15. 3 ARMS OF AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT 1) Legislature (or parliament) is responsible for debating and voting on new laws to be introduced under the power of section 51.  Bicameral Federal Parliament consists of the Senate (76 seats)  12 members from the six states and 2 from each of the two mainland territories;  one-half of state members are elected every three years by popular vote to serve six-year terms while all territory members are elected every three years);  House of Representatives (150 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve terms of up to three-years; no state can have fewer than 5 representatives)
  16. 16. 2) Executive is responsible for enacting and upholding the laws established by the legislature. Certain members of the legislature (called ministers) are also members of the executive, with special responsibilities for certain areas of the law.  elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch on the recommendation of the prime minister; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is sworn in as prime minister by the governor general.
  17. 17. 3) Judiciary is the legal arm of the Australian Government. It is independent of the other two arms, and is responsible for enforcing the laws and deciding whether the other two arms are acting within their powers.  High Court (the chief justice and six other justices are appointed by the governor general acting on the advice of the government)
  18. 18. WHO RULE IN AUSTRALIA?  Chief of State – Queen of Australia is Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain.
  19. 19.  Prime Minister- Head of the government.  Governor general – Appointed by the monarch to oversee the colony. Julia Eileen Gillard Quentin Bryce
  20. 20. ECONOMY  Major Industries: 1. Agriculture and horticulture – farming 2. Fisheries 3. Forestry 4. Minerals (Mining)
  21. 21.  Australia grows lots of potatoes; in fact potatoes are Australia’s largest vegetable crop.  Australian products are sought after because they meet high environmental and safety criteria and they taste great! Lots of research goes into making sure Australian agricultural products have maximum taste and quality with minimum impact on the environment. Agriculture and horticulture – farming
  22. 22.  In Australia there are over 20 large fisheries.  largest fishing zones in the world, covering 14 million square kilometres, about twice the area of Australia’s landmass and extending 200 nautical miles out to sea.  The top three exports are lobster, pearls and abalone. Fisheries
  23. 23.  In Australia, both plantation forests and native forests are harvested.  Australia has 9.4 million hectares of harvestable native forest, although only 1 per cent of this is being harvested in any one year. Because such a small percentage is cut down each year, these areas have many years in which to grow back. This is done because it mimics the natural growth cycle and disturbance of the forests. Forestry
  24. 24.  Australia has often been called resource-rich because of its huge natural deposits of many very useful and valuable fossil fuels, metals and minerals.  Australia has some of the largest iron and copper mines in the world, meaning we supply to the world a huge amount of the basic necessities for construction. Minerals (Mining)
  25. 25.  Bauxite: used to make aluminium.  Coal: used to generate power and used in steel production.  Copper: used for electrical equipment and cables, building construction, industrial machinery.  Diamonds: used for jewellery, industrial cutting and polishing, computer chips.  Gold: used for jewellery, electronics.  Iron: used for steel production for use in construction, cars, trains and train tracks.  Uranium: used overseas for power generation, scientific research, medical research.  Silver: used for jewellery, photographic paper, mirrors, electronics.  Gems: opals, emeralds, sapphires and rubies to name just a few.
  26. 26. CURRENT ISSUES 1. Population 2. International Disputes 3. Illicit Drugs
  27. 27. SOURCES www.cia.gov http://www.about-australia.com/facts/australia-flags-emblems/ http://www.about-australia.com/facts/australia-geography/ http://www.about-australia.com/facts/australia-history/ http://australia.gov.au/about-australia/our-government Australian Currency http://www.start-a-new-life-in- australia.com/australian-currency.html#ixzz26utece7J
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