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CH5 Road toIndependence militia members American self governing Patriot sons of liberty boycott, petition and use violent actions
CH5 Road toIndependence Americans against fighting faithful to the king British soldiers Loyalist Rich Supported some boycotts but paid taxes on tea
CH5 Road toIndependence French and Indians Common Goal Partnership between nations Allies Colonists and Support each other British
CH5 Road toIndependence Citizens Small Army In time of emergency militia By individual Volunteers colony provide own supplies
CH5 Road toIndependence refuse to buy organize to change something Boycott nonviolent Protest
CH5 Road toIndependence Government Action Cancel a Law Take Back Repeal Requested for Done in by citizens response to protests
Prior to 1763 Colonists were CH5 Road toProud to be British IndependenceSome of the attractionsto move to AmericawereCheap land, ReligiousTolerance andEconomic Oppurtunity *most importantly* Population grows in America British Gov. had let from 50,000 to 1 millon+ colonists learn to Govern themselfs Colonists want to move West by colonies electing of the Appalachians their own Legislative Mountians Assemblies. Colonial Gov. had the power to Approve Laws and Taxes They also decided how tax revenue was Spent
CH5 Road toIndependence French claim land West of the Appalachian Mountains British claim land West of the AppalachianColonists want to move West Mountainsof the AppalachiansMountains French Build Fort Duquesne in the Ohio Valley Governor of Virginia organizes a Militia and open fire
CH5 Road toIndependenceFrench and Indian War Washingtons actions mark the start of the French and Indian war over territory and power 1754 Britain sends troops to Treaty of Paris of 1763 Ohio Valley led by General ended the War Braddock. * Britain gets Canada Goals is to clear the French and east of Mississippi out of The Ohio Valley They were unsuccessful river, Florida because of their Red *France West Indies Uniforms made them easy *Spain gets west of targets Mississippi "Louisiana and port Orleans The turning point in the 7 Years War was when Britain captured Canada from the French. Americans were proud to be _________________
CH5 Road toIndependence Indians are unhappy with the loss of Land to colonists George the III becomes King Proclamation of 1763 made the boundary 1763 Treaty of Appalachian Mountains, East colonist/ West Indians Paris of George the III increases ended the military presence War Britain is in Debt from paying for War supplies Greenville passes the stamp Act which taxes all paper goods & requires a stamp
CH5 Road to IndependenceColonists pay few taxescompared to BritishCitenzensColonist feel taxationwithout Representation inParliament is unfair. Some Colonists Protest by sending a message to Parliament requesting a Stamp Act is Repeal of the Act (The Repeled. Colonists Stamp Act Congress) Celebrate.even Loyalists refuse tobuy stamps. Patriots organize the Sons of Liberty that take up violent actions of attacking tax collectors and their homes.
CH5 Road toIndependence Quartering Act is passed in 1765. Nick named the Mutiny Act Stated Colonists had to provided Shelter, supplies and Food to the British army Stamp Act is Repeale NY and New Jersey *However*** Protest the justness of the Parliament passes the Act Declaratory Act at the NY refuses to contribute same time. Stating Vinegar, Liquor, and Salt Parliament has the right as required by the tax and make laws in Quartering Act. the colonies. New York Assembly is suspended for not complying with the Government
Rising Tensions CH5 Road to IndependenceTownshend passesthe Townshend Actsthat tax importedgoods such asGlass Lead, PaperPaint, TeaSamuel Adams of Townshendthe Sons of Taxes areliberty writes a Repealedletter encouraginga boycott of except for theBritish goods. Tax on Tea.Women were veryinfluential inboycotting Britishgoods. To help theeffort they boughtonly American goodsand made their ownCloth and Tea frompine needles.
CH5 Road to Boston MassacreIndependence Britain had sent extra regiments of Troops stationed in Massachusetts because of brewing tensions. Colonists taunt George III keeps the one British Soldiers tax on Tea in order to calling them Lobster show their right to tax the Backs. Crowd begins colonies. to throw Rocks and snowballs A soldier is knocked to the ground. Panicked soldiers Open Fire. 5 Colonists are killed one named Crispus attacks .
Rising Tensions CH5 Road to Independence______________ and_____________ createa engraving of theBoston Massacre touse as propaganda tostir up anti-Britishsupport for the____________. ___________________ represents the British Lord North tries to soldiers at trial even help the though he is a ________________ ___________ because every person ____ deserves a fair by passing the _________. ___________. _____________ accept the tax on tea. _____________ instead buy cheaper smuggled tea from the ___________.
CH5 Road to Boston Tea partyIndependence Colonist block ships from unloading the ________. They force The Tea Act made most ships to British Governor British tea ________ ____________ of Boston ordered than the illegal the ____________ _____ Dutch Tea and to block the ships created a from leaving until ______________. the _________ was unloaded __________________ ____ organize 50 men to dress up as________________ __ and throw ___thousand pounds of ______ overboard.
Intolerable Acts CH5 Road to Coercive Acts are Independence passed in order to punish _____________ for the ruined tea and to_________ the Colonies.Colonists nick namethem the____________________ 1. closed _____________ until the tea was paid for.2. Massachusetts _______is suspended. Virginia3. ________________ willbe tried in England calls for4. A stricter______________ requiring the firstsoldiers in very home. _________ Some colonies showed _________ support for Massachusetts by ____. sending ____________ and supplies to help out the protest _____________ felt Massachusetts had gone to far and should pay for tea.
CH5 Road to Decisions at 1st Continental CongressIndependence The Committee drafted a list of colonists rights and a list of grievances to king _________________ _____requesting that all Acts be First Created the ________________. __________________ Continental ____. Association that organized a _____ leaders from _____________ of ______ colonies participate. all British Goods in all to organize Colonial Agree of the Georgia didnt Colonies. in every ______________ participate colony in case of emergency. Meet in a year. Most want to resolve issues with Britain not Unite as one country
CH5 Road to IndependenceBrink of WarNew England militia were know as ________________ Militias in several colonies steal_________________ from British forts for their militias At ___________________ Both sides open fire and ______ tells claim it was the other General side who Shot ___st.__________ the It is considered a victory for the Colonists are ________________ who hiding gun continue to Concord. powder and _________ British Troops March to make at weapons_____________ a___________ attack and seize the weapons. _______________ and_______________ alertthe colonists that theBritish are coming toseize the weapons
CH5 Road toIndependence The point of no return British arrive in ______________ to find the weapons and gun powder have been _______. They set ___________ to wooden supplies out of frustration At ___________________ The colonial __________ Both sides open fire and tries to block the British claim it was the other from leaving and are side who Shot ___st. _________ upon. British ____________ back to It is considered a victory Boston. Battled proved for the Americans were willing to ________________ who _____ for their rights. continue to Concord. ____nd Continental Congress meets. Most delegates still want to be ____________. They send the Olive Branch Petition claiming self _________ and a love for the King, and a repeal of the Acts and a peaceful resolution. The King does not Respond __________. Instead declares the Colonies Rebellion in a state of ________________ and strengthens the Navy.