October 29, 1929 Black Tuesday. The Stock Market crashed in Germany. Within days, millions of people living in Germany lost their jobs. 1929 December 1929. The Nazi Party has grown to a membership of 178 000.
1929 Previous to the Stock Market crash, Germany had been lost. They did not know how to meet the required reparation payments, and the inflation of the Germany economy had ruined the lives of citizens living in the country. Gustav Stresemann did everything in his power to unite and fix Germany, and many believed he was on that track. When he died, Germans lost one of the only stable things in Germany. When the stock market crashed, they lost jobs, homes, food and lives. They had no dignity anymore, and it was at this time they lost everything. Hitler was there for them. He was serious about nationalism and confident in the power of all Germans. It is often said that people want what they don’t have, and they did not have nationalism in their country. Their country was no longer even theirs. They owed payments, they had lost all respect, and they wanted out. The Germans did not have anything to their name, but they wanted to become “one”.
1930: Hitler hired a lawyer. Hans Frank became the Nazis personal lawyer. High ranking Nazis were being charged for “high treason” in 1930, due to the 40 000 from 1927-1930 cases the courthouse had heard about. September 1930: German Federal Elections. The Nazi Party went from controlling 12 parliamentary seats to 107. 1930
1930 The year 1930 was the year the Nazi Party started to take control. The Federal election had gained them 103 seats from the previous election, and Hitler knew it was time. He also knew he couldn’t be brought down, so he hired a personal lawyer. This election was just months after the stock market crash, and Germans had still not recovered. They still did not have dignity, respect, or any wealth. What was Germany? Who was Germany? This was the year he started to convince the majority of Germany that he knew, and he knew how to prove it.
1931 January 1: The Nazi Brown House. The Nazi Brown house was the official national headquarters of the Nazi Party. 1931 October 1931: The Meeting. Right winged officials, political leaders, German Nationalists, and the Nazi Party in Bad Harzburg. Here, the Austro-German customs union was introduced, and it was demanded that the Bruning Government in the Reich and the Social Democratic-Centrist coalition was to be discontinued immediately.
1931 The year 1931 was when the Nazi Party became “official”. They opened their headquarters, created many more riots, and made decisions at federal meetings. It was now that the Nazi Party became an international association, and it was the strength and rapidness of the group’s growth that made the Germans feel secure. They wanted to be part of a strong group, and the Nazi Party could be just that.
March 1932. Elections. In 1932, the Nazi Party had obtained 107 seats, which was a much greater number than the previous election. In 1932, the Nazi Party took control of 230 seats. The Communists rose to 89 seats, which showed that the Germans were looking up at the extremist groups. 1932 October 16, 1932. Schweinfurt. Hitler travelled to Schweinfurt where he spoke to 12 000 people. Soon after, he became the Chancellor of Germany.
1932 In 1932, people really began to notice and listen to Hitler. His confidence was spread throughout the country’s German citizens, and it gave many hope. This was also the year when the government began to worry about Hitler’s power. Hitler saw this, and just became more powerful. The government in power was looking out for the nation, trying to control Hitler, but “title” Hitler gave to the Germans about Germans, was much to powerful to be contained.
January 1933: Chancellor. Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany. The very first days of 1933, and the last days of the Weimar Republic, 6 million people were unemployed, and Hitler was here to change Germany. 1933 All of 1933: Taking control. Throughout 1933, Hitler boycotted Jewish businesses, persecuted homosexuals, and burned books.
1933 This was the year Hitler’s rise to power ended. This was the year he had the power. When he was appointed chancellor, he immediately began to “clean” out Germany. He and the Nazi Party were now truly and fully believing that to have a powerful and pure Germany, it must only contain powerful and pure Germans. Although it was obviously not the best nationality to create, the Germans had no nationality at all. They had no power to their name, and this was the year Hitler began to try to get some.
January 2, 1934 Sterilization. A German Law passes that sterilization of the “unfit” will begin. 1934 August 1, 1934 Death of the President. President Hindenburg dies of natural causes. Hitler quicklyproclaims himself both Chancellor and Fuehrer of the German People
1934 In 1934 Germany lost its President. He was the only person keeping the Nazi Party somewhat under control, and when he passed away, there was no one in Hitler’s path. Within a day Hitler put his plan into action. He passed laws, took any mention of the Jews in the Bible , out, and started to take away their rights within a month. The Germans had no leader when their president died, and they were in no shape not to have one. Hitler stepped in.
March 10, 1935 Testing. Hitler tests strength of Treaty of Versailles. Calls in British newspaper man Ward Price and tells him that Germany now has a military Air Force. There was no reaction from Britain. They intend to continue their peace movement with Germany. 1935 September 15, 1935 Citizenship. Nuremberg Laws define Reich Citizenship. 1.) Only belong to Germany if of kindred blood. 2.) All Jews were defined as being not of German blood.
1935 Hitler had been in power a year now. No one was objecting from other parts of the world, and he soon began to notice that no one was watching him. He started to test how strong the Treaty of Versailles really was, and soon found that the world was too busy to care. He started opening “camps”, taking more rights away from the Jews until he finally managed to succeed in taking their citizenship away.
March 7 1936 Testing. Re-occupation of the Rhineland. In contravention of theterms of the Versailles Treaty, Hitler sent German troops to re-occupy the Rhineland. 1936 December 1936 Hitler Youth. Law concerning the Hitler Youth made membership of the Hitler Youth compulsory for all boys
1936 Not much had changed in Hitler’s strategies from 1935-1936. He was still testing the control of the Treaty of Versailles and passing laws. However, Hitler touched on a very powerful and “touchy” subject for the German people. The Treaty of Versailles had taken away their powerful military and resourceful piece of land. This being the Rhineland. Hitler sent in troops to take back this territory, and the Germans were ecstatic. In order to have the Nazi Party larger, more powerful, and more in control, he made it mandatory that all German boys join the Nazi military.
April 11, 1937 Citizenship for Jews = Nothing. A new order from the German Ministry of the Interiordeprives all Jews of municipal citizenship. 1937 July 19, 1937 Camps. Ettersberg, a new concentration camp, originally designed for professional criminals, is opened in central Germany. Its name is changed to Buchenwald on July 28.
1937 The Jewish people lost everything in 1937. Previously, Hitler had said that only those of a German decent were the only actual citizens, but in 1937, the Jews completely lost their citizenship. Hitler also opened a large concentration camp, which was used for criminals before Hitler decided to change its use.
March 12, 1938. The First Army Invasion. Adolf Hitler ordered the German Army into Austria. This was a huge deal to the German people because the German speaking people in Austria had wanted to unite with the German Republic, but were forbidden to do so by the Treaty of Versailles. 1938 November 9, 1937 Crystal Night. Joseph Goebbels organizes Crystal Night. 7500 Jewish shops were destroyed and 400 synagogues were burnt to the ground.
1938 1938 was the year Hitler started driving fear into the hearts of the Jewish people. He was burning books, stores, and homes. The Nazi Party were committing violent crimes against the Jews, and they had no where to hide any longer. Hitler was also strengthening the trust of the Germans. He had successfully regained control of the Rhineland, which was one of the leverages he used to get the Germans to elect him to power.
March 15/16, 1939 Seized. Nazi troops seize Czechoslovakia (Jewish pop. 350,000). September 1, 1939 Seized. Nazis invade Poland (Jewish pop. 3.35 million, the largest in Europe). Beginning of SS activity in Poland. 1939 October 1939. Euthanization. Hitler ordered widespread "mercy killing" of the sick and disabled. They were focused on newborns and very young children. Midwives and doctors were required to register children up to age three who showed symptoms of mental retardation, physical deformity, or other symptoms included on a questionnaire from the Reich Health Ministry.
1939 The Jews were completely helpless by the end of 1939. Hitler had taken away their rights, their lives, and put in place rules and laws. They now had curfews and were forced to wear the star of David wherever they went. The murder of the sick, disabled, and the Jewish people had now been put into action. Hitler had officially started to “clean” out Germany.
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