Sticky, Stretchy Bubble Gum Science
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Sticky, Stretchy Bubble Gum Science

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History of bubble gum, and science project.

History of bubble gum, and science project.

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    Sticky, Stretchy Bubble Gum Science Sticky, Stretchy Bubble Gum Science Presentation Transcript

    • Sticky, Stretchy, Bubble Gum Science
      By Kaden Henley
    • 9,000 BC
      CHEWING OF BURCH BARK TAR
      Prehistoric man begins the purposeful use of various substances to help with pain, sickness, and other unknown possibilities.
      Pieces of chewed birch bark tar with human teeth marks go back as far as 11,000 years
      Piece of Neolithic Gum found on Otzi, the iceman, who died over 5000 years ago.
    • 50 AD
      CHEWING OF “MASTICHE”
      The Greek civilization is known to have chewed mastiche, which is sap from a mastic tree.
    • 100 AD
      CHEWING OF “CHICLE”
      Ancient Mayan civilizations are known to have chewed chicle, which is sap
      from the sapodilla tree.
    • 1500 AD
      NEW WORLD SETTLERS CHEW GUM
      North American Indians chewed the sap from spruce trees for many years before the settlers came. The indians passed the habit along to the settlers.
    • 1848 AD
      1ST COMMERCIAL CHEWING GUM SOLD
      John B. Curtis made and sold the first commercial chewing gum called “The State of Maine Pure Spruce Gum”
    • 1850 AD
      GUM BASE CHANGES TO PARAFFIN
      John B. Curtis started selling flavored paraffin gums. Paraffin gums started to become more popular than spruce gums.
    • 1869 AD
      ADAMS NEW YORK #1 GUM
      Mexican General, Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, conqueror of the Alamo, hired Thomas Adams to develop a new rubber. Adams was unsuccessful, but in his error created the 1st modern chewing gum instead.
    • 1869 AD
      1ST CHEWING GUM PATENT # 93,304
      On December 28, 1869, William Semple put the first patent on a chewing gum.
    • 1888 AD
      TUTTI-FRUTTI SOLD IN VENDING MACHINES
      Thomas Adam’s chew
    • 1899 AD
      DENTYNE GUM CREATED
      New York druggist, Franklin Canning, invented Dentyne gum.
    • 1900 AD
      CHEWING GUM ADDING SHAPES & FLAVORS
      Chewing gum became manufactured in many different shapes and sizes.
      Shapes—long round or flat sticks, ball shapes, blocks
      Flavors—peppermint, fruit, spearmint
    • 1906 AD
      1ST BUBBLE GUM INVENTED
      Frank Fleer invented Blibber Blubber; however, it was never sold.
    • 1928 AD
      DOUBLE BUBBLE INVENTED
      Walter Diemer invented a popular pink gum called Double Bubble, bubble gum
    • 1977
      BUBBLICIOUS INVENTED
      Bubblicious was launched in the US as the first soft bubble gum
    • 1979
      HUBBA BUBBA INVENTED
      Hubba Bubba was the first of many bubble gums to come invented by the Wrigley Company.
    • A football player from the University of Maryland blowing a bubble through his face mask
    • Background
      Throughout time, many different types of people all over the world have chewed gum. It can be made with different ingredients, which give it different physical properties.
      “I learned that Indians, pilgrims, and the cavemen chewed gum.”—Kaden Henley
    • Research
      We researched the history of bubble gum and common ingredients.
      Bubble gum needs to be “stretchy” or elastic. Bubble gum makers usually put in a type of resin or wax to accomplish this.
      Bubble gum needs to resist flow (have a high viscosity). Bubble gum makers usually put in a viscous liquid such as corn syrup into the recipe for gum to accomplish this.
      “I learned about all different kinds of gums and when they got made. To make good bubble gum it has to be stretchy and not be spilled.”
      —Kaden Henley
    • Hypothesis
      If softness helps a piece of bubble gum to be stretchy, then Bubblicious bubble gum should be stretchier than Hubba Bubba or Double Bubble Bubble Gums.
      “I think this one will be stretchiestbecause its soft when we started. –Kaden Henley”
    • T-chart to organize experiment and isolate variables.
      CONTROL TEST GROUP
      Bubblicious gum Other types of gum
      Chew 2 min Chew 2 min
      Measuring tape Measuring tape
      Measure in inches Measure in inches
      Measure immediately Measure immediately
      Measure in 1 motion Measure in 1 motion
      Same person chewing Same person chewing
    • Materials
      Tape measure (over 100 inches!)
      Tape
      Bubblicious bubble gum
      Hubba Bubble bubble gum
      Double Bubble bubble gum
      Timer
    • Procedure
      1. Set up measuring tape in same location.
      2. Tape measuring tape to floor.
      3. Chew 1 piece of gum for 5 minutes.
      4. Starting at 0 of measuring tape, attempt to stretch it as far as possible until it breaks. (Stretching has to be done in one motion…no starting and stopping).
      5. Record data & average 3 trials.
      6. Repeat same type of gum 2 more times.
      7. Follow steps 3-5 for all gum pieces.
      8. Put measurements into a bar graph to analyze data and form conclusion.
    • Experimental Data
    • Experimental Data
      Distance Stretched in inches
      Brands of Bubble Gum
    • Conclusion
      I was not right. Hubba Bubba stretched the farthest. The one that I voted on (Bubblicious) was second and the other one did not stretch that good at all, but they are all delicious.—Kaden Henley
    • Experimental Pictures