English Articles: Indefinite , Definite and Zeroarticle.
Preliminary notionsJune 5, 2013The article• Depends of the kind of nounContablechairfarmIncontablericewheat* HOW WE USETHE NOUN (FIRSTTIME, SECONDTIME, ETC.
Indefinite article: a/ana/anWith singularcountablenounsYou mention a person, place or thing for the first time.• I’m reading about an engineer.You are not refering to a particular person, place or thing.• Let’s buy a kilo of potatoes.
Indefinite article: a/anNo article/someWith pluralcountable nounsand incontablenouns.You mention the noun for the first time.You are not refering to a particular person, place or thing.• There are (some) baskets on the barn.• We need to buy (some) wheat for the “tortillas”.
Definite article: thetheWith singular/plural nouns(both countableand uncountable.)You mention the noun for the second time.You are refering to a particular person, place or thing.• The engineer I’m reading about was born in Manchester. (second time)• The kilo of potatoes is on the shelf (you know the kilo I’m referring to.)• The coffee we bought is organic. (a specific coffee you an i know about)
June 5, 2013Definite article: thetheWith a phrase oradjective : “first”,“best”, “right” or“wrong”American Neil Amstrong becomesthe first man to walk on the moon.
June 5, 2013Definite article: thetheWithuniquethingsThe moon is full todayMike is working in the yard.
June 5, 2013Definite article: thethePlaces (oceans,rivers, names ofcountries, deserts,mountains, etc…)The Danube, the far East, The Canary Islands, TheUnited States, The Kalahari.Mike is working in the yard.
Special uses of Article “the”Before the superlative degree(Eg) the best, the tallestBefore musical instruments(Eg) the flute, the violinBefore an adjective to denote a whole class(Eg) the old, the rich, the poor
Before ordinals(Eg) the first, the ninthBefore proper names (plural) of peoples(nations)(Eg) the French, the Indians6.Abbreviations use “the”(Eg) the UN", "the USA", "the IMF".Special uses of Article “the”
June 5, 2013Zero article: ØØWith uncountablenouns and pluralcountable that arenot specific.I love watching Ø videos. (no specific video in particular, general statement.)What is this? This is Ø chemical fertilizer. (classify something)Ø Organic farms are very popular nowadays . (general statement)
Zero article: ØJune 5, 2013FIRST TIME, SECONDØIm terrified of heightsIm into drum and bass.Im terrified of heightsIm into drum and bass.Im terrified of heightsIm into drum and bass.Explanation1. To talk about plural and uncountable nouns or when talking about things ingeneral:EXAMPLES: Im terrified of heights.Im into drum and bass.2. before countries, towns, streets, languages and single mountains:EXAMPLES: Im from China.Ive climbed Mount Everest.
Zero article: ØJune 5, 2013FIRST TIME, SECONDØIm terrified of heightsIm into drum and bass.Im terrified of heightsIm into drum and bass.Im terrified of heightsIm into drum and bass.Explanation3. Before some places and with some forms of transport:EXAMPLES: I live at home with my parents.I came here by car.4. In exclamations with what + uncountable noun:EXAMPLES: What beautiful weather!What loud music!.
FILL IN THE BLANKS USING ‘A’ AN’ OR ‘THE’1.Sri Lanka is _____ island.2.She gave Sita ____ one rupee note.3.Maya wore _____ red colour saree.4.He is ____ honourable man.5.He met with ____ accident on his way home.
FILL IN THE BLANKS USING ‘A’ AN’ OR ‘THE’1.Sri Lanka is __an__ island.2.She gave Sita _a_ one rupee note.3.Maya wore _the_ red colour jacket.4.He is _an__ honourable man.5.He met with _an_ accident on his way home.
6. ___ Ganges is ___ holy water.7. He worked efficiently as ___ M.L.A.8. _____ Bible is ____ sacred book ofChristians.9. Heaven is _____ happiest place.10.Buying ___ umbrella is not ___ urgent need.
6. The Ganges is _a_ holy water.7. He worked efficiently as an M.L.A.8. _The_ Bible is _the sacred book of Christians.9. Heaven is _the_ happiest place.10.Buying _an_ umbrella is not _an_ urgentneed.
11.____ Sahara is ___ biggest desert in ___ world.12.Mani bought ___ car13.We went to __ temple and saw ___ elephanteating bananas.14.Sekar is ___ advocate who is working in ___USA.
11._The Sahara is the biggest desert in the world.12.Mani bought _a_ car13.We went to the_ temple and saw an_ elephanteating bananas.14.Sekar is _an advocate who is working in the USA.
June 5, 20131. I dont really like sweet things but I love chocolate.This sentence is correct.This sentence is not correct.2. She goes to work by bus.This sentence is correct.This sentence is not correct.3. They usually go skiing in the Alps but last year they went to France and skiedon the Mont Blanc.This sentence is correct.This sentence is not correct.Practice Zero Article
June 5, 20134. What the fantastic cheese we ate in Italy!This sentence is correct.This sentence is not correct .5. Hes from the Maldives and shes from Ireland.This sentence is correct.This sentence is not correct.6. He bought a pair of jeans and the most fantastic suit Ive everseen.This sentence is correct.This sentence is not correctPractice Zero Article