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  • 1. CHAPTER 5 KINGS AND PROPHETS AWAITING THE MESSIAH By: Ave Maria Press; adapted by AHS. JESUS CHRIST: GOD’S REVELATION TO THE WORLD
  • 2. The Bible on Friendship
    • Putting others first
    • Confidentiality
    • Dependability
    • Humility
    • Positive influence
  • 3. Conquest of the Promised Land
  • 4. Joshua
    • The Lord fought for Israel, and without his help, the Israelites would never have settled in the “land flowing with milk and honey.”
    • Joshua led the Israelites into the Promised Land.
  • 5. Judges
    • In ancient Israel, judges were those who acted as temporary military leaders, as well as arbiters of disputes within and between tribes.
    • Judges were also expected to remind the people of their responsibility to God.
    • DEBORAH
    • GIDEON
    • JEPHTHAH
    • SAMSON
  • 6. Cycle of Apostasy
  • 7. The Monarchy of Israel
    • Israel’s Final Judge
    • Samuel was Israel’s last and most significant judge.
    • Toward the end of his life, the people clamored for a king.
    • Samuel warned against this.
    • Choosing a King
    • Saul was selected king but lost the kingship because he disobeyed divine commands.
    • David was anointed by Samuel to replace Saul.
    • Saul fell on his sword in despair.
  • 8. Israel’s Greatest King
    • David became the sole king of Israel, uniting all tribes into a single nation.
    • David brought the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem to show YHWH’s abiding presence to the new nation.
    • David had has faults for which he begged forgiveness.
    • Solomon succeeded his father as king.
  • 9. A Divided Kingdom
    • Solomon was known for his wisdom.
    • Solomon was corrupted by his office.
    • After his death, Israel was split into the Kingdom of Judah (south) and the Kingdom of Israel (north).
    • Assyria’s destruction of the northern kingdom in 721 BC
    • Babylonian captivity of the southern kingdom in 587-586 BC
  • 10. God Sends Prophets
  • 11. Prophets of the Northern Kingdom
    • Elijah and Elisha
    • Elijah taunted the king’s pagan prophets
    • Next to Moses, Elijah is the greatest of the OT prophets.
    • He was present at Jesus’ Transfiguration
    • Elisha succeeded Elijah
  • 12. Prophets of the Northern Kingdom
    • Amos
    • Message : Worship of God must show itself in concrete deeds of mercy and justice to the weak and the poor.
    • Hosea
    • Message : To accuse Israel of sin and infidelity to God but show that God still loved the Chosen People
  • 13. Prophets of the Southern Kingdom
    • Isaiah
    • Largest of all the prophetic books
    • The Chosen People must imitate God’s holiness by righteous living and true worship.
    • Compared the nation to a vineyard that God cultivated
  • 14. Prophets of the Southern Kingdom
    • Jeremiah
    • Shouted the love of a God who desperately wanted the Chosen People to repent
    • Became a living symbol of God’s message
    • Compared YHWH to a potter who would mold the nation in his hands
  • 15. Prophets of the Southern Prophets
    • Micah
    • Message : Foretold a coming Messiah who would lead Israel to peace and justice
    • Ezekiel
    • Message : keep the Sabbath and follow the law of holiness
  • 16. The Babylonian Exile
    • Living in a foreign land and intermarriage led to a loss of identity.
    • Without a Temple, Jewish exiles gathered in synagogues where they studied and prayed together.
  • 17. The Message of Second Isaiah
    • SUFFERING SERVANT SONGS
    • Speaks of God’s Chosen One who will bring justice to the world and treat the bruised reed tenderly
    • Tells how God chose the servant before his birth
    • Describes how God’s special messenger runs into resentment
    • Parallels to Jesus Christ’s suffering—lamb led to slaughter
  • 18. Return and Recommitment
    • After the return to the Holy Land, a purified Judaism was more faithful to its vocation of witnessing to the nations by keeping the Law.
    • Jesus Christ—the Messiah—was born in Bethlehem while Herod the Great ruled as king of Judea.