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CHAPTER 5 KINGS AND PROPHETS AWAITING THE MESSIAH By: Ave Maria Press; adapted by AHS. JESUS CHRIST: GOD’S REVELATION TO T...
The Bible on Friendship <ul><li>Putting others first </li></ul><ul><li>Confidentiality </li></ul><ul><li>Dependability </l...
Conquest of the Promised Land
Joshua <ul><li>The Lord fought for Israel, and without his help, the Israelites would never have settled in the “land flow...
Judges <ul><li>In ancient Israel, judges were those who acted as temporary military leaders, as well as arbiters of disput...
Cycle of Apostasy
The Monarchy of Israel <ul><li>Israel’s Final Judge </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel was Israel’s last and most significant judge....
Israel’s Greatest King <ul><li>David became the sole king of Israel, uniting all tribes into a single nation. </li></ul><u...
A Divided Kingdom <ul><li>Solomon was known for his wisdom. </li></ul><ul><li>Solomon was corrupted by his office. </li></...
God Sends Prophets
Prophets of the  Northern Kingdom <ul><li>Elijah and Elisha </li></ul><ul><li>Elijah taunted the king’s pagan prophets </l...
Prophets of the  Northern Kingdom <ul><li>Amos </li></ul><ul><li>Message : Worship of God must show itself in concrete dee...
Prophets of the  Southern Kingdom <ul><li>Isaiah </li></ul><ul><li>Largest of all the prophetic books </li></ul><ul><li>Th...
Prophets of the  Southern Kingdom <ul><li>Jeremiah </li></ul><ul><li>Shouted the love of a God who desperately wanted the ...
Prophets of the  Southern Prophets <ul><li>Micah </li></ul><ul><li>Message : Foretold a coming Messiah who would lead Isra...
The Babylonian Exile <ul><li>Living in a foreign land and intermarriage led to a loss of identity. </li></ul><ul><li>Witho...
The Message of Second Isaiah <ul><li>SUFFERING SERVANT SONGS </li></ul><ul><li>Speaks of God’s Chosen One who will bring j...
Return and Recommitment <ul><li>After the return to the Holy Land, a purified Judaism was more faithful to its vocation of...
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JC PPT 5

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  1. 1. CHAPTER 5 KINGS AND PROPHETS AWAITING THE MESSIAH By: Ave Maria Press; adapted by AHS. JESUS CHRIST: GOD’S REVELATION TO THE WORLD
  2. 2. The Bible on Friendship <ul><li>Putting others first </li></ul><ul><li>Confidentiality </li></ul><ul><li>Dependability </li></ul><ul><li>Humility </li></ul><ul><li>Positive influence </li></ul>
  3. 3. Conquest of the Promised Land
  4. 4. Joshua <ul><li>The Lord fought for Israel, and without his help, the Israelites would never have settled in the “land flowing with milk and honey.” </li></ul><ul><li>Joshua led the Israelites into the Promised Land. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Judges <ul><li>In ancient Israel, judges were those who acted as temporary military leaders, as well as arbiters of disputes within and between tribes. </li></ul><ul><li>Judges were also expected to remind the people of their responsibility to God. </li></ul><ul><li>DEBORAH </li></ul><ul><li>GIDEON </li></ul><ul><li>JEPHTHAH </li></ul><ul><li>SAMSON </li></ul>
  6. 6. Cycle of Apostasy
  7. 7. The Monarchy of Israel <ul><li>Israel’s Final Judge </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel was Israel’s last and most significant judge. </li></ul><ul><li>Toward the end of his life, the people clamored for a king. </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel warned against this. </li></ul><ul><li>Choosing a King </li></ul><ul><li>Saul was selected king but lost the kingship because he disobeyed divine commands. </li></ul><ul><li>David was anointed by Samuel to replace Saul. </li></ul><ul><li>Saul fell on his sword in despair. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Israel’s Greatest King <ul><li>David became the sole king of Israel, uniting all tribes into a single nation. </li></ul><ul><li>David brought the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem to show YHWH’s abiding presence to the new nation. </li></ul><ul><li>David had has faults for which he begged forgiveness. </li></ul><ul><li>Solomon succeeded his father as king. </li></ul>
  9. 9. A Divided Kingdom <ul><li>Solomon was known for his wisdom. </li></ul><ul><li>Solomon was corrupted by his office. </li></ul><ul><li>After his death, Israel was split into the Kingdom of Judah (south) and the Kingdom of Israel (north). </li></ul><ul><li>Assyria’s destruction of the northern kingdom in 721 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Babylonian captivity of the southern kingdom in 587-586 BC </li></ul>
  10. 10. God Sends Prophets
  11. 11. Prophets of the Northern Kingdom <ul><li>Elijah and Elisha </li></ul><ul><li>Elijah taunted the king’s pagan prophets </li></ul><ul><li>Next to Moses, Elijah is the greatest of the OT prophets. </li></ul><ul><li>He was present at Jesus’ Transfiguration </li></ul><ul><li>Elisha succeeded Elijah </li></ul>
  12. 12. Prophets of the Northern Kingdom <ul><li>Amos </li></ul><ul><li>Message : Worship of God must show itself in concrete deeds of mercy and justice to the weak and the poor. </li></ul><ul><li>Hosea </li></ul><ul><li>Message : To accuse Israel of sin and infidelity to God but show that God still loved the Chosen People </li></ul>
  13. 13. Prophets of the Southern Kingdom <ul><li>Isaiah </li></ul><ul><li>Largest of all the prophetic books </li></ul><ul><li>The Chosen People must imitate God’s holiness by righteous living and true worship. </li></ul><ul><li>Compared the nation to a vineyard that God cultivated </li></ul>
  14. 14. Prophets of the Southern Kingdom <ul><li>Jeremiah </li></ul><ul><li>Shouted the love of a God who desperately wanted the Chosen People to repent </li></ul><ul><li>Became a living symbol of God’s message </li></ul><ul><li>Compared YHWH to a potter who would mold the nation in his hands </li></ul>
  15. 15. Prophets of the Southern Prophets <ul><li>Micah </li></ul><ul><li>Message : Foretold a coming Messiah who would lead Israel to peace and justice </li></ul><ul><li>Ezekiel </li></ul><ul><li>Message : keep the Sabbath and follow the law of holiness </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Babylonian Exile <ul><li>Living in a foreign land and intermarriage led to a loss of identity. </li></ul><ul><li>Without a Temple, Jewish exiles gathered in synagogues where they studied and prayed together. </li></ul>
  17. 17. The Message of Second Isaiah <ul><li>SUFFERING SERVANT SONGS </li></ul><ul><li>Speaks of God’s Chosen One who will bring justice to the world and treat the bruised reed tenderly </li></ul><ul><li>Tells how God chose the servant before his birth </li></ul><ul><li>Describes how God’s special messenger runs into resentment </li></ul><ul><li>Parallels to Jesus Christ’s suffering—lamb led to slaughter </li></ul>
  18. 18. Return and Recommitment <ul><li>After the return to the Holy Land, a purified Judaism was more faithful to its vocation of witnessing to the nations by keeping the Law. </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus Christ—the Messiah—was born in Bethlehem while Herod the Great ruled as king of Judea. </li></ul>
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