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JC PPT 4
JC PPT 4
JC PPT 4
JC PPT 4
JC PPT 4
JC PPT 4
JC PPT 4
JC PPT 4
JC PPT 4
JC PPT 4
JC PPT 4
JC PPT 4
JC PPT 4
JC PPT 4
JC PPT 4
JC PPT 4
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JC PPT 4

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Transcript

  • 1. CHAPTER 4 THE PENTATEUCH, CREATION, COVENANT, AND THE EXODUS By Ave Maria Press, adapted by AHS JESUS CHRIST: GOD’S REVELATION TO THE WORLD
  • 2. The Writing of the Pentateuch
    • Traditionally, Moses has been named the author of the Pentateuch.
    • However, scholarship shows that the Pentateuch reached its final form after centuries of retelling, adapting, and reinterpreting oral tradition.
  • 3. Sources of the Pentateuch
    • NOT A SCIENTIFIC EXPLANATION OF THE UNIVERSE
    • USED POPULAR IMAGES TO CONVEY RELIGIOUS TRUTH
    • YAHWIST—vivid, earthy style of writing with an anthropomorphic view of God
    • ELOHIST—emphasis on prophesies; Abraham is central figure
    • DEUTERONOMIST—emphasis on morality and the Law; highlights Moses’ speeches
    • PRIESTLY—census lists, genealogies, numbers, dates, proper ways to worship
  • 4. The Creation Stories BOTH REVEAL IMPORTANT TRUTHS ABOUT GOD, CREATION, AND HUMAN BEINGS
  • 5. The First Creation Story
    • There is only one God.
    • God planned creation.
    • Everything that God made is good.
    • The Sabbath is a special day of rest and worship.
  • 6. The Second Creation Story
    • Portray God as a potter who molds Adam’s body
    • Very intimate
    • Creation of Eve from Adam’s rib shows the equal dignity of women and men
    • YHWH wants the couple “to become one,” to enter into a close relationship that mirrors God’s own relationship with them
  • 7. Why include two Creation Stories in the Bible?
  • 8. Sin Enters the World
    • The story of Fall explains why human beings are not always happy and do not live forever.
    • The Serpent became the symbol of evil.
    • Sin comes from the free will of human beings
    • “ Adam and Eve committed a personal sin , but this affected the human nature that they would then transmit in a fallen state. ”
  • 9. The Protoevangelium
    • “ I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; He will strike at your head, while you strike at his heel.” (Gn 3:15)
  • 10. Covenant with Abraham
    • Relied solely on God’s fidelity
    • This covenant was tested when God asked Abraham to sacrifice his son, Isaac, but the Lord’s messenger stopped the sacrifice.
    • Abraham is a model of faith.
  • 11. The Patriarch Israel
    • Jacob secured his father’s inheritance over his twin brother Esau.
    • God repeated the covenant to Jacob in a dream on the road at Bethel; years later, Jacob wrestled a stranger who gave Jacob a new name, Israel — “one who contends with God.”
    • Included in Jacob’s family were his twelve sons from whom came the Twelve Tribes of Israel.
  • 12. The Exodus and the Giving of the Law
    • Foundational event in the history of the Chosen People
  • 13. The Prophet Moses
    • Central figure in the Old Testament
    • God appeared to Moses in a burning bush that was not consumed by the fire.
    • God instructed Moses to lead the Chosen People to freedom.
  • 14. The Passover
    • CENTRAL TO BOTH THE JEWISH AND CHRISTIAN FAITHS
    • YHWH instructed the Chosen People to celebrate a sacred meal to remind of God’s deliverance.
    • Each Mass commemorates Jesus’ sacrifice and saving actions on the cross and makes it present.
  • 15. The Sinai Covenant
    • “ You shall be my people, and I will be your God”
    • Bound God and the Chosen People in a personal loving union
    • Revealed God’s special love and mercy for them
    • Stipulated how God’s People were to respond to his love
    • THE TEN COMMANDMENTS SUMMARIZE THE LAW
  • 16. The Exodus and the Giving of the Law
    • Challenges in the Desert
    • The people grew frustrated with Moses and made a golden calf to worship.
    • Numbers records the “murmuring” of the People against Moses.
    • It took forty years before the Chosen People could enter the Promised Land.
    • Other Themes from Leviticus and Deuteronomy
    • Leviticus stresses the theme of God’s holiness and our need to worship him with love.
    • Deuteronomy centers on God’s love of Israel and exhorts the nation to choose between obedience to God and the Law.

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