JC PPT 4

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JC PPT 4

  1. 1. CHAPTER 4 THE PENTATEUCH, CREATION, COVENANT, AND THE EXODUS By Ave Maria Press, adapted by AHS JESUS CHRIST: GOD’S REVELATION TO THE WORLD
  2. 2. The Writing of the Pentateuch <ul><li>Traditionally, Moses has been named the author of the Pentateuch. </li></ul><ul><li>However, scholarship shows that the Pentateuch reached its final form after centuries of retelling, adapting, and reinterpreting oral tradition. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Sources of the Pentateuch <ul><li>NOT A SCIENTIFIC EXPLANATION OF THE UNIVERSE </li></ul><ul><li>USED POPULAR IMAGES TO CONVEY RELIGIOUS TRUTH </li></ul><ul><li>YAHWIST—vivid, earthy style of writing with an anthropomorphic view of God </li></ul><ul><li>ELOHIST—emphasis on prophesies; Abraham is central figure </li></ul><ul><li>DEUTERONOMIST—emphasis on morality and the Law; highlights Moses’ speeches </li></ul><ul><li>PRIESTLY—census lists, genealogies, numbers, dates, proper ways to worship </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Creation Stories BOTH REVEAL IMPORTANT TRUTHS ABOUT GOD, CREATION, AND HUMAN BEINGS
  5. 5. The First Creation Story <ul><li>There is only one God. </li></ul><ul><li>God planned creation. </li></ul><ul><li>Everything that God made is good. </li></ul><ul><li>The Sabbath is a special day of rest and worship. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Second Creation Story <ul><li>Portray God as a potter who molds Adam’s body </li></ul><ul><li>Very intimate </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of Eve from Adam’s rib shows the equal dignity of women and men </li></ul><ul><li>YHWH wants the couple “to become one,” to enter into a close relationship that mirrors God’s own relationship with them </li></ul>
  7. 7. Why include two Creation Stories in the Bible?
  8. 8. Sin Enters the World <ul><li>The story of Fall explains why human beings are not always happy and do not live forever. </li></ul><ul><li>The Serpent became the symbol of evil. </li></ul><ul><li>Sin comes from the free will of human beings </li></ul><ul><li>“ Adam and Eve committed a personal sin , but this affected the human nature that they would then transmit in a fallen state. ” </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Protoevangelium <ul><li>“ I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; He will strike at your head, while you strike at his heel.” (Gn 3:15) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Covenant with Abraham <ul><li>Relied solely on God’s fidelity </li></ul><ul><li>This covenant was tested when God asked Abraham to sacrifice his son, Isaac, but the Lord’s messenger stopped the sacrifice. </li></ul><ul><li>Abraham is a model of faith. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Patriarch Israel <ul><li>Jacob secured his father’s inheritance over his twin brother Esau. </li></ul><ul><li>God repeated the covenant to Jacob in a dream on the road at Bethel; years later, Jacob wrestled a stranger who gave Jacob a new name, Israel — “one who contends with God.” </li></ul><ul><li>Included in Jacob’s family were his twelve sons from whom came the Twelve Tribes of Israel. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Exodus and the Giving of the Law <ul><li>Foundational event in the history of the Chosen People </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Prophet Moses <ul><li>Central figure in the Old Testament </li></ul><ul><li>God appeared to Moses in a burning bush that was not consumed by the fire. </li></ul><ul><li>God instructed Moses to lead the Chosen People to freedom. </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Passover <ul><li>CENTRAL TO BOTH THE JEWISH AND CHRISTIAN FAITHS </li></ul><ul><li>YHWH instructed the Chosen People to celebrate a sacred meal to remind of God’s deliverance. </li></ul><ul><li>Each Mass commemorates Jesus’ sacrifice and saving actions on the cross and makes it present. </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Sinai Covenant <ul><li>“ You shall be my people, and I will be your God” </li></ul><ul><li>Bound God and the Chosen People in a personal loving union </li></ul><ul><li>Revealed God’s special love and mercy for them </li></ul><ul><li>Stipulated how God’s People were to respond to his love </li></ul><ul><li>THE TEN COMMANDMENTS SUMMARIZE THE LAW </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Exodus and the Giving of the Law <ul><li>Challenges in the Desert </li></ul><ul><li>The people grew frustrated with Moses and made a golden calf to worship. </li></ul><ul><li>Numbers records the “murmuring” of the People against Moses. </li></ul><ul><li>It took forty years before the Chosen People could enter the Promised Land. </li></ul><ul><li>Other Themes from Leviticus and Deuteronomy </li></ul><ul><li>Leviticus stresses the theme of God’s holiness and our need to worship him with love. </li></ul><ul><li>Deuteronomy centers on God’s love of Israel and exhorts the nation to choose between obedience to God and the Law. </li></ul>

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