STOPPO DANIELA
UNIVERSITA’ DEGLI STUDI DI CAMERINO
SCUOLA DI ARCHITETTURA E DESIGN “EDUARDO VITTORIA”
TESI DI LAUREA IN PR...
Special concretes
facing
organic forms
reduced thickness
Limitation of armor
pigmentation
transparency
Formworks
Systems
E...
Architectural Concretes
Self-compacting concrete (SCC)
Fiber-reiforced concrete (FRC)
High-performance concrete (HPC)
Tras...
Formwork systems
4
It 'possible that the type of concrete used in a project affects the formwork
needed to ensure the succ...
NEGATIVELY
MATRIX
PRODUCTION IN
PLYWOOD
3D DESIGNS THAT
FIT PERFECTLY TO DIE
PRODUCTION
AND PRINTING OF
EPS
BLOCKS
NUMBERI...
6
Experimental phase: application of innovative concretes to
Design a worship building
7
8
9
PRE -
PROCESSING
PROCESSING
POST
PROCESSING
Model costruction
Analysis
(calculation)
Results
interpretation
10
It is considered a model consisting of a
main body made ​​of three walls arranged
in a trapezoidal shape that support a
be...
The types of constraints that can be assigned to the design
space are 3:
- Constraint surface;
- Constraints of the line;
...
Within the optimization software then were considered three different combination load identified with the
name of Environ...
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30% 14
PROJECT AND DESIGN
After having operated the choice of the most
interesting result of the process of ottimization, we
proc...
16
17
REFERENCES:
Fib-(Ceb-Fip), Structural Concrete, Textbook on Behaviour, design and performance, second edition, Volume 1...
THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION
DANIELA STOPPO
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The innovative use of concrete in architecture: application to a worship building

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The objective of this thesis, at this stage , is to apply the knowledge gained in the search for new types of special concrete , the design of a place of worship.
The experimental phase therefore consists 2 main parts, the first dealing with the design of the church, focusing on coverage. The second theme inside the broader structural optimization, has the goal of designing and search for the real possibility of making a concrete object having organic forms.
The church consists of a classroom where there is no liturgical separation between the presbytery and assembly area, covered by a system of 3 sails in concrete. The classroom is separated from the body of the chapel working with organic shapes, the object of experimentation.

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The innovative use of concrete in architecture: application to a worship building

  1. 1. STOPPO DANIELA UNIVERSITA’ DEGLI STUDI DI CAMERINO SCUOLA DI ARCHITETTURA E DESIGN “EDUARDO VITTORIA” TESI DI LAUREA IN PROGETTAZIONE STRUTTURALE aa 2010/2011 Relatore Prof. Ingegnere Graziano Leoni Correlatore Prof. Architetto Donatella Forconi Daniela Stoppo, Ascoli Piceno (ITALY), tel. 389 1226709, e-mail daniela.stoppo@hotmail.com ABSTRACT: The objective of this thesis , at this stage , is to apply the knowledge gained in the search for new types of special concrete , to the design of a place of worship. The experimental phase therefore consists 2 main parts, the first dealing with the design of the church , focusing on coverage. The second aspect inside the main theme of structural optimization , has the goal of designing and search for the real possibility of making a concrete object having organic forms .The church consists of a classroom where there is no liturgical separation between the presbytery and assembly area , covered by a system of 3 sails in concrete. The classroom is separated from the body of the chapel working with organic shapes , the object of experimentation. The optimization experiment was carried out in three successive stages: - Pre-processing: creation of the Global Space, choice of material eprima load analysis; - Processing: the first stage; - Processing: second stage; - Post-processing: Interpretation of results and rendering. 1
  2. 2. Special concretes facing organic forms reduced thickness Limitation of armor pigmentation transparency Formworks Systems Experimental phase: application of innovative concrete to design a worship building 2
  3. 3. Architectural Concretes Self-compacting concrete (SCC) Fiber-reiforced concrete (FRC) High-performance concrete (HPC) Trasparent concrete Special Concrete High-performace fiber reiforced concrete 3
  4. 4. Formwork systems 4 It 'possible that the type of concrete used in a project affects the formwork needed to ensure the success of the finished product? This is precisely the case of special concrete and the effects that they manifest the formwork system. In the case of self-compacting concrete, the immediate impact on the type of formwork to be used is mainly due to the pressures of the design that are created, unlike conventional concrete, in the phase of laying, in fact needed formwork systems of high quality ... In some cases it is required a special design, in fact many of the traditional systems normally used, they are not able to withstand the high pressures that the Self-compacting concrete generates.
  5. 5. NEGATIVELY MATRIX PRODUCTION IN PLYWOOD 3D DESIGNS THAT FIT PERFECTLY TO DIE PRODUCTION AND PRINTING OF EPS BLOCKS NUMBERING PLAN WITH ASSEMBLY OF PARTS AND CONSTRUCTION IN THE YARD 5
  6. 6. 6
  7. 7. Experimental phase: application of innovative concretes to Design a worship building 7
  8. 8. 8
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. PRE - PROCESSING PROCESSING POST PROCESSING Model costruction Analysis (calculation) Results interpretation 10
  11. 11. It is considered a model consisting of a main body made ​​of three walls arranged in a trapezoidal shape that support a beam inclined by 8 ° from the horizontal to which are connected the steel rods of the cover center of the liturgical . The whole is surmounted by a flat roof of a width equal to that of the beam angle. This last is responsible for transmitting the load of the roof to object to optimize, and has been defined as a "non- design space ," this means you will not be subjected to the process of optimization. The design space itself, namely the domain of the project to be optimized and therefore constituted by everything that is located below the beam, and which was then bound to the ground. Being a church dedicated to Mary Mater Ecclesiae , the idea was to create an object that remember the iconography and forms that remind a veil that opens and embraces the community gathered in the church. 11
  12. 12. The types of constraints that can be assigned to the design space are 3: - Constraint surface; - Constraints of the line; - Constraints on time. after the first stage of analysis, it was decided to choose the first class constraint which produced results of interest. The contraint was applied to the wall of the concrete to which the design-space is connected and thus not directly to the body that constitutes the domain of project. CONSTRAINTS 12
  13. 13. Within the optimization software then were considered three different combination load identified with the name of Environment. The three different environments that have come to create are: - Environment 1: the presence of the weight and the load transmitted from the catenary; - Environment 2: seismic action in a positive direction; - Environment 3: seismic action in the negative direction; They are provided three categories of results of "morphogenesis", the first taking into account the environment 1, 2 and 3 separately while the fourth is considered an envelope of the first three environments. VARIABLE OF PROJECT 13
  14. 14. 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 14
  15. 15. PROJECT AND DESIGN After having operated the choice of the most interesting result of the process of ottimization, we proceeded with the phase of post-processing Design and Graphic restitution of the object were sensitive stages in which the aesthetic side now to get into the game, the shape ... Starting point was precisely the product supplied by the optimization process, which then led to the idea of the final configuration of the object. The result chosen was one in which the mass was varied to 15%. From this level, then you could "play" conscious of knowing where to go to empty or fill the base object, the starting model. 15
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. 17 REFERENCES: Fib-(Ceb-Fip), Structural Concrete, Textbook on Behaviour, design and performance, second edition, Volume 1, Bulletin 51. T. Umoto, K. Ozawa, “ Recommendation for Self-Compacting Concrete”, Japan society of civil engeneers, Tokyo Giappone, 1999. Calcestruzzi auto-compattanti colorati per il faccia-vista architettonico,Università Politecnica delle Marche, Facoltà di Ingegneria corso di laurea in Ingegneria Edile-Archiitettura, Tesi di laurea di Federica Barchiesi,aa 2009.2010. H. Okamura and M. Ouchi/ Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology Vol. 1, No. 1, 5-15, 2003. Calcestruzzo fibro-rinforzato-Wikipedia. Graduate School F,lli Pesenti , Concrete Studies - studi e ricerche – Studies and Researches, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Strutturale, Italcement Group, Starrywnk Editrice, Volume 26, 2006. M. Collepardi, Il nuovo calcestruzzo , Tintoretto, Villorba (TV), 2003. Formworkpress_professional formwork_XV/2009_Concrete pressure: New Industry Standard . Francesco Dal Co/ Tadao Ando Vol. 2 , Electa, 2010. Daniel Weber, Marco Rovati/ Ottimizzazione topologica : formulazione, applicazioni e linee di sviluppo. Università degli studi di Trento, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Meccanica e strutturale. Tesi di Laurea di Luca Frattari/ La forma strutturale, ottimizzazione topologica in architettura_Università degli studi di Camerino, Facoltà di Architettura aa. 2008/2007. Professor Ing. Graziano Leoni/ Introduzione all’ottimizzazione strutturale “ Strategie, metodi e strumenti per la progettazione e lo sviluppo di prodotti ecosostenibili_ 2008. edited by Winfred Nerdinger in collaboration whit Irene Meissner “ Birkhauser /Frei Otto _architecturmuseum tu Munchen. Margherita Guccione /Sergio Musmeci, “il ponte e la città”,Sergio Musmeci a Potenza, Gangemi Editore, , edizione 2004. Klaus-Michael Koch /“Membrane Structures”/ ed. Prestel Innovative Building, With Film&Fabric. Paolo Desideri, P-L Nervi Jr, Giuseppe Positano /Pier Luigi Nervi/, Bologna, Zanichelli, 1979. Andrea Longhi, Carlo Tosco /Architettura chiesa e società in Italia (1948-1978, , ed. Studium, Roma. AD Architectural Design 76/5: Collective Intelligence in Design, ed. Wiley & Sons Ltd. 2006 AD Architectural Design 78/3: Interior Athmosferes, ed. Wiley & Sons Ltd. 2008. AD Architectural Design 76/6: Architexttiles, ed. Wiley & Sons Ltd. 2006. Domus , Dicembre 2005 In Concreto, calcestruzzo di qualità, Ed. Mready, n 93 marzo-aprile 2010. Wall Formwork AluFix_The wall_&_Slabs_Genius Alkus Innovation Panel_The value_Plus _ All-Plastic Facing www.meva.de www.constructionweekonline.com Giuseppe Stroppa/ Edilizia Religiosa/sezione 01 da Edilizia per il Culto, , Torino , UTET, Scienze Tecnologiche 2005. Donatella Forconi/ Il sacro e L’architettura, materiali per il progetto della chiesa contemporanea/, ed. Kappa , Milano 2005. Claudia Conforti, Roberto Dulio, Marzia Marandola / Giovanni Michelucci/ _ Mondadori Electa, 2006. Anna Rita Emili, La copertura: tema architettonico , Architettura Diagonale editore, Roma, 1999.
  18. 18. THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION DANIELA STOPPO
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