C U LT U R E • full range of learned human behavior patterns • complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, custom and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of a society
What constitutes the cultural system* of a society?*It is the interaction of different elements of culture.
I. Material Culture• refers to the physical tools objects, resources, and spaces that people use to define their culture homes churches goods school neighborhood
II. Non-material culture• nonphysical ideas that people have about their culture, including beliefs, values, rules, norms, morals, language, organizations, and institutions A. COMMUNICATION COMPONENT 1.Symbol 2. Language
II. Non-material culture B.BEHAVIORAL COMPONENT 1. Norms 2. Mores 3. Laws 4. Rituals
II. Non-material cultureC. COGNITIVE COMPONENT 1. Ideas 2. Knowledge 3. Belief 4. Value
Character/state, majorproblems & challenges of the Philippine cultural system
State of Philippine Culture The Philippines is innately rich in culture. However, the nation has been suffering with the disease that is an “absence of a strong and sovereign national culture” since the 19th century, when Western invasion was at its peak. For the most, the country has been trapped between local tradition and modernization since then.Pertierra, Raul. "Culture, Social Science, and the Conceptualization of the Philippine Nation State" Kasarinlan: Philippine Journal of Third World Studies [Online], 12 14 Apr 2010
State of Philippine CulturePhilippine tribes have retained some of the older traditions of oral storytelling, and art forms such as rattan weaving, woodcarving, and textile weaving. Filipino music has synthesized the best of its Spanish and American past although unique folk dances such as tinikling and singkil continue to be popular.http://thephilipppines.ph/tag/philippine-culture/
State of Philippine CultureDamaged Culture: A New Philippines? by James Fallows• ON FILIPINO FRIENDSHIPS: “…total devotion to those within the circle, total war on those outside”.• “Practically everything that is public in the Philippines seems neglected or abused”.• “Tradition of political corruption & cronyism, extremes of wealth & poverty, tribal fragmentation…”http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/1987/11/a-damaged- culture-a-new-philippines/7414/
Major Problems and Challenges This is from The Socio-Cultural Situation in thePhilippines by Nestor Castro, PhD (UP Diliman).“The situation of the Philippines is not too different from that of other countries in Southeast Asia. It is confronted by many socio-cultural challenges, such as rapid population growth, poverty, ethnic andreligious conflicts, and other social problem.”
Major Problems and Challenges1. FILIPINO DIASPORA “Many Filipinos become ashamed of being Filipinos and tend to think that the culture of foreigners is more superior to their own”.
Major Problems and Challenges2. CULTURAL LANDSCAPE Various ethnicities, languages and dialects have emerged in different parts of the country. Linguistic difference is the primary criterion for ethnic identity.
Major Problems and Challenges3. PRODUCT OF HISTORY The distinction between the “ethnic majority” and the “ethnic minority” is a product of the Philippines’ colonial past.
Major Problems and Challenges4. OVERPOPULATION & POVERTY -Traced back to the elite-dominated power structure compounded by the lack of economic planning and political foresight
Key factors/conditions responsible for the current character/stateof the country’s cultural system
C O L O N I Z AT I O N Spaniards and Americans greatly influenced the current character of our countrys cultural system.clothing arts values music language religion literature
MEDIABecause of media, so many Western ideas have infiltrated the Filipino culture.
TECHNOLOGYTechnology has made interaction with other countries easier; and hence, the mix of their culture with ours.