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  • 1. SURVIVING LECTURES TOOLS & METHODS FOR VISUAL LEARNERS©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 2. “I draw pictures…©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 3. “I draw pictures… all day” quote from Veer.com©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 4. I will explain…©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 5. “I learn better by seeing things…”©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 6. “I need you to show me…”©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 7. students will self diagnose as©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 8. Visual Learners©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 9. ? read?? bd©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 10. ? read?? listen?? bd©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 11. ? read?? listen?? do math?? bd©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 12. ? read?? listen?? do math?? write a paper?? bd©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 13. but the chief enemy©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 14. Lectures this way
  • 15. sigh!
  • 16. their best friend©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 17. doodles done in a lecture
  • 18. but is doodling in class a bad thing?©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 19. 37%are visual learners Linda Silverman Director Institute for the Study of Advanced Development & the Gifted Development Center Author of Counseling the Gifted and Talented Upside-Down Brilliance ©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 20. our ancestors doodled©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 21. gasulla gorge (Gardner, 1991, p. 37) ©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 22. our presidents doodle©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 23. ronald reagan’sAssistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu ©2012 Alma Hoffmann | doodles: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=6118892
  • 24. famous writers doodled©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 25. mark twain http://flavorwire.com/147177/idle-doodles-by-famous-authors ©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 26. Bill Gates doodles©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 27. bill gates http://macdailynews.com/2005/01/31/experts_say_bill_gates_doodles_show_hes_stressed_and_tense/ ©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 28. Picasso doodled©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 29. picasso’s doodle http://absentmindeddrawing.blogspot.com/2011/06/picasso-doodles.html ©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 30. Leonardo doodled©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 31. Leonardo doodledleonardo’s doodles (Zöllner 2004) ©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 32. Leonardo doodledleonardo’s doodles (Zöllner 2004) ©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 33. we are wired to respond to visual data or stimuli ©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 34. empathy is a function of the brain Carol S. Jeffers Professor at California State University, USA On Empathy: The Mirror Neuron System and Art Education©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 35. so why do students seem to not pay attention?©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 36. we have been trained and train them to not pay attention©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 37. WHAT??©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 38. ©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 39. “ Part of the problem stems from a pattern of learning that simply requires memorization of information, and no evaluation of the information is required.” Joseph D. Novak Professor Emeritus at Cornell University The Theory Underlying Concept Maps and How to Construct and Use Them©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 40. ©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 41. …see learning as a blur of myriad facts, dates, names, equations, “ or procedural rules to be memorized. For these students, the subject matter of most disciplines, and especially science, mathematics, and history, is a cacophony of information to memorize, and they usually find this boring. Joseph D. Novak Professor Emeritus at Cornell University The Theory Underlying Concept Maps and How to Construct and Use Them©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 42. a walk to memory land…©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 43. and assimiliation©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 44. technology integration in lectures ©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 45. students were even more passive ©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 46. “ you are going to upload the presentation anyway…©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 47. 2009 ©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 48. 2009 a turning point ©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 49. no more!©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 50. business strategist who uses visual thinking
  • 51. but change is hard to do…©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 52. change is hard to do…caught a student doodling while I was lecturing ©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 53. what is it about doodling©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 54. bad reputation©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 55. doodle: “meaningless marks, to do something of little value… to dawdle, to dilly dally, to monkey around, to make my personal favorite— to do nothing.” Sunny Brown Author & Doodler Gamestorming©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 56. “doing nothing at work is the equivalent of masturbating at work” Sunny Brown Author & Doodler Gamestorming©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 57. “doodling is really to make spontaneous marks to help yourself think…” Sunny Brown Author & Doodler Gamestorming©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 58. doodling is really to make spontaneous marks tohelp yourself think…” | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu ©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor Sunny Brown
  • 59. doodlers recalled29%more information Jackie Andrade Professor of Psychology University of Plymouth What does Doodling do? Applied Cognitive Psychology Journal Feb. 2009 ©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 60. not convinced?©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 61. benefits kinesthetic Jesse Berg, M.I President of The Visual Leap Educator Instructional Technologist Visual Learning Expert©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 62. benefits kinesthetic multi sensory Jesse Berg, M.I President of The Visual Leap Educator Instructional Technologist Visual Learning Expert©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 63. benefits kinesthetic multi sensory engages different areas of the brain Jesse Berg, M.I President of The Visual Leap Educator Instructional Technologist Visual Learning Expert©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 64. benefits kinesthetic multi sensory engages different areas of the brain Jesse Berg, M.I President of The Visual Leap Educator Instructional Technologist Visual Learning Expert©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 65. benefits connect concepts in tactile and visual manner Jesse Berg, M.I President of The Visual Leap Educator Instructional Technologist Visual Learning Expert©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 66. benefits connect concepts in tactile and visual manner helps in decision making Jesse Berg, M.I President of The Visual Leap Educator Instructional Technologist Visual Learning Expert©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 67. benefits connect concepts in tactile and visual manner helps in decision making clarifies ideas Jesse Berg, M.I President of The Visual Leap Educator Instructional Technologist Visual Learning Expert©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 68. benefits helps identify the underlying structure of an argument Jesse Berg, M.I President of The Visual Leap Educator Instructional Technologist Visual Learning Expert©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 69. gallery©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 70. doodling is really to make spontaneous marks tohelp yourself think…” Sunny Brown
  • 71. doodling is really to make spontaneous marks tohelp yourself think…” Sunny Brown
  • 72. students’ doodles©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 73. natural and spontaneous content organization
  • 74. natural and spontaneous content organization
  • 75. sometimes they feel my pain
  • 76. discussing oral presentations: visual metaphors
  • 77. they listen to advise
  • 78. and apply it to other classes
  • 79. but you are a designer©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 80. “ sketchbooks [doodling] are not about being a good artist, they are about being a good thinker” Jason Santa María Designer, educator and speaker©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 81. the key components©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 82. listen : synthetize : visualize in real time Craighton Berman Lead designer at gravitytank©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 83. the key elements©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 84. line letters connectors bullets shadows frames and sticky figures!©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 85. let’s practice! Gever Tully http://www.ted.com/talks/gever_tulley_on_5_dangerous_things_for_kids.html©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 86. thank you!©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 87. sources 1. Absent Minded Drawing." : Picasso Doodles. 8 June 2011. Web. 23 Feb. 2012. <http://absentmindeddrawing.blogspot.com/2011/06/picasso- doodles.html>. 2. Andrade, Jackie. "What Does Doodling Do?" Applied Cognitive Psychology 24 (2010): 100-06. Print. 3. Andrade, Jackie. "What Does Doodling Do?" Applied Cognitive Psychology (2009). Wiley InterScience. Wiley, 27 Feb. 2009. Web. <http:// interscience.wiley.com>. 4. Berg, Jesse. "Doodles and Visual Thinking." Telephone interview. 22 Feb. 2012. 5. Berg, Jesse. "Visual Spatial Learners." The Visual Leap. The Visual Leap. Web. 20 Feb. 2012. <https://www.thevisualleap.com/ about_visualspatiallearners>. 6. Berman, Craighton. "Sketchnotes 101: The Basics of Visual Note-Taking." Core77. 21 June 2011. Web. <http://www.core77.com/blog>. 7. Berman, Craighton. "Sketchnotes 101: Visual Thinking." Core77. 6 June 2011. Web <http://www.core77.com/blog>. 8. Bonneville, Douglas. "Why Graphic Designers Should Learn to Draw." Bonfx.com 4 May 2010. Web. <http://bonfx.com>. 9. Brown, Sunni. "Sunni Brown: Doodlers, Unite! | Video on TED.com." TED: Ideas worth Spreading. TED, Sept. 2011. Web. 16 Feb. 2012. <http://www.ted.com/talks/sunni_brown.html>. 10. "Doodle Meanings." Doodle Meanings - National Doodle Day Friday March 2, 2012. Web. <http://doodle.epilepsy.org.uk/meanings/ index.html>. 11. Gardner, Helen, Richard G. Tansey, and Fred S. Kleiner. Gardners Art through the Ages. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace College, 1996. Print. 12. Gardner, Howard. "Can Technology Exploit Our Many Ways of Knowing?" 32-35. Http://www.howardgardner.com. Web. <http:// www.howardgardner.com>. 13. Gardner, Howard. "A Multiplicity of Intelligences: In Tribute to Professor Luigi Vignolo." Http://www.howardgardner.com/Papers/papers.html. Web. <http://www.howardgardner.com/Papers/papers.html>. 14. "Get Smart - Doodle!" Weblog post. Timtim. 2 Mar. 2009. Web. <http://www.timtim.com>. 15. "Great Performances . Educational Resources . Howard Gardners Multiple Intelligences Theory . Overview | PBS." PBS: Public Broadcasting Service. Web. 16 Feb. 2012. <http://www.pbs.org/wnet/gperf/education/ed_mi_overview.html>. 16. Greenberg, David, and Paul Collins. Presidential Doodles: Two Centuries of Scribbles, Scratches, Squiggles & Scrawls from the Oval Office. New York, NY: Basic, 2006. Print. 17. Jeffers, Carol. "On Empathy: The Mirror Neuron System and Art Education." International Journal of Education and the Arts 10.15 (2009). 18. Lowry, Cheryl. "Doodling: An Antidote for Digital Distraction." Flip the Media. University of Washington, Master of Communication in Digital Media, 5 July 2011. Web. <http://flipthemedia.com/index.php/2011/07/doodling-an-antidote-for-digital-distraction/>. 19. "MacDailyNews." Experts Say Bill Gates’ Doodles Show He’s ‘stressed and Tense, Not a Natural Leader’ (with Image) –. Mac Daily News, 31 Jan. 2005. Web. 23 Feb. 2012. <http://macdailynews.com/2005/01/31/experts_say_bill_gates_doodles_show_hes_stressed_and_tense/>. 20. Meggs, Philip. The History of Graphic Design. John Wiley & Sons, 2006. Print.©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu
  • 88. sources 21. Novak, J.D. & A. J. Cañas, The Theory Underlying Concept Maps and How to Construct and Use Them, Technical Report IHMC Cmap Tools 2006-01 Rev 01-2008, Florida Institute for Human and Machine Cognition, 2008. 22. Porter, Joshua, and Joshua Brewer. "Sketch, Sketch, Sketch." Weblog post. 52weeksofux. 21 Jan. 2010. Web. <http://52weeksofux.com>. 23. Roam, Dan. The Back of the Napkin: Solving Problems and Selling Ideas with Pictures. New York: Portfolio, 2008. Print. 24. Rohde, Mike. "Sketching: The Visual Thinking Power Tool." A List Apart. 25 Jan. 2011. Web. <http://alistapart.com>. 25. Salisbury, Martin, and Morag Styles London. Childrens Picturebooks The Art of Visual Storytelling. London: Laurence King Pub, 2012. Print. 26. Sample, Ian. "Doodling Should Be Encouraged in Boring Meetings, Claims a Psychologist." The Guardian. The Guardian, 26 Feb. 2009. Web. <http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2009/feb/27/doodling-doodles-boring-meetings-concentration>. 27. Santa Maria, Jason. "Pretty Sketchy." Weblog post. Jason Santa Maria. 22 Apr. 2009. Web. <http://v4.jasonsantamaria.com>. 28. Silverman, Linda Ph.D., and Jeffrey N. Freed, M.A.T. “Strategies for Gifted Visual-Spatial Learners.” Gifted Development Center, Denver, Colorado 29. Silverman, Linda Ph.D. “The Visual-Spatial Learner.” Gifted Development Center, Denver, Colorado 30. Spiegel, Alix. "Bored? Try Doodling to Keep the Brain on Task." Morning Edition. NPR. 12 Mar. 2009. NPR. NPR, 12 Mar. 2009. Web. <http:// www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=101727048>. 31. Temple, Emily. "Idle Doodles by Famous Authors." Weblog post. Flavorwire. 30 Jan. 2011. Web. <http://www.flavorwire.com>. 32. "Visual Spatial Learners." The Visual Leap. Web. <https://www.thevisualleap.com/about_visualspatiallearners.html>. 33. "What Is Visual Thinking." The Visual Leap. Web. <https://thevisualleap.com>. 34. Zollner, Frank, and Johannes Nathan. Leonardo Da Vinci: Sketches and Drawings. Taschen, 2004. Print.©2012 Alma Hoffmann | Assistant Professor | Visual Communication and Design | IPFW | hoffmann@ipfw.edu