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  • 1. Delegation
  • 2. Meaning
    • The device of distributing authority
    • is ‘delegation’ or conferring of specific authority.
  • 3. Definition
    • Delegation is the assignment of authority and responsibility to another person (normally from a manager to a subordinate) to carry out specific activities.
    • - Internet. 
  • 4.
    • 2. It is the process of assigning
    • responsibilities and authority of co-worker
    • and ensuring his accountability.
    • - Basavanthappa.
  • 5.
    • 3. American Nurses Association (1996)
      • Transfer of responsibility for the performance of a task from one individual to another.
    • 4. National Council of State Boards of Nursing (1995)
      • Transferring the authority to a competent individual to perform a selected nursing task in a selected situation.
  • 6.
    • 5. Achieving performance of care outcomes for which are accountable and responsible by sharing activities with other individuals who have the appropriate authority to accomplish the work (Yoder-Wise, 2008).
  • 7. Components of delegation
    • Care outcomes - patient care is safely provided
    • Accountable and Responsible - both supervisor and delegatee have an obligation to care for that patient and ensure the task is completed
  • 8.
    • Sharing activities – both the supervisor and delegatee work together to accomplish care
    • Appropriate authority – the supervisor selects the appropriate person to delegate the task
  • 9. Essential aspects/dimensions:
    • There are three essential aspects or dimensions
    • Assignments of the duty.
    • Grant of authority.
    • Creation of accountability.
  • 10. Principles of delegation:
    • Assignment of authority.
    • Parity of authority.
    • Clarification of limits of authority.
    • Unity of command.
  • 11. Five rights of delegation
    • Right Task
    • Right Circumstance
    • Right Person
    • Right Communication
    • Right Supervision
  • 12. Responsibilities of Delegator
    • As the delegator, the supervisor/incharge nurse must
    • Have a view of the big picture in the care of the assigned patients
    • Select the appropriate activities to delegate
    • Select the appropriate staff to carry out the activities
  • 13.
    • Clearly communicate the expectations and required follow up
    • Follow up periodically while the task is being completed
    • Evaluate and provide feedback on the effectiveness of the delegation to staff.
  • 14. Responsibilities of Delegatee
    • The delegatee also has responsibilities including
      • Accepting the delegated activities as directed by the nurse supervisor
      • Give report to supervisor on the delegated task
      • Give feedback to delegator on the effectiveness of the delegation process
  • 15. Legal Authority to Delegation
    • Legal responsibility for the incharge nurse to delegate a task is determined by
      • Nurse Practice Act
      • Employer’s statements including job descriptions, policies, and procedures
      • National standards of care
        • American Nurses Association (ANA)
        • Other national organizations