Lawsuit ppt


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Lawsuit ppt

  1. 1. What is a Lawsuit?<br />A process through which disputes are heard and settled.<br /> <br />Two parties, a plaintiff and a defendant, enter into a formal contest to persuade an impartial third party to accept their version of the dispute.<br />
  2. 2. Complexities in Hearing and Deciding Cases<br /> <br />- Each side of a story has its own individual complexities.<br /> <br />- A judge’s job is to make fair decisions that are accepted by both parties.<br />
  3. 3. Common Laws<br />- Common Laws were established so that citizens, as well as the courts, had a guide to follow when hearing and deciding rulings on cases. <br />Why do people Sue?<br />- The most common reason people sue one another is over the repayment of a debt.<br />- Lawsuits also occur in order to determine responsibility between two parties.<br />
  4. 4. Who is involved in Lawsuits?<br />- Plaintiff – The individual who brings the lawsuit to court.<br />- Defendant – The individual whom which the complaint is being made against.<br />
  5. 5. Types of Lawsuits include:<br />A. Civil Law<br />- Lawsuits held between two parties that typically involve issues concerning contractual agreements, such as money, property rights, divorce, or slander. <br />- Contractual Law – Lawsuits involving debt collection between two parties. Contractual law can also involve disputes over a service as well.<br /> <br />- Lawsuits Over Tort – This body of law tries to make sense of wrongdoings, which harm the interest of another.<br />
  6. 6. Types of Lawsuits cont:<br />B. Criminal Law – Lawsuits held in enforcement of the law.<br />- These cases vary based on the law, as well as the state in which the case is in question.<br />- Criminal Law cases must meet jurisdictional requirements. Jurisdiction is determined by:<br /> - The Constitution <br />- General statuses establishing jurisdiction for a level of court<br />- Specific statuses authorizing the establishment of the court in question<br /> - Statuses creating other courts in the same country that may affect the jurisdiction of the court in question<br /> - Statuses dealing with specific subject matters<br />
  7. 7. Texas Court Structure <br /> <br />- Justice Courts<br />- County Courts<br />- District Courts<br />- Court of Appeals<br />- Supreme Court<br />- Court of Criminal Appeals<br />
  8. 8. What is the process of a lawsuit?<br />- The Civil Process – Cases concerning Property Disputes, Breach of Contract, Family Matters (such as divorce), Negligence and Personal Injury<br /> <br /> - Pre Trial<br /> - The Trial Process<br /> <br /> - Jury Selection<br /> - Opening Statements<br /> - Presentation of Evidence<br /> - Defense Response<br /> - Closing Arguments<br /> - Jury Deliberation<br /> - Juror Consensus<br /> - Judge’s Decision<br />
  9. 9. Options to Dispute Court’s Ruling:<br />- Appeal the Outcome – After the ruling in a civil trial, both parties have the right to appeal the court’s decision.<br /> <br />- The appeal is usually based on an error made during the trial.<br /> <br />
  10. 10. What are your options when being sued for debt?<br /> <br /> - Make a list of all your debts<br /> <br /> - Try to settle outside of court<br /> <br />If you are being sued for a debt and do not show up in court, default judgment will most likely occur. <br /> <br /> - Default Judgment will usually go against the party being sued. <br />
  11. 11. What can you lose in a lawsuit?<br />- Garnishment of wages<br />- Money attained from selling personal property and assets<br />- Depending on the type of lawsuit, individuals could serve jail time<br />What can be sued?<br /> <br />- Individuals <br />- Partnerships<br />- Businesses<br />- Religious Organizations<br />
  12. 12. Do I need an Attorney?<br />- Attorneys have an understanding of the laws, as well as how the law affects you.<br />- Attorneys have experience representing clients in court and can help you resolve your legal issues<br />For more information about Lawsuits or to consult with a professional attorney: <br />Contact Allmand & Lee <br />214-884-4176<br />