Cognitive Learning Theory Allison Sullivan EME2040
Menu What? Who? How? In my classroom? The end
What? Resulting from behaviorism, cognitive psychologists argue that learning is not simply a reactionary device of the human brain; but an intricate web of thoughts, ideas, realizations and acquired information.
What is Cognitive Learning Theory? A theory which suggests that certain activities, like thinking and remembering, are actually behaviors that lead to learning. When approached as behaviors, the actions can be used to analyze and measure their effect on learning. Approaches to the theory: Paivio’s Dual Coding theory Gagne’s nine events of instruction Gardner’s theory of Multiple Intelligences Bloom’s Taxonomy of Learning
Who? Allan Paivio Dual Coding proposes that information processing takes place in two, clearly different ways: Processing for Images Processing for Language With three sub processes: Representational Referential Associative What this means for learning and education, is that all three of these sub processes could be utilized together to understand a complex subject, like another language.
Who? Robert Gagne In order to measure successful integration he acknowledged five areas of learning objectives: Verbal information, Intellectual skills, Cognitive Strategies, Motor Skills, and Attitudes. This lead him to discover what conditions were optimal for students to learn, and lead him to identifying the nine events of instruction.
Who? Howard Gardner Multiple Intelligences Theory that that concluded that individuals use eight different intelligences to perceive and understand the world. Lingustic-Verbal Logical-mathematical Spatial-Visual Body-Kinesthetic Musical Interpersonal Intrapersonal Naturalist Each student contains the ability to utilize each intelligence, but in most cases, there are one, or maybe a few, that dominate over the rest.
Who? Benjamin Bloom Bloom’s Taxonomy identifies six levels of skills that are used to understand a topic and reach a level of mastery for the subject.
How can this theory be used in the classroom?Multiple Intelligence theory could be each teacher’s tool to understanding and developing each of their student’s learning capabilities and habits on an individual basis..Each intelligence can be both identified and cultivated with the use of technology in the classroom by the teacher personalizing instruction and curriculum.
Multiple Intelligence Integration In my classroomIn my opinion, this is the most diversely disciplined approach to educational theory, which has the world to do with my personal teaching theory.I also feel understanding these abilities can make all of the difference when requiring teamwork or group assignments. By recognizing the strengths each student has
In my classroomFor instance, when assigning presentations on geocacheing, I would take the following into account:I’ve already recognized that Cody has an interpersonal, naturalist, spatial-visual ability to learn. I would team him with Katie who is also interpersonal, but also linguistic-verbal and logical-mathematical. By understanding their strengths before teaming them together, I’ve made sure they can play on each other’s abilities and communicate efficiently to complete the objective.