Causes• Hirsutism arises from excess male hormones called androgens.
This excess of male hormones may come from:•Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome•Genetics•Tumors on the adrenal gland or ovaries•Cushing’s Syndrome•Anabolic steroids
Symptoms of Hirsutism include:• Irregular menstrual periods• Acne• Loss of feminine body shape• Signs of masculinity in femalesSigns of masculinity are the main symptom of this disease (particularly the growth of dark and coarse hair on the face, chest, and back.)
• Hirsutism may also be caused by some medications such as: Anabolic steroids Danazol Metoclopramide Methyldopa Phenothiazines Reserpine
• Affects both men and women• However, most men are not diagnosed with this disease because hair growth in these areas is not abnormal.• 8% of adult women have Hirsutism
• One method of evaluating and quantifying Hirsutisnm is the Ferriman-Gallwey score.• This is a representation of hair growth in a male pattern on a woman shown in four different degrees of severity in 9 different body parts.• The 9 body parts are: Upper lip Chin Chest Upper back Lower back Upper abdomen Lower abdomen Upper arms Thighs Legs Forearms*Legs and forearms used to be a part of the Ferriman-Gallwey score but are no longer included.
• The numbers are added up to a maximum count of 36.• A final tally of 6 or more is enough to indicate Hirsutism
• There are no cures for this lifelong disease.• However, there are ways of dealing with it: Plucking Shaving Waxing Chemical hair softeners Laser hair-removal Electrolysis (small needle is inserted into the hair follicle, and a small current of electricity is applied to kill it ) Estrogen containing medicines
Works Cited•Dr. Anis (Jan 4, 2011). Hirsutism. Retrieved fromhttp://memyselfanis.wordpress.com/2011/01/04/hirsutism/•Ferriman D, Gallwey JD (1961). Journal of Clinical Endocrinology. Retrievedfrom Clinical assessment of body hair growth in women.•Goodman N, Bledsoe M, Cobin R, Futterweit W, Goldzieher J, Petak S, SmithK, Steinberger E (2001). Endocrine Practice. Retrieved from AmericanAssociation of Clinical Endocrinologists Hyperandrogenism Guidelines.•MayoClinic staff (2012). Hirsutism. Retrieved fromhttp://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hirsutism/DS00858•UMMC staff (2011). Hirsutism. Retrieved fromhttp://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hirsutism/DS00858•Linda V (Feb 7, 2011). Excessive or Unwanted Hair in Women. Retrieved fromhttp://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003148.htm
Works Cited (continued)•Melissa H, Peter C (June 15, 2003). Evaluation and Treatment of Women withHirsutism. Retrieved from http://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0615/p2565.html•Ricardo A (May 2003). The Evaluation and Management of Hirsutism. Retrievedfrom http://www.utilis.net/Morning%20Topics/Gynecology/Hirsutism.pdf•Akhyani M, Danesh Pazhooh M, Barzegari M, Ghandi N, Ghiasi M, ChenariZ, Soudavari S (2006). Frequency of Hirsutism. Retrived fromhttp://iranjd.ir/abstract.asp?articleID=1390•Basil H (Aug 1, 2011). Dermatologic Manifestations of Hirsutism. Retrieved fromhttp://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1072031-overview•Gold Bamboo (Feb 23, 2012). Hair Growth, Excessive. Retrieved fromhttp://www.goldbamboo.com/topic-t8224-a1-6Hirsuitism.htm•Dr. Balasaraswathy (Sep 12, 2010) Skin Care N Cure. Retrieved fromhttp://www.skincarencure.com/hirsutism.htm•Robert R (Dec 5, 2005). Hirsutism. Retrieved fromhttp://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMcp033496