Perspectives and Opportunities on Sustainable Housing in Mexico


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Presentation by Evangelina Hirata, Deputy General Director, National Housing Commission (CONAVI), Mexico, at the Alliance to Save Energy's Sept. 17 2009 Summit: "All Roads Lead to Copenhagen"

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Perspectives and Opportunities on Sustainable Housing in Mexico

  2. 2. <ul><li>To establish Mexico’s Housing Policy </li></ul><ul><li>To propose housing sector regulations and policies and promote the generation of uniform systems and regulations that harmonize the criteria for quality housing </li></ul><ul><li>To promote sustainable housing development. </li></ul>CONAVI – Mexico’s National Housing Agency
  3. 3. Fuente: CONAVI Since the 90´s, the housing sector has grown at an annual rate of 17% creating a “boom” in housing…
  4. 4. Housing Mortgages <ul><ul><ul><li>- Nearly 1.6 million new houses are expected to be built from 2009-2012 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>period. This represents a real energy and environmental challenge. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Housing Public Policy <ul><li>Urban Redensification </li></ul><ul><li>DUIS.- Integrated Sustainable Urban Developments </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Criteria for Sustainable Housing </li></ul>TERRITORIAL PLANNING URBAN DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE HOUSING
  6. 6. <ul><li>Promote sustainability policy for housing and urban development </li></ul>Strategic Programs <ul><li>Technical Criteria for Sustainable Housing Developments </li></ul><ul><li>Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol. Methodology for sustainable housing </li></ul><ul><li>To implement a Residential Building Code , that will include regulations for a safe, reliable and habitable construction in an urban context </li></ul><ul><li>Federal subsidies for new houses and Green Mortgage </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>International Code Council </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the year 2004, CONAVI and the ICC worked together to develop the Residential Building Code. The Code was based on the code system model of the United States as well as it´s implementation. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Residential Building Code </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The code regulates for a safe, reliable and habitable construction in </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>an urban context, and technical criteria for sustainability. These includes: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Site selection and urban design </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Development of infrastructure and urban services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Housing design, energy efficiency solutions, water management and solid waste </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Construction systems and specifications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Building materials </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Home maintenance </li></ul></ul></ul>Source: Secretariat of Energy Residential Building Code
  8. 8. <ul><li>CONAVI promotes and coordinates the first CDM program in Mexico on Sustainable Housing. </li></ul><ul><li>This program allows projects that individually would not be feasible for CDM, to have access to Carbon Stock Certificates. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The methodology was approved by the Executive Board of the Clean Development Mechanism of UNFCC on July 17th </li></ul></ul></ul>Clean Development Mechanism Program (CDM)
  9. 9. Methodology (CDM) for Sustainable Housing <ul><li>This methodology is applied to large housing developments with common characteristics, such as built area, building materials, cost, and socio-economic level of occupants. </li></ul><ul><li>It incorporates different combinations of technological elements: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>efficient lighting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>thermal envelope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>solar water heating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>photovoltaic electricity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>efficient air conditioning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>systems for water saving </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It requires the development of a database to provide information about gas emissions from houses. </li></ul><ul><li>It requires establishing a monitoring system between the traditional housing as the baseline and sustainable housing. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Sustainable housing <ul><li>Energy Efficiency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- The residential sector represents 32% of the energy consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Energy in the residential sector is mainly used for lighting, gas, space heating and cooling, use of appliances. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Consumed electricity per home in a temperate climate is approximately </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>of 2.4 KWh per year </li></ul></ul></ul>Residential Industrial Energy includes: Natural Gas, LP Gas and Electricity. Source: Secretariat of Energy
  11. 11. <ul><li>- CO 2 Reduction </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- If we consider 100,000 new sustainable homes per year and reductions in emissions of 1.5 Ton of CO 2 / per house / per year, we could generate 150,000 CER´s ( certified emission reductions) per year. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Each CER could be sold in approximately 10 USD. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>150,000 CER’s x 10 USD = 1,150,000 USD / per year </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- The methodology was developed to estimate reductions in emissions as a result of efficient use of energy in homes. </li></ul></ul></ul>Sustainable housing UNFCC: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
  12. 12. <ul><li>2009 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>T he Executive Board of the Clean Development Mechanism of UNFCC approved the methodology to estimate emissions reductions as a result of efficient use of energy in homes in July 17th. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>2010 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elaboration of Program of Activities Design Document and registration of new projects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>2011-2012 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Consolidation of MDL Program, calculation of emission reductions and its </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>certification CER’s </li></ul></ul></ul>Next steps…
  13. 13. Housing Subsidies <ul><li>Federal Government contributes 4.5 million dollars in housing subsidies for low-income families. </li></ul><ul><li>Subsidies for: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Purchasing new homes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Existing homes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lots with services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Home Improvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promotion of social house production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction of new home by the owner </li></ul></ul>Homes have to include the basic sustainable technical criteria
  14. 14. Sustainable housing <ul><li>Green Mortgage and Federal Subsidies </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Green mortgage given by Infonavit is based on additional credit capacity to pay </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>for the eco-technologies. The buyer is able to afford this larger credit capacity by </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>saving in the consumption of electricity, gas and water result of the new </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>technologies. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The federal government through the program “Esta es tu casa”, contributes to </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the building of sustainable housing by giving subsidies to low income housing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>buyers that are not able to cover financing granted. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The house owner will be saving on: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Energy consumption </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Utility payments (gas, electricity and water) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- CO2 emissions </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Final remarks <ul><li>Through federal programs, home builders are encouraged to build low income housing that includes sustainable characteristics. </li></ul><ul><li>The manufacturer sector of green technologies has grown to offer home builders, the products they need at a much more competitive price. </li></ul><ul><li>The challenge is that every new house that is built in Mexico, it's built with sustainable criteria that will be traduced in energy savings and CO2 reductions to the atmosphere among others. </li></ul>
  16. 16. National Housing Comission Evangelina Hirata Nagasako [email_address]
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