Mechanical Insulation: The Forgotten Technology
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Mechanical Insulation: The Forgotten Technology

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Ron King...

Ron King
May 25, 2010

Energy efficiency is often conveyed through images of compact fluorescent light bulbs or sleek, new technologies.

However, efficiency opportunities are not always complex or sophisticated. Simply put, insulation—both for mechanical equipment and buildings—is among the most effective, proven, common sense approaches to minimizing thermal energy loss.

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Mechanical Insulation: The Forgotten Technology Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Mechanical Insulation: The Forgotten Technology High-Performance Insulation: Increasing Energy Efficiency, Protecting the Environment, Creating Jobs, and Stimulating our Economy May 25, 2010 1
  • 2. Hot Flashes, Cold Spots & Excess Gas Mechanical Insulation, The Forgotten Technology, Can Help May 25, 2010 2
  • 3. An Unprecedented Alliance May 2009 National Insulation Association and International Association of Heat and Frost Insulators and Allied Workers With the changes in our nation’s capital and the economy, NIA and the International recognize an unprecedented opportunity to help our nation move toward energy efficiency and independence, protecting the environment, and job creation/preservation. 3
  • 4. Defining Mechanical Insulation MECHANICAL INSULATION encompasses all thermal, acoustical, and personnel and life safety requirements in Industrial and Commercial Building applications: > Mechanical piping and equipment, hot and cold applications > Heating, Ventilation & Air Conditioning (HVAC) applications > Refrigeration and other low - temperature piping and equipment applications 4
  • 5. Mechanical Insulation Saving Energy, Protecting the Environment, Creating Jobs Private Sector Industrial Market Commercial Market Government Sector 5
  • 6. Mechanical Insulation Industry Segments Commercial, HVAC & Industrial Food Processing Retail & Wholesale Industry Pulp & Paper Industry Schools Education Sector District Heating Hospitals Healthcare Sector Multi-Family Residences Manufacturing Petroleum Industry Power & Process Industries Office Buildings Entertainment Industry Chemical Industry OEM, Marine, Cryogenic, Refractory, Metal Building 6
  • 7. The Importance of Insulation Mechanical insulation is the “Rodney Dangerfield” of energy conservation, emission reduction, job creation, and many other initiatives! “No respect” for the potential benefits of mechanical insulation or the potential Return on Investment (ROI) Mechanical insulation is the “Forgotten Technology” 7
  • 8. Mechanical insulation is the “Forgotten Technology”  The thickness of mechanical insulation has not substantially changed in 20 years  10-30% of all mechanical insulation is missing or damaged within 1-3 years of initial installation 8
  • 9. ASHRAE 90.1 History 5 4 1/2 4 Pipe Insulation Insulation Thickness, in. 3 1/2 3 275F/2" NPS 225F/4"NPS Commercial Sector 2 1/2 180F/2"NPS 140F/1"NPS 2 42F/3"NPS 1 1/2 1 1/2 3 1/2 0 1989 1999 2001 2004 2007 2010 3 Year 2 1/2 HVAC Insulation Insulation Thickness, in. 275F/2" NPS 2 225F/4"NPS 180F/2"NPS 1 1/2 140F/1"NPS 42F/3"NPS 1 1/2 0 1989 1999 2001 2004 2007 Year
  • 10. These are examples of normal occurrences 350⁰ F Un-insulated pipe Ice forming due to improper design, installation & maintenance
  • 11. Mechanical insulation is the “Forgotten Technology”  The thickness of mechanical insulation has not substantially changed in 20 years  10-30% of all mechanical insulation is missing or damaged within 1-3 years of initial installation  Computer modeling programs for buildings do not include specific modifications to adjust for increased mechanical insulation  In a 4-year mechanical engineering program, less than 1 hour is spent on thermal insulation 11
  • 12. WHY IS INSULATION THE FORGOTTEN TECHNOLOGY? – Reduced knowledge base has led to underutilization and insulation systems being applied but rarely ―engineered‖ – No gauges – No monitoring – No computer chip – Insulation is normally part of larger mechanical contract – ―value engineered‖ The benefits are instantaneous, but invisible and taken for granted 12
  • 13. Putting The Power of Insulation to Work WHY INSULATE? 1. Reduce energy cost 2. Reduce polluting emissions 3. Control condensation, mold & Corrosion Under Insulation (CUI) 4. Provide workplace safety and life safety 5. Improve work environment 6. Improve process control 7. Use with sustainable design initiatives 8. Improve facility life-cycle costs 9. Provide exceptional Return on Investment (ROI) 13
  • 14. Capitol Hill Likes Numbers 14
  • 15. Mechanical Insulation Opportunity/Potential Energy CO₂ Jobs Source Savings Reduction ROI/20 yrs Created/ Billions Billion Preserved $/yr Lbs/yr Industrial Maintenance $ 3.6 83.5 94.5% 27,567 Regulatory Changes: Pipe Market $ .3 3.3 22.5% 2,000 HVAC Market $ .9 9.6 9.7% 60,000 Other, To Be Determined TBD TBD TBD TBD Total $ 4.8 96.4 9.7 - 94.5% 89,000 These estimates do not include commercial retrofit, upgrading of insulation values or thicknesses in existing commercial or industrial facilities, or other specialty applications 15
  • 16. What do those numbers really mean? Energy savings of $4.8 billion per year equates to: • 45 billion kWh of electricity, enough to power 4.2 million households for a year and equivalent to annual output from 10,300 wind turbines • 82 million barrels of oil, enough to fill about 41 supertankers • 19 million tons of coal, enough to fill 190,000 railcars • 480,000,000,000,000 Btus (0.48 quadrillion Btus) of primary energy— or 1.83 days of energy consumption for the entire United States Mechanical Insulation Opportunity/Potential 16
  • 17. What do those numbers really mean? 43 MMTCO2 of CO2 reduction per year equates to: • Adding 1.9 billion mature trees (4.3 million acres of new forest, an area the size of Connecticut and Delaware combined) • Removing 7.9 million cars from the roads, about 3% of 254 million cars registered in the United States • Installing 730 million compact fluorescent light bulbs, equivalent to 2.3 light bulbs for every man, woman, and child in the United States Mechanical Insulation Opportunity/Potential 17
  • 18. Non-fossil energy use grows rapidly, but fossil fuels still provide 78 percent of total energy use in 2035 quadrillion Btu History Projections 120 Renewables (excluding liquid biofuels) 100 Liquid biofuels 80 Liquid fuels 60 Coal 40 20 Natural gas Nuclear 0 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 Richard Newell, SAIS, December 14, 2009 Source: Annual Energy Outlook 2010 18
  • 19. Source: The McKinsey Quarterly, 05 2007 A Cost Curve for Greenhouse Gas ReductionEnkvist, Naucler, Rosander
  • 20. Mechanical Insulation The Forgotten Technology Current Initiatives – How you can help May 25, 2010 21
  • 21. H.R. 4296 111th Congress, 1st Session In The House of Representatives December 11, 2009 Introduced by Rep. Deborah Halvorson & approaching 50 co-sponsors Mechanical Insulation Installation Incentive Act of 2009 - Tax Deduction – Percent of Energy Saved -  Encourage the use of mechanical insulation for going beyond the minimums in new construction & retrofit applications  Encourage increased maintenance of mechanical insulation systems Commercial & Industrial Markets New Construction - Retrofits - Maintenance 22
  • 22. S. 3079 111th Congress, 2nd Session In The Senate of the United States March 4, 2010 Introduced by Senators Merkley, Pryor, Brown of Ohio, Stabenow, Sanders & Cardin Building Star Energy Act of 2010 • Fast-acting, short-term program of rebates to create hundreds of thousands of jobs retrofitting commercial and multi-family buildings in 2010 - 2011, including Mechanical Insulation • Building STAR is the product of a wide consultation among members of Rebuilding America, a coalition of more than 60 business, real estate, financial, labor, consumer, and advocacy organizations, and a broad range of outside technical experts and other groups and entities • Building STAR has two components – Federal rebates for specific energy efficiency enhancements – Qualified Loan Program Commercial & Multi-Family Retrofit Markets Estimated to Create 200,000 Jobs 23
  • 23. Obtain Financial Support for an aggressive multi-year campaign 111th CONGRESS Rep. Halvorson (D-Ill), submitted Amendment to H.R. 2454 – Section 275 (Climate Bill – “Cap & Trade” Industrial Energy Efficiency Education and Training Initiative (d) Authorization of Appropriations – There are authorized to be appropriated $ 3,500,00 for each of the fiscal years 2Br010 through 2014 to carry out this section. The Secretary may enter into a cooperative DOE Work Plan Major Areas: agreement, including grant funding, with an industry association and union Data collaboratively and having expertise on theSegments) working Development (Industrial & Commercial installation,  Education & of efficiencies and standards, and certification of maintenance, measure Awareness (Webinars, Videos, Communication mechanical insulation in& Lectureand facilities. Materials buildings Programs) 24  Initial development of marketing & advertising actvities
  • 24. Obtain Financial Support for an aggressive multi-year campaign 111th CONGRESS Rep. Halvorson (D-Ill), submitted Amendment to H.R. 2454 – Section 275 (Climate Bill – “Cap & Trade” Industrial Energy Efficiency Education and Training Initiative (d) Authorization of Appropriations – There are authorized to be appropriated $ 3,500,00 for each of the fiscal years 2Br010 through 2014 to carry out this section. The Secretary may enter into a cooperative agreement, including grant funding, with an industry association and We have a pending request before the union working collaboratively and having expertise on the installation, Appropriations Committees to provide maintenance, measure of efficiencies and standards, and certification of $3.5 Million in FY 2011 mechanical insulation in buildings and facilities. 25
  • 25. If you are not a supporter of H.R. 4296, S. 3079, and our National Education Campaign, please consider lending your support ------------------------------- The energy, environmental, job creation, and beneficial impact to our economy related to the increased use and maintenance of mechanical insulation in Commercial Building & Industrial Applications has been overlooked for decades – that needs to change. When better to start than now? Your help in creating and supporting Federal Policy and incentives for increased education and awareness programs, use and maintenance of mechanical insulation systems is needed – you can make a difference 26
  • 26. www.wbdg.org/midg
  • 27. Mechanical Insulation: The Forgotten Technology High-Performance Insulation: Increasing Energy Efficiency, Protecting the Environment, Creating Jobs, and Stimulating our Economy 28