Lowering GHG Emmisions Through EE & RE Measures, Emani Kumar
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Lowering GHG Emmisions Through EE & RE Measures, Emani Kumar

  • 1,473 views
Uploaded on

On December 14, 2009, the Alliance to Save Energy and the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) held a side event at the COP15 climate conference in Copenhagen, Denmark,......

On December 14, 2009, the Alliance to Save Energy and the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) held a side event at the COP15 climate conference in Copenhagen, Denmark, entitled, "Paradox to Paradigm: The Role of Energy Efficiency in Creating Low Carbon Economies."

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
1,473
On Slideshare
1,472
From Embeds
1
Number of Embeds
1

Actions

Shares
Downloads
17
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 1

http://www.slideshare.net 1

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Lowering GHG emissions through EE & RE measures - an i iti ti initiative b I di by Indian cities iti Emani Kumar Executive Director, ICLEI South Asia
  • 2. About ICLEI  A membership organization of local governments and their associations dedicated to a sustainable urban environment - 1104+ members from 6 continents & 69 countries - More than 400 Million People  A voice for local government at national and international policy forums  Organized in 1990 under the sponsorship of the UN Environment Program and the International Union of Local Authorities
  • 3. ICLEI Offices Worldwide Internat. Training Centre European Secretariat World Secretariat Freiburg, Germany Freiburg, Germany Toronto, Canada China Proj. Office Beijing, China Japan Office USA Office Tokyo, Japan Oakland, USA Korea Office Seoul, Korea Latin America South East Asia Office and the Caribbean ICLEI South Asia Secretariat Manila, Philippines Secretariat Rio de Janeiro, Noida N id Africa Secretariat Australia / New Zealand Office Brazil Johannesburg, Melbourne, Australia CCP Indonesia South Africa project office Jakarta
  • 4. Cities & Energy • Cities are important engine for economic growth & p socioeconomic development • 50% percentage of population living in cities (app. 3.2 billion) • 75% percentage of the world energy use accounted for cities • 60% percentage of the population will live in cities by 2030 (app. 5 billion) • Energy is widely viewed as the lifeblood of cities, powering gy y ,p g public services, hospitals, and schools while moving people within the city and beyond
  • 5. City energy consumption – the facts • India’s urban system is the second largest in the World (28%) • Public Water Works in India consumes more than 12000 MUs & Public Lighting consumes 5000 MUs of electricity • cities struggle t meet the growing energy demand without energy, water iti t l to t th i d d ith t t cannot flow to houses, offices cannot be heated or cooled, and commerce would come to a grinding halt • By becoming energy efficient, each Urban Local Body (ULB) can reap energy efficient savings of 25% to 40% at a minimum. • This translates to at least 4000 MUs of energy savings that can avoid the need for an additional capacity of 600 MW MW. • Reducing energy use through efficiency measures and improved urban planning can lessen a city’s dependence on imported fuels and reduce energy costs,
  • 6. ICLEI SA Initiatives……. • CCP campaign – Global start in 1993 and in South Asia in 2001 – ICLEI SA presently working with 53 South Asian Cities (Including 40 Indian Cities) supported by BHC • Local Renewables & Model Communities Network – A 5 year project supported by BMZ & GTZ y p j pp y – Developed “City Level RE & EE Policy in 3 cities” • Urban Climate Project – A 3 year APP supported Project – Integrating Clean Technologies • Others – CDM options in SWM, Street lighting, etc p , g g, – Developed Street lighting CDM project • Training & Awareness activities
  • 7. ICLEI South Asia’s approach pp ENERGY ENERGY RENEWABLE MASTER PLAN BASELINE FOR FORECAST FOR ENERGY & •Annual action 2008 2013 ENERGY plan EFFICIENCY •Data •Defining STRATEGIES •Institutional Collection baseline Structure • RE resource •Sample scenarios assessment •Policy Survey •Demand Rates • Feasibility measures Energy •Energy • Sector wise Capacity •Capacity Report strategies building & Awareness
  • 8. City Level Total Carbon emissions – A study by ICLEI-South Asia 10.00 10 00 9.34 Millions 9.00 8.00 7.36 6.78 7.00 7 00 6.37 6.01 6.00 5.51 5.00 3.82 4.00 3.39 3 39 Serie… 2.89 3.00 2.47 2.55 2.63 2.42 2.37 2.00 2.00 1.59 1.45 1.47 1.28 1.15 1.22 0.90 0.97 0.95 0.88 0.95 0.75 0.58 0.56 0.49 0.67 1.00 0.47 0.47 0.36 0 36 23 0.24 0 24 0.27 0 27 0.22 0 22 0.29 0 29 0.14 0 14 0.23 0 0.00 uvanantha… Chennai Kanpur mshedpur Patna Dehradun Ranchi Lucknow Madurai Thane hapatnam Agra Guntur Indore hmedabad Kolkata Mysore Pune Nagpur Bhubneswar Asansol Surat Trichy Bangalore Bhopal Cochin Gurgaon oimbatore Jabalpur Nashik Jaipur Rajkot Raipur Vijaywada Faridabad Gwalior Sangli Shimla Udaipur Haldia Jam B Visakh V Co Ah Thiru
  • 9. 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 Agra 0.56 Ahhmedabad 1.49 Asansol 0.25 Bangalore B Bhopal 0.31 Bhubneswar 0.8 0.84 Chennai 0.91 0 91 Cochin 0.4 Co oimbatore 1.37 Dehradun p Faridabad 1.58 Guntur 0.71 0.71 Gurgaon 2.13 Gwalior Haldia 0.95 Indore 0.37 0.41 Jabalpur 0.3 Jaipur 1.63 Jam mshedpur 2.76 Kanpur Kolkata 1.83 Lucknow 0.61 0.64 Madurai 0.31 Mysore 0.72 Nagpur 0.47 Nashik 0.34 Patna 0.83 Pune Rajkot 0.67 Raipur 1.31 1.32 Ranchi 1.97 Sangli 0.5 Shimla 0.66 Surat 1.05 Thane 1.15 Trichy 0.33 Thiru uvanantha… 0.25 Udaipur 0.76 Vijaywada V 0.9 09 Per-Capita Carbon Emissions Visakh hapatnam 2.25 Serie…
  • 10. Emission pattern-Indian City p y V jaywada Vijaywada 52 8 7 27 2 4 Visakhapatnam 7 2 8 6 1 77 Tiruchirapalli 16 3 81 Thiruvananthapuram 53 30 5 4 8 Range of CO2 Mysore 26 6 25 23 1 18 Emissions Madurai 37 3 2 53 5 Community Activities Kochi 56 29 8 3 4 Guntur 37 28 10 21 21 Residential – 20-55 % Coimbatore 41 19 7 32 2 Commercial - 05-20% Chennai 57 17 8 18 Industrial -10-60% Bangalore 31 26 26 13 31 Transport p -10-40 % Solid Waste - 03-15 % 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Residential Commercial Industrial Transportation Waste Others
  • 11. Energy Efficiency – The Opportunity . . . • Saves cities money • L Lowers energy bills and operating bill d ti costs • Improves competiveness • Creates local jobs • Improves the quality of municipal services • Strengthens local energy security • R d Reduces llocal air pollution and l i ll ti d greenhouse gas emissions
  • 12. Municipal corporation – Energy Efficiency Project High Potential of Energy Saving 20-25% Energy Saving Street Li hti St t Lighting Few technology: Energy Efficiency •Programmable Timer with the dimming technology •Energy Efficient appliances •Design B D i Based St t Li hti d Street Lighting Water Supply system •LED Technology Energy Efficiency Solid waste management •Major i M j issues i all south A i in ll th Asian cities •Few Cities are doing well •Good potential for CDM project •Composting, RDF, etc p g Building & Facilities Water Supply system is major Energy efficiency energy consumer in Municipal Corporation Municipal & Office building High Potential of Energy Savings has a high Potential of •30-40% Energy Savings Energy Savings •High UFW about 20 40% UFW-about 20-40% 20-30% 20 30% Energy Savings •Energy Efficiency is key solution •Energy Efficiency is key solution
  • 13. Action Plans by Indian CCP Cities (2001-05)  Energy Efficiency in Street lighting Cities: Guntur, Jabalpur, Hyderabad, Vadodara, Bhubaneswar Vadodara, Carbon Emissions Reduced: Reduced: 2069.5 T / Yr 2069 5 Potential CERs: CERs: 28301 Tonnes Potential Financial Savings: US$ 1,588,349  Energy Efficiency in water p p g systems gy y pumping y Cities: Guntur, Jabalpur, Hyderabad, Vadodara Carbon Emissions Reduced: Reduced: 1200 T / Yr Potential CERs: CERs: 95104 Tonnes Potential Financial S i P t ti l Fi i l Savings: US$ 4 972 636 4,972,636 Traffic Junction Development Cities: Hyderabad Carbon Emissions Reduced: 395 T / Yr Reduced: Solar Water Heating Systems Cities: Jabalpur, Bhubaneswar, Nagpur Carbon Emissions Reduced: 18.5 T / Yr Reduced: Potential Financial Savings: US$ 2,192
  • 14. Excerpts from the City Policy Documents Bhubaneswar  Reduce over all city conventional energy consumption by at least 2% from 2005 level by 2012.  To achieve overall 15% reduction in conventional energy consumption in municipal services and facilities from 2005 level by 2012. Nagpur  Reduce over all city conventional energy consumption by at least 3% from 2005 level by 2012.  To achieve overall 20% reduction in conventional energy consumption in municipal services and facilities from 2005 level by 2012.
  • 15. Some other Actions by Indian Cities Retrofit Tube light system Saved: 18,000 Kwh of electricity. Potential: 3540 T/ Year at City Level Design Based Street lighting Saved: 31,000 Kwh of electricity. Bhubaneswar Nagpur 200 LPD Solar Water Heater at S l Wt H t t 500 LPD S l W t H ti i NMC’ Solar Water Heating in NMC’s Municipal Corporation hospital Pachpaoli Maternity Nursing Home premises BMC building audit - Energy audit of the NMC building implementation of audit results Energy efficiency lighting at SPV based power pack system at Lord Lingaraj Temple and street Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency lighting Resource Centre SPV based power pack system at Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Resource Centre, street light & blinker Comprehensive awareness programmes i involving school l i h l children, teachers, etc.
  • 16. Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Resource Centre Target audience: T di  City residents  Municipal departments i i  Local utilities, Local business  Architects, City planners  School Children Things displayed  Publications  RE models and Small RE equipments  Awareness materials- posters, newsletters etc.  Advertisement material-pamphlets, etc. Ad ti t t i l hl t t
  • 17. Solar Cities’ programme p g  Objective : To T promote the use of renewable energy & energy t th f bl conservation devices/systems in cities & towns by p providing support to Municipal Corporations for g pp p p preparation and implementation of a Road Map to develop their cities as Solar Cities  ICLEI – South Asia Presently working with: Agra, Imphal, Kalyan Dombivili, Kohima, Nagpur, Thane, Rajkot, Gurgaon & Jaipur
  • 18. Result of the Policy Implementation Corporation Level Carbon Emissions Sectors Years Emission (%) 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 Water Supply 44143 44143 44143 43891 39757 64.11 Sewerage System 5875 6165 6047 2724 2544 4.10 Transportation 4089 3987 3864 794 895 1.44 Streetlights 35205 35205 27866 13493 18689 30.14 Building 1688 1748 2050 131 125 0.20 Total T t l 91000 91248 83970 61033 62010  Nagpur Corporation activities contributed 62,010 T eCo2 in 2007-08. gp p ,  Carbon emissions went down by 26.15 % in 2007-08 compared to base year 2005-06.
  • 19. Action plans — p
  • 20. Contd…… •
  • 21. WISIONS – APPLICATION OF RE & EE IN URBAN HEALTH SECTOR – BHUBANESWAR CITY HEALTH SERVICES  Project Details: • 200 LPD Solar Water Heater • 1.28 kWp SPV Power back-up system • Vaccine Refrigerator • Solar roof light & solar lights for common area lighting • Energy efficiency in lighting and fans
  • 22. WISIONS – Project
  • 23. CCP in NEWS J a b a l Press p u r AP Press
  • 24. Outreach through Media g
  • 25. About RE&EE (Climate) Policy Do you think that a city level RE&EE (Climate) Policy will help in implementation of the recommended suggestions? 86% 12% 2% Yes Do No n’t kno w
  • 26. Conclusions • City are directly linked to the climate change issues iss es • Cities are part of solution also • By integrating energy efficiency renewable efficiency, energy and sustainable approach cities can address climate change g • EE & RE options pays back to local governments • Indian cities are looking towards RE & EE g measures • Capacity building of municipal staff in RE & EE will f th enhance results ill further h lt
  • 27. Thank you! http://www.iclei.org/sa