Sailing the Great Green Fleet <br />HON. Jackalyne Pfannenstiel<br />Assistant Secretary of the Navy<br />(Energy, Install...
2<br />Naval Power<br />Sail<br />Coal<br />Oil<br />Nuclear<br />Biofuels<br />1855: USS Constellation, the last all-sail...
Why is the Navy Focused onEnergy Efficiency?<br />Energy independence and security<br />War-fighting jeopardy<br />Cost co...
Department of Navy’s Energy Goals<br />By 2020, 50% of total Department energy consumption will come from alternative sour...
Navy’s Energy Use in Context<br />Petroleum Consumption<br />2008<br />Federal Government, 2%<br />Other Federal Governmen...
Sources and Uses of Energy<br />6<br />Fuel Source<br />Energy Use<br />Renewables, 1%<br />Nuclear, 16%<br />Installation...
7<br />How Will We Meet Our Goals? <br /><ul><li>LEED
Advanced Metering
Lighting
Smart Grids
Solar
Wind
Landfill Gas
Geothermal
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Sailing the Great Green Fleet

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Sailing the Great Green Fleet: By Hon. Jackalyne Pfannenstiel, Assistant Secretary for Energy, Installations & Environment, U.S. Department of the Navy

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  • 2010 Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR)
  • Source: JFQ, 2nd quarter 2010In 2009, DoD accounted for 92% of US Government petroleum use.An unknown fraction of Navy fuel transports Army materiel. Oil used by contractors that DoD has outsourced is unknown.
  • Tactical petroleum use:Ground vehicles 8%Other 5 %Ships 41%Aircraft 36%
  • FOR RENEWABLE GOALS: DON needs 2 million Mbtu/year new renewable to meet SECNAV goals DON needs 500,000 Mbtu/year installed to meet NDAA 2007/2010 goalsSolar: Hawaii solar MAC – first task order in December 2010 assuming no problems pop up Camp Pendleton – two 1.4 MW projects, one under construction, should be completed December 2010, second is FY11 MILCONAdvanced Metering Initiative: All remaining metering contracts will be awarded in FY11 and FY12 to meet EPAct 05 goals for electric metering Gas, steam, and water meters are also being installed with 2016 goal as outlined in EISA 2007Small Modular Reactors (SMR): CNA continuing to study – Sept draft with Nov final feasibility study planned
  • Source: Col Charette 3 week patrol no batteries (norm every 2 days re-supply) Powering two patrol bases with renewable energy only Fuel consumption reduced by 20 ~ 90% at Company
  • Sailing the Great Green Fleet

    1. 1. Sailing the Great Green Fleet <br />HON. Jackalyne Pfannenstiel<br />Assistant Secretary of the Navy<br />(Energy, Installations & Environment)<br />October 4, 2011<br />
    2. 2. 2<br />Naval Power<br />Sail<br />Coal<br />Oil<br />Nuclear<br />Biofuels<br />1855: USS Constellation, the last all-sail warship<br />2012: The Great Green Fleet <br />1911: USS Paulding, first oil-fueled battleship<br />1961: USS Enterprise, first nuclear aircraft carrier<br />1774: USS Alfred, Navy’s first battleship<br />1955: USS Nautilus, first nuclear submarine<br />2009: First Navy aircraft engine tested on biofuel blend<br />1907: Great White Fleet (16 coal battleships)<br />1814: Fulton the First: Navy's first steam-powered warship<br />2010: First flight of F/A-18 Hornet on biofuel blend<br />
    3. 3. Why is the Navy Focused onEnergy Efficiency?<br />Energy independence and security<br />War-fighting jeopardy<br />Cost consequences<br />3<br />“ We buy too much fossil fuel from … volatile places on earth. We buy our energy from people who may not be our friends.”<br />Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus, August 30, 2011<br />- For every 50 fuel convoys, one Marine is killed or wounded.<br />- A $1.00 increase in the price of a barrel of oil imposes a $30 million cost to the Navy.<br />
    4. 4. Department of Navy’s Energy Goals<br />By 2020, 50% of total Department energy consumption will come from alternative sources.<br />By 2020, at least 50% of shore-based energy requirements will be met by alternative sources; 50% of Department installations will be net-zero.<br />By 2015, the Department will reduce petroleum use in vehicles by 50%.<br />The “Great Green Fleet”: By 2012, the Department will demonstrate a Green Strike Group in local operations and will sail it by 2016.<br />Evaluation of energy factors will be mandatory when awarding contracts for systems and buildings.<br />4<br />
    5. 5. Navy’s Energy Use in Context<br />Petroleum Consumption<br />2008<br />Federal Government, 2%<br />Other Federal Government, 7%<br />Army, 9%<br />Department of Navy, 34%<br />Department of Defense, 93%<br />Civilian, 98%<br />Air Force, 57%<br />United States<br />U.S. Government<br />Department of Defense<br />In FY2008, the Department of the Navyused 30 million barrels of petroleum.<br />5<br />
    6. 6. Sources and Uses of Energy<br />6<br />Fuel Source<br />Energy Use<br />Renewables, 1%<br />Nuclear, 16%<br />Installations<br />Electricity/Natural Gas/Other 26%<br />Petroleum, 57%<br />Operations<br />FY2008 Data<br />
    7. 7. 7<br />How Will We Meet Our Goals? <br /><ul><li>LEED
    8. 8. Advanced Metering
    9. 9. Lighting
    10. 10. Smart Grids
    11. 11. Solar
    12. 12. Wind
    13. 13. Landfill Gas
    14. 14. Geothermal
    15. 15. Operating Practices
    16. 16. Education
    17. 17. Rewards & Recognition
    18. 18. Metering & Metrics
    19. 19. Ex-FOB
    20. 20. Research</li></ul>INSTALLATIONS<br /><ul><li>Hybrid Electric Drive
    21. 21. Lighting
    22. 22. Hull Coatings
    23. 23. Biofuels
    24. 24. Portable Solar Systems
    25. 25. Battery Rechargers</li></ul>OPERATIONS<br />
    26. 26. LEED Gold Buildings<br />8<br />Starting this year, new buildings and major renovations must meet LEED Gold criteria.<br />Drill Hall<br />Great Lakes, IL – LEED Gold<br />Navy’s Energy Code is 16% more stringent than California’s Title 24 – the most stringent state energy code in the U.S. <br />32 Buildings currently certified by US Green Buildings Council LEED rating system<br />10% of the certified government buildings<br />517 projects registered with USGBC<br />2 are hangars (industrial buildings)<br />2011 – 7 Buildings LEED certified (1 Platinum, 5 Gold, 1 Silver)<br />Wounded Warrior Barracks<br />Camp Pendleton, CA – LEED Platinum<br />
    27. 27. Renewable Energy<br />Solar<br />Wind<br />Camp Pendleton<br />Marine Corps Logistics Base Barstow <br />Installed: 14+ MW<br />Planned: 100+ MW <br />Installed: 6+ MW<br />Planned: 4 MW<br />Waste to Energy<br />Geothermal<br />Marine Corps Logistics Base Albany <br />Naval Air Weapons Station China Lake<br />Under Construction: <br />5 MW<br />Installed: 270 MW<br />9<br />
    28. 28. Experimental Forward Operating Bases(Ex-FOB)<br />Efficiency and renewable technologies demonstrated in Marine Corps Base Quantico (Mar 2010)<br />Tested during war gaming exercises (May 2010)<br />India Company 3rd Battalion, 5th Marines trained with new technologies, then deployed to Afghanistan (Sep 2010)<br />Next round of demonstrations at Marine Corps Base 29 Palms (Sep 2011)<br />10<br />
    29. 29. 11<br />Ex-FOB Technologies<br />GREENS<br />(300 Watts Continuous Power)<br />Zero Base<br />(300 Watts Continuous Power)<br />SPACES<br />(Battery Charger)<br />Solar Shade<br />(100 Watts Continuous Power)<br />Solar Light Poles<br />LED Lights<br />
    30. 30. Biofuels<br />12<br />Departments of Navy, Energy, and Agriculture to partner with private industry to stimulate the domestic biofuels industry. <br />Navy will invest in and buy from alternative fuel refineries that meet given criteria: <br />Drop-in fuels meeting military specs<br />Commercial-scale<br />Competitively priced<br />Geographically diverse locations<br />No impact on food supply<br />$170 million per agency; at least 50% cost share with industry.<br />
    31. 31. 13<br />The “Great Green Fleet”<br />“The Department will demonstrate a Green Strike Group in local operations by 2012 and sail it by 2016.”<br />RCB-X, Oct 10<br />MH-60, Nov 10<br />
    32. 32. 14<br />Why is the Navy Focused onEnergy Efficiency?<br />“Our military leaders recognize the security imperative of increasing the use of alternative fuels, decreasing energy use, reducing our reliance on imported oil, making ourselves more energy-efficient.”<br />President Obama, March 31,2010<br />
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