PROJECT IN TLE Submitted to:MISS MARIJA CONCEPCION GARCIA Submitted by: ALLANNA GRAESE UNIAS
There are calado designs which have already been transferred to the fabricsavailable in the market. What you just have to do then is to choose the color of the scheme or the color combination to use. This would determine the color of embroidery thread that you will use. You have to consider the color of the fabric in selecting your color scheme.
The most ideal orappropriate kinds for this embroidery are the linenand piῇa cloth. The fabric should be fine and light in weight. The warp and the woof threads should be even in size and thickness.
Making the caladoembroidery is a sewing activity so itneeds severalsewing tools.
They are available in a variety of sizes and styles. Look forrustproof needles and pins made of brass nickel-plated steel or stainless steel. Sharps are all-purpose, medium-length needles designed for general sewing. Crewels are sharp, large-eyedmedium-length needles designedfor embroidery. Pins with coloredball heads are easier to see and are less likely to be lost than those with flat heads.
They are available as skein thread and as spool-ball thread. The spool-ball threads areused for overcasting the mesh while the skein thread is used for embroidering the other parts of the design.
It provides asafe and handy place to storepins. One style is worn on the wrist for convenience.
It protectsyour finger while sewing.
It easesthreading of hand and machine needles .
It isslender, sharp, and pointed.
It is a measuring tool. Chooseone that does not stretch.
It is a container where thesewing tools are kept.
This iswhere thedesign is drawn.
It is used fortransferringthe design.
It is used to keep theembroideryfabric after working on it.
This is the most basic stitch. Be careful that all the stitches and gaps are of equal length.Bring needle up at 1 down at 2. Pick up several stitches on needle before pulling it through. A variation of this stitch is to work a thread of a different color in between the stitches. Be careful not to pull the thread to tight.
Bring the needle up at 1 and downthrough 2, completing the first stitch. Then bring the needle through at 3 and carry it back down again at 1 to complete the second stitch. Distance between 3-1 and 1-2 should be equal. Repeat sequencefor next stitch , needle entering at 2should go into hole made by thread emerging from point 1 of previous stitch. Be careful that all stitches should be even.
It can be threadedin a similar way to running stitch. To work single-threaded line, use a blunt needle to lace the yarnunder each stitch.
Bring the needle out at 1, insert at 2 and exit a half stitch back at 3. Distance 1-3 and 3-2 should be equal. Note that point 3 of previous stitch is now 1 and the needle emerging at 3 is coming from hole made by thread entering atpoint 2 of previous stitch.
It is one of the most important embroidery stitches . It is used for filling in areas . It appears simple, but it takes some practice to get the coverageabsolutely even. The direction in which these stitches lie is very important. Look carefully at the design before you begin stitching as the direction you choose will influence the waythe light reflects off the area and the look of the filled space.
This also called the buttonhole stitchand is frequently used to protect fabric at the edges of blankets or round button holes. This is how it is made.Stitch is worked from left to right . Bring the needle out at 1 on bottom line. Insert at 2 on top line and slightly on the right then exit at 3,directly below. Before pulling needle through, carryyarn under point of needle. Proceed to the next stitch. Point 3 of previousstitch is now point 1. Work entire row in the same way, keeping height of stitches even throughout.
It is also known as open loop. Fly stitch can be workedindividually or paced in groups and rows to give differenteffects. Bring the needle up at 1. Insert at 2 directly across, then angle needle out at 3. Points 1,2 and 3 should be equidistant. Carry the yarnunder the needle point and pull through. Complete stitch by inserting at 4 over loop.
It is one of the most popular embroidery stitches for outlining or for filling an area. This is how itis made. Bring the needle out at 1. Insert back at the same hole at point 1 and bring out at 2 carrying yarn under needlepoint, then pull it through. Point 2 is now point 1of next stitch. Work all stitches the same way, always inserting needle into the hole made by emerging thread. To end row take a small stitch over last chain loop to hold it down.
A variant of chain stitch, is usefulfor making small flower petals. Itis made by forming a loop in theusual way. Bring needle out at 1. Insert back into same hole at point 1; and exit at 2; carry yarn under needle point then pull through. Inset needle at 3 over chain loop, and then bringneedle out at point 1 for the next chain stitch. Continue the way until all petals are complete.
It is a stitch used for leaf designs. As the stitch is formed, a thin braided line is formed at the center to represent the central vein of the leaf. The first 4 steps in the following series startthe design. The fifth and sixth steps are repeated in sequence thereafter.
These small knots appear like beads. They can be used as filling for the center of a flower. This is how it isdone. Bring needle to the right side of the material at the point where the knot is to be made.(A) Hold the thread firmly between the left thumband first (index) finger quite closed to the fabric. Twist the thread around the needle pulling it taut. Turn the needle in the opposite direction andinsert it closed to the point where the thread emerged. Pull the needle through the coils of thread on the wrong side of the work.
Name of Project: Table Napkin with Calado Embroidery Date started: Date Finished:I. Objectives 1. Make a table napkin with calado embroidery. 2. Follow the procedure in making calado embroidery. 3. Show creativity in making the calado embroidery.II Materials: linen 18’’ x 18’’ in thread 21 bundles sewing kit with complete sewing tools tracing paper 1 piece bond paper size water color brush 1 piece pounce powder
III. Procedure1. Prepare the material to be embroided.2. Transfer the design.3. With running stitch outline the part of the design to be applied with thecalado embroidery.4. Finish first the edge around the open calado motif using french stemstitch.5. Cut and pull out the yarns on the wrong side. A good way is to lift the yarnin the middle with a pin. Cut and pull out the yarns toward the edge of thedesign.6. Apply overcasting stitch on the mesh by working diagonally, to make themesh slightly rounded.7. Embroider the other parts of the design with the other kinds ofembroidery stitches .8. To finish the napkin , trim square 13/4 inches past the design .and hem.
IV. Sketch of the Project Key 1. Calado 2. Satin stitch 3 . Stem stitch 4. Van dyke stitch 5 . Stem stitch 6. French knot
Dimension Very Good Good Fair 10 6 3Materials Material is of good Material is not so Material is of poor quality, reasonably- good in quality, is of quality, is very priced, and costly and not so expensive and is appropriate for the appropriate for the not appropriate for project. project. the project. Design is simple Design is beautiful Design is a little bitDesign but beautiful, but is not properly beautiful, but not appropriate for the placed. properly placed. project and properly placed. Yarns cut and Some yarns are Yarns not cut andWorkman- drawn correctly, not drawn correctly, drawn correctly,ship calado overcasting not all overcasting overcasting stitches close stitches are close stitches are not together, diagonal together, not closed together and uniform in diagonal and not ,not diagonal and
tension french uniform in uniform in tension. stem stitch is tension, some french stem stitch slanting, narrow french stem stitch not slanting, and are not slanting, narrow and fine, fine, overcasting narrow and fine, overcasting stitches correctly over-casting stitches are not anchored under stitches are not anchored correctly french stem stitch anchored under french stem and close to finish correctly under stitch and not edge. the french stem close to finish stitch edge.Neatness No stain, ravels or With some ravels With stain, ravels hanging thread hanging thread. and hanging thread.General Artistic and Not so artistic and Not artistic norAppearance beautiful, color color combination beautiful, did not combination is is not so pleasing follow any color pleasing to the eyes to the eyes scheme