Rwanda• One of the so-called interlacustrine states.• Mountainous terrain, very fertile volcanic soil.• Agriculture and cattle pastoralism
HistoryThe history of Rwanda, like that of other colonizedcountries, has been wrongly interpreted anddistorted by travellers, explorers, missionaries andhistorians who had little or no knowledge at all aboutthe areas they were discovering.The leadership structure of the Rwandan socialorganization that they described was basically areflection of the European system that they left athome. That is why the history of Rwanda, writtenand taught, played a significant role in internalconflicts Rwanda underwent.
HistoryThe starting point was thetheory on Rwandans’ originsthat was based on differencesbetween the three groupsmaking up the Rwandansociety. First of all, thecolonizers interpreted the socio-political system they found interms of Tutsi, Hutu and Twaethnic groups. Theyrepresented the Tutsi as a classof aristocratic people that wasnaturally ‘fit to rule’.HAMITIC HYPOTHESIS
Nilotic MigrationsAround 1000CE Nilotic- SUDANspeaking cattle herderspushed southward into the ETHIOPIAnewly highland grasslandsof the Great Lakes region.Some retained their Niloticlanguage and culture,such as the Luo northeast CONGO (DR) UGANDAof Lake Victoria. West of EQUATORLake Victoria, Nilotic Lake KENYA Victoriaherders integrated into RWANDABantu society and BURUNDI TANZANIAadopted local Bantu
Buhake• Rather than ethnic differences, it far more representative to understand the distinctions between these three communities as different ‘classes’. But perhaps not ‘class’ in the same way you or I understand it.• Tutsi and Hutu can be best understood as ECONOMIC classes. Women at work in a Tutsi Compound• At the centre of this
BUHAKE Milk MeatHUTU TUTSI Hide Male cows Rights FOREST PRODUCTS TWA
BUHAKEBuhake granted rights of USUFRUCT to a Garaguby a Shebuja.Maquet translates these terms as client and patron.Is this correct?Did Maquet get it right?Maquet was working in the 1920s