Nutrition CONTENTS RESOURCES
Contents Digestion The digestive process  Types of digestive systems Digestive systems   Respiration Respiration   Gas exc...
Resources The digestive process in animals Types of digestive systems im animals Digestive systems in animals  Types of re...
Nutrition and its types hgggg AUTOTROPHIC NUTRITION HETEROTROPHIC NUTRITION Some bacteria are chemoautotrophs. Omnivores f...
Processes in nutrition Digestion Respiration Blood circulation Excretion
Stages of the digestive process The digestive process nutrients 2. DIGESTION Intracellular digestion Internal Extracellula...
Types of digestive systems in animals Gastric cavity osculum gastric cavity NEXT
Digestive tube of a carnivore  Digestive tubes Digestive tube of  a non-ruminant herbivore Digestive tube of a ruminant he...
Digestive systems in animals Invertebrates Vertebrates Sponges Cnidaria Molluscs Arthropods Enlarge
INTRACELLULAR DIGESTION Digestive structure in animals collar cells SPONGES water flow ostium osculum GO BACK
Digestive systems in animals CNIDARIA cnidocyte gastrovascular cavity tentacles GO BACK
digestive enzymes (extracellular digestion) Digestive systems in animals hepatopancreas stomach mouth anus MOLLUSCS GO BACK
Digestive systems in animals ARTHROPODS gizzard oesophagus crop mouth intestine anus GO BACK
Digestive systems in animals Vertebrates stomach large intestine liver oesophagus pharynx salivary glands mouth pancreas s...
Respiration in animals Cellular respiration oxygen energy carbon dioxide mitochondrion Respiratory system O 2 CO 2 gas exc...
Gas exchange surfaces in animals thin surfaces moist surfaces surfaces full of blood vessels
Types of respiration in animals  Cutaneous respiration Branchial respiration Tracheal respiration Pulmonary respiration
gas exchange Types of respiration in animals Cutaneous respiration Earthworms Adult amphibians GO BACK
Types of respiration in animals Branchial respiration Axolotl external gills internal gills Cartilaginous fish Bony fish g...
Insects Myriapods Arachnids Types of respiration in animals tracheae air spiracle Tracheal respiration GO BACK
Types of respiration in animals Birds air sacs Pulmonary respiration NEXT
Reptiles Types of respiration in animals Pulmonary respiration lungs with chambers NEXT
Types of respiration in animals alveoli Mammals Pulmonary respiration GO BACK
<ul><li>blood </li></ul><ul><li>hydrolymph  </li></ul><ul><li>haemolymph </li></ul><ul><li>(invertebrates) </li></ul>vesse...
Types of circulatory systems  in animals Open circulatory system hearts ostia (openings in hearts) NEXT
Types of circulatory systems in animals Simple, closed circulatory system Blood passes through the heart once. oxygenated ...
Types of circulatory systems in animals Double, closed circulatory system Blood passes through the heart twice. heart syst...
Exterior <ul><li>carbon  </li></ul><ul><li>dioxide </li></ul><ul><li>ammonia </li></ul><ul><li>urea </li></ul>Excretion in...
Types of excretory systems in animals Excretory system of an insect Excretory system of a vertebrate Excretory system of s...
GAS EXCHANGE Plant nutrition Autotrophs ABSORPTION PHOTOSYNTHESIS TRANSPORT RESPIRATION EXCRETION
Absorption in plants root hairs raw sap rises absorption of water and mineral salts PLANT NUTRITION
Transport of elaborated sap Transport of raw sap Transport of nutrients in plants phloem vessels xylem vessels PLANT NUTRI...
Gas exchange in plants stoma CO 2 O 2 Gas exchange takes  place through the stoma. PLANT NUTRITION
Photosynthesis Photosynthesis takes place in the chloroplasts. sunlight chloroplast stoma raw sap elaborated sap organic m...
Anabolic reactions Metabolism and cellular respiration in plants 1 2 simple organic nutrients starch, cellulose, enzymes, ...
Excretion in plants stoma CO 2 O 2 intracellular spaces waste products (essential oils) vacuole PLANT NUTRITION
Links The digestive system http://www.emc.maricopa.edu/faculty/farabee/BIOBK/BioBookDIGEST.html The excretory system http:...
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U02 Nutrition

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U02 Nutrition

  1. 1. Nutrition CONTENTS RESOURCES
  2. 2. Contents Digestion The digestive process Types of digestive systems Digestive systems Respiration Respiration Gas exchange surfaces Types of respiration Circulatory systems The circulatory system Types of circulatory systems Excretion Excretion Types of excretory systems Nutrition in animals Processes Nutrition in plants Plant nutrition Absorption Transport Gas exchange Photosynthesis Metabolism and cellular respiration Excretion NUTRITION Nutrition Types
  3. 3. Resources The digestive process in animals Types of digestive systems im animals Digestive systems in animals Types of respiration in animals The circulatory system in animals Types of circulatory systems in animals Types of excretory systems in animals Excretion in animals Plant nutrition Absorption in plants Transport of nutrients in plants Gas exchange in plants Photosynthesis Metabolism and cellular respiration in plants Excretion in plants Gas exchange surfaces in animals Respiration in animals Nutrition and its types Processes in nutrition Links Plant nutrition
  4. 4. Nutrition and its types hgggg AUTOTROPHIC NUTRITION HETEROTROPHIC NUTRITION Some bacteria are chemoautotrophs. Omnivores feed on plants and other animals. Green plants are photoautrotrophs. Carnivores feed on other animals. Herbivores feed on plants.
  5. 5. Processes in nutrition Digestion Respiration Blood circulation Excretion
  6. 6. Stages of the digestive process The digestive process nutrients 2. DIGESTION Intracellular digestion Internal Extracellular External 3. ABSORPTION cells blood 1. INGESTION 4. EXCRETION faeces
  7. 7. Types of digestive systems in animals Gastric cavity osculum gastric cavity NEXT
  8. 8. Digestive tube of a carnivore Digestive tubes Digestive tube of a non-ruminant herbivore Digestive tube of a ruminant herbivore Types of digestive systems in animals GO BACK
  9. 9. Digestive systems in animals Invertebrates Vertebrates Sponges Cnidaria Molluscs Arthropods Enlarge
  10. 10. INTRACELLULAR DIGESTION Digestive structure in animals collar cells SPONGES water flow ostium osculum GO BACK
  11. 11. Digestive systems in animals CNIDARIA cnidocyte gastrovascular cavity tentacles GO BACK
  12. 12. digestive enzymes (extracellular digestion) Digestive systems in animals hepatopancreas stomach mouth anus MOLLUSCS GO BACK
  13. 13. Digestive systems in animals ARTHROPODS gizzard oesophagus crop mouth intestine anus GO BACK
  14. 14. Digestive systems in animals Vertebrates stomach large intestine liver oesophagus pharynx salivary glands mouth pancreas small intestine rectum anus GO BACK
  15. 15. Respiration in animals Cellular respiration oxygen energy carbon dioxide mitochondrion Respiratory system O 2 CO 2 gas exchange
  16. 16. Gas exchange surfaces in animals thin surfaces moist surfaces surfaces full of blood vessels
  17. 17. Types of respiration in animals Cutaneous respiration Branchial respiration Tracheal respiration Pulmonary respiration
  18. 18. gas exchange Types of respiration in animals Cutaneous respiration Earthworms Adult amphibians GO BACK
  19. 19. Types of respiration in animals Branchial respiration Axolotl external gills internal gills Cartilaginous fish Bony fish gills operculum water circulation blood circulation GO BACK
  20. 20. Insects Myriapods Arachnids Types of respiration in animals tracheae air spiracle Tracheal respiration GO BACK
  21. 21. Types of respiration in animals Birds air sacs Pulmonary respiration NEXT
  22. 22. Reptiles Types of respiration in animals Pulmonary respiration lungs with chambers NEXT
  23. 23. Types of respiration in animals alveoli Mammals Pulmonary respiration GO BACK
  24. 24. <ul><li>blood </li></ul><ul><li>hydrolymph </li></ul><ul><li>haemolymph </li></ul><ul><li>(invertebrates) </li></ul>vessels heart The circulatory system in animals circulatory fluid artery vein cells interstitial fluid capillaries NEXT
  25. 25. Types of circulatory systems in animals Open circulatory system hearts ostia (openings in hearts) NEXT
  26. 26. Types of circulatory systems in animals Simple, closed circulatory system Blood passes through the heart once. oxygenated blood direction of blood circulation heart gills deoxygenated blood NEXT
  27. 27. Types of circulatory systems in animals Double, closed circulatory system Blood passes through the heart twice. heart systemic circulation pulmonary circulation GO BACK
  28. 28. Exterior <ul><li>carbon </li></ul><ul><li>dioxide </li></ul><ul><li>ammonia </li></ul><ul><li>urea </li></ul>Excretion in animals Waste products Gas exchange surfaces
  29. 29. Types of excretory systems in animals Excretory system of an insect Excretory system of a vertebrate Excretory system of some arthropods Types of excretory systems in animals green gland digestive tube Malpighian tubules ureter kidney uretra bladder
  30. 30. GAS EXCHANGE Plant nutrition Autotrophs ABSORPTION PHOTOSYNTHESIS TRANSPORT RESPIRATION EXCRETION
  31. 31. Absorption in plants root hairs raw sap rises absorption of water and mineral salts PLANT NUTRITION
  32. 32. Transport of elaborated sap Transport of raw sap Transport of nutrients in plants phloem vessels xylem vessels PLANT NUTRITION
  33. 33. Gas exchange in plants stoma CO 2 O 2 Gas exchange takes place through the stoma. PLANT NUTRITION
  34. 34. Photosynthesis Photosynthesis takes place in the chloroplasts. sunlight chloroplast stoma raw sap elaborated sap organic matter O 2 mineral salts CO 2 O 2 CO 2 H 2 O PLANT NUTRITION
  35. 35. Anabolic reactions Metabolism and cellular respiration in plants 1 2 simple organic nutrients starch, cellulose, enzymes, etc. NIGHT Cellular respiration Reactions energy O 2 CO 2 H 2 O 2 DAY Photosynthesis 1 O 2 organic nutritents inorganic nutrients CLICK ON THE NUMBERS PLANT NUTRITION
  36. 36. Excretion in plants stoma CO 2 O 2 intracellular spaces waste products (essential oils) vacuole PLANT NUTRITION
  37. 37. Links The digestive system http://www.emc.maricopa.edu/faculty/farabee/BIOBK/BioBookDIGEST.html The excretory system http://www.emc.maricopa.edu/faculty/farabee/BIOBK/BioBookEXCRET.html Comparative vertebrate anatomy http://people.eku.edu/ritchisong/RITCHISO//342syl.htm Green plants as organisms http://www.tiscali.co.uk/reference/curriculum/biology-transport-and-water-relations.html The respiratory system http://www.emc.maricopa.edu/faculty/farabee/BIOBK/BioBookRESPSYS.html Plant nutrition http://lgfl.skoool.co.uk/content/keystage4/biology/pc/lessons/uk_ks4_plant_nutrition/h-frame-ie.htm The circulatory system http://www.emc.maricopa.edu/faculty/farabee/BIOBK/BioBookcircSYS.html

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