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Islamic world
Islamic world
Islamic world
Islamic world
Islamic world
Islamic world
Islamic world
Islamic world
Islamic world
Islamic world
Islamic world
Islamic world
Islamic world
Islamic world
Islamic world
Islamic world
Islamic world
Islamic world
Islamic world
Islamic world
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Islamic world

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محاضره تعريفيه بسيطه عن العالم الاسلامي …

محاضره تعريفيه بسيطه عن العالم الاسلامي
A simple lecture about what the term "Islamic World" entitles.

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  • 1. Islamic World
    Mubarak Al Qahtani
  • 2. What does “Islamic World” mean?
    History
    Geography
    Religion and Culture
  • 3. History500-700
    570 AD Prophet Mohammed was born
    610 began calling people to Islam
    622 migrated to Medina (the beginning of Muslim Hijri Colander).
    632 Mohammed Died
    632 – 661 The Caliph’s period (Madinah is the capital)
    661-750 the Ummayyad Period (Damascus is the capital)
  • 4.    Expansion under Prophet Mohammad, 612-632   Expansion during the First three caliphs, 632-655   Expansion during the Umayyad Caliphate, 661-750
  • 5. History700-900
    711 Muslims entered Spain
    711-713 Muslims entered Sind
    747 Abbasid period begin
  • 6. History900-1200
    836 capital was moved to Samera, Iraq
    909-1171 Fatimid caliphate established in North Africa
    970 foundation of Al Azher (1st University)
    1095 Crusades
    1099 Capturing Jerusalem
    1147-1149 2nd Crusades
    1171 Salahidn established the Ayyubid
    1187 return of Jerusalem
    1189-1192 3rd Crusades
  • 7. History1200-1500
    1204 4th Crusades
    1218 5th Crusades
    1220-1260 Mongols invade Muslims
    Mongols Destroy Baghdad
    1340 Begin of Ottoman period
    1389 Ottomans defeat Serbs in Kosovo
    1396 Ottomans reach Venice and Hungary
    1435 Ottomans capture Constantinople
    1492 Muslims were expelled from Spain
  • 8. History1500-Now
    1520 Muslims capture Belgrade
    1520-1560 the peak of Ottoman period
    1529 Ottomans surrounded Vienna
    1699 the first loos of Ottoman territory
    (Treaty of Karlowitz)
    1700’s the revive of true religion (Mohammed bin Abdulwahabin the Arabian Peninsula)
  • 9. 1738 Mongol empire invaded by the Afghans
    1830 Greece independence from Ottomans
    1878 Congress of Berlin recognizes independence of Balkan states
    1882-1952 Egypt occupied by the British
    1896-1897 Theodore Herzl publishes “The State of the Jews”
    1914-1918 WWI
     1916 Sykes-Picot Agreement. Palestine under the British influence
  • 10. 1917 Britain issues Balfour Declaration
    1930 “Nation of Islam” USA
    1939 -1945 WW2
    1945 spread of Islam in the west
    1948British mandate ends, Israel declares statehood
    1979 Shi'a state in Iran is established
    1987 Intifada, a Palestinian uprising against Israelis
    1990 Iraq conquer Kuwait
    2001 World Trade Centre attack
    2001 USA attack Afghanistan
    2003 USA attacks Iraq
  • 11. Geography
     Muslim majority countries
  • 12. Islam and State
  • 13. Geographical facts
    The most populous Muslim country is Indonesia, the 4th largest country in the world with 184 million Muslims.
    There are more Muslims in India than the combined population of Syria, Iraq, Jordan, Palestine and the whole of the Arabian Peninsula.
    The name “Muhammad” is the most common name in the world
  • 14. The following English words are borrowed from Arabic: Algebra, Zero, Cotton, Sofa, Rice, Candy, Saffron, Balcony, and 'alchohol‘.
    Arabic is not spoken by the majority of Muslims.
    John Nelson is the first UK Muslim convert around 1636.
    Shah JahanMosque, Woking is the first mosque in the UK. 1889.
  • 15. Religion & Culture
  • 16.
  • 17. Naghsh-e JahanSquare, Iran
  • 18.
  • 19. Al-MutawakkilMosque, Iraq
  • 20. Sultan Ahmed Mosque, Turkey
  • 21. TajMahal, India
  • 22. Hassan II Mosque, Morocco
  • 23. QolsharifMosque, Russia
  • 24. Great Mosque of Córdoba, Spain
  • 25. Great Mosque of Djenné, Mali
  • 26. BadshahiMosque, Pakistan
  • 27. The Great Mosque of Xi'an, China
  • 28. Alhambra, Spain
  • 29. The Islamic world is a world for all

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