Islamic World <br />Mubarak Al Qahtani<br />
What does “Islamic World” mean?<br />History <br />Geography<br />Religion and Culture <br />
History500-700<br />570 AD Prophet Mohammed was born<br />610 began calling people to Islam<br />622 migrated to Medina (t...
   Expansion under Prophet Mohammad, 612-632   Expansion during the First three caliphs, 632-655   Expansion during the Um...
History700-900<br />711 Muslims entered Spain <br />711-713 Muslims entered Sind <br />747 Abbasid period begin <br />
History900-1200<br />836 capital was moved to Samera, Iraq<br />909-1171 Fatimid caliphate established in North Africa<br ...
History1200-1500<br />1204 4th Crusades<br />1218 5th Crusades<br />1220-1260 Mongols invade Muslims<br />Mongols Destroy ...
History1500-Now<br />1520 Muslims capture Belgrade <br />1520-1560 the peak of Ottoman period<br />1529 Ottomans surrounde...
1738 Mongol empire invaded by the Afghans<br />1830 Greece independence from Ottomans<br />1878 Congress of Berlin recogni...
1917 Britain issues Balfour Declaration<br />1930 “Nation of Islam” USA<br />1939 -1945 WW2<br />1945 spread of Islam in t...
Geography<br /> Muslim majority countries<br />
Islam and State<br />
Geographical facts<br />The most populous Muslim country is Indonesia, the 4th largest country in the world with 184 milli...
The following English words are borrowed from Arabic: Algebra, Zero, Cotton, Sofa, Rice, Candy, Saffron, Balcony, and 'alc...
Religion & Culture<br />
Naghsh-e JahanSquare, Iran<br />
Al-MutawakkilMosque, Iraq<br />
Sultan Ahmed Mosque, Turkey<br />
TajMahal, India<br />
Hassan II Mosque, Morocco<br />
QolsharifMosque, Russia<br />
Great Mosque of Córdoba, Spain<br />
Great Mosque of Djenné, Mali<br />
BadshahiMosque, Pakistan<br />
The Great Mosque of Xi'an, China<br />
Alhambra, Spain<br />
The Islamic world is a world for all<br />
Islamic world
Islamic world
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Islamic world

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محاضره تعريفيه بسيطه عن العالم الاسلامي
A simple lecture about what the term "Islamic World" entitles.

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Islamic world

  1. 1. Islamic World <br />Mubarak Al Qahtani<br />
  2. 2. What does “Islamic World” mean?<br />History <br />Geography<br />Religion and Culture <br />
  3. 3. History500-700<br />570 AD Prophet Mohammed was born<br />610 began calling people to Islam<br />622 migrated to Medina (the beginning of Muslim Hijri Colander). <br />632 Mohammed Died<br />632 – 661 The Caliph’s period (Madinah is the capital)<br />661-750 the Ummayyad Period (Damascus is the capital)<br />
  4. 4.    Expansion under Prophet Mohammad, 612-632   Expansion during the First three caliphs, 632-655   Expansion during the Umayyad Caliphate, 661-750<br />
  5. 5. History700-900<br />711 Muslims entered Spain <br />711-713 Muslims entered Sind <br />747 Abbasid period begin <br />
  6. 6. History900-1200<br />836 capital was moved to Samera, Iraq<br />909-1171 Fatimid caliphate established in North Africa<br />970 foundation of Al Azher (1st University)<br />1095 Crusades <br />1099 Capturing Jerusalem <br /> 1147-1149 2nd Crusades<br />1171 Salahidn established the Ayyubid<br />1187 return of Jerusalem <br />1189-1192 3rd Crusades<br />
  7. 7. History1200-1500<br />1204 4th Crusades<br />1218 5th Crusades<br />1220-1260 Mongols invade Muslims<br />Mongols Destroy Baghdad<br />1340 Begin of Ottoman period<br />1389 Ottomans defeat Serbs in Kosovo<br />1396 Ottomans reach Venice and Hungary<br /> 1435 Ottomans capture Constantinople<br />1492 Muslims were expelled from Spain <br />
  8. 8. History1500-Now<br />1520 Muslims capture Belgrade <br />1520-1560 the peak of Ottoman period<br />1529 Ottomans surrounded Vienna<br />1699 the first loos of Ottoman territory<br /> (Treaty of Karlowitz)<br />1700’s the revive of true religion (Mohammed bin Abdulwahabin the Arabian Peninsula)<br />
  9. 9. 1738 Mongol empire invaded by the Afghans<br />1830 Greece independence from Ottomans<br />1878 Congress of Berlin recognizes independence of Balkan states<br />1882-1952 Egypt occupied by the British<br />1896-1897 Theodore Herzl publishes “The State of the Jews” <br />1914-1918 WWI<br /> 1916 Sykes-Picot Agreement. Palestine under the British influence<br />
  10. 10. 1917 Britain issues Balfour Declaration<br />1930 “Nation of Islam” USA<br />1939 -1945 WW2<br />1945 spread of Islam in the west<br />1948British mandate ends, Israel declares statehood<br />1979 Shi'a state in Iran is established<br />1987 Intifada, a Palestinian uprising against Israelis<br />1990 Iraq conquer Kuwait<br />2001 World Trade Centre attack<br />2001 USA attack Afghanistan<br />2003 USA attacks Iraq<br />
  11. 11. Geography<br /> Muslim majority countries<br />
  12. 12. Islam and State<br />
  13. 13. Geographical facts<br />The most populous Muslim country is Indonesia, the 4th largest country in the world with 184 million Muslims. <br />There are more Muslims in India than the combined population of Syria, Iraq, Jordan, Palestine and the whole of the Arabian Peninsula.<br />The name “Muhammad” is the most common name in the world<br />
  14. 14. The following English words are borrowed from Arabic: Algebra, Zero, Cotton, Sofa, Rice, Candy, Saffron, Balcony, and 'alchohol‘. <br />Arabic is not spoken by the majority of Muslims. <br />John Nelson is the first UK Muslim convert around 1636.<br />Shah JahanMosque, Woking is the first mosque in the UK. 1889.<br />
  15. 15. Religion & Culture<br />
  16. 16.
  17. 17. Naghsh-e JahanSquare, Iran<br />
  18. 18.
  19. 19. Al-MutawakkilMosque, Iraq<br />
  20. 20. Sultan Ahmed Mosque, Turkey<br />
  21. 21. TajMahal, India<br />
  22. 22. Hassan II Mosque, Morocco<br />
  23. 23. QolsharifMosque, Russia<br />
  24. 24. Great Mosque of Córdoba, Spain<br />
  25. 25. Great Mosque of Djenné, Mali<br />
  26. 26. BadshahiMosque, Pakistan<br />
  27. 27. The Great Mosque of Xi'an, China<br />
  28. 28. Alhambra, Spain<br />
  29. 29. The Islamic world is a world for all<br />
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